淡江大學覺生紀念圖書館 (TKU Library)
進階搜尋


系統識別號 U0002-1601201812332700
中文論文名稱 全球數位化經濟下中國大陸對社群媒體與第二代互聯網的法律與政策
英文論文名稱 Chinese Internet Law in the Context of Social Media, Web 2.0, and the Global Digital Economy
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 中國大陸研究所碩士班
系所名稱(英) Graduate Institute of China Studies
學年度 106
學期 1
出版年 107
研究生中文姓名 孫中正
研究生英文姓名 Jan Fell
學號 605275014
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
口試日期 2018-01-12
論文頁數 105頁
口試委員 指導教授-郭建中
共同指導教授-王國臣
委員-劉孟俊
委員-李志強
中文關鍵字 中國互聯網政策  網際網路審查  中國社交媒體  第二代互聯網  互聯網+ 
英文關鍵字 Chinese Internet Policy  Internet Censorship  Social Media in China  Web 2.0 
學科別分類 學科別社會科學區域研究
中文摘要 此論文探討在全球數位經濟背景下中國大陸的社交媒體與第二代互聯網的合規環境。大多全球數市場領導者,例如 Facebook,Youtube和Twitter在大陸市場上是不存在的。這主要是由於中國大陸對互聯網服務提供商有嚴格的限制。許多學者指出這些規定是由於中國大陸政府試圖控制社會中的信息和反對意見。然而本論文欲探討中國大陸互聯網法正在孵化一個可行的中國大陸數位經濟產業。為了支持這一假設,本文將提出中國大陸第二代互聯網及社交媒體產業的定量見解、論述中國大陸互聯網監管的發展和監管環境並比較其對國內及國外服務提供商限制之不同。本論文提出中國大陸之合規性互聯網產業策略可能為中國大陸數位經濟產業孵化其壓倒當前美國數位霸權之力。
英文摘要 The present research investigates Chinese Internet law and the compliance environment of Social Media, Web 2.0 in Mainland China in the context of the Global Digital Economy. Global market leaders such as Facebook, Youtube and Twitter do not have a presence on the Chinese market due to the strict Chinese compliance environment. Commonly, these regulations are attributed to the Chinese government attempting to exercise control over information and the expression of ideas and opinions. Chinese Internet law is first analysed thoroughly from multiple angles, folllowed by an examination of the compliance enforcement strategy followed by the Chinese government. In doing so, this research presents new perspectives on the motivations, objectives, contributions, and implications of Chinese Internet law.
論文目次 TABLE OF CONTENTS
TABLE OF CONTENTS ii
LIST OF FIGURES iv
LIST OF TABLES v
LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS AND TERMS vi
CHAPTER I. INTRODUCTION 1
1.1 Background 1
1.2 Research Questions 3
1.3 Relevance and Contribution 4
1.4 Methodology 5
1.5 Framework 8
1.6 Structure 9
CHAPTER II. LITERATURE REVIEW 11
2.1 Taxonomy of Literature 11
2.2 Evaluative Approach Literature 12
2.2.1 Human Rights 13
2.2.2 Trade Law 15
2.2.3 Human Rights-Trade Law Synthesis 18
2.2.4 Sovereignty 19
2.3 Explanatory Approach Literature 20
2.3.1 National Security 21
2.3.2 Cultural Security 23
2.3.3 Internet Governance 24
2.3.4 Legal Theory 25
CHAPTER III. THE INTERNET 27
3.1 Historical Development of the Internet 27
3.2 United States Hegemony Over the Internet 29
3.2.1 Conceptual-Administrative Dimension 30
3.2.2 Innovation Dimension 36
3.2.3 Economic Dimension 39
3.2.3 Market Dimension 41
3.3 Social Media/Web 2.0 in China 46
3.3.1 Leading Social Media/Web 2.0 Services 47
3.3.2 Revenue Model and Performance 47
3.3.3 User Value 50
3.4 Global Adoption of Chinese Social Media/Web 2.0 Services 51
3.5 Chapter Conclusion 52
CHAPTER IV. CHINESE INTERNET LAW 54
4.1 Historical Political and Economic Setting 54
4.2 Summary of Chinese Internet Law 59
4.3 Early Internet Period 61
4.4 Social Media/Web 2.0 Period 67
4.5 Chapter Conclusion 69
CHAPTER V. MANAGEMENT OF THE CHINESE INTERNET 70
5.1 Theory of Enforcement 70
5.2 Means of Enforcement 72
5.3 Enforcement Dichotomy 74
5.4 Chapter Conclusion 76
CHAPTER VI. CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS 78
6.1 Effects on the Social Media/Web 2.0 Market in China 78
6.2 Motivations and Objectives of Chinese Internet Law 79
6.3 Contributions of Chinese Internet Law 80
6.4 Implications of Chinese Internet Law 82
6.4 Recommendations for Further Research 82
VII. REFERENCES 84
7.1 Books 84
7.2 Academic Journals 91
7.3 Other Papers, Reports and Theses 99
7.4 International Treaties 101
7.5 Statutes and Legislation 101
7.6 Cases 102
7.7 Government Publications 102
7.8 Internet Resources 103

List of Figures
1.1 Legal research styles 5
1.2 Research methodology 7
1.3 Research framework 8
2.1 Evaluative approach in literature 11
2.2 Explanatory approach in literature 12
3.1 Historical development of the Internet 28
3.2 Dimensions of United States hegemony on the Internet 29
3.3 The World Wide Web as an application layer of the Internet 32
3.4 Transfer in IANA responsibility from NTIA to ICANN and RIRs 33
3.5 Global market leadership of Social Media/Web 2.0 services 42
3.6 Chinese Social Media Advertising Revenue (in million US$) 48
3.7 U.S. Social Media Advertising Revenue (in million US$) 49
4.1 Content management in the Web 1.0 environment 67
4.2 Multi-directional content in Web 2.0 67
5.1 Pyramid model of enforcement strategies 71
5.2 Framework of Chinese Internet management 72
6.1 Internet Plus and the convergence of industries 81

List of Tables
2.1 Legal framework distribution of evaluative literature 13
2.2 Thematic distribution of explanatory literature 21
3.1 Major actors in global Internet governance 35
3.2 Acquisitions of selected United States Internet companies 38
3.3 Selection of global popular Social Media services 2008 43
3.4 Worldwide Social Media/Web 2.0 advertising revenue 45
3.5 China Social Media/Web 2.0 demographics 46
3.6 Most popular Social Media/Web 2.0 services in China 47
3.7 Social Media user value 51
3.8 Ten largest Social Media/Web 2.0 services by users 51
4.1 Selection of Unequal Treaties imposed on China by foreign powers 57
4.2 Summary of Chinese Internet regulation 60
5.1 Test of Wikipedia and Facebook access in China 75
參考文獻 VII. REFERENCES
7.1 Books
Abbate, Janet. "White Heat and Cold War: The Origins and Meanings of Packet Switching." In Inventing the Internet, 1–42. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1999.
Ayres, Ian, and John Braithwaite. "The Benign Big Gun." In Responsive Regulation: Transcending the Deregulation Debate, 19–53. Oxford Socio-Legal Studies. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1992.
Balleste, Roy. "The Historical Dimension of Technology." In Internet Governance: Origins, Current Issues, and Future Possibilities, 1–24. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2015.
Boswell, Terry. "Economic Decline and World Revolution: When the World is Up for Grabs." In Globalization, Hegemony and Power: Antisystemic Movements and the Global System, edited by Thomas Reifer, 149–61. New York, NY: Routledge, 2016.
Brandt, Loren, and Thomas G. Rawski. China's Great Economic Transformation. 1st ed. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 2008.
