淡江大學覺生紀念圖書館 (TKU Library)
進階搜尋


  查詢圖書館館藏目錄
系統識別號 U0002-1601200712321700
中文論文名稱 探討銀行最適利差管理之三篇論文:選擇權評價分析
英文論文名稱 Three Essays on Optimal Bank Interest Margin Management: An Option-Based Analysis
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 管理科學研究所博士班
系所名稱(英) Graduate Institute of Management Science
學年度 95
學期 1
出版年 96
研究生中文姓名 張純萍
研究生英文姓名 Chuen-Ping Chang
學號 891560061
學位類別 博士
語文別 英文
口試日期 2007-01-09
論文頁數 112頁
口試委員 指導教授-林志鴻
共同指導教授-李培齊
委員-許英傑
委員-蕭峯雄
委員-倪衍森
委員-趙琪
委員-李選卿
委員-林志鴻
委員-林炯垚
中文關鍵字 放款承諾  存款保險  流動性管理 
英文關鍵字 Asymmetric Information  Capital Requirement  Loan Commitment  Liquidity  Futures  Deposit Insurance 
學科別分類
中文摘要 銀行是金融中介機構,向存款者吸取資金,再將資金貸放出去,存款和放款雖然是銀行的傳統業務,卻仍然是最重要的業務,可隨時滿足顧客對資金的需求,但不管是存款和放款皆涉及流動性管理,並和利率風險息息相關,金融當局為了維持金融市場的秩序,仍然必須對銀行資本適足性加以控管。在銀行解除管制後,銀行可以自行訂定利率並設計新的金融商品,但在自由化之後,銀行為了達到業績,不斷調降存、放款利差,但存款和放款的利差對銀行流動性管理相當重要,因為對銀行獲利有相當大的影響,本論文藉由探討銀行流動性和獲利之間的關係,如何決定最適利率,這些議題值得深入探討。
本論文針對金融中介機構提出三個相關理論模型,藉由利率制定行為(考慮銀行流動性)、金融相關管制、選擇權評價分析(考慮風險性)的特性來建立模型,強調金融中介機構的流動性管理及利率決策制定行為。以上模型特性可提供銀行在決定最適資產組合和最適利率時主要的參考。本論文的貢獻是利用選擇權評價分析來結合風險考量的組合理論方法(portfolio-theoretic approach)來強調廠商權益資本的市場價值,將放款風險納入模型之中,和廠商理論方法(firm-theoretic approach)的利率制定行為,來建立利率制定的模型,相較於其他金融中介模型,尤其是在策略性流動性管理,更能符合金融中介的實際特性。
英文摘要 Banks act as intermediaries in the allocation of financial resources. The traditional and still the most important function is to gather deposits and then make loans. Banks are in the business of lending and borrowing money associated with risk management under financial regulation. Under deregulation in the banking industry, a bank can set interest rates and designs new financial products as well. However, banking deregulation has led to increased competition in the banking industry. Banks start decreasing their interest margin to achieve their sales targets. As the spread or liquidity management between lending and borrowing money is so important to bank profitability, the related issues of how it is optimally determined and how it is adjusted to changes in the banking environment deserve closer scrutiny.
Three theoretical models of the financial intermediary under option-based valuation have been presented in this dissertation. These models allow readers to trace through the consequences of bank liquidity under synergy management. Interest rate-setting behavior (and thus liquidity management considerations), regulation, and option-based, risk-adjusted uncertainty are simultaneously incorporated in these three models. The contribution of this dissertation is to integrate the firm-theoretic approach with the portfolio-theoretic approach that emphasizes on the market value of a bank’s equity capital and to develop three related interest-rate setting models. Unlike earlier intermediary behavior frameworks, especially in strategic liquidity management, these frameworks ignore the above considerations and their implications cannot be extended to more general applications.
論文目次 Chapter 1 Introduction…………………………………………………………..1
1.1 Motivations and Objectives…………………………………………………..….1
1.2 Expected Results…………………………………………………………………2
1.3 Key Notations………………………………….…………………………………4
1.4 Organization of the Dissertation…………………………………………………5
Chapter 2 Loan Commitments and Synergy Management……………………6
2.1 Introduction………………………………………………………………………6
2.2 The Model……………………………………………………………………....10
2.3 Loan-Rate Setting Stage……………………………………………………...…18
2.4 Commitment-Rate Setting Stage………………………………………………..26
2.5 Remarks…………………………………………………………………………32
Chapter 3 Futures Hedging and Liquidity Management…………………….34
3.1 Introduction……………………………………………………………………..34
3.2 The Model………………………………………………………………………36
3.3 Rate-Setting Strategies………………………………………………………….41
3.4 Futures Strategy…………………………………………………………………46
3.5 Remarks…………………………………………………………………………48
Chapter 4 Cap Valuation and Optimal Bank Interest Margin Management.49
4.1 Introduction……………………………………………………………………..49
4.2 The Model………………………………………………………………………52
4.3 The Optimal Loan Rate……………………………………………………….58
4.4 Comparative Statics of the Model………………………………………………60
4.5 Remarks…………………………………………………………………………67
Chapter 5 Conclusions………………………………………………………….68
5.1 Results…………………………………………………………………………..68
5.2 Strategy and Policy Implications………………………………………………..70
5.3 Future Studies…………………………………………………………………..73
Bibliography………………………………………………………………………....74

