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系統識別號 U0002-1601201823075200
中文論文名稱 死亡與瘋狂:《覺醒》與《黃色壁紙》中女性的反抗
英文論文名稱 Death and Madness: Women's Revolt in The Awakening and The Yellow Wall-Paper
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 英文學系碩士班
系所名稱(英) Department of English
學年度 106
學期 1
出版年 107
研究生中文姓名 詹喬馨
研究生英文姓名 Chiao-Hsin Chan
學號 604110154
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
口試日期 2018-01-12
論文頁數 77頁
口試委員 指導教授-鄧秋蓉
委員-陳佩筠
委員-林宛瑄
中文關鍵字 父權制  性別不平等  女性主義  死亡  瘋狂  語言  個人主義 
英文關鍵字 Patriarchy  gender inequality  feminism  domesticity  revolt  death  madness  language  individualism 
學科別分類 學科別人文學語言文學
中文摘要 本文研究了兩部女性主義小說:凱特·蕭邦的《覺醒》與夏洛特·帕金斯·吉爾曼的《黃色壁紙》來研究十九世紀婦女在家庭和婚姻中的地位。本文分析了女性在傳統社會中處於劣勢和弱勢地位的原因,並指出父權體制剝奪婦女權利和主體性是導致女性傾向於瘋狂和自殺的主要原因。
第一章討論教育以及具有偏見的社會制度導致女性在父權制下的自卑和屈從。幾個世紀以來,婦女被迫接受較次等的教育,因而造成婦女的能力與智慧薄弱,遠遠不如男性。然而婦女所受的不合理對待正是因為父權社會想壟斷權力,並且避免女性擁有太多自我意識(subjectivity),以維持父權統治的穩定及正當性。
第二章探討《覺醒》中的女鬥士艾德娜·龐德里耶如何挑戰權威來追求女性的自由和慾望。她意識到女性在父權統治下的從屬地位(subordination),拒絕實踐社會強加於女性的責任與角色,她甚至犯下通姦罪(adultery)來挑戰父權權威。儘管凱特·蕭邦寫作此通姦的議題極具爭議,但艾德娜跳脫性別限制的框架,證明女性需要被尊重,即使不靠男性也能實現自己的夢想。
第三章探究夏洛特·帕金斯·吉爾曼的《黃色壁紙》中女性的掙扎,並指出父權制剝奪了女性的發言權(speaking right)和自我意識。本章檢視男性醫師與女性病患之間的權力關係,並且研究語言和教育如何造成兩性在社會階級與思想發展的差異,進而說明這本小說中的女性敘述者如何被男性權威壓迫,導致她之後的瘋狂行徑。
英文摘要 This thesis studies two feminist novels, Kate Chopin’s The Awakening (1899) and Charlotte Perkins Gilman’s The Yellow Wall-Paper (1892), to examine women’s subordinated positions in domesticity and marriage in the nineteenth century. It observes the reasons that result in women’s inferior status and weakness in the traditional society and also argues that patriarchal deprivation of women’s rights and subjectivity is the main cause of women’s madness and suicidal tendency.
In Chapter One, I argue that education as well as the biased social systems lead to women’s inferiority and subordination in patriarchy. Discouraged from working, women follow the notion of “true women” by entering marriage to rear children and to take care of households for men. For centuries, patriarchy has accused women of being irrational and emotional, but I doubt that it is patriarchal education that turns women into fragile beings with less capabilities and knowledge, and therefore, patriarchy can prevent women from competing for power and authority with men.
Chapter Two examines Edna Pontellier, a woman fighter in Kate Chopin’s The Awakening, who revolts in pursuit of her freedom and sexual desire. She is awakened to learn women’s subordination under male’s domination and thus, she develops her own subjectivity and refuses to practice women’s imposed domestic duties. In addition to Edna’s rejection of women’s roles, she even violates social taboos by committing adultery. Even though it is sensitive for Chopin to bring about extramarital issues in her novel, Edna’s sexual transgression is a symbol that reflects her desire to enjoy freedom and sexual pleasure, which is traditionally designated as masculine privileges.

Chapter Three points out how patriarchy deprives women of their speaking rights and subjectivity by examining the female narrator’s suffering in Charlotte Perkins Gilman’s The Yellow Wall-Paper. Forbidden to work and think, the narrator can only keep a secret journal because women are usually expected to remain silent and submissive to male authority. This chapter examines the power relation between male physician v.s. female patient and husband v.s. wife in the nineteenth century. Furthermore, it indicates that language plays an important role in male domination since men can strengthen their power by forbidding women to express their thoughts, which is the reason for women’s mad revolt to strive for more rights and freedom.
論文目次 Introduction 1
Chapter One: Women’s Role and Subordination in Patriarchal Society and Domesticity 13
Chapter Two: Death and Solitude: Anti-Womanhood and Female Subjectivity in The Awakening 29
Chapter Three: Women’s Madness and Revolt: Gender Oppression and Medical Mistreatment in The Yellow Wall-Paper 52
Conclusion 70
Works Cited 75
參考文獻 Chopin, Kate. The Awakening. Ed. Margo Culley. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 1994.
