淡江大學覺生紀念圖書館 (TKU Library)
進階搜尋


下載電子全文限經由淡江IP使用) 
系統識別號 U0002-1512201018435800
中文論文名稱 歐盟民事危機管理政策研究:決策、執行與問題剖析
英文論文名稱 EU Civilian Crisis Management Policy: Decision-making Procedure, Implementation and Problems
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 歐洲研究所碩士班
系所名稱(英) Graduate Institute of European Studies
學年度 99
學期 1
出版年 100
研究生中文姓名 鍾幸珮
研究生英文姓名 Hsing-Pei Chung
電子信箱 petawu@gmail.com
學號 696290062
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
第二語文別 英文
口試日期 2011-01-13
論文頁數 148頁
口試委員 指導教授-張福昌
委員-鄒忠科
委員-吳萬寶
中文關鍵字 歐洲聯盟  歐洲安全與防衛政策  歐盟民事危機管理政策  危機管理程序  政治與安全委員會  民事層面危機管理委員會 
英文關鍵字 European Union  Common Security and Defence Policy  EU Civilian Crisis Management Policy  Crisis Management Procedure  Political and Security Committee  Committee for Civilian Aspects of Crisis Management 
學科別分類 學科別社會科學區域研究
中文摘要 近年來歐洲聯盟(European Union; EU,以下簡稱歐盟)危機管理能力深受世界矚目,而歐盟軍事與民事的介入也讓許多戰亂國家與危機地區獲得盼望已久的和帄與穩定。歐盟身為一個同時擁有「超國家」與「政府間」色彩的區域組織,其民事危機管理的推展與運作深值探討。例如,決策與行動相關權責單位與行為者的橫向及縱向互動為何?歐盟民事危機管理政策(EU Civilian Crisis Management Policy)對歐盟的柔性權力(Soft Power)與全球角色,以及解決外部安全問題有何影響?
本研究以歐盟民事危機管理政策為研究標的,並使用制度主義(Institutionalism)作為研究理論,分析共同安全與防衛政策(Common Security and Defence Policy; CSDP)下,歐盟民事危機管理的組織與運作,以及重要參與者的互動關係。為此,作者採取三步驟分析之:一、解析歐盟民事危機管理程序(Crisis Management Procedure; CMP)的階段性發展;二、探究歐盟三大機構:歐盟理事會(Council of the European Union,以下簡稱理事會)、歐洲執行委員會(European Commission,以下簡稱執委會)、歐洲議會,在歐盟民事危機管理的參與;三、以理事會為主體,探討歐盟民事危機管理政策的核心指揮鏈與行動指揮鏈,藉此以瞭解歐盟民事危機管理政策運作的整體概觀。
經過縝密的分析與批判後,作者發現目前歐盟民事危機管理政策的運作有三大重要問題:民事能力不足、構想不夠周全、歐盟機構的問題等。其次,透過歐盟機構與會員國的合作,歐盟民事危機管理政策對歐盟柔性權力的強化,有明顯程度的助益。未來,提升該政策運作效率的關鍵,乃在於設立與整合歐盟民事危機管理的協調機制。而甫於2010年12月1日開始運作的歐洲對外行動處(European External Action Service; EEAS)將可望改善當前歐盟民事危機管理政策所面臨的問題。
英文摘要 In recent years, the European Union (EU) crisis management is renowned around the world. The EU brought peace, stability and prosperity to countries under war craft and conflict by its military and civilian intervention. With the ―supranational‖ and ―intergovernmental‖ nature of the Union, the development and operation of the EU civilian crisis management are worth to be investigated. For example, how do the relevant units and actors interact on the horizontal and vertical level in the decision-making process and implementationNULL What does the EU civilian crisis management policy mean to its soft power and global role, as well as the solutions to its external security problemsNULL
This thesis centers on the EU civilian crisis management policy, and we try to apply the important ideas of the Institutionalism to elaborate the organisation and operation, and the interaction between the crucial participators under the Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP). For this, we took three steps: 1. Observe and analyze the EU civilian crisis management procedure (CMP); 2. Discover the role of the Council of the European Union, European Commission and European Parliament in the EU civilian crisis management; 3. Focus on the Council of the European Union, and discuss its core chain of command and operational chain of command in the EU civilian crisis management, so as to understand the whole picture of the policy.
After analyzing and criticizing these issues, the author found three important problems in the operation of the EU civilian crisis management policy: Lack of civilian capacity, the weakness of the concepts governing CSDP interventions, and institutional wrangles in Brussels. Besides, via the cooperation between its institutions and Member States, the EU made great achievements in the civilian crisis management policy. At the meanwhile, it also enhanced the soft power widely and deeply. In future, the key to upgrade the efficiency of the policy is to establish and integrate the coordination mechanism of the EU civilian crisis management. Hopefully, the European External Action Service (EEAS) which was launched on the December 1st, 2010 will solve the problem that faced by the EU civilian crisis management policy.
論文目次 目 錄