Briggs, Asa, and Peter Burke. A Social History of the Media: From Gutenberg to the Internet. Cambridge: Polity Press, 2009.
Brousseau, Eric, Meryem Marzouki, and Cécile Méadel. "Governance, Networks and Digital Technologies: Societal, Political and Organizational Innovations." In Governance, Regulation and Powers on the Internet, 3–11. 1st ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012.
Bygrave, Lee A., and Jon Bing. "Governors of Internet." In Internet Governance: Infrastructure and Institutions, 92–125. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009.
Castells, Manuel. "Productivity, Competitiveness, and the Informational Economy." In The Rise of the Network Society, 77–100. 2nd ed. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, 2010.
"Challenged Materials." In Intellectual Freedom Manual, edited by Candace D. Morgan, 105. Vol. 8. Chicago, IL: American Library Association, 2010.
Chen, Jianfu. "Introduction." In Implementation of Law in the People's Republic of China, edited by Jianfu Chen, Yuwen Li, and Jan Michiel Otto, 1–22. The Hague: Kluwer Law International, 2002.
Cryer, Robert, Tamara Hervey, Bal Sokhi-Bulley, and Alexandra Bohm. "Introduction: What Is a Methodology." In Research Methodologies in EU and International Law, 1–6. Oxford: Hart Publishing, 2011.
Deibert, Ronald J. "The Geopolitics of Internet Control: Censorship, Sovereignty, and Cyberspace." In Routledge Handbook of Internet Politics, edited by Andrew Chadwick and Philip N. Howard, 323–36. New York, NY: Routledge, 2009.
Deardorff, Alan V., and Robert M. Stern. "Global Market Integration and National Sovereignty." In Globalization and International Trade Policies, edited by Robert Mitchell Stern, 77–108. Vol. 9. World Scientific Studies in International Economies. Singapore: World Scientific, 2009.
Demchak, Chris C., and Peter J. Dobrowski. "Rise of a Cybered Westphalian Age: The Coming Decades." In The Global Politics of Science and Technology: Concepts from International Relations and Other Disciplines, edited by Maximilian Meyer, Mariana Carpes, and Ruth Knoblich, 91–114. Vol. 1. New York, NY: Springer, 2014.
DeNardis, Laura. "The Emerging Field of Internet Governance." In The Oxford Handbook of Internet Studies, edited by William H. Dutton, 555–76. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013.
Du Plessis, Jean Jacques, James McConvill, and Mirko Bagaric. "Reflections on Contemporary Corporate Governance and Its Future Direction." In Principles of Contemporary Corporate Governance, 363–86. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005.
Efendioglu, Alev M. "The PC Industry in China: Evolution and Competitive Dynamics." In Chinese Economic Transition and International Marketing Strategy, edited by Ilan Alon, 138–49. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers, 2003.
Finn, Colin. "Social Constructivism and the Sociology of Knowledge: Berger and Luckmann." In Social Reality, 64–71. New York, NY: Routledge, 1997.
Fitzgerald, Brian. "Dominance of the United States and Rise of Digital Economy." In A Short History of Copyright, by Benedict Atkinson, 103–10. London: Springer, 2014.
Fligstein, Neil. "Myths of the Market." In The Institutions of the Market: Organizations, Social Systems, and Governance, edited by Alexander Ebner and Nikolaus Beck, 131–56. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008.
Foot, Rosemary. "Betting on the Long Term, 1998–1999." In Rights Beyond Borders: The Global Community and the Struggle over Human Rights in China, 224–50. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2000.
Friedman, Danny. "Rise and Demise of US Social Media in China: A Touchstone of WTO and BIT Regulations." In China's Influence on Non-Trade Concerns in International Economic Law, edited by Paolo Davide Farah and Elena Cima, 382–94. Global Law and Sustainable Development. New York, NY: Routledge, 2016.

Fuchs, Christian. "Critique of the Political Economy of Web 2.0 Surveillance." In Internet and Surveillance: The Challenges of Web 2.0 and Social Media, edited by Christian Fuchs, Kees Boersma, Anders Albrechtslund, and Marisol Sandoval, 31–70. Routledge Studies in Science, Technology and Society. New York, NY: Routledge, 2012.
Gao, Henry. "Googling for the Trade-Human Rights Nexus in China: Can the WTO Help?" In Trade Governance in the Digital Age: World Trade Forum, edited by Mira Burri and Thomas Cottier, 247–75. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012.
Gelernter, Lior, and Motti Regev. "Internet and Globalization." In The Routledge International Handbook of Globalization Studies, edited by Bryan S. Turner, 62–76. Routledge International Handbooks. London: Routledge, 2010.
Giacomello, Giampiero. "Introduction." In National Governments and Control of the Internet: A Digital Challenge, 1–25. Routledge Research in Information Technology and Society. London: Routledge, 2005.
Gold, Bernhard. "Study 3: Silicon Valley Success Factors - The Concept of Intra-Nationalization." In Silicon Valley Start‐ups and Corporate Innovation: Approaches to Resolve the Innovator's Dilemma, 79–128. Wiesbaden: Springer Gabler, 2017.
Groarke, Paul. "The Limits of Philsophy: Setting Out the Legal Framework of Dissent." In Ideas under Fire: Historical Studies of Philosophy and Science in Adversity, edited by Jonathan Lavery, Louis Groarke, and William Sweet, 321–40. Lanham, MD: Farleigh Dickinson University Press, 2013.
Guan, Scott Yunxiang. "China's Telecommunication Reforms: From Monopoly towards Competition, Part 2." In Asian Economic and Political Issues, edited by Frank Columbus, 1–118. Vol. 9. New York, NY: Nova Science Publishers, 2003.
Guthrie, Doug. China and Globalization: The Social, Economic and Political Transformation of Chinese Society. 3rd ed. New York, NY: Routledge, 2012.
Guo, Rongxing. "International Economic Engagement." In An Introduction to the Chinese Economy: The Driving Forces Behind Modern Day China, 129–52. Singapore: Wiley, 2010.
Hall, Robert E., and Marc Liebermann. "Comparative Advantage and the Gains from International Trade." In Microeconomics: Principles and Applications, 504–5. 5th ed. Mason, OH: South-Western, 2010.
Hampson, Fen Osler, and Eric Jardine. "Territorial Routing and Rerouting." In Look Who's Watching: Surveillance, Treachery and Trust Online, 138–40. Waterloo, ON: Centre for International Governance Innovation, 2016.
Hanrahan, Hu. "Setting the Context for Evolution and Convergence of Networks." In Network Convergence: Services, Applications, Transport, and Operations Support, 1–40. Chichester: Wiley, 2007.
Harvey, David John. "Aspects of Internet Governance." In Collisions in the Digital Paradigm: Law and Rule Making in the Internet Age, 85–98. Oxford: Hart Publishing, 2017.
Harwit, Eric, and Duncan Clark. "Government Policy and Political Control Over China's Internet." In Chinese Cyberspaces: Technological Changes and Political Effects, edited by Jens Damm and Simona Thomas, 11–37. Asia's Transformations. New York, NY: Routledge, 2006.
Head, John W., and Yanping Wang. "The Long Reach of Chinese Law." In Law Codes in Dynastic China: A Synopsis of Chinese Legal History in the Thirty Centuries from Zhou to Qing, 3–22. Durham, NC: Carolina Academic Press, 2005.
Herschinger, Eva. "On Hegemony and Identity in International Security Discourses." In Constructing Global Enemies: Hegemony and Identity in International Discourses on Terrorism and Drug Prohibition, 12–32. New York, NY: Routledge, 2011.
Hess, Christian A. "Keeping the Past Alive: The Use of History in China's Foreign Relations." In A Handbook of China's International Relations, edited by Shaun Breslin, 47–54. Routledge International Handbooks. London: Routledge, 2010.
