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系統識別號 U0002-1607201400412200
中文論文名稱 自信與美麗:探討自我意識與外表吸引力之關聯研究
英文論文名稱 Confidence and Beauty: The Relationship between Self-Consciousness and Physical Attractiveness
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 企業管理學系碩士班
系所名稱(英) Department of Business Administration
學年度 102
學期 2
出版年 103
研究生中文姓名 張瑜軒
研究生英文姓名 Yu-Hsuang Chang
學號 601610081
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2014-05-26
論文頁數 72頁
口試委員 指導教授-張瑋倫
委員-李月華
委員-張德民
中文關鍵字 自我意識  外表吸引力  自我組織映射圖  分類決策樹 
英文關鍵字 Self-consciousness  Physical Attractiveness  Self-Organizing Maps  Decision Trees 
學科別分類
中文摘要 生活中處處充斥著與美麗相關的訊息,隨著資訊科技的進步,人們接收訊息的時間及管道都大幅增加,報章媒體與廣告媒體使用大量圖片刺激消費者的感官及思想,加上媒體對外表的過度關注,不斷強調俊男美女的形象,使得許多人變得重視外表,助長了追求美麗的風氣,如雨後春筍般興起的瘦身中心及整型整所,更加印證了現代人對美麗趨之若鶩。美貌的效應在古今中外皆有跡可循,「美麗」不論是在學術研究或是傳播媒體方面都成為近年來熱門的話題,其所帶來的效應,從外部經濟效益乃至內部個人心理層面,都是學術界欲進一步探知的問題。本研究從心理學的角度,探討自我意識與外表吸引力之關聯,分別針對自我意識的三個構面,探討內在自我意識、公眾自我意識及社會焦慮如何影響外表吸引力。透過資料探勘中的自我組織映射分群法及分類決策樹進行資料分析,先由分群法產生之群集分析各群的特性,再以分類法萃取之規則,總結自我意識三個構面與外表吸引力間的關係。
  根據本研究結果顯示,公眾自我意識與外表吸引力之關聯性最強,其他兩個構面則無明顯的絕對關係。由於外表吸引力較高者平時容易受到注目的眼光,也較容易被賦予正面的評價,因此會在他人面前會表現得較有自信,比較不會在意別人的看法,換個角度看,公眾自我意識較低者,或許會因為不在意他人的眼光,而比較勇於表達自己,從內在散發出自信,因而增加了外表吸引力。此外,由於不同種類的工作需要不同的內在特質,本研究所探討之自我意識,可運用於企業徵選人才上,透過自我意識量表的測量,將合適的人放在合適的職位上,使企業達到適才適所。
英文摘要 Our life is full of message which is related to beauty. With the progress of information technology, people have more channels and time to receive messages. Because the media uses great quantity of pictures to stimulate consumer’s sense and thought, as well as emphasizes the image of good-looking appearance constantly. Pursuing beauty has become a kind of trend and many people have gradually paid attention to their appearance. The weight-reducing centers and aesthetic surgery clinics that have sprung up in recent years prove many people have strong desires for pursuing beauty. The effect of beauty can be tracked at all times and in all countries. Whether in the area of academic research or the media, “Beauty” has become a popular subject in recent years. From the external economic benefits to the internal personal psychology, the effect of beauty is the research question for academia. The purpose of this study is to explore the relationship between self-consciousness and physical attractiveness from the point of psychology. For the three dimensions of self-consciousness, this study explores how private self-consciousness, public self-consciousness, and social anxiety affect physical attractiveness respectively. This study utilizes self-organizing maps and decision tree to analyze the data, first, analyzing the characteristics of each cluster which is generated from cluster analysis, and then concluding the relationship between three dimensions of self-consciousness and physical attractiveness by rules which are extracted from decision tree.
According to the results of the study, the relationship between public self-consciousness and physical attractiveness is strongest, and the other two dimensions have no obvious relationship with physical attractiveness. People have higher physical attractiveness draw attention from others easily, and they are more likely to be given a positive evaluation; therefore, they will be more confident in front of others, and they are less likely to care about the opinions of others. From another perspective, perhaps people who have lower public self-consciousness don’t care about how others see them; therefore they have the courage to express themselves, radiating confidence for the inner and increasing physical attractiveness. In addition, because different types of work require different personality, self-consciousness can be applied to recruitment. Through self-consciousness scale, enterprises can put people to the right position.
論文目次 目錄
目錄 I
圖目錄 II
表目錄 III
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景 1
第二節 研究動機 3
第三節 研究問題與目的 5
第二章 文獻探討 7
第一節 自我意識(Self-consciousness) 7
第二節 外表吸引力(Physical Attractiveness) 13
第三章 研究方法 20
第一節 研究架構 20
第二節 自我組織映射圖(Self-Organizing Maps, SOM) 22
第三節 分類決策樹(Decision Tree) 25
第四章 資料分析 31
第一節 問卷設計 31
第二節 資料收集 34
第三節 分群結果分析 36
第四節 分類結果分析 39
第五節 交叉分析 49
第五章 結論 53
第一節 結論 53
第二節 學術與實務意涵 56
第三節 研究限制與未來研究 57
參考文獻 59
附錄:問卷 70

圖目錄
圖1-1 2011年世界各國整形人數排行榜 3
圖3-1 研究架構圖 21
圖3-2研究流程圖 22
圖3-3 SOM運作流程圖 23
圖3-4 SOM網絡結構圖 24
圖3-5 決策樹結構圖 27
圖4-1 人口統計資料分佈圖 35
圖4-2 分群結果示意圖 36



表目錄
表1-1 外表與成功關係圖 2
表2-1自我意識文獻比較表 12
表2-2外表吸引力文獻比較表 18
表4-1 自我意識量表可靠性統計量 32
表4-2 自我意識問項整體統計量 32
表4-3 問項得分佔資料比例整理表 35
表4-4自我意識各問項分數平均表 37
表4-5 群集一分類整理 41
表4-6 群集一規則整理 42
表4-7 群集二分類整理 44
表4-8 群集二規則整理 44
表4-9 群集三分類整理 46
表4-10 群集三規則整理 48
表4-11 各群集與自我意識之關係及人口統計資料 50
表4-12自我意識各構面與外表吸引力之關係 51
表4-13各群集外表分數與自我意識各構面之關係 52
表4-14公眾自我意識相關規則與外表分數關係表 54
表4-15內在自我意識相關規則與外表分數關係表 55
表4-16社會焦慮相關規則與外表分數關係表 56
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