第一章 緒 論 ....................................................................................................... 1
第一節 研究動機與研究目的 ............................................................................ 2
第二節 問題意識與研究理論 ............................................................................ 4
第三節 研究範圍與研究限制 ............................................................................ 7
第四節 文獻探討與研究架構 ............................................................................ 8
第五節 概念界定 .............................................................................................. 14

第二章 歐盟民事危機管理政策 ............................................................................. 17
第一節 歐盟民事危機管理政策的發展 .......................................................... 23
第二節 歐盟民事危機管理政策的能力建構 .................................................. 41

第三章 歐盟民事危機管理的程序與運作 ............................................................. 55
第一節 歐盟民事危機管理程序 ...................................................................... 55
第二節 歐盟民事危機管理的核心指揮鏈 ...................................................... 87
第三節 歐盟民事危機管理的行動指揮鏈 .................................................... 101

第四章 歐盟民事危機管理政策的問題 ............................................................... 119
第一節 民事能力不足 .................................................................................... 119
第二節 任務構想不夠周全 ............................................................................ 124
第三節 歐盟機構的問題 ................................................................................ 127

第五章 結 論 ................................................................................................... 133

參考文獻 ................................................................................................................... 136

圖 目 錄

圖一、 研究架構圖.................................................................................................... 13
圖二、「2008民事綱領目標」之四階段執行流程圖............................................. 32
圖三、帄時、危機上升與危機管理構想草案之闡釋.............................................. 59
圖四、決議危機管理構想及推展民事戰略選項...................................................... 64
圖五、正式決定採取行動與推展行動計劃.............................................................. 69
圖六、歐盟民事危機管理組織圖.............................................................................. 73
圖七、民事計劃與指揮能力部組織圖...................................................................... 98
圖八、歐盟民事危機管理指揮鏈............................................................................ 101
圖九、歐盟特別代表協調角色運作圖.................................................................... 105
圖十、歐盟特別代表與其他歐盟行為者之互動關係............................................ 110
圖十一、參與國委員會運作圖................................................................................ 114
圖十二、歐盟民事危機管理行動運作圖................................................................ 117


表 目 錄

表一、歐盟民事危機管理行動執行狀態一覽表...................................................... 19
表二、歐盟民事危機管理行動一覽表...................................................................... 21
表三、歐盟六大民事危機管理能力一覽表.............................................................. 42
表四、2003-2009年共同外交與安全政策及民事危機管理預算表 ....................... 48

附 錄 目 錄

附錄一、歐盟危機管理任務分佈圖........................................................................ 142
附錄二、歐盟民事危機管理行動分類與任務目標一覽表.................................... 143
附錄三、1999-2010年歐盟民事危機管理發展進程表 ......................................... 144
附錄四、民事反應小組的成員結構........................................................................ 147
參考文獻 一、中文資料

吳萬寶:歐洲安全暨防衛政策與境外任務,台中市:天空數位圖書有限公司,2009年。
張嘉斌:論歐洲安全暨防衛政策非軍事工具之建構與發展,刊載於:歐洲國際評論,第3期,2007年,頁45-74。
張福昌:歐洲聯盟危機管理程序剖析,刊載於:國際關係學報,第27期,2009年1月,頁241-262。
謝福助:新干涉主義:科索沃案例議題研究,台北縣:韋伯文化,2003年9月。