Hobson, John M. "The dark side of British industrialisation and the myth of laissez-faire: war, racist imperialism and the Afro-Asian origins and industrialisation." In The Eastern Origins of Western Civilisation, 243–82. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004.
Hsu, Cho-yun. "A Century of Uncertainty: 1850 to 1950." In China: A New Cultural History, translated by Timothy D. Baker, Jr. and Michael S. Duke, 501–74. New York, NY: Columbia University Press, 2006.
Huang, Yasheng. "An Analytical Framework." In Selling China: Foreign Direct Investment During the Reform Era, 65–105. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003.
Jemielniak, Dariusz. "Wikipedia in Short: Numbers, Rules, and Editors." In Common Knowledge? An Ethnography of Wikipedia, 10–28. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2014.
Jones, Bradley L. "Alan Meckler: Internet.com." In Web 2.0 Heroes: Interviews with 20 Web 2.0 Influencers, 15–28. Indianapolis, IN: Wiley, 2008.
Jordan, Amos A., William J. Taylor Jr., Michael J. Meese, and Suzanne C. Nielsen. "The International Setting." In American National Security, 3–22. Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press.
Joseph, Sarah. "The Potential Emancipatory Effect of 'Good' Trade." In Blame It on the WTO? A Human Rights Critique, 137–39. 1st ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011.
Joseph, Sarah. "Trade Law and Investment Law." In The Oxford Handbook of International Human Rights Law, edited by Dinah Shelton, 841–72. 1st ed. Oxford Handbooks. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015.
Kenney, Martin, and Richard Florida. "Venture Capital in Silicon Valley: Fuelling New Form Formation." In Understanding Silicon Valley: The Anatomy of an Entrepreneurial Region, edited by Martin Kenney, 98–123. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2000.
Koh, Winston T. H. "Promotion of Entrepreneurship and the Development of the Venture Capital Industry in Singapore." In Capital Formation, Governance and Banking, edited by E. Klein, 1–22. Financial Institutions and Services. New York, NY: Nova Science Publishers, 2005.
Koh, Winston T. H. "The Role of Venture Capital and Entrepreneurship in Innovation-driven Economic Growth." In Venture Capital in the Changing World of Entrepreneurship, edited by John E. Butler, Andy Locket, and Deniz Ucbasaran, 47–74. Greenwich, CT: Information Age Publishing, 2006.
Lawton-Smith, Helen. "Stanford, Louisville and Princeton." In Universities, Innovation and the Economy, 193–222. New York, NY: Routledge, 2006.
Lodge, Martin, and Kai Wegrich. "Alternatives to Classical Regulation." In Managing Regulation: Regulatory Analysis, Politics and Policy, 96–119. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan, 2012.
Liu, Kang. "The Internet in China: Emergent Cultural Formations and Contradictions." In Globalization and Cultural Trends in China, 127–62. Honolulu, HI: University of Hawaii Press, 2004.
Luhmann, Niklas. "Introduction." Translated by Elizabeth King-Utz and Martin Albrow. In A Sociological Theory of Law, edited by Martin Albrow, 1–102. New York, NY: Routledge, 2014.
Ma, Winston. "Launched in China." In China's Mobile Economy: Opportunities in the Largest and Fastest Information Consumption Boom, 279–311. Chichester: Wiley, 2017.
Mann, Jim. Beijing Jeep: A Case Study Of Western Business In China. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1997.
Marx, Karl. "The Chapter on Capital." In Grundrisse: Foundations of the Critique of Political Economy, translated by Martin Nicolaus, 706. London: Penguin Books, 1973.
Mattei, Ugo, and Luca G. Pes. "Civil Law and Common Law: Toward Convergence?" In The Oxford Handbook of Law and Politics, edited by Keith E. Whittington, R. Daniel Kelemen, and Gregory A. Caldeira, 267–80. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2008.
McConville, Mike, and Wing Hong Chui. "Introduction and Overview." In Research Methods for Law, edited by Mike McConville and Wing Hong Chui, 1–15. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2007.
Meyers, Diane. "Growth through Acquisitions or Merger." In Intellectual Property Strategies for the 21st Century Corporation: A Shift in Strategic and Financial Management, edited by Lanning G. Bryer, Scott J. Lebson, and Matthew D. Asbell, 47–62. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley, 2011.
Morgan, Bronwen, and Karen Yeung. "Regulatory Enforcement and Compliance." In An Introduction to Law and Regulation, 151–220. Law in Context. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007.
Nield, Robert. China’s Foreign Places: The Foreign Presence in China in the Treaty Port Era, 1840–1943. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press, 2015.
O’Regan, Gerard. "The Internet Revolution." In A Brief History of Computing, 101–20. 2nd ed. New York, NY: Springer, 2012.
O'Reilly, Tim. "Design Patterns and Business Models for the Next Generation of Software." In What is Web 2.0. Sebastopol, CA: O'Reilly Media.
O'Rourke, Kevin H., and Jeffrey G. Williamson. "Convergence in History." In Globalization and History: The Evolution of a Nineteenth-century Atlantic Economy, 5–28. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1999.
Pasca di Magliano, Roberto. "Digital Society and the Sharing Economy." In Economic Growth: Theories and Policies vs Evidence, 61–106. Rome: Edizioni Nuova Cultura, 2016.
Pearson, Margaret M. "The Chinese Outlook at the Outset of Foreign Investment Policy." In Joint Ventures in the People's Republic of China: The Control of Foreign Direct Investment Under Socialism, 37–65. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1991.
Pecht, Michael, Wangyong Wen, Zongxiang Fu, Jiangjun Lu, and Chung-shing Lee. "Science and Technology in China." In The Chinese Electronics Industry, 57–72. 1st ed. Electronics Industry Research Series. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, 1999.
Peng Zhen 彭真. “Lun xinzhongguo de zhengfa gongzuo” 論新中國的政法工作 [On the Political‐Legal Work of the New China], 294–295. Beijing: Zhongyang wenxian chubanshe中央文獻出版社, 1992.
Qualman, Erik. Socialnomics: How Social Media Transforms the Way We Live and Do Business. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley, 2011.
Ramsinghani, Mahendra. "Sourcing Investment Opportunities." In The Business of Venture Capital: Insights from Leading Practitioners on the Art of Raising a Fund, Deal Structuring, Value Creation, and Exit Strategies, 189–212. 2nd ed. Wiley Finance Series. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley, 2014.
Schneider, Gary P. "Marketing on the Web." In Electronic Commerce, 171–226. 8th ed. Boston, MA: Cengage Learning, 2009.
Siebert, Horst, and Manfred Stolpe. "Germany." Edited by David G. Victor and Richard R. Nelson. In Technological Innovation and Economic Performance, edited by Benn Steil, 112–47. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2002.
Solum, Lawrence B. "Models of Internet Governance." In Internet Governance: Infrastructure and Institutions, edited by Lee A. Bygrave and Jon Bing, 48–91. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009.
Sturgeon, Timothy J. "How Silicon Valley Came to Be." In Understanding Silicon Valley: The Anatomy of an Entrepreneurial Region, edited by Martin Kenney, 15–47. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2000.
Tai, Zixue. "Historical Development of the Internet in China." In The Internet in China: Cyberspace and Civil Society, 119–60. Routledge Studies in New Media and Cyberculture. New York, NY: Routledge, 2006.
Tomsho, Greg. "Networking Protocols." In Guide to Networking Essentials, 187–236. 7th ed. Boston, MA: Cengage Learning, 2016.
