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中文論文名稱 時間壓力與任務複雜度對腦波影響之研究
英文論文名稱 An EEG Study on the Influence of Time Pressure and Task Complexity in Using Spreadsheet
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 資訊管理學系碩士班
系所名稱(英) Department of Information Management
學年度 101
學期 2
出版年 102
研究生中文姓名 徐鈺媛
研究生英文姓名 Yu-Yuan Hsu
學號 600630429
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2013-06-22
論文頁數 86頁
口試委員 指導教授-吳錦波
委員-林東清
委員-翁頌舜
委員-徐煥智
中文關鍵字 時間壓力  任務複雜度  腦波 
英文關鍵字 Time Pressure  Task Complexity  EEG 
學科別分類
中文摘要 應用軟體的開發提升了個人生產力及工作效率,更可以為生活及企業應用創造新價值,並協助企業強化競爭力。而現今應用軟體已成為完成工作任務最直接的利器,但一般任務執行時常伴隨不少外在影響因素,即是本研究主要想深入了解的兩個因子,分別為時間壓力及任務複雜度。因此本研究目的為探討使用者操作應用軟體時,不同時間壓力與不同任務複雜度對大腦腦波之影響。
本研究採實驗室實驗法,為2×2之二因子受試者間實驗設計,並利用腦波儀測量腦波變化。研究結果顯示,時間壓力與任務複雜度對大腦β波有顯著的交互作用;在高任務複雜度時,不同時間壓力下之大腦β波有顯著差異,其中有時間壓力時操作應用軟體之大腦β波明顯高於無時間壓力;此外,在有時間壓力時,不同任務複雜度下之大腦β波有顯著差異,其中高任務複雜度時操作應用軟體之大腦β波明顯高於低任務複雜度時;而在低任務複雜度或無時間壓力下,另一因子對大腦β波的影響皆無顯著差異。其研究結果,可作為日後時間壓力、任務複雜度及腦波相關研究之參考。
英文摘要 The development of application software enhances personal productivity and work efficiency. Furthermore, it creates new value for our life and for businesses; it helps enterprises to strengthen their competitiveness. Today's software applications have become the most effective tools to task completion, but in general the task execution is often accompanied by a lot of external factors. Thus this study aims to understand the two factors, namely, time pressure and task complexity; how they impact on brain wave when users operate the application software with different time pressure and task complexity.
This study used laboratory experiment with a 2 × 2 factorial design, and used EEG device to detect brain wave changes. The results show that the time pressure and task complexity on the β brain waves have significant interaction; in high- complexity task, the brain β waves under different time pressures are significantly varied. When time pressure exists, the β brain waves are significantly higher than that when without time pressure. In addition, in high-degree time pressure, the β brain waves under different task complexity are significantly dissimilar. When high-degree of task complexity exists, the β brain waves are significantly higher than those of the low-degree of task complexity. However, when in low-complexity task and low degree of time pressure, the β brain waves do not show significant differences. These findings provide basic references for future research regarding the impacts of time pressure and task complexity on brain waves.
論文目次 目錄
第一章 緒論.......................1
第一節 研究背景與動機.......................1
第二節 研究目的.......................3
第三節 論文架構.......................3
第四節 研究程序.......................4
第二章 文獻探討.......................6
第一節 時間壓力(Time Pressure).......................6
第二節 任務複雜度(Task Complexity).......................12
第三節 腦波(EEG).......................17
第三章 研究方法.......................27
第一節 研究假設.......................27
第二節 研究架構.......................29
第三節 研究工具.......................29
第四節 前測實驗.......................38
第五節 研究設計.......................40
第六節 資料收集與分析.......................46
第四章 資料分析與結果.......................53
第一節 基本資料分析.......................53
第二節 腦波數據分析.......................56
第三節 腦波圖像輸出結果.......................64
第五章 結論與建議.......................69
第一節 研究結果.......................69
第二節 研究貢獻.......................71
第三節 研究限制與建議.......................72
參考文獻.......................75
附錄一:正式問卷.......................80
附錄二:受測者須知及同意書.......................81
附錄三:Excel前測題目.......................82
附錄四:Excel正式受測題目.......................84

表目錄
表 2-1 任務複雜度定義.......................14
表 2-2 腦電波分類表.......................23
表 3-1 十二個操作鍵.......................32
表 3-2 時間壓力限制時間之分析結果.......................42
表 4-1 各實驗組別之性別分布表.......................53
表 4-2 各實驗組別之年級分布表.......................54
表 4-3 各實驗組別之接觸電腦時間分布表.......................55
表 4-4 各實驗組別之平均使用時間分布表.......................55
表 4-5 各實驗組別之Excel或其他試算表軟體熟悉度分布表.......................56
表 4-6 人數分配表.......................57
表 4-7 時間壓力與任務複雜度之常態性檢定分析.......................58
表 4-8 時間壓力與任務複雜度之Levene 檢定分析.......................58
表 4-9 大腦β波在不同實驗組合之敘述統計量.......................59
表 4-10 時間壓力與任務複雜度之二因子變異數分析.......................60
表 4-11 時間壓力單純主要效果檢定表.......................63
表 4-12 任務複雜度單純主要效果檢定表.......................64
表 5-1 研究假設結果表.......................71

圖目錄
圖 1-1 研究流程圖.......................5
圖 2-1 壓力的循環模式.......................8
圖 2-2 大腦基本結構.......................19
圖 2-3 腦電波波形圖.......................23
圖 3-1 研究架構.......................29
圖 3-2 實驗設備圖.......................31
圖 3-3 十二個操作鍵圖示.......................32
圖 3-4 四分割顯示.......................33
圖 3-5 六分割顯示.......................33
圖 3-6 平均分布圖示.......................33
圖 3-7 優勢波圖示.......................34
圖 3-8 水平頻譜圖示.......................34
圖 3-9 立體頻譜圖示.......................34
圖 3-10 腦波波型圖示.......................35
圖 3-11 相位圖圖示.......................35
圖 3-12 平均報告圖.......................36
圖 3-13 優勢波報告圖示.......................36
圖 3-14 頻譜報告圖示.......................36
圖 3-15 直條平均圖.......................37
圖 3-16 腦波研究電極貼片位置示意圖.......................37
圖 3-17 實驗流程.......................46
圖 3-18 傅立葉轉換步驟圖.......................48
圖 3-19 β波頻譜圖.......................48
圖 3-20 短時傅立葉轉換步驟圖.......................49
圖 3-21 β波時頻圖.......................49
圖 3-22 二因子變異數分析步驟.......................52
圖 4-1 相同任務複雜度下不同時間壓力對大腦β波之影響.......................61
圖 4-2 相同時間壓力下不同任務複雜度對大腦β波之影響.......................61
圖 4-3 有時間壓力及高任務複雜度時β波頻譜圖.......................65
圖 4-4 有時間壓力及低任務複雜度時β波頻譜圖.......................65
圖 4-5 無時間壓力及高任務複雜度時β波頻譜圖.......................66
圖 4-6 無時間壓力及低任務複雜度時β波頻譜圖.......................66
圖 4-7 有時間壓力及高任務複雜度時β波時頻圖.......................67
圖 4-8 有時間壓力及低任務複雜度時β波時頻圖.......................67
圖 4-9 無時間壓力及高任務複雜度時β波時頻圖.......................67
圖 4-10 無時間壓力及低任務複雜度時β波時頻圖.......................68
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