---. “The Story of an Hour.” The Norton Anthology of Short Fiction. Ed. R.V. Cassill. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 2006. 123-125.
Collins, Randall., Janet Saltzman Chafetz, and Rae Lesser Blumberg. Sociological Perspectives 36. 3 (1993): 185-216.
De Beauvoir, Simone. “‘Introduction’ to The Second Sex.” The Second Wave: Reader in Feminist Theory. Ed. Linda Nicholson. New York: Routledge, 1997. 11-18.
---. The Second Sex. 1949. New York: Vintage, 1989.
Dock, Julie Bates. Charlotte Perkins Gilman’s “The Yellow Wall-Paper” and the History of Its Publication and Reception. Ed. Juile Bates Dock. Pennsylvania: Pennsylvania UP, 1998.
Edwards, Lee R. “Sexuality, Maternity, and Selfhood.” The Awakening: An Authoritative Text Biographical and Historical Contexts Criticism. Ed. Margo Culley. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 1904. 282-285.
Ford, Karen. “‘The Yellow Wallpaper’ and Women’s Discourse.” Tulsa Studies in Women’s Literature 4.2 (1985): 309-314.
Gilbert, Sandra M., and Susan Gubar. The Madwoman in the Attic. New Haven: Yale UP, 1984.
Hekman, Susan. “The Feminist Critique of Rationality.” The Politic Reader in Gender Studies. Cambridge: Polity Press, 1994. 50-61.
Hickey, Georgina. “Barred from the Barroom: Second Wave Feminists and Public Accommodations in U.S. Cities.” Feminist Studies 34. 3 (2008): 382-408.
Houston, R. A. “Madness and Gender in the Long Eighteenth Century.” Social History 27. 3 (2002): 309-326.
Kerber, Linda K. “Separate Spheres, Female Worlds, Woman’s Place: The Rhetoric of Women’s History.” Separate Spheres. Ed. Cathy N. Davidson and Jessamyn Hatcher. London: Duke UP, 2002. 29-65.
LeBlanc, Elizabeth. “The Metaphorical Lesbian: Edna Pontellier in The Awakening.” Tulsa Studies in Women’s Literature 15.2 (1996): 289-307.
Levine, Philippa. “‘So Few Prizes and So Many Blanks’: Marriage and Feminism in Later Nineteenth-Century England.” Journal of British Studies 28. 2 (1989): 150-174.
Moore, Henrietta. “Divided We Stand: Sex, Gender and Sexual Difference.” Feminist Review 47 (1994): 78-95.
Gilman, Charlotte Perkins. The Yellow Wall-Paper: A Complete and Accurate Rendition of the 1892 Edition, with a New Note on the Text. New York: The Feminist Press, 1996.
---. “Why I Wrote The Yellow Wallpaper?” Forerunner 4 (1913): 271.
Renzetti, Claire M., and Daniel J. Curran. Women, Men and Society. Ed. Karen Hanson. Boston: Allyn and Bacon, 1995.
Richardson, Diane. “Reproduction: A Woman’s Right to Choose?” Women, Motherhood and Childrearing. London: Macmillan. 1993. 62-86.
Ringe, Donald A. “Romantic Imagery in Kate Chopin’s The Awakening.” American Literature 43. 4 (1972): 580-588.
Rubin, Gayle. “The Traffic in Women: Notes on the ‘Political Economy’ of Sex.” The Second Wave: A Reader in Feminist Theory. Ed. Linda Nicholson. New York: Routledge, 1997. 19-62.
Schweitzer, Ivy. “Maternal Discourse and the Romance of Self-Possession in Kate Chopin’s The Awakening.” Boundary 2 17. 1 (1990): 158-186.
Shaffter, Mary L. “Creole Women.” The Awakening: An Authoritative Text Biographical and Historical Contexts Criticism. Ed. Margo Culley. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 1904. 137-139.
Showalter, Elaine. “Traditional and Female Talent: The Awakening as a Solitary Book.” New Essays on Chopin’s The Awakening. Ed. Wendy Martin. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1994. 33-57.
Shumaker, Conrad. “‘Too Terribly Good to Be Printed’: Charlotte Gilman’s ‘The Yellow Wallpaper’.” American Literature 57.4 (1985): 588-599.
Tompkins, Jane P. “The Awakening: An Evaluation.” Feminist Studies 3. 3 (1976): 22-29.
Treichler, Paula A. “Escaping the Sentence: Diagnosis and Discourse in ‘The Yellow Wallpaper’.” Tulsa Studies in Women’s Literature 3.2 (1984): 61-77.
Spain, Daphne. “Gendered Spaces and Women’s Status.” Sociological Theory 11.2 (1993): 137-151.
Wollstonecraft, Mary. A Vindication of the Rights of Women. 1792. New York: Bartleby, 1999.
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