Van Hoecke, Marc. "Preface." In Methodologies of Legal Research: Which Kind of Method for What Kind of Discipline?, In Methodologies of Legal Research: Which Kind of Method for What Kind of Discipline?, edited by Marc Van Hoecke, ix–xviii. Vol. 9. European Academy of Legal Theory. Oxford: Hart Publishing, 2011.
Van Roermund, Bert. "Theory and Object in Law: The Case for Legal Scholarship as Indirect Speech." In Methodologies of Legal Research: Which Kind of Method for What Kind of Discipline?, edited by Marc Van Hoecke, 227–86. Vol. 9. European Academy of Legal Theory. Oxford: Hart Publishing, 2011.
Vickery, Graham, and Sacha Wunsch-Vincent. Participative Web And User-Created Content: Web 2.0 Wikis and Social Networking. Paris: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), 2007.
Visser, Wayne, Dirk Matten, Manfred Pohl, and Nick Tollhurst. The A to Z of Corporate Social Responsibility. Hoboken, 2010: Wiley, NJ.
Wang, Chao. "Coordinated Compliance and Private Approach of International Engagement in China's Human Rights." In International Engagement in China’s Human Rights, edited by Titus C. Chen and Dingding Chen, 79–97. China Policy Series. New York, NY: Routledge, 2016.
Wang, Dong. "Conclusion: Defining and Redefining the Past." In China's Unequal Treaties: Narrating National History, 135–40. Asia World. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, 2005.
Wang, Guiguo. "China's Return to GATT." In Foreigners in Chinese Law, edited by Tahirih V. Lee, 57–72. Chinese Law: Social, Political, Historical, and Economic Perspectives (Book 4). London: Garland Publishing, 1997.
Wei, Shang-jin. "Foreign Direct Investment in China: Sources and Consequences." In Financial Deregulation and Integration in East Asia, edited by Takatoshi Ito and Anne O. Krueger, 77–105. Vol. 5. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 1996.
Weinberg, Jonathan. "ICANN, "Internet Stability," and the New Top Level Domains." In Communications Policy and Information Technology: Promises, Problems, Prospects, edited by Lorrie Faith Cranor and Shane Greenstein, 3–24. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2002.
Wendler, Eugen. "An Advocate Without Money, Keen on Helping His Home Country." In Friedrich List (1789-1846): A Visionary Economist with Social Responsibility, 135–80. The European Heritage in Economics and the Social Sciences. Berlin: Springer, 2015.
Whiteley, David. "Networks and Computer Security." In An Introduction to Information Systems, 181–202. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013.
Wong, John, and Seok Ling Nah. "Regulatory Framework." In China's Emerging New Economy: The Internet and E-commerce, 18–54. Singapore: Singapore University Press, 2001.
Yan, Kun, and David C. Berliner. "The Unique Features of Chinese International Students in the United States." In Chinese Education in the Globalized World, edited by Shibao Guo and Yan Guo, 129–50. Vol. 2. Spotlight on China. New York, NY: Springer.
Yang, Guobin. "Social Dynamics in the Evolution of China's Internet Content Control Regime." In Routledge Handbook of Media Law, edited by Monroe E. Price, Stefaan G. Verhulst, and Libby Morgan, 285–302. New York, NY: Routledge, 2013.
Zhang, Xioajing, and Xin Chang. "Development of Open Economy." In The Logic of Economic Reform in China, 51–70. China Insights. Heidelberg: Springer, 2016.
7.2 Academic Journals
Beer, David, and Roger Burrows. "Sociology and, of and in Web 2.0: Some Initial Considerations." Sociological Research Online 12, no. 5 (September 30, 2007).
Berthon, Pierre R., Leyland F. Pitt, Kirk Plangger, and Daniel Shapiro. "Marketing meets Web 2.0, social media, and creative consumers: Implications for international marketing strategy." Business Horizons 55, no. 3 (May & june 2012): 261–71.
Bradlow, Daniel D. "The Times They Are A-Changin: Some Preliminary Thoughts on Developing Countries, NGOS and the Reform of the WTO." The George Washington International Law Review 33, no. 3 (2001): 503–35.
Brenkert, George G. "Google, Human Rights, and Moral Compromise." Journal of Business Ethics 85, no. 4 (April 2009): 453–78.
Broude, Tomer. "It's Easily Done: The China-Intellectual Property Rights Enforcement Dispute and the Freedom of Expression." The Journal of World Intellectual Property 13, no. 5 (September 2010): 660–73.
Cerf, Vinton C. "The IANA Transition." Communications of the ACM 59, no. 5 (May 2016): 7.
Chen, Weiyang 陳剩勇. "Fa, li, xing de shuxing (shang): Dui zhongguo falü shi yanjiu fangfalun de yige fansi" 法、禮、刑的屬性(上):對中國法律史研究方法論的一個反思 [The Attributes of Law, Ceremony and Punishment: A Reflection on the Methodology of Chinese Law]. Zhejiang shehui kexue 浙江社會科學, no. 5 (2002): 49–60.
Chen, Yinxing 陳銀星. "Zhongguo hulianwang xinxi anquan xianzhuang ji duice" 中國互聯網信息安全現狀及對策 [Status of Internet Information Security in China and Countermeasures]. Xiandai dianxin keji 現代電信科技, no. 12 (2009): 54–59.
Constantinides, Efthymios, and Stefan J. Fountain. "Web 2.0: Conceptual foundations and marketing issues." Journal of Direct, Data and Digital Marketing Practice 9, no. 3 (January 2008): 231–44.
Cooke, Mike, and Nick Buckley. "Web 2.0, social networks and the future of market research." International Journal of Market Research 50, no. 2 (2008): 267–92.
Dai, Xiudian. "Chinese Politics of the Internet: Control and Anti‐control." Cambridge Review of International Affairs 13, no. 2 (2000): 181–94.
Dann, Gary Elijah, and Neil Haddow. "Just Doing Business or Doing Just Business: Google, Microsoft, Yahoo! and the Business of Censoring China’s Internet." Journal of Business Ethics 79, no. 3 (May 2008): 219–34.
Delacroix, Sylvie. "Hart's and Kelsen's Concepts of Normativity Contrasted." Ratio Juris 17, no. 4 (December 2004): 501–20.
Donnelly, Jack. "The Relative Universality of Human Rights." Human Rights Quarterly 29, no. 2 (May 2007): 281–306.
Dowell, William Thatcher. "The Internet, Censorship, and China." Georgetown Journal of International Affairs 7, no. 2 (Summer 2006): 111–19.
Drissel, David. "Internet Governance in a Multipolar World: Challenging American Hegemony." Cambridge Review of International Affairs 19, no. 1 (March 2006): 105–20.

Edosomwan, Simeon, Sitalaskshmi Kalangot Prakasan, Doriane Kouame, Jonelle Watson, and Tom Seymour. "The History of Social Media and Its Impact on Business." Journal of Applied Management and Entrepreneurship 16, no. 3 (July 2011): 79–91.
Eko, Lyombe. "Many Spiders, One Worldwide Web: Towards a Typology of Internet Regulation." Communication Law and Policy 6, no. 3 (Summer 2001): 445–84.
Enders, Albrecht, Harald Hungenberg, Hans-Peter Denker, and Sebastian Mauch. "The Long Tail of Social Networking. Revenue Models of Social Networking Sites." European Management Journal 26, no. 3 (June 2008): 199–211.
Fang, Yu 房宇. "Woguo hulianwang falü zhong cunzai de wenti yanjiu" 我國互聯網法律中存在的問題研究 [A Study on the Problems of Internet Law in China]. Fazhi bolan 法制博覽, no. 5 (2015): 97–98.
Farrell, Kristen. "The Big Mamas Are Watching: China's Censorship of the Internet and the Strain on Freedom of Expression." Michigan State Journal of International Law 15, no. 3 (2007): 577–603.
