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系統識別號 U0002-1507201413395300
中文論文名稱 探討大學部英語學習者在討論區的批判性思考和創造力
英文論文名稱 Investigation of EFL College Learners’ Critical Thinking and Creativity in Writing on Online Discussion Board
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 英文學系碩士班
系所名稱(英) Department of English
學年度 102
學期 2
出版年 103
研究生中文姓名 劉蓉蓉
研究生英文姓名 Jung-Jung Liu
學號 600110075
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
口試日期 2014-06-23
論文頁數 108頁
口試委員 指導教授-王藹玲
委員-林怡弟
委員-施佑芝
中文關鍵字 批判性思考  創意  主修科系  性別  文化背景  學習態度  討論區 
英文關鍵字 Critical thinking  Creativity  Academic background  Gender  Cultural background  Learning attitude  Online discussion board 
學科別分類 學科別人文學語言文學
中文摘要 本研究主要探討大學部學生的批判性思考及創造力,及與主修科系,性別,文化背景和學習態度的關聯性。本研究方法是質量合併,利用質性分析學生在討論區的意見,在使用敘述統計探討研究結果。
本研究共有一百四十六位大學生參與,其中包含五十七位國際企業學系主修學生,四十六位財務金融學系主修學生及四十三位大眾傳播學系主修學生。本研究者在討論區開設三個不同的討論主題,其討論主題分別與日常生活,學生目前生活及未來生活相關。在研究期間,本研究者與英語教學領域人員們依照學生上課情形與討論區的意見,分析並分類參與學生的上課態度及討論區意見的批判性思考與創造力的等級。
本研究結果顯示大學部學生的主修科系,性別,文化背景和學習態度會影響學生展現不同程度的的批判性思考及創造力。換言之,不同主修科系,不同性別,不同文化背景及不同上課態度的學生會導致學生有不同程度及面向的批判性思考及創造力。本研究的研究結果與先前的研究結果一致。
有鑑於本研究的研究結果與討論,若有意於在課堂中使用小組或大班性討論的老師,必須先考慮學生的科系,性別,文化背景或上課態度。若能依照學生的不同的特性來設計教材與內容,老師就可以更有效設計適合的討論主題並有效的培養學生的批判性思考與創意。
英文摘要 This study is aimed to investigate college student’s critical thinking and creativity and the relation between academic background, gender, cultural background, learning attitude and information process in terms of critical thinking and creativity. The research is a mix of qualitative and quantitative research methods with grounded-theory research methods for investigating patterns of postings and the relation between participants’ characteristics and written discourse.
One hundred and forty-six college students who consist of 57 participants in International Business, 46 participants in Banking and Finance and 43 participants in Mass Communication. The researcher supplemented three discussion sessions in Moodle discussion board and the topics are related to life reflection, an issue related to student life and an issue related to their near future. During the discussion session, the researcher and other TESOL members evaluated the participants’ learning attitude according to the Habits and Attitudes to learning Rubric. After the three sessions of discussion, the researcher and other TESOL member analyzed the participants’ postings and categorized them based on the rubric of critical thinking and creativity.
The results show that students’ academic background, gender, cultural background and learning attitude differentiate their information process in terms of critical thinking and creativity in the three sessions of discussion. In other words, the findings of the research show that students with different majors, different genders, different cultural background and different levels of learning attitude revealed different level of critical thinking and creativity in detail aspects on the rubric. The results were in consistency with previous studies in the field.
In light of the result and discussion of the research, it was implied that teachers should take students’ academic background, cultural background and learning attitude into account when they are going to apply discussion sessions in online discussion broad. In order to cultivate students’ critical thinking and creativity more efficiently, teachers should adapt teaching materials and methods according to students with different characteristics.