Appendix…………………………………………………………………………….81
Appendix 1…………………………………………………………………………..81
Appendix 2………………………….………………………….……………………95
Appendix 3…………………………..……………………………………….…….107
參考文獻 Allen, L. (1988) “The Determinants of Bank Interest Margins: A Note,” Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis, 23, 3, 231-235.

Berger, A. N. (2003) “The Economic Effects of Technological Progress: Evidence from the Banking Industry,” Journal of Money, Credit, and Banking, 35, 2, 141-176.

Black, F. (1976) “The Pricing of Commodity Contracts,” Journal of Financial Economics, 3, 1, 167-179.

Black, F., and M. Scholes (1973) “The Pricing of Options and Corporate Liabilities,” Journal of Political Economy, 81, 3, 637-659.

Bryan, L. (1988) Breaking Up the Bank: Rethinking an Industry under Siege, Homewood, Illinois: Dow Jones-Irwin.

Bulow, J. I., J. D. Geanakoplos, and P. D. Klemperer (1985) “Multimarket Oligopoly: Strategic Substitutes and Complements,” Journal of Political Economy, 93, 3, 488-511.

Collin-Dufresne, P., and B. Solnik (2001) “On the Term Structure of Default Premia in the Swap and Libor Market,” Journal of Finance, 56, 3, 1095-1115.

Crouhy, M., and D. Galai (1991) “A Contingent Claim Analysis of a Regulation Depository Institution,” Journal of Banking and Finance, 15, 1, 73-90.

Cosimano, T., and B. McDonald (1998) “What’s Different among Banks?” Journal of Monetary Economics, 41, 1, 57-70.

Das, S. (1995) “Credit Risk Derivatives,” Journal of Derivatives, 2, 3, 7-23.

Diamond, D. (1984) “Financial Intermediation and Delegated Monitoring,” Review of Economic Studies, 51, 166, 393-414.

Diamond, D., and P. Dybvig (1983) “Bank Runs, Deposit Insurance, and Liquidity,” Journal of Political Economy, 91, 3, 401-419.

Diamond, D., and R. Rajan (2001) “Liquidity Risk, Liquidity Creation and Financial Fragility: A Theory of Banking,” Journal of Political Economy, 109, 2, 287-327.

Duffin, D., and K. Singleton (1997) “An Econometric Model of the Term Structure of Interest-Rate Swap Yields,” Journal of Finance, 52, 4, 1287-1321.

Duffin, D., and K. Singleton (1999) “Modeling Term Structures of Defaultable Bonds,” Review of Financial Studies, 12, 4, 687-720.

Flannery, M. J. (1994) “Debt Maturity and the Deadweight Cost of Leverage: Optimally Financing Banking Firm,” American Economic Review, 84, 1, 320-331.
Freixas, X., and A. M. Santomero (2002) “An Overall Perspective on Banking Regulation,” Working Paper, 02-1, Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia.

Gatev, E., and P. E. Strahan (2006) “Banks' Advantage in Hedging Liquidity Risk: Theory and Evidence from the Commercial Paper Market,” Journal of Finance, 61, 2, 867-892.

Gianmarino, R. M., T. R. Lewis, and D. E. M. Sappington (1993) “An Incentive Approach to Banking Regulation,” Journal of Finance, 48, 4, 1523-1542.

Gorton, G., and G. Pennacchi (1992) “Financial Innovation and the Provision of Liquidity Services,” in J. Barth, and D. Brumbaugh, eds.: Reform of Federal Deposit Insurance, New York, New York: Harper Collins Company.

Grinblatt, M. (2001) “An Analytical Solution for Interest Rate Swap Spreads,” International Review of Finance, 2, 3, 113-149.

Holmstrom, B., and J. Tirole (1998) “Public and Private Supple of Liquidity,” Journal of Political Economy, 106, 1, 1-40.

Kashyap, A. K., R. Rajan, and J. C., Stein (2002) “Banks as Liquidity Providers: An Explanation for the Coexistence of Lending and Deposit-Taking,” Journal of Finance, 57, 1, 33-73.

Kashyap, A. K., and J. C., Stein (2000) “What Do a Million Observations on Banks Say about the Transmission of Monetary Policy?” American Economic Review, 83, 1, 78-98.

Kishan, R. P., and T. P. Opiela (2000) “Bank Size, Bank Capital and the Bank Lending Channel,” Journal of Money and Credit, 32, 1, 121-141.