Feng, Guangchao Charles, and Steve Zhongshi Guo. "Tracing the route of China’s Internet censorship: An empirical study." Telematics and Informatics 30, no. 4 (November 2013): 335–45.
Fuchs, Christian. "Baidu, Weibo and Renren: The Global Political Economy of Social Media in China." Asian Journal of Communication 26, no. 1 (2016): 14–41.
Galende, Jesús. "Analysis of technological innovation from business economics and management." Technovation 26, no. 3 (March 2006): 300–11.
Gorman, Sean P., and Edward J. Malecki. "The networks of the Internet: an analysis of provider networks in the USA." Telecommunications Policy 24, no. 2 (March 2000): 113–34.
Gunningham, Neil, and Joseph Rees. "Industry Self-Regulation: An Institutional Perspective." Law & Policy 19, no. 4 (October 1997): 363–414.
Hafner-Burton, Emilie M. "Trading Human Rights: How Preferential Trade Agreements Influence Government Repression." International Organization 59, no. 3 (July 2005): 593–629.
Hall, Wendy, and Thanassis Tiropanis. "Web evolution and Web Science." Computer Networks 56, no. 18 (December 17, 2012): 3859–865.
Harwit, Eric, and Duncan Clark. "Shaping the Internet in China. Evolution of Political Control over Network Infrastructure and Content." Asian Survey 41, no. 3 (May/June 2001): 377–408.
Hazenberg, Haye. "The legitimacy of the global order." International Theory 7, no. 2 (July 2015): 294–329.
Heinrich, Thomas. "Cold War Armory: Military Contracting in Silicon Valley." Enterprise & Society 3, no. 2 (June 2002): 247–84.
Hsiao, Monica. "China and the GATT: Two Theories of Political Economy Explaining China's Desire for Membership in the GATT." Pacific Basin Law Journal 12, no. 2 (1994): 431–54.
Huang, Ting 黃婷. "Weixin zhifu yu zhifubao de duilei" 微信支付與支付寶的對壘 [The Competition between Wechat Pay and Alipay]. Jingmao shijian 經貿實踐, no. 9 (2015): 148.
Huang, Xuexian 黃學賢, and Chen Feng 陳峰. "Hulianwang Guanzhi Beijing Xia De Wangluo Renquan Baozhang Tixi Tanxi" 互聯網管制背景下的網絡人權保障體系探析 [An Analysis of Human Rights on the Internet in the Context of Internet Regulation]. Shanghai zhengfa xueyuan xuebao: fazhi luncong 上海政法學院學報:法治論叢 23, no. 2 (2008): 24–32.
Huang, Yongyin 黃永垠. "Hulianwang Yu Guojia Anquan" 互聯網與國家安全 [the Internet and National Security]." Zhongguo dangzheng ganbu luntan 中國黨政幹部論壇, no. 2 (2010): 16–18.
Hutchinson, Terry, and Nigel Duncan. "Defining and Describing What We Do: Doctrinal Legal Research." Deakin Law Review 17, no. 1 (October 2012): 83–118.
Ianchovichina, Elena, and Will Martin. "Trade Liberalization in China's Accession to WTO." Journal of Economic Integration 16, no. 4 (December 2001): 421–46.
Jensen, Eric Talbot. "Cyber Sovereignty: The Way Ahead." Texas International Law Journal 50, no. 2 (2015): 274–302.
Jiang, Min. "Authoritarian Informationalism: China’s Approach to Internet Sovereignty." SAIS Review 30, no. 2 (Summer 2010): 71–89.
Jones, Brian Christopher. "The Online/Offline Cognitive Divide: Implications for Law." SCRIPTed 13, no. 1 (May 2016): 83–94.
Kanbur, Ravi, and Xiaobo Zhang. "Fifty Years of Regional Inequality in China: A Journey Through Central Planning, Reform, and Openness." Review of Development Economics 9, no. 1 (February 2005): 87–106.
Kim, Sung Wook, and Aziz Douai. "Google vs. China’s ‘Great Firewall’: Ethical Implications for Free Speech and Sovereignty." Technology in Society 34, no. 2 (May 2012): 174–81.
King, Gary, Jennifer Pan, and Margaret E. Roberts. "How Censorship in China Allows Government Criticism but Silences Collective Expression." American Political Science Review 107, no. 2 (May 2013): 326–43.
Lai, Linda S.L., and Wai-Ming To. "The Emergence of China in the Internet Market." IT Professional 14, no. 1 (Jan. & feb. 2012): 6–9.
Li, Charles. "Internet Content Control in China." International Journal of Communications Law and Policy, no. 8 (Winter 2003/2004).
Li, Qiang 李強, and Zeng Wei 曾薇. "Wangluo anquan zhili zhong de guoji xiezuo" 網絡安全治理中的國際協作 [International Collaboration of Network Security Governance]. Zhongguo keji luntan 中國科技論壇, no. 11 (2016): 26–31.
Li, Yueming 李月明. "Hulianwang shi yu xia woguo wenhua anquan wenti de sikao" 互聯網視閾下我國文化安全問題的思考 [Reflections on China's Cultural Security from the Perspective of the Internet]. Shishi qiushi 實事求是, no. 5 (2014): 94–96.
Liang, Bin, and Hong Lu. "Internet Development, Censorship, and Cyber Crimes in China." Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice 26, no. 1 (February 2010): 103–20.
Liu, Cynthia. "Internet Censorship as a Trade Barrier: A Look at the WTO Consistency of the Great Firewall in the Wake of the China-Google Dispute." Georgetown Journal of International Law 42, no. 4 (Summer 2011): 1199–240.
Liu, Yi 劉乙, and Li Changxi 李長喜. "Hulianwang falü guizhi moshi de tantao" 互聯網法律規制模式的探討 [Study on the pattern of legislative regulation of the Internet]. Beijing youdian daxue xuebao (shehui kexue ban) 北京郵電大學學報(社會科學版) 11, no. 2 (2009): 23–28.
Lin, Yunlong 李雲龍. "Hulianwang shidai zhongguo yanlun ziyou kongjian de tazhan" 互聯網時代中國言論自由空間的拓展 [The Develoment of Free Speech in China in the Internet Era]. Renquan 人權, no. 3 (2013): 28–33.
Lu, Donghua 陸冬華, and Qi Xiaoli 齊小力. "Woguo wangluo anquan lifa wenti yanjiu" 我國網絡安全立法問題研究 [A Study of Legal Issues in Chinese Internet Security]. Zhongguo renmin gongan daxue xuebao (shehui kexue ban) 中國人民公安大學學報(社會科學版), no. 3 (2014): 58–64.
Ma, Jie 馬傑. "Quanqiu hulianwang de fazhan ji qi dui guojia anquan de yingxiang" 全球互聯網的發展及其對國家安全的影響 [The Development of the Global Internet and Its Impact on National Security]. Shijie jingji yu zhengzhi 世界經濟與政治, no. 10 (2000): 48–52.
Ma, Huxuan 馬舒萱, and Zhang Shixiao 張世曉. "Hulianwang jinrong fengxian ji qi jianguan yanjiu — yi di sanfang zhifu wei li" 互聯網金融風險及其監管研究—以第三方支付為例 [Research on the Financial Risks and Their Supvervision on the Internet - the Case of Third Party Payments]. Shangchang xiandaihua 商場現代化, no. 13 (2016): 144–48.
MacKinnon, Rebecca. "Flatter World and Thicker Walls? Blogs, Censorship and Civic Discourse in China." Public Choice 134, no. 1 (January 2008): 31–46.
Mueller, Milton. "ICANN and Internet governance: sorting through the debris of “self‐regulation”." Info 1, no. 6 (December 1999): 497–520.
