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系統識別號 U0002-1607201311551700
中文論文名稱 金融自由化對所得分配的影響
英文論文名稱 The Impact of Financial Liberalization on Income Inequality
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 產業經濟學系碩士班
系所名稱(英) Department of Industrial Economics
學年度 101
學期 2
出版年 102
研究生中文姓名 陳品溱
研究生英文姓名 Pin-Chen Chen
電子信箱 pinchen@livemail.tw
學號 600540487
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2013-06-21
論文頁數 50頁
口試委員 指導教授-林佩蒨
委員-陳明園
委員-劉德芝
中文關鍵字 金融自由化  所得分配 
英文關鍵字 Financial Liberalization  Income Inequality 
學科別分類
中文摘要 全世界在經濟自由化思潮主導下,金融自由化已經成為世界各國重要經濟政策之一,1980年代和1990年代,許多國家開始以金融自由化為目標,有許多研究顯示金融自由化會促進經濟成長,但似乎不是每個國家都可以將金融自由化所帶來的收益均分給社會,本文使用Papaioannou and Siourounis (2008) 所使用的差異中之差異模型 (difference-in-difference),探討金融自由化對所得分配的影響,金融自由化指標則使用Bekaert et al. (2005) 所統計的新興市場的金融、經濟、政策重要事件之年表 (A Chronology of Important Financial, Economic and Political Events in Emerging Markets) 所建構的虛擬變數,研究期間自1980年至2004年,樣本國包含22個先進國家及46個開發中國家,共68國。實證結果顯示 :

(一)金融自由化會擴大所得分配不均,再加入了其他的控制變數後,並不影響主要結果。
(二)將國家區分為先進國家及開發中國家作分析,發現金融自由化並不會對先進國家的所得分配造成影響,但是金融自由化卻會擴大開發中國家的所得分配。
英文摘要 Under the wave of worldwide economic liberalization, financial liberalization has become a major economic instrument to stimulate economic performance. In the 1980s and 1990s, many countries have undergone a series of financial liberalizations and some empirical studies have shown that financial liberalization may promote economic growth. However, it seems that not everyone within the liberalizing countries can equally share the benefits from financial liberalization. With this concern, we use Paioannou and Siourounis’s (2008) difference-in-difference model to further estimate the impact of financial liberalization on income distribution. The financial liberalization indicator we used is a dummy variable constructed based on the dating information of equity market openness from Bekaert et al. (2005). The data used in this study contains 68 countries, with 22 developed countries and 46 developing countries, over the 1980-2004 period. Our main findings are as follows:

1.Regardless in the unconditional or conditional cases, financial liberalization, measured as equity market openness, seems to worsen income distributions.

2.When dividing the sample into advanced and developing countries, we find that financial liberalization will worsen income distribution in developing country group but not developed countries.
論文目次 目 錄
第一章 緒論................................................1
第一節 研究動機與目的......................................1
第二節 研究架構............................................3
第二章 文獻回顧............................................5
第一節 金融自由化對所得分配的影響之理論文獻................6
第二節 金融自由化對所得分配的影響之實證文獻................8
第三章 研究方法與實證資料.................................13
第一節 實證模型...........................................13
第二節 樣本說明…….......................................14
第三節 變數定義以及資料來源...............................19
第四節 變數的敘述統計量與描述.............................24
第四章 實證分析結果及其意涵...............................27
第一節 主要結果...........................................27
第二節 不同國家別的效果...................................33
第三節 其他強固性檢測.....................................38
第四節 摘要總結...........................................39
第五章 結論與建議.........................................45
參考文獻..................................................48

圖 表 目 錄
圖1-1 論文研究架構…………………………………………………..….………4
表4-1 全部樣本國家表(將其區分為先進國家以及開發中國家)..……………16
表4-2 實證模型變數定義說明………………………………..…………….…..23
表4-3敘述統計量…………………………………………..…………...…….…26
表5-1 基準模型(全部國家)……………………………..……………...…….…31
表5-2加入總體的控制變數(全部國家)…………………………………..….…32
表5-3 基準模型(先進國家)……………………………………………..……....34
表5-4加入總體的控制變數(先進國家)…………………………..…...………..35
表5-5 基準模型(開發中國家)………………………………..……...………….36
表5-6 加入總體的控制變數(開發中國家)………………..………...………….37
表5-7 登錄資本市場自由化指標(先進國家)…………..…………...………….41
表5-8 登錄資本市場自由化指標(開發中國家)……..……………...………….42
表5-9 稅前所得吉尼係數變動率(先進國家)……..………………...………….43
表5-10 稅前所得吉尼係數變動率(開發中國家)..………………...…….……..44
參考文獻 參考文獻
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6. Arestis, P. and Caner, A. (2009). “Financial Liberalization and The Geography of Poverty.” Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society, 2(2), pp.229-244.
7. Beck, T., Levine, R. and Levkov, A. (2010). “Big Bad Banks? The Winners and Losers from Bank Deregulation in the United States.” The Journal of Finance,65(5), pp. 1637-1667.
8. Bekaert, G., Harvey, C. R. and Lundblad, C. (2005). “Does Financial Liberalization Spur Growth?.” Journal of financial Economics, 77(1),pp. 3-55.
9. Bergh, A. and Nilsson, T. (2010). “Do Liberalization and Globalization Increase Income Inequality?.” European Journal of Political Economy, 26(4), pp. 488-505.
10. Bonfiglioli, A. (2005). “How Does Financial Liberalization Affect Economic Growth?.” Seminar Paper No. 736.
11. Broner, F. A. and Ventura, J. (2010). “Rethinking the Effects of Financial Liberalization.” Working Paper 16640, National Bureau of Economic Research.
12. Bumann, S. and Lensink, R. (2012). “Financial Liberalization Does Not Benefit Them All.”
13. Claessens, S. and Perotti, E. (2005). “The Links Between Finance and Inequality: Channels and Evidence.” University of Amsterdam.
14. Clarke, G., Xu, L.C. and Zou, H.-f. (2006). "Finance and Income Inequality: What Do the Data Tell Us?." Southern Economic Journal 72, pp. 578-596.
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16. Darcillon T. (2012). “Financial Liberalization, Industrial Relations, Employment Flexibility, and Wage Inequality.” Working Progress Incomplete preliminary draft.
17. Demirguc-Kunt, A. and Levine, R. (2009). “Finance and Inequality: Theory and evidence.” Working Paper 15275, National Bureau of Economic Research.
18. Ghosh, J. (2005). “The Economic and Social Effects of Financial Liberalization: A Primer for Developing Countries.” DESA Working Paper No. 4.
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22. Kaminsky, G. L. and Schmukler, S. L. (2008). “Short-Run Pain, Long-Run Gain: Financial Liberalization and Stock Market Cycles.” Review of Finance, 12(2), pp. 253-292.
23. Larrain, M. (2012). “Does Financial Liberalization Contribute to Wage Inequality? The Role of Capital-skill Complementarity.” Working paper. Columbia University.
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27. Sun, P., Sen, S. and Jin, S. (2013).” Equity Market Liberalization, Credit Constraints and Income Inequality.” Economics: The Open-Access, Open-Assessment E-Journal, 7(2013-12), pp. 1-28.
28. Tan, H. B. and Law, S. H. (2012).” Nonlinear Dynamics of The Finance-Inequality Nexus in Developing Countries.” The Journal of Economic Inequality, 10(4), pp. 551-563.
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