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系統識別號 U0002-1507201414442800
中文論文名稱 使用學習站策略對國小五年級英語閱讀流暢之研究
英文論文名稱 A Study of Using Station Teaching on Fifth Graders’ English Reading Fluency in a Taipei Elementary School
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 英文學系碩士班
系所名稱(英) Department of English
學年度 102
學期 2
出版年 103
研究生中文姓名 陳盈均
研究生英文姓名 Ying-Chun Chen
學號 697110665
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
口試日期 2014-06-18
論文頁數 77頁
口試委員 指導教授-黃月貴
委員-王藹玲
委員-簡靜雯
中文關鍵字 學習站  英語閱讀流暢  國小外語學習者 
英文關鍵字 Station teaching  English reading fluency  Elementary school EFL learners 
學科別分類 學科別人文學語言文學
中文摘要 本研究旨在探討學習站策略對英語閱讀流暢度的影響,本研究對象為新北市某一國民小學28位五年級學生,實驗前進行英語閱讀流暢度之前測,實驗過程中四個人一組,以小組齊聲念、CD及電腦輔助的學習站學習方式,於指定時間內輪流到各學習站完成指定練習內容,實驗歷經三個課本單元、兩個課外閱讀內容的誦讀練習,實驗後進行閱讀流暢之後測。
資料收集包括閱讀流暢度的前測及後測、學生在各個學習站的學習單及檢核回饋表、與教師教學反思札記。資料分析顯示學習站策略的實施增加學生英語閱讀準確度、速度,學生對學習站也持正向的學習態度,並從學習站中樂於與人合作。
本研究建議學習站策略可成為英語課程內的例行性活動設計,可廣泛運用在教學現場,以利提升教學成效,使學生們在以學生為中心的英語教學活動中樂於學習。
英文摘要 The purpose of this case study is to investigate the influence of station teaching on fifth graders’ oral reading fluency. The participants are twenty-eight students in northern city of Taiwan. They participated in the station teaching program by rotating to stations of choral reading, CD-assisted and computer-assisted reading with three textbook units and two extended reading texts.
Before and after the implementations of station teaching, oral reading fluency test was administered and the results were analyzed with the participants’ task checklists, station checklists and the researcher’s reflective journals. The results indicated that all of the participants gained an increase in their oral reading fluency in the components of accuracy and rate after the instruction. Station teaching worked best in cooperative setting where oral reading practice could be regularly implemented into the English curriculum to improve teaching and learning.
論文目次 TABLE OF CONTENTS
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS…………………………………………………………i
CHINESE ABSTRACT……………………………………………………………ii
ENGLISH ABSTRACT……………………………………………………………..iii
TABLE OF CONTENTS……………………………………………………………iv
LIST OF FIGURES AND TABLES …...…………………………………………..vii
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION…………………………………………..……1
Background ……………………………………………………………….…………...1
Purpose of the study…………………………………………………………………3
Research questions…………………………………………………………………3
Significance of the study………………………………………………………………4
Definition of terms…………………………………………………………………….4
CHAPTER TWO LITERATURE REVIEW……………………………………….7
Co-teaching……………………………………………………………………………7
Related studies on station teaching ………………………………………………10
Cautions of station teaching…………………………………………………….18
Reading fluency ……………………………………………………………………...19
Methods to develop reading fluency……………………………………………20
CHAPTER THREE METHODOLOGY………………………………………….25
Setting and participants………………………………………………………………25
Instruments…………………………………………………………………………...25
Procedure……………………………………………………………………………..27
Preparatory stage………………………………………………………………..27
Implementation stage…………………………………………………………...28
Posttest stage: Data analysis ……………………………………………….…...32
CHAPTER FOUR RESULTS AND DISCUSSIONS……………………………..35
The influences of station teaching on learners’ reading fluency……………………..35
Analysis of the pretest……………………………………………………………36
Analysis of the posttest…………………………………………………………...36
Comparison between the pretest and posttest…………………………40
EFL learners’ attitude toward station teaching………………………………41
The implementation of station in reading instruction………………………………45
Grouping………………………………………………………………………...46
Reading material………………………………………………………………...46
Stations………………………………………………………………………….47
Analysis of checklists from the first implementation………...………………....49
Analysis of checklists from the revised implementation………………………..50
The challenges of the implementations…………………………………………52
CHAPTER FIVE CONCLUSIONS……………………………………………….55
The summary of the findings………………………………………………………55
Implications…………………………………………………………………………..56
Limitations…………………………………………………………………………....57
Suggestions for future research………………………………………………………58
REFERENCES……………………………………………..……………………….60
APPENDICES……………………………………………..………………………..66
APPENDIX 1 The book for the pretest and posttest of reading fluency……………66
APPENDIX 2 Station Checklist....…………………………………………………67
APPENDIX 3 Chinese Station Checklist……………………………………...68
APPENDIX 4 Chinese Revised Station Checklist…………………………………69
APPENDIX 5 Task Checklist (seven stations)………………………………71
APPENDIX 6 Station Checklist (three stations )……………………………75
LIST OF FIGURES AND TABLES
Figure 1 Whole Class Approach ……………………………………………8
Figure 2 Parallel Teaching ………………………………………8
Figure 3 Station Teaching …………………………………………………9
Figure 4 Alternative Teaching ……………………………………………9
Figure 5 Team Teaching ………………………………………………10
Figure 6 A Flow Chart of the Experiment Procedures……………………33
Figure 7 A Flow Chart of the Research Procedures…………………………34
Figure 8 Participants’ CWPM in the Pretest and Posttest (Number of Students)…....39
Figure 9 Participants’ CWPM in the Pretest and Posttest (Percentage)……………39
Figure 10 Participants’ Favorite Station in the First Implementation………43
Figure 11 Participants’ Favorite Station in the Revised Implementation……45

Table 1 Related studies on station teaching……………………………………11
Table 2 Methods to Develop Reading Fluency …………………21
Table 3 Tasks of Each Station in the First Implementation………………29
Table 4 Tasks of Each Station in the Revised Implementation……………31
Table 5 Participants’ Performance in the Pretest and Posttest…………38
Table 6 Participants’ Favorite Station in the Revised Implementation……44
Table 7 Participants that Finished the Task at Each Station in the First Implementation …………………………………………………………50
Table 8 Participants that Finished the Task at Each Station in the Revised Implementation …………………………………………………………51

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