Newbold, Jill R. "Aiding the Enemy: Imposing Liability on U.S. Corporations for Selling China Internet Tools to Restrict Human Rights." Journal of Law, Technology and Policy, no. 2 (2003): 503–29.
Ning, Jiajun 宁家骏. "Hulianwang +” xingdong jihua de shishi beijing, neihan ji zhuyao neirong" “互聯網+”行動計劃的實施背景、內涵及主要內容 [Implementation, Background, Connotation, and Main Contents of Internet Plus]. Dianzi zhengwu 電子政務, no. 6 (2015): 32–38.
Patni, Ritika, and Nihal Joseph. "WTO Ramifications of Internet Censorship: The Google-China Controversy." NUJS Law Review 3, no. 3 (July 2010): 337–63.
Pauwelyn, Joost. "Squaring Free Trade in Culture with Chinese Censorship: The WTO Appellate Body Report on China - Audiovisuals." Melbourne Journal of International Law 11, no. 1 (May 2011): 1–22.
Pekkanen, Saadia. "Sword and Shield: The WTO Dispute Settlement System and Japan." Japanese Economy 28, no. 5 (2000): 3–26.
Qin, Julia Ya. "Pushing the Limits of Global Governance: Trading Rights, Censorship and WTO Jurisprudence—A Commentary on the China–Publications Case." Chinese Journal of International Law 10, no. 2 (June 2011): 271–332.
Reed, Chris. "Online and Offline Equivalence: Aspiration and Achievement." International Journal of Law and Information Technology 18, no. 3 (May 2010): 248–73.
Reichenberg, Joel R. "Yahoo and Democracy on the Internet." Jurimetrics 42, no. 3 (Spring 2002): 261–80.
Rogers, Juan D. "Internetworking and the Politics of Science: NSFNET in Internet History." The Information Society 14, no. 3 (1998): 213–28.
Rosenzweig, Roy. "Wizards, Bureaucrats, Warriors, and Hackers: Writing the History of the Internet." American Historical Review 103, no. 5 (December 1998): 1530–552.
Saxenian, Annalee. "The Genesis of Silicon Valley." Built Environment 9, no. 1 (1983): 7–17.
Scholz, John T. "Voluntary Compliance and Regulatory Enforcement." Law & Policy 6, no. 4 (October 1984): 385–404.
Shen, Yi. "Cyber Sovereignty and the Governance of Global Cyberspace." Chinese Political Science Review 1, no. 1 (2016): 81–93.
Shi Wenxuan 史文璇. "Wangluo shidai de guojia anquan" 網絡時代的國家安全 [National Security in the Internet Age]. Sheng bing shijie 聲屏世界, no. 6 (2015): 12–14.
Shi, Zhongying 石中英. "Lun guojia wenhua anquan" 論國家文化安全 [on Cultural Security in China]. Beijing shifan daxue xuebao (shehui kexue ban) 北京師範大學學報(社會科學版), no. 3 (2004): 5–14.
Sullivan, Jonathan. "China’s Weibo: Is Faster Different?" New Media & Society 16, no. 1 (February 2014): 24–37.
Sum, Ngai-Ling. "Informational Capitalism and U.S. Economic Hegemony: Resistance and Adaptions in East Asia." Critical Asian Studies 35, no. 3 (2003): 373–98.
Tang, Kechao 唐克超. "Wangluo yulun dui guojia anquan yingxiang wenti tanxi" 網絡輿論對國家安全影響問題探析 [Discussion and Analysis of the Impact of Public Opinion in the Web upon National Security]. Zhongguo ruan kexue 中國軟科學, no. 6 (2008): 56–62.
Taylor, John H. "The Internet in China: Embarking on the Information Superhighway with One Hand on the Wheel and the Other Hand on the Plug." Dickinson Journal of International Law 15, no. 3 (1997): 621–42.
Tian, Guangning田光寧. "Hulianwang jinrong fazhan de lalun kuangjia yu guizhi yueshu" 互聯網金融發展的理論框架與規制約束 [The Theoretical Framework and Regulation Constraints of the Development of Internet Finance]. Hongguan jingji yanjiu 宏觀經濟研究, no. 12 (2014): 42–48.
Traubman, Geoffry. "A Not-So World Wide Web: The Internet, China, and the Challenges to Nondemocratic Rule." Political Communication 15, no. 2 (1998): 255–72.
Wang, Xiaojun 王曉君. "Lun woguo hulianwang falü de lifa wanshan" 論我國互聯網法律的立法完善 [On Improvement of Internet Legislation]. Xue lilun 學理論, no. 1 (2017): 111–114.
Wang, Yujun 汪育俊. "Quanmian lijie “guojia anquan” gainian" 全面理解“國家安全”概念 [A Comprehensive Interpretation of National Security]." Jiangnan shehui xueyuan xuebao 江南社會學院學報 2, no. 1 (2000): 4–7.
Wang, Zhe 王哲. "GATS xia zhongguo hulianwang guolü shencha zhidu falü wenti yanjiu - yi guge sousuo yinqing zhengduan wei shijiao" GATS下中國互聯網過濾審查制度法律問題研究——以谷歌搜索引擎爭端為視角 [Legal Issues in China´s Internet Filtering Censorship Regime under GATS - on the Perspective of Google Search Engine Dispute]. Shanghai duiwai maoyi daxue xuebao 上海對外經貿大學學報 21, no. 2 (2015): 67–76.
Weber, Ian, and Lu Jia. "Internet and self-regulation in China: the cultural logic of controlled commodification." Media, Culture & Society 29, no. 5 (September 2007): 772–89.
Wechsler, Andrea. "Intellectual property law in the People’s Republic of China: a powerful economic tool for innovation and development." China-EU Law Journal 1, no. 1-2 (November 2011): 3–54.
Wicker, Stephen B., and Stephanie M. Santoso. "Access to the Internet Is a Human Right." Communications of the ACM 56, no. 6 (June 2013): 43–46.
Wu, Tim. "The World Trade Law of Censorship and Internet Filtering." Chicago Journal of International Law 7, no. 1 (January 2006): 263–87.
Xu, Weimin 徐衛民. "Hulianwang wenhua anquan tixi cunzai de wenti ji duice" 互聯網文化安全體系存在的問題及對策 [Issues of Cultural Security on the Internet and their Countermeasures]. Xinwen zhanxian 新聞戰線, no. 9 (2015): 181–82.
Xu, Zhao 徐昭. "Weixin zhifu dui jinrong xiaofei zhe de yingxiang ji buzu tanxi" 微信支付對金融消費者的影響及不足探析 [Analysis of the Influence of Wechat Pay on Consumers]. Jingjishi 經濟師, no. 5 (2014): 145–46.
Yu, Lu 余麗. "Meiguo hulianwang zhanlue ji qi dui zhongguo zhengzhi wenhua anquan de yingxiang" 美國互聯網戰略及其對中國政治文化安全的影響 [An Analysis of America’s Cyber Strategy and Its Implication for China’s Political & Cultural Security]. Guoji luntan 國際論壇 14, no. 2 (2012): 7–13.
Yu, Zhigang 於志剛. "Wangluo anquan dui gonggong anquan, guojia anquan de qianru taishi he yingdui celüe" 網絡安全對公共安全、國家安全的嵌入態勢和應對策略 [The Way of Cybersecurity Inserting Public and National Security and Its Countermeasures]. Faxue luntan 法學論壇 29, no. 6 (2014): 5–19.
Zeng, Daniel, Hsinchun Chen, and Robert Lusch. "Social Media Analytics and Intelligence." IEEE Intelligent Systems 25, no. 6 (Nov. & dec. 2010): 13–16.