二、外文資料

(一)官方資料
Action Plan for Civilian Aspects of ESDP adopted by the European Council, 17-18.06.2004.
Consolidated Version of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, OJ C 115, 09.05.2008. (Treaty of Lisbon)
Council Decision of 22 May 2000 setting up a Committee for Civilian Aspects of Crisis Management, OJ L 127, 27.05.2000, p. 1.
Council of the European Union: Annex IV of the Presidency Conclusions Helsinki European Council 10 And 11 December 1999, Presidency reports to the Helsinki European Council on "strengthening the Common European Policy on Security and Defence" and on "non-military crisis management of the European Union", 10-11.12.1999.
Council of the European Union: Civilian Capabilities - Extract from the Council Conclusions on the ESDP, 2903rd External Relations Council meeting, 10-11.11. 2008.
Council of the European Union: Civilian Capabilities Commitment Conference 2004- Ministerial Declaration, 22.11.2004.
Council of the European Union: Civilian Capabilities Improvement Conference 2007- Ministerial Declaration, 19.11.2007.
Council of the European Union: Civilian Capabilities Improvement Conference 2006-Ministerial Declaration, 13.11.2006.
Council of the European Union: Civilian Headline Goal 2010, 19.11.2007.
Council of the European Union: Declaration of EU Chiefs of Police following the meeting on police aspects in the ESDP-framework, 25.10.2004.
Council of the European Union: Declaration on strengthening capabilities, 11.12.2008.
Council of the European Union: ESDP newsletter, Issue 1, 12.2005.
Council of the European Union: ESDP newsletter, Issue 2, 06.2006.
Council of the European Union: ESDP newsletter, Issue 3, 10.2007.
Council of the European Union: European security and defence policy - Contribution by the Secretary General/High Representative: reference framework for crisis management, 30.11.2000, available from: http://www.ena.lu/contribution_secretary_general_council_procedures_crisis_management_november_2000-2-24260. (Accessed 13.12.2009)
Council of the European Union: European Security and Defence Policy: the Civilian Aspects of Crisis Management, civ/03, 08.2009.
Council of the European Union: European Security and Defence Policy 1999-2009, 2009.
Council of the European Union: European Security Strategy, 12.12.2003.
Council of the European Union: Factsheet: Financing of ESDP Operations, 06.2007.
Council of the European Union: Factsheet: What can the EU do in cases of emergency/crisisNULL, 15.06.2006.
Council of the European Union: Final Report on the Civilian Headline Goal 2008, doc. 14807/07, 19.11.2007.
Council of the European Union: Overview of the Missions and Operations of the EU, 05.2009.
Council of the European Union: Report on the Implementation of the European Security Strategy: Providing Security in a Changing World, S407/08, 11.12.2008.
Council of the European Union: Speaking Points of Javier Solana at the Civilian Crisis Management Capability Conference at Ministerial Level, S0217/02, 19.11.2002.
European Commission: From Early Warning to Early ActionNULL The Debate on the Enhancement of the EU’s Crisis Response Capability Continues, 2008.
Presidency Conclusion of European Council in Helsinki, 10-11.12.1999, available from: http://www.consilium.europa.eu/uedocs/cmsUpload/Helsinki%20European%20Council-Presidency%20conclusions.pdf. (Accessed 17.12.2009)
Treaty of Amsterdam amending the Treaty on European Union, the Treaty establishing the European Communities and certain related acts, OJ C 340, 10.11.1997.
Western European Union Council of Ministers: Petersberg Declaration, 19.06.1992.


