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系統識別號 U0002-1601201414554000
中文論文名稱 台灣的經濟發展模型(1960-1990年): 對應墨西哥之個案研究
英文論文名稱 Taiwan's Economic Development Model (1960-1990年):Its Application in Mexico Development
第三語言論文名稱 El Modelo de Desarrollo Economico de Taiwan (1960 - 1990): Un Estudio sobre sus Lecciones para el Caso Mexico
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 亞洲研究所數位學習碩士在職專班
系所名稱(英) E-Learning Executive Master's Program in Asian Studies
學年度 102
學期 1
出版年 103
研究生中文姓名 薩普柏
研究生英文姓名 Pablo Ignacio Salazar Diez de Sollano
學號 700340101
學位類別 碩士
語文別 西班牙文
口試日期 2014-01-14
論文頁數 102頁
口試委員 指導教授-黃任佑
委員-沈拉蒙
委員-白方濟
中文關鍵字 經濟成長  經濟結構  生產要素  人力資本  農業改革  儲蓄  所得分配 
英文關鍵字 Economic Growth  Economic Structure  Factors of Production  Human Capital  Agriculture Reform  Savings  Income Distribution 
第三語言關鍵字 Crecimiento Economico  Estructura Economica  Capital Humano  Factores de Produccion  Reforma Agraria  Ahorro  Distribucion de Ingreso 
學科別分類
中文摘要 此研究係針對1960至1990年間台灣經濟發展過程,分析其內外在之關鍵成功因素,同時透過對墨西哥經濟發展之審視進行比較分析,推論出目前墨西哥可借鏡之處。
英文摘要 It is an analysis of the key success factors of the Taiwan’s Economic Development Model through the period of 1960 to 1990, and its comparison with the Mexico Economic Development during the same period, projecting some factors that Mexico could apply in its present development.
第三語言摘要 Despues de la Segunda Guerra Mundial la economia de Taiwan era muy inferior a la de Mexico, un poco mas de un 50% del PIB per capita. A partir de 1960 los dos paises se encontraban en una situacion muy similar ya que eran dos paises subdesarrollados que comenzaban su proceso de industrializacion. A partir de esta decada cada pais adopto diferentes estrategias para impulsar su desarrollo economico, y mientras que Taiwan en los siguientes treinta anos se convirtio en una de las potencias economicas mas importantes, con un desarrollo estable que se distinguia por su equidad, Mexico atraveso epocas muy dificiles que implicaron que la desigualdad llegara a niveles inimaginables. Esto nos lleva a preguntarnos cual fue la clave del exito del Modelo de Desarrollo Economico de Taiwan y determinar las lecciones que Mexico puede aprender de dicho modelo en este nuevo impulso que esta teniendo su economia actualmente.
論文目次 INDICE
CAPITULO 1: INTRODUCCION 1
1.1. IDENTIFICACION Y JUSTIFICACION DEL OBJETO DE ESTUDIO 2
1.2. DESCRIPCION DE LA INVESTIGACION 5
1.3. OBJETIVOS DE LA INVESTIGACION 5
1.3.1. OBJETIVO GENERAL 5
1.3.2. OBJETIVOS ESPECIFICOS 6
1.4 ALCANCES Y LIMITACIONES 6
1.5. METODOLOGIA 7
1.6. MARCO TEORICO 8
1.6.1. DESARROLLO ECONOMICO 8
1.6.2. CORRIENTES ECONOMICAS QUE DEFINIERON EL CURSO DEL DESARROLLO ECONOMICO DE LOS PAISES 9
1.6.3. ANTECEDENTES DEL “MILAGRO ECONOMICO” DE TAIWAN 11

CAPITULO 2: EL PROCESO DEL DESARROLLO ECONOMICO DE TAIWAN DE 1960 – 1990 15
2.1. CONDICIONES INICIALES 15
2.2. EL DESARROLLO DE TAIWAN EN LOS 60’s: LA TRANSICION 20
2.3. DECADA DE LOS 70’S: CRECIMIENTO E INFLACION 25
2.4. REESTRUCTURACION DEL PROCESO PRODUCTIVO: 80’S 29

CAPITULO 3: ANALISIS DEL DESARROLLO Y LOS FACTORES CLAVES DE EXITO 37
3.1. FACTORES EXTERNOS 38
3.2. FACTORES INTERNOS 46

CAPITULO 4: EL MODELO DE DESARROLLO ECONOMICO DE TAIWAN APLICADO A MEXICO 63
4.1. VISION GENERAL DEL DESARROLLO ECONOMICO DE MEXICO 63
4.1.1. ANTECEDENTES 63
4.1.2. MEXICO DESPUES DE LA REVOLUCION 63
4.1.3. MEXICO DURANTE LA DECADA DE LOS 70’S Y 80’S 65
4.1.4. MEXICO: A PARTIR DE LA DECADA DE LOS 90’S 66
4.2. ANALISIS COMPARATIVO ENTRE MEXICO Y TAIWAN 68
4.2.1. TAIWAN Y MEXICO EN CIFRAS 68
4.2.2. CAPITAL HUMANO: EDUCACION 73
4.2.3. REFORMA AGRARIA 81
4.2.4. ESTRUCTURA ECONOMICA 83
4.2.5. AHORRO INTERNO 89

CAPITULO 5: CONCLUSIONES 93

BIBLIOGRAFIA 97

LISTA DE TABLAS
TABLA 1 PIB POR ORIGEN DE INDUSTRIA 17
TABLA 2 PARTICIPACION PORCENTUAL DE LAS EXPORTACIONES DE PRODUCTOS MANUFACTURADOS CON RESPECTO AL TOTAL DE LAS EXPORTACIONES 24
TABLA 3 FLUCTUACIONES DE CRECIMIENTO Y TASAS DE INFLACION 28
TABLA 4 EVOLUCION DE LA INDUSTRIA DE ALTA TECONOLOGIA 1985-1989 (INFORMATICA Y COMPUTACION) 32
TABLA 5 ETAPA DE DESARROLLO ECONOMICO E INDUSTRIAL 33
TABLA 6 DESEMPENO DEL MODELO EXPORTADOR (1960 – 1990) 34
TABLA 7 CONDICIONES INICIALES MEXICO - TAIWAN (1950) 69
TABLA 8 DESEMPENO DESPUES DE LA DECADA DE LOS 50’S 71
TABLA 9 TAIWAN Y MEXICO EN CIFRAS (2012) 77
TABLA 10 REPORTE DE COMPETITIVIDAD MUNDIAL 2013 – 2014 (WORLD ECONOMIC FORUM) 79
TABLA 11 TASA DE AHORRO PERSONAL POR INGRESO QUINTIL (1996) 91

LISTA DE GRAFICAS

GRAFICA 1 COMERCIO Y PRODUCCION MUNDIAL (1879 – 1998) 46
GRAFICA 2 IMPORTANCIA DE LA SEGURIDAD EN EL TRABAJO PARA EL TAIWANES 60
GRAFICA 3 DESIGUALDAD SOCIAL (MEXICO VS TAIWAN) 73
GRAFICA 4 NIVEL DE EDUCACION EN TAIWAN (POBLACION ARRIBA DE LOS 15 ANOS) 76
GRAFICA 5 INDICE DE LIBERTAD ECONOMICA (MEXICO VS TAIWAN) 87

LISTA DE FIGURAS

FIGURA 1 NUMERO DE MAQUILAS POR ZONA (MEXICO) 84

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