Zhang, Jianhua 張建華. "Sunzhongshan yu bu pingdeng tiaoyue gainian" 孫中山與不平等條約概念 [Sun Yat-sen and the Concept of Unequal Treaties]. Beijing daxue xuebao: Zhexue shehui kexue ban 北京大學學報:哲學社會科學版, no. 2 (2002): 115–122.
Zhang, Xiaopu 張曉樸. "Hulianwang jinrong jianguan de yuanze: tansuo xin jinrong jianguan fanshi" 互聯網金融監管的原則:探索新金融監管范式 [Principles on On-line Financing Regulation: A New Paradigm of Financial Regulation]. Jinrong jianguan yanjiu 金融監管研究, no. 2 (2014): 6–17.

Zhao, Wei 趙偉. "Dengxiaoping de guojifa sixiang yu goujian hexie shijie" 鄧小平的國際法思想與構建和諧世界 [Deng Xiaoping's Ideology of International Law and the Construction of a Harmonious World]. Maozedong dengxiaoping lilun yanjiu 毛澤東鄧小平理論研究, no. 3 (2009): 30–34.
Zhou, Hanhua 周漢華. "Hulianwang dui chuantong fazhi de tiaozhan" 互聯網對傳統法治的挑戰 [The Challenge of the Internet to Traditional Rule of Law]. Huanqiu falü pinglun 環球法律評論, no. 1 (2001): 59–60.
Zhou, Ping, and Loet Leydesdorff. "The Emergence of China as a Leading Nation in Science." Research Policy 35, no. 1 (2006): 83–104.
Zittrain, Jonathan, and Benjamin Edelman. "Internet filtering in China." IEEE Internet Computing 7, no. 2 (March & april 2003): 70–77.
7.3 Other Papers, Reports and Theses
Arthurs, Harry William. Law and Learning: Report to the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada. Report. Ottawa, ON: Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada, 1983.
Baran, Katsiaryna S., and Wolfgang G. Stock. "Acceptance and quality perceptions of social network services in cultural context: Vkontakte as a case study." In Proceedings of the 9th International MultiConference on Society, Cybernetics and Informatics (IMSCI 2015), 114–19. Orlando. Winter Garden, FL: International Institute of Informatics and Systemics, 2015.
Brownlow, Josh, Mohamed Zaki, Andy Neely, and Florian Urmetzer. "Data and Analytics - Data-Driven Business Models: A Blueprint for Innovation." Cambridge Service Alliance, February 2015.
Chiu, Cindy, Chris Ip, and Ari Silverman. "Understanding Social Media in China." McKinsey Quarterly, April 2012.
"Digital, Social and Mobile in 2015." London: We are Social, 2015.
Erixon, Fredrik, Brian Hindley, and Hosuk Lee-Makiyama. Protectionism Online: Internet Censorship and International Trade Law. Working paper. Vol. 12. ECIPE Working Paper. 2009.
Finn, Michael G. Stay Rates of Foreign Doctorate Recipients from U.S. Universities 2011. Report. Oak Ridge, TN: Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education, 2014.
Kanervo, Virpi Helena. "Do the Chinese Measures of Blocking and Filtering American Internet Search Engines Violate the China’s GATT and GATS Obligations?" Master's thesis, George Washington University, 2014.

Li, Yuanchao. "Provide New Driving Forces for Innovative Development of the World Economy." Address, World Economic Forum, Davos, January 21, 2016.
Mander, Jason, ed. Global Webindex. Report. January 21, 2015.
Market capitalization of the largest internet companies worldwide as of May 2017 (in billion U.S. dollars). Report. Statista, 2017. https://www.statista.com/statistics/277483/market-value-of-the-largest-internet-companies-worldwide/.
Most famous social network sites worldwide as of September 2017. Report. Statista, 2017. https://www.statista.com/statistics/272014/global-social-networks-ranked-by-number-of-users/.
National Science Board. Science and Engineering Indicators 2016. Report. Arlington, VA: National Science Foundation, 2016.
Poushter, Jacob. "Smartphone Ownership and Internet Usage Continues to Climb in Emerging Economies." Pew Research Center, 2016.
Social Media Advertising - China. Report. Statista, 2016. http://www.statista.com/outlook/220/117/social-media-advertising/china#market-revenue.
Social Media Advertising – Global Comparison. Report. Statista, 2016. http://www.statista.com/outlook/220/100/social-media-advertising/worldwide#.
Social Media Advertising – Europe. Report. Statista, 2016. http://www.statista.com/outlook/220/117/social-media-advertising/europe_states#market-revenue.
Social Media Advertising – United States. Report. Statista, 2016. http://www.statista.com/outlook/220/117/social-media-advertising/united_states#market-revenue.
Social Media Digital Market Outlook - China. Report. Statista, 2016. http://www.statista.com/statistics/277586/number-of-social-network-users-in-china/.
Xu, Xueyang, Z. Morley Mao, and J. Alex Haldermann. "Internet Censorship in China: Where Does the Filtering Occur?" Edited by Neil Spring and George F. Riley. In 12th International Conference, PAM 2011 Atlanta, GA, USA, March 20-22, 2011, 133–42. Proceedings of Passive and Active Measurement. Vol. 6579. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin: Springer, 2011.
Zebregs, Harm, and Wanda Tseng. Foreign Direct Investment in China: Some Lessons for Other Countries. Working paper. Washington, DC: International Monetary Fund, 2002.

7.4 International Treaties
Consolidated Version of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union [2012] OJ C 326/47.
Universal Declaration of Human Rights, GA Res 217A (III), UN GAOR, 3rd sess, 183rd plen mtg, UN Doc A/810 (10 December 1948).
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, opened for signature 16 December 1966, 999 UNTS 171 (entered into force 23 March 1976).
International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, opened for signature 16 December 1966, 993 UNTS 3 (entered into force 3 January 1976).
7.5 Statutes and Legislation
«互聯網信息服務管理辦法» [Administrative Measures for Internet Information Services] (People’s Republic of China) State Council, 25 September 2000, 中華人民共和國國務院公報2000年12月10日第34號(總號:997)[State Council Gazette], No 34, 10 December 2000, 997.
«互聯網文化管理暫行規定» [Interim Provisions on the Administration of Internet Culture] (People’s Republic of China) Ministry of Culture, 10 May 2003, 中華人民共和國國務院公報2003年10月30日第30號(總號:1101)[State Council Gazette], No 5, 30 October 2003, 1101.
«互聯網視聽節目服務管理規定» [Administrative Provisions on Internet Audio-Visual Program Services] (People’s Republic of China) State Broadcasting, Film & TV Administration, Ministry of Post & Telecommunications, 20 December 2007, 中華人民共和國國務院公報2008年9月10日第25號(總號:1276)[State Council Gazette], No 25, 10 September 2008, 1276.
«互聯網新聞信息服務管理規定» [Administration of Internet News Information Services Provisions] (People’s Republic of China) State Council Information Office, Ministry of Information Industry, 25 September 2005, 中華人民共和國國務院公報2006年9月10日第25號(總號:1101)[State Council Gazette], No 25, 10 September 2006, 1204.
«中國互聯網行業自律公約» [Public Pledge on Self-Discipline for the Chinese Internet Industry] (People’s Republic of China) Internet Society of China, 18 June 2004.
«行政許可法» [Administrative Licencing Law] (People’s Republic of China) National People’s Congress, 27 August 2003, 中華人民共和國國務院公報2003年10月10日第28號(總號:1099)[State Council Gazette], No 28, 10 October 2003, 1099.
«即時通信工具公眾信息服務發展管理暫行規定» [Provisional Provisions for Administrating the Development of Public Information Services on Instant Messaging Tools] (People’s Republic of China) State Information Office, 7 August 2014.