Klein, M. A. (1970) “Imperfect Asset Elasticity and Portfolio Theory,” American Economic Review, 60, 2, 491-494.

Koppenhaver, G. D. (1985) “Bank Funding Risks, Risk Aversion, and the choice of Futures Hedging Instrument,” Journal of Finance, 40, 1, 241-255.

Krasa, S., and A. Villamil (1992,a) “Monitoring the Monitor: An Incentive Structure for a Financial Intermediary,” Journal of Economic Theory, 57, 1, 197-221.

Krasa, S., and A. Villamil (1992,b) “A Theory of Optimal Bank Size,” Oxford Economic Papers, 44, 4, 725-749.

Kreps, D., and R. Wilson (1982) “Sequential Equilibria,” Econometrica, 50, 863-894.

Lin, J. H. (2000) “A Contingent Claim Analysis of a Rate-Setting Financial Intermediary,” International Review of Economics and Finance, 9, 4, 375-386.

Lin, J. H., and C. P. Chang (2004) “Liquidity Management and Futures Hedging Under Deposit Insurance: An option-Based Analysis,” Yugoslav Journal of Operations Research, 14, 2, 209-218.

Lin J. H., P. Lii, and C. P. Chang (2005) “Optimal Bank Interest Margin, Capital Regulation and Deposit Insurance under a Cap Valuation,” Indian Journal of Economics, 86, 1, 35-47.

Lin J. H., P. Lii, and C. P. Chang (2005) “Loan Commitments, Asymmetric Information, and Capital Regulation: An Explanation for the Synergy or Narrow-Banking Management,” Journal of Information and Optimization Sciences, 26, 1, 143-163.

Litan, R. G. (1988) What Should Banks Do? Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institute.

Longstaff, F. A., and E. Schwartz (1995) “Valuing Credit Derivatives,” Journal of Fixed Income, 5, 1, 6-14.

Longstaff, F.A., P. Santa-Clara, and E. S. Schwartz (2001) “The Relative Valuation of Caps and Swaptions: Theory and Empirical Evidence,” Journal of Finance, 56, 6, 2067-2109.

Mullins, H. M., and D. H. Pyle (1994) “Liquidation Costs and Risk-Based Bank Capital,” Journal of Banking and Finance, 18, 1, 113-138.

Myers, S. C., and R. Rajan (1998) “The Paradox of Liquidity,” Quarterly Journal of Economics, 113, 3, 733-771.

Neal, R. S. (1996) “Credit Derivatives: New Financial Instruments for Controlling Credit Risk,” Economic Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, 81, 2, 12-57.
Qi, J. (1998) “Deposit liquidity and Bank Monitoring,” Journal of Financial Intermediation, 7, 2, 198-218.

Sealey, C. W. (1980) “Deposit Rate-Setting, Risk Aversion and the Theory of Depository Financial Intermediaries,” Journal of Financial, 35, 5, 1139-1154.

Shlovin, M. B., and M. E. Sushka (1983) “A Model of the Commercial Loan Rate,” Journal of Finance, 38, 5, 1582-1596.

Smith, C. W., C.W. Smithson, and D. S. Wilford (1990) Managing Financial Risk, New York, New York: Harper and Row.

Smith, C. W., C.W. Smithson, and L. K. Wakeman (1986) “The Evolving Market for Swaps,” Midland Corporate Finance Journal, 3, 4, 20-32.

Smith, C. W., C. W. Smithson, and L. K. Wakeman (1988) “The Market for Interest Rate Swaps,” Financial Management, 17, 4, 34-44.

Stein, J. C, (1998) “An Adverse Selection Model of Bank Asset and Liability Management with Implications for the Transmission of Monetary Policy,” RAND Journal of Economics, 29, 3, 466-486.

Stigum, M. L. (1976) “Some Futures Implications of Profit Maximization by a Savings and Loan Association,” Journal of Finance, 31, 5, 1405-1426.

Stoll, H. R. (1978) “The Supply of Dealer Services in Security Markets,” Journal of Finance, 33, 3, 1133-1153.

Whittaker, J. G. (1989) “Interest Rate Swaps: Risk and Regulation,” Economic Review of the Federal Reserve, Bank of Kansas City, March, 3-13.

Wong, K. P. (1997) “On the Determinants of Bank Interest Margins under Credit and Interest Rate Risks,” Journal of Banking and Finance, 21, 2, 251-271.

Zarruk, E. R., and J. Madura (1992) “Optimal Bank Interest Margin under Capital Regulation and Deposit Insurance,” Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis, 27, 1, 143-149.
論文使用權限
  • 同意紙本無償授權給館內讀者為學術之目的重製使用,於2008-01-22公開。
  • 不同意授權瀏覽/列印電子全文服務。


  • 若您有任何疑問,請與我們聯絡!
    圖書館: 請來電 (02)2621-5656 轉 2281 或 來信