論文目次 Table of Contents
Acknowledgements …………………………………………………………………………i
Chinese Abstract……………………………………………………………………………ii
English Abstract……………………………………………………………………………iv
Table of Contents……………………………………………………………………………vi
List of Figures………………………………………………………………………………ix
List of Abbreviations…………………………………………………………………x
Chapter One Introduction
1.1 Background and Motivation of the Study……………………4
1.2 Statement of the Problems………………………………………………………5
1.3 Purpose of the Study………………………………………………………………..6
1.4. Research Questions………………………………………………………………...7
1.5 Organization of the Study………………………………………………………7
Chapter Two Literature Review
2.1 Sociocultural Theory and Constructivist Theory………8
2.2 Learners’ Interaction in Online Discussion Board……9
2.3 Critical Thinking and Creativity………………………………………………10
2.4 Academic Background in Relation to Critical Thinking
and Creativity....................................12
2.5 Genders in Relation to Critical Thinking and
Creativity……………...................................13
2.6. Learners’ Cultural Background and Learning Contexts
in Relation to Critical Thinking and
Creativity.......................................14
2.7 In-class Learning Attitude in Relation to Critical
Thinking and Creativity………........................15
Chapter Three Methodology
3.1 Theoretical Framework……………………………………………………………...17
3.2 Participants and Setting……………………………………………………………18
3.3 Instruments……………………………………………………………………….........22
3.3.1 Moodle Discussion Board……………………………………………………23
3.3.2 Personal Information
Questionnaire…………………………………………..............25
3.3.3 Rubrics for Critical Thinking and
Creativity…………………………………....................25
3.3.4 Habits and Attitudes to Learning (HAL)
Rubric……………………………..........................26
3.3.5 Interviews…………………………………………………………………….......27
3.4 Research Procedure……………………………………………………………….....27
Chapter Four Results and Discussion
4.1 The Relation between Academic Background Differentiate Critical Thinking and
Creativity in Asynchronous Online Discussion............................................35
4.2 The Relation between Participants’ Genders Differentiate Level of Critical Thinking
and Creativity in Asynchronous Online Discussion............................................39
4.3 The Relation between Participants’ Cultural Background Differentiate Level of Critical Thinking and Creativity in Asynchronous Online Discussion........................42
4.3.1 Culture Diversity and Learning Context as Factors which Differentiate Students’ Critical Thinking and Creativity…………………………………...............................46
4.4 The Relation between Participants’ In-class Learning Attitude Differentiate Level of Critical Thinking and Creativity in Asynchronous Online Discussion…………......50
4.5 Different Academic Background of Learners’ Performance in Terms of Critical Thinking And Creativity in Different Discussion Topics………………………….................54
4.5.1 Participants with different academic background and their performance in terms of critical thinking and creativity in the three discussion topics……...........55
4.5.2 Individual groups’ performance in terms of critical thinking and creativity in general and in each topic…………………………………………………..............................76
Chapter Five Research Limitation…………………………………………………………88
Chapter Six Conclusion and Pedagogical Implication………………………………………............................90
References………………………………………………………………………………….............94
Appendices
Appendix A. Wiederhold’s Question Matrix……………………………102
Appendix B. Personal Information Questionnaire……………103
Appendix C. Rubric for Evaluating Critical Thinking and Creativity………………......................................104
Appendix D. Habits and Attitudes to Learning (HAL) Rubric……………………….......................................105
Appendix E. Interview Questions………………………………………………….107


List of Figures
Figure 1. A Screenplay of the Structure of Moodle…………………………………………..
Figure 2. A Screenplay of Discussion Board on Moodle
Figure 3. A Screenplay of Participants’ Written Discussion on Moodle
Figure 4. Research Procedure
Figure 5. Framework for Evaluating Critical Thinking and Creativity
Figure 6. The Three Academic Groups’ Critical Thinking and Creativity in General Aspects
Figure 7. The Three Academic Groups’ Critical Thinking and Creativity in Detail Aspects
Figure 8. Students with Different Genders and Their Critical Thinking and Creativity in Detail Aspects
Figure 9. International Students’ and Taiwanese Students’ Critical Thinking and Creativity in General Aspects
Figure 10. International and Taiwanese Groups’ Critical Thinking and Creativity in Detail Aspects
Figure 11. Two Integrated Groups’ Level of Critical Thinking and Creativity in Detail Aspects
Figure 12. Individual Groups' Critical Thinking and Creativity in the First Discussion Topic
Figure 13. The Three Groups’ Critical Thinking and Creativity in the Second Discussion Topic
Figure 14. Individual Groups' Detail Aspects of Critical Thinking and Creativity in the Second Discussion Topic
Figure 15. The Three Groups' Critical Thinking and Creativity in the Third Discussion Topic
Figure 16. The Three Groups' Detail Aspects of Critical Thinking and Creativity in the Third Discussion Topic


List of Abbreviations
IIB…… An International Student in International Business Class
TIB…… A Taiwanese Student in International Business Class
IBF…… An International Student in Banking and Finance Class
TBF…… A Taiwanese Student in Banking and Finance Class
IMC…… An International Student in Mass Communication Class
TMC……A Taiwanese Student in Mass Communication Class
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