«計算機信息網絡國際聯網管理暫行規定» [Interim Regulations for the Administration of International Connection of Computer Information Network] (People’s Republic of China) State Council, 1 Januar 1996, 中華人民共和國國務院公報1997年6月19日第18號(總號:870)[State Council Gazette], No 18, 19 June 1997, 870.
«電信條例» [Telecommunications Regulations] (People’s Republic of China) State Council, 25 September 2000, 中華人民共和國國務院公報2000年11月30日第33號(總號:996)[State Council Gazette], No 18, 30 November 2000, 996.
«電信業務經營許可管理辦法» [Administrative Measures for the Licencing of Telecommunication Business Operation] (People’s Republic of China) Ministry of Industry & Information Technology, 5 March 2009, 中華人民共和國國務院公報2009年9月20日第26號(總號:1313)[State Council Gazette], No 26, 20 September 2009, 1313.
«網絡安全法» [Network Security Law] (People’s Republic of China) Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, 7 November 2016.
«網絡出版服務管理規定» [Administrative Provisions on Online Publishing Services] (People’s Republic of China) Ministry of Industry & Information Technology, 4 February 2016, 中華人民共和國國務院公報2016年5月20日第14號(總號:1553)[State Council Gazette], No 14, 20 May 2016, 1553.
«維護互聯網安全的決定» [Decision on Safeguarding Internet Security] (People’s Republic of China) Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress, 12 December 2000, 中華人民共和國國務院公報2001年2月20日第5號(總號:1004)[State Council Gazette], No 5, 20 February 2001, 1004.
Gesetz zur Verbesserung der Rechtsdurchsetzung in sozialen Netzwerken [Network Enforcement Law] (Germany) 1 September 2017, BGBl I, 2017, 3352.
7.6 Cases
China — Measures Affecting Trading Rights and Distribution Services for Certain Publications and Audiovisual Entertainment Products (WTO Dispute Settlement Body January 19, 2010).
7.7 Government Publications
China. Ministry of Industry and Information Technology. CNNIC. The 36th Statistical Report on Internet Development in China. July 2015.
China. Ministry of Industry and Information Technology. CNNIC. The 39th Statistical Report on Internet Development in China. January 2017.
China. State Council. Information Office. The Internet in China. June 8, 2010. http://english1.english.gov.cn/2010-06/08/content_1622956.htm.
"ICP Registration Procedure." Ministry of Industry and Information Technology. http://www.miitbeian.gov.cn/state/outPortal/loginPortal.action.
United States of America. Office of the United States Trade Representative. National Trade Estimate Report on Foreign Trade Barriers. 2016. 81–96.
U.S. Congress. China's Economic Conditions. By Wayne M. Morrison. Cong. Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress, 2006.
U.S. Congress. Internet Development and Information Control in the People's Republic of China. By Thomas G. Lum. Cong. Washington, D.C.: Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress, 2006.
7.8 Internet Resources
"About the Internet Society of China." July 20, 2013. Accessed August 21, 2016. http://www.isc.org.cn/english/About_Us/Introduction/listinfo-15315.html.
Chang, Aaron. "WeChat Payment: What Is It And How You Set It Up." JING Digital. February 05, 2015. Accessed July 3, 2017. http://www.jingdigital.com/2015/02/wechat-payment-guide/.
"China Sets up Office for Internet Information Management." May 4, 2011. Accessed August 20, 2016. http://news.xinhuanet.com/english2010/china/2011-05/04/c_13857911.htm.
China. State Council. Information Office. The Internet in China. June 8, 2010. Accessed August 20, 2016. http://english1.english.gov.cn/2010-06/08/content_1622956.htm.
"China's Tencent Hits $200 Billion Market Cap for First Time." Reuters. April 13, 2015. Accessed August 20, 2016. http://www.reuters.com/article/us-tencent-valuation-idUSKBN0N40WN20150413.
Cosenza, Vincenzo. "World Map of Social Networks." February 6, 2017. http://vincos.it/2017/02/06/la-mappa-dei-social-network-nel-mondo-gennaio-2017/.
Crunchbase Acquisitions. https://www.crunchbase.com/search/acquisitions.
Krantz, Matt. "5 companies grab 70% of your online dollars." USA Today, November 5, 2015. Accessed September 1, 2016. http://www.usatoday.com/story/money/markets/2015/11/05/online-amazon-concentration-internet/75182132/.
Krause, Reinhardt. "Baidu Picks Apple As Demo, Joins Alibaba In Selling Big Data." Investor's Business Daily. July 21, 2016. Accessed July 29, 2016. http://www.investors.com/news/technology/baidu-picks-apple-as-demo-joins-alibaba-in-selling-big-data/.
Louis, Tristan. "How Much Is A User Worth?" Forbes, August 31, 2013. Accessed August 21, 2016. http://www.forbes.com/sites/tristanlouis/2013/08/31/how-much-is-a-user-worth/#5c100e5f92a9.
Luckerson, Victor. "How Google Perfected the Silicon Valley Acquisition." Time, April 15, 2015. http://time.com/3815612/silicon-valley-acquisition/.
Maruma, Misha. "The Complete Guide to China’s Major Social Media Networks." Nanjing Marketing Group. May 16, 2014. Accessed September 1, 2016. http://www.nanjingmarketinggroup.com/blog/complete-guide-china-social-media.
Millward, Steven. "Check Out the Numbers on China’s Top 10 Social Media Sites (Infographic)." Tech in Asia. March 13, 2013. Accessed May 3, 2016. http://www.techinasia.com/2013-china-top-10-social-sites-infographic.
Millward, Steven. "China’s Didi Dache Raises $700M, Becomes 2nd Most Well-funded Taxi App in the World." Tech in Asia. December 9, 2014. Accessed July 18, 2016. http://www.techinasia.com/didi-dache-china-taxi-app-funding-700-million-dollars.
"Social Media Advertising - China." Statista. Accessed September 20, 2016. https://www.statista.com/outlook/220/117/social-media-advertising/china.
Stone, Brad, and Lulu Yilun Chen. "Tencent Dominates in China. Next Challenge Is Rest of the World." Bloomberg. June 29, 2017. Accessed December 18, 2017. https://www.bloomberg.com/news/features/2017-06-28/tencent-rules-china-the-problem-is-the-rest-of-the-world.
"Tencent in Q3 2015: QQ MAUs 850M, WeChat MAUs 650M." China Internet Watch. November 16, 2015. Accessed May 3, 2016. http://www.chinainternetwatch.com/15592/tencent-q3-2015/.
"Tencent’s Worth: A Chinese Internet Firm Finds a Better Way to Make Money." The Economist. September 21, 2013. Accessed November 5, 2016. http://www.economist.com/news/business/21586557-chinese-internet-firm-finds-better-way-make-money-tencents-worth.
Thompson, Clive. "Google's China Problem (and China's Google Problem)." The New York Times, May 7, 2006. Accessed March 8, 2016. https://nyti.ms/2paDBo8.
Wang, Peter. "Top 10 Social Network Sites in China." China Whisper. January 20, 2013. Accessed February 2, 2016. http://www.chinawhisper.com/top-10-social-network-sites-in-china/.
"WeChat Revenue and Usage Statistics." November 28, 2017. Accessed December 18, 2017. http://www.businessofapps.com/data/wechat-statistics/.
"World Map showing the popularity of social networks around the world." Oxyweb. August 16, 2008. http://www.oxyweb.co.uk/blog/socialnetworkmapoftheworld.php.
論文使用權限
  • 同意紙本無償授權給館內讀者為學術之目的重製使用,於2023-01-16公開。
  • 同意授權瀏覽/列印電子全文服務,於2023-01-16起公開。


  • 若您有任何疑問,請與我們聯絡!
    圖書館: 請來電 (02)2621-5656 轉 2487 或 來信