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系統識別號 U0002-1602200912065500
中文論文名稱 後現代學院派小說:解讀大衛•洛吉的《換位》及《小世界》
英文論文名稱 Postmodernist Campus Novels: A Reading of David Lodge's Changing Places and Small World
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 英文學系碩士班
系所名稱(英) Department of English
學年度 97
學期 1
出版年 98
研究生中文姓名 廖偉斯
研究生英文姓名 Wei-Szu Liao
學號 693010299
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
口試日期 2009-01-17
論文頁數 79頁
口試委員 指導教授-宋美璍
委員-陳國榮
委員-蔡振興
中文關鍵字 學院派小說  後現代  後設小說  敘事  巴赫汀  對話  嘉年華  米尼比安嘲諷 
英文關鍵字 Campus novel  Postmodernist  Metafiction  Narrative  Bakhtin  Dialogism  Carnivalesque  Menippean satire 
學科別分類 學科別人文學語言文學
中文摘要 本論文旨在探討當代英國小說家大衛•洛吉的兩本學院派小說《換位》及《小世界》當中最吸引評論家討論的三個面向。第一部份藉由文本分析討論兩本小說中呈現的後現代敘事技巧;第二部份檢視文本語言中巴赫汀的對話多音及嘻笑嘉年華現象;第三部份研究其為諷刺文學的因素及其文類的歸屬。
大衛•洛吉的此兩本小說具有學院派小說史上跨潮流的歷史意義。他顛覆學院派小說傳統的寫作技巧及敘事手法,藉由後現代觀念中的拼貼、諷刺地模仿古典文學作品及自我指涉的程度,呈現讀者一多面向的後設小說形態。藉由小說語言的多音特性,大衛•洛吉傳達出角色在經歷文本世界中的自我轉變。這種語言的多音特性,也帶出文本故事中嘉年華的氣氛。在《換位》及《小世界》中,客座教授的短期拜訪及一場場的研討會變成一段段短暫嘉年華會的絕佳背景。教授們一方面維護著自己學術上的形象,一方面卻也希望藉由嘉年華會重新找到對生活的熱情與改變的能力。在作者的寫作下,故事中的主角或實現或幻滅自己原本的綺麗想像。最後,大衛•洛吉雖藉由諷刺小說的形式寫下這兩部作品,但他實則要以教授們的角度來提出對教育制度的一些反思。最後一章回顧諷刺文學與米尼比安嘲諷的定義並解構這兩本小說文類上的定位。
英文摘要 This thesis aims to discuss the contemporary British novelist, David Lodge’s two campus novels—Changing Places: A Tale of Two Campuses, and Small World: An Academic Romance—and suggests him as a postmodern Menippean satirist by focusing on his narrative and metafictional techniques; his use of Bakhtinian definition on language and carnivalesque devices of Menippean satire. David Lodge is widely acclaimed as a writer of campus novels with a keen slant toward exploring the vice and folly in academic communities. Firstly, unlike the traditional realistic novelists, Lodge attempts to write his novels with the mixture of various narrative techniques, challenging the postmodernist concept of collage and hybridity. Secondly, Lodge not only endeavors to write the academic novel with a distinguished form but also makes an effort to diversify the traditional campus novel content—“the Cult of Oxbridge.” Thirdly, there is more zealous debate among critics about whether or not Lodge is a satirist than in all their discussions of other campus novelists combined. All these stimulating issues have helped motivate this study.
論文目次 Table of Contents

Introduction.........1

Chapter One: Postmodernist Metafictional Narrative.............18

Chapter Two: Dialogism and the Carnivalesque in
Changing Places and Small World...........41

Chapter Three: Genre Deformation: The Menippean Satire in
Changing Places and Small World............59

Conclusion.............71

Works Cited..............75

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Ahrens, Rudiger. “Satirical Norm and Narrative Technique in the Modern University Novel: David Lodge's Changing Places and Small World.” Literature in Context. Frankfurt: Peter Lang, 1992. 277-95.

Arizti, Barbara. Textuality as Striptease: The discourses of Intimacy in David Lodge's Changing Places and Small World. Frankfurt: Peter Lang, 2002.

Bakhtin, Mikhail. “Characteristics of Genre and Plot Composition in Dostoevsky's Works.” Problems of Dostoevsky’s Poetics. Trans. and Ed. Caryl Emerson.
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Bjork, Eva Lambertsson. Campus Clown and The Canon: David Lodge’s Campus Fiction. Dissertation. University of Umeå. 1993.

Carter, Ian. Ancient Cultures of Conceit : British University Fiction in the Postwar Years. London: Routledge, 1990.

Cobley, Paul. “The Decline of The Grand Narrative.” Narrative. London: Routledge, 2001. 183-200.

Connery, Brian A. “Inside Jokes: Familiarity and Contempt in Academic Satire.” University Fiction. Ed. David Bevan. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 1990. 123-37.

Draudt, Manfred. “The Language of David Lodge's Fiction.” Lineages of the Novel. Ed. Bernhard Reitz and Eckart Voigts-Virchow. Germany: Wissenschaftlicher, 2000. 231-42.

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Fawell, John. “The Globe-Trotting Professor: David Lodge’s Romance of the Modern Literary Critic.” Midwest Quarterly 37.2 (Winter 1996): 183-94.

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Holmes, Frederick M. “The Reader as Discoverer in David Lodge's Small World.” Critique 32.1 (Fall 1990): 47-57.

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---. Afterword. The British Museum Is Falling Down. London: Secker, 1981.

---. Changing Places: A Tale of Two Campuses. London: Penguin, 1978.

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Marshall, Brenda K. “Introduction.” Teaching the Postmodern: Fiction and Theory. New York: Routledge, 1992. 2-18.

Martin, Barbara Arizti. “David Lodge’s Changing Places: The Paradoxes of A Liberal Metafictionist.” EPOS XVI (2000): 293-302.

Martin, Bruce K. David Lodge. New York: Twayne, 1999.

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Morace, Robert A. “A Small [Carnivalized] World.” The Dialogic Novels of Malcolm Bradbury and David Lodge. Carbondale: Southern Illinois UP, 1989. 191-208.

---. “Changing Places: Narrative Doubling Redux.” The Dialogic Novels of Malcolm Bradbury and David Lodge. Carbondale: Southern Illinois UP, 1989. 156-171.

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Rimmon-Kenan, Shlomith. “Narration: Levels and Voices.” Narrative Fiction: Contemporary Poetics. London: Methuen, 1983. 89-108.

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Tanner, Tony. “Introduction.” Adultery in the Novel: Contract and Transgression. Baltimore: John Hopkins UP, 1979. 3-18.

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