(二)專文
Aggestam, Lisbeth, et al.: Institutional Competences in the EU External Action: Actors and Boundaries in CFSP and ESDP, in: Report, Swedish Institute for European Policy Studies, No. 6–7, 05.2008.
Björkdahl, A./Strömvik, M.: EU Crisis Management Operations. ESDP Bodies and Decision-Making Procedures, in: DIIS Report (Danish Institute for International Studies; DIIS), Vol. 8, 2008.
Boin, Arjen, et al.: Functional Security and Crisis Management Capacity in the European Union, Universitaet Leiden, 04.2006.
Chalmers, Malcolm: Sharing security: the political economy of burdensharing, UK: Macmillan Press Ltd, 2000.
Cross, Mai'a K. D.: Cooperation by Committee: The EU Military Committee and the Committee for Civilian Crisis Management, Occasional Paper (Institute for Security Studies European Union; EUISS), No. 82, 2010.
De Vasconcelos, Á.: What ambitions for European defence in 2020NULL, 2nd edition, EUISS, 2009.
Demiri, Eleni/Vlioras, Evangelos: The Greek Contribution to CFSP and Civilian Crisis Management, paper presented at the International Conference of the Regional Dimensions of the CFSP/ESDP of the EU within the framework of the European Foreign Policy Research Network (FORNET) project, Sofia, 01-02.10.2004.
Duke, Simon: Peculiarities in the Institutionalisation of CFSP and ESDP, in: Blockmans, S. (ed.): The European Union and Crisis Management: Policy and Legal Aspects, the Netherlands: T.M.C. Asser Press, 2008, pp. 75-106.
Duke, Simon: The EU and Crisis Management: Development and Prospects, the Netherlands: European Institute of Public Administration (EIPA), 2002.
Duke, Simon: The Linchpin COPS-Assessing the workings and institutional relations of the Political and Security Committee, in: Working Paper (EIPA), 2005/W/05, 2004.
Dwan, Renata: Civilian tasks and capabilities in EU operations, Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), 05.2004.
Ehrhart, Hans-Georg/Schnabel, Albrecht: EU Conflict Prevention in the Balkans: The Royaumont Process and Beyond, in: Cross, Peter/Rasamoelina, Guenola (eds.): Conflict Prevention Policy of the European Union: Recent Engagements Future Instruments, Yearbook 1998/99, Baden-Baden: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft, 1999.
Emerson, Michael/Gross, Eva (eds.): Evaluating the EU’s Crisis Missions in the
Balkans, in: CEPS Paperback Series, Issue 2, 2007, pp. 1­158.
EU Crisis Response Capability Revisited, in: Europe Report (International Crisis Group; IGC), No. 160, 17.01.2005.
EU Crisis Response Capability: Institutions and Processes for Conflict Prevention and Management, in: Issues Report (ICG), No. 2, 26.10.2001.
Fierke, Karin M.: Diplomatic interventions: conflict and change in a globalizing world, UK: Palgrave Macmillan, 2005.
Gebhard, C.: The Crisis Management and Planning Directorate: Recalibrating ESDP Planning and Conduct Capacities, in: CFSP Forum, Vol. 7, No. 4, 2009, pp. 8-14.
Gnesotto, Nicole (ed.): EU Security and Defence Policy: the first five years (1999-2004), EUISS, 08.2004.
Gourlay, Catriona: Civil-Civil Co-ordination in EU crisis management, in: Nowak, Agnieszka (ed.): Civilian Crisis Management: the EU way, in: Chaillot Paper (EUISS), No. 90, 06.2006, pp. 103-122.
Grevi, G./Keohane, D.: ESDP Resources, in: Grevi, G., et al. (eds.): European Security and Defence Policy: The First 10 Years (1999-2009), EUISS, 2009, pp. 69-114.
Grevi, Giovanni, et al. (eds.): European Security and Defence Policy: The First 10 Years (1999-2009), EUISS, 2009.
Hagman, Hans-Christian: European crisis management and defence: the search for capabilities, in: Adelphi Paper (International Institute for Strategic Studies; IISS), Vol. 353, 12.2002.
Hansen, A. S.: Against all Odds – The Evolution of Planning for ESDP Operations: Civilian Crisis Management from EUPM onwards, Study 10/06 (Center for International Peace Operations; ZIF), 2006.
Henriksson, K. (ed.): YEARBOOK 2008 on Civilian Crisis Management Studies, Finland: Crisis Management Centre, 2008.
Houben, Marc: International crisis management: the approach of European states, UK: Routledge, 2005.
Howorth, Jolyon: European integration and defence: the ultimate challengeNULL, in: Chaillot Paper, Institute for Security Studies Western European Union, No. 43, 11.2000, pp. 1-114.
International Crisis Group: EU Crisis Response Capability Revisited, in: Europe Report, No. 160, 2005.
