||No matter whether from the perspective of practice or Buddhist studies, the Avātaṃsaka Sutra (also known as Flower Ornament Sutra or Huayen Sutra) offers a wealth of content and a great opportunity for thinking, showing the ideological structure of infinite origin of Dharmadhatu from the point of view of harmony. The Avātaṃsaka Sutra not only presents its theories and concepts; the most important is that it can also be used as the criterion of practice and verification for practitioners. Through such practice, the true liberation and thereby the Buddhahood can be achieved.
The greatest feature of the Avātaṃsaka Sutra is to teach all sentient beings to learn the practice of Samantabhadra (Universal Worthy) and to walk the Bodhisattva path, providing all Buddhist practitioners a useful method to follow and to practice step by step without having any confusion during the practice. The extraordinary features of the practice of Samantabhadra include enlightening all sentient beings, saving all sentient beings, suffering on behalf of all sentient beings, abandoning no sentient beings, and the most noble one, being impartial toward enemies and relatives. It is not only about setting the practice and vows of Samantabhadra as the goal of practice; it is also about being willing to transfer the merits to all sentient beings and getting all sentient beings motivated to cultivate the practice of Samantabhadra. The procedure of discussion and research framework are listed as below:
Chapter 1, “Introduction”, mainly describes the research motivation and methods of the study, as well as the translations of the Avātaṃsaka Sutra.
Chapter 2, “Extraordinariness of the Ten Great Vows of Samantabhadra”, includes the general discussion on the definition of Samantabhadra given in the sutra and by the founders of Huayen Buddhism and the meaning of the Ten Great Vows.
Chapter 3, “Sequence and Harmony of the Practice of Samantabhadra”, conducts a comprehensive organization and elaboration of the three-time explanation on the relationship of six stages in the scripture context of the Avātaṃsaka Sutra.
Chapter 4, “Features of the Practice of Samantabhadra”, orders and organizes the practice ways and discusses the meritorious function of the origin of Dharmadhatu based on the writings of the founders of Huayen Buddhism, and points out the extraordinariness of One Vehicle of the Practice Samantabhadra.
Chapter 5, “Contemporary and Life Meanings of the Practice of Samantabhadra”, explores the use and practice of the Ten Great Vows of Samantabhadra in the modern society, as well as the application of Pure Practice chapter for making vows according to the encountered circumstances and experiences in daily life.
Chapter 6, “Conclusion”, summarizes the research results of the whole study and provides the possible future research directions.