International Crisis Group: EU Crisis Response Capability, Institutions and Processes for Conflict Prevention and Management, in: Issues Report, No. 2, 2001.
International Crisis Group: EU Crisis Response Capability: Institutions and Processes for Conflict Prevention and Management, in: ICG Issues Report, No. 2, 26.06.2006.
Keohane, Daniel/Valasek, Tomas: Willing and able?EU defence in 2020, Centre for European Reform (CER), 06.2008.
Keohane, R. O./Nye, J. S.: Power and Interdependence—World Politics in Transition, Boston/Toronto, 1997.
Keohane, R. O.: After Hegemony—Cooperation and Discord in the World Political Economy, Princeton, 1984.
Keohane, R. O/Martin, L. L.: The Promise of Institutionalist Theory, in: International Security, Vol. 20, No. 1, 1995, pp. 39-51.
Khol, Radek: Civil-Military Co-ordination in EU crisis management, in: Nowak, Agnieszka (ed.): Civilian Crisis Management: the EU way, in: Chaillot Paper (EUISS), No. 90, 06.2006, pp. 123-137.
Korski, Daniel/Gowan, Richard: Can the EU Rebuild Failing StatesNULL A Review of Europe’s Civilian Capacities, European Council on Foreign Relations, 10.2009.
Lan, Y.: The European Parliament and the China–Taiwan Issue: An Empirical Approach, in: European Foreign Affairs Review, Vol. 9, 2004, pp. 115-140.
Marchese, Maurizio, et al.: Interaction models to support peer coordination in crisis management, in: Technical Report, University of Trento, No. DISI-08-012, 03.2008.
Merlingen, Michael/Ostrauskaitė, Rasa: European Union peacebuilding and policing: governance and the European security and defence policy, London: Routledge, 2006.
Morillon, Philippe: Lessons Learned in Bosnia-Herzegovina, in: Wogau, Karl Von (ed.): The path to European defence, UK: Maklu, 2004, pp. 95-101.
Novosseloff, Alexandra: EU-UN Partnership in Crisis Management Developments and Prospects, International Peace Academy, 06.2004.
Nowak, Agnieszka: Civilian crisis management within ESDP, in: Nowak, Agnieszka (ed.): Civilian Crisis Management: the EU way, in: Chaillot Paper (EUISS), No. 90, 06.2006, pp. 15-37.
Osland, Kari M.: The EU Police Mission in Bosnia and Herzegovina, in: International Peacekeeping, Vol. 11, No. 3, Autumn 2004, pp. 544–560.
Payne, Kenneth: The European Security and Defence Policy and the future of NATO, BBC News Analysis and Research, 2003.
Rieker, P.: The EU—A Capable Security Actor Developing Administrative Capabilities, in: Journal of European Integration, Vol. 31, Issue 6, 2009, pp. 715-716.
Rutten, Maartje: From St-Malo to Nice European defence: core documents, in: Chaillot Paper, Institute for Security Studies Western European Union, No. 47, 05.2001.
Schimmelfenning, Frank: Liberal Intergovernmentalism, in: Wiener, Antje/Diez, Thomas (eds.): European Integration Theory, UK: Oxford University Press, 2004, pp. 75-94.
Serrano, Pedro: A strategic approach to the European Security and Defence Policy, in: Nowak, Agnieszka (ed.): Civilian Crisis Management: the EU way, in: Chaillot Paper (EUISS), No. 90, 06.2006, pp. 39-48.
Tongeren, Paul Van/Empel, Christine Van: Joint Action for Prevention: Civil Society and Government Cooperation on Conflict Prevention and Peacebuilding, in: Issue Paper, European Centre for Conflict Prevention, Issue 4, 12.2007.
Triantaphyllou, Dimitrios: What status for KosovoNULL, in: Chaillot Paper, Institute for Security Studies Western European Union, No. 50, 10.2001.
Van Eekelen, W.: From words to deeds: the continuing debate on European security, Belgium: Centre for European Policy Studies (CEPS) and Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF), 2006.
Van Tongeren, P./Van Empel, C.: Joint Action for Prevention: Civil Society and Government Cooperation on Conflict Prevention and Peacebuilding, in: Issue Paper, European Centre for Conflict Prevention, Issue 4, 2007.
Wessel, R. A.: The European Union's foreign and security policy: a legal institutional perspective, Hague: Kluwer Law International, 1999, pp. 94-96.
Whyte, Nicholas, et al.: The Macedonian Crisis and Balkan Security, in: European Security Forum Working Paper, CEPS and IISS, No. 2, 07.2001, pp. 1-24.
Zehetner, T.: The role of the German Presidency in promoting ESDP, in: European Security Review (ISIS Europe), No. 32, 2007.
論文使用權限
  • 同意紙本無償授權給館內讀者為學術之目的重製使用,於2011-03-07公開。
  • 同意授權瀏覽/列印電子全文服務,於2011-03-07起公開。


  • 若您有任何疑問,請與我們聯絡!
    圖書館: 請來電 (02)2621-5656 轉 2281 或 來信