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系統識別號 U0002-1507200513555400
中文論文名稱 具有軸流泵功能之開關式磁阻馬達設計
英文論文名稱 Design of a Switched Reluctance Motor-Pump
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 機械與機電工程學系碩士班
系所名稱(英) Department of Mechanical and Electro-Mechanical Engineering
學年度 93
學期 2
出版年 94
研究生中文姓名 林宏育
研究生英文姓名 Hung-Yu Lin
學號 692342693
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2005-07-08
論文頁數 92頁
口試委員 指導教授-楊勝明
委員-劉添華
委員-葉廷仁
中文關鍵字 開關式磁阻馬達  軸流式泵  馬達泵 
英文關鍵字 SRM  Axial flow pump  Skew rotor 
學科別分類 學科別應用科學機械工程
中文摘要 開關式磁阻馬達為一種構造簡單、結構強健,具有高轉速高轉矩適合在惡劣環境下工作的馬達。當轉子扭轉時,其結構類似軸流式泵之抽水葉片,本文在此觀點下提出一磁阻馬達軸流式泵的構想及其設計方法,首先設計一傳統6/4極磁阻馬達,接著以同樣的角度扭轉定子及轉子,並分析不同轉子形狀及凸極齒寬的電感波型,並選取與原始磁阻馬達輸出轉矩比較下降最少者為最終設計,最後以實驗驗證磁阻馬達軸流泵之設計。
英文摘要 Switch reluctance motor is a simple structured and rugged motor; it has high torque and speed capabilities, and is suitable to operate in harsh environment. When the rotor of a SRM is skewed, its structure resembles the impeller of an axial flow pump. Based on this observation, a switch reluctance motor-pump is proposed and its design method is presented in this paper. A conventional 6/4 pole SRM is designed first. Then, the stator and rotor are skewed with the same angle. Inductance waveforms for various rotor shape and tooth thickness are analyzed. A final design is selected with the least reduction in torque capability comparing to the original SRM. Finally, experimental results have verified the feasibility of motor-pump design.
論文目次 目錄

中文摘要……………………………………………………………….……….I
英文摘要………………………………………………………………………II
目錄…………………………………………………………………………...III
圖目錄…………………………………………………….…………………...V
表目錄……………………………………………….……………………...VIII
符號說明……………………………………………….……………………..IX
第一章 緒論……………………………………….…………………………..1
1.1背景與目的…………………………………………………….……...1
1.2文獻回顧……………………………………….……………………...5
1.3大綱………………………….…..………………………………….…9
第二章 開關式磁阻馬達與軸流式泵簡介.…………………….……...……11
2.1開關式磁阻馬達簡介……….…………………….………....………11
2.2軸流式泵的基本設計…………………………………….…….……20
第三章 開關式磁阻馬達軸流式泵設計………………………………...…..28
3.1原始開關式磁阻馬達設計……..……………………………………28
3.2馬達軸流式泵設計構想…………………………………………….35
3.3轉子葉片改良………………………...……………………………..43
3.4結果討論………………..…………………………………………...59
第四章 控制系統.………………....……………………………..…………..60
4.1驅動器簡介………………………………………..……...…………60
4.2控制系統……………………………………..……………………...62
4.3動態分析……………..……………………………………….……..65
第五章 實驗結果…………………………………………………………….69
5.1馬達製作過程……………………………………………….………69
5.2實驗系統介紹……………………………………………………….71
5.3系統參數量測……………………………….………………………74
5.4速度控制實驗結果………………………….………………………77
5.5流量及揚程量測………………………….………………………….81
5.6結果討論…………………………………….……………………….84
第六章 結論與未來工作………………………………………….…………85
6.1結論……………………………………………………….….………85
6.2未來工作方向…………………………………………………….….85
附錄一 6/4三相開關式磁阻馬達軸流式泵組合圖……..……….……......87
參考文獻……………………………………………………………….. .…...88

圖目錄

圖1.1 典型的軸流式泵結構 3
圖1.2 典型的離心式泵結構 3
圖1.3 軸流式泵特性曲線 6
圖1.4 文獻[9]所提出之軸流式泵 6
圖1.5 文獻[16]所提出之軸流式泵結構 7
圖1.6 文獻[18]提出之軸流式泵結構 8
圖2.1 典型的6/4三相開關式磁阻馬達結構圖 12
圖2.2 定子、轉子角度與電感之關係圖 16
圖2.3 產生正轉矩之電流電感關係示意圖 18
圖2.4 典型的6/4極開關式磁阻馬達之電感、電流與轉矩關係圖 19
圖2.5 軸流式泵設計流程 22
圖2.6 比速率與馬達內外徑之關係圖 23
圖2.7 比速率與係數ku之關係圖 24
圖2.8 葉片角度示意圖 26
圖2.9 N.A.C.A.翼型性能 線圖 27
圖3.1 6/4極開關式磁阻馬達結構參數之定義 30
圖3.2 SRM設計流程圖 34
圖3.3 定子與轉子同時扭轉後之6/4極SRM 36
圖3.4 圖3.3之SRM的電感與轉角圖 37
圖3.5 三段式定子與扭轉轉子之設計 38
圖3.6 原始的磁阻馬達繞線圖 39
圖3.7 扭轉後繞線示意圖 39
圖3.8 扭轉後定子、轉子角度與電感之關係圖 40
圖3.9 扭轉後馬達之理想電感、電流與轉矩關係圖 42
圖3.10 葉片改良流程圖 44
圖3.11 FEA單片電感波型 46
圖3.12 FEA之單相電感波型 46
圖3.13 扭轉後重疊顯示電感值 47
圖3.14 扭轉後完整電感值 48
圖3.15 未削薄轉子凸極磁通密度圖 48
圖3.16 轉子扭轉後齒寬削薄5度之重疊顯示電感值 49
圖3.17 轉子扭轉後齒寬削薄5度之FEA電感值 50
圖3.18 轉子齒寬削薄5度之磁通密度圖 50
圖3.19 凸極齒寬削薄10度單片並列電感圖 51
圖3.20 轉子扭轉後再將凸極齒寬削薄10度FEA電感圖 52
圖3.21 轉子齒寬削薄10度磁通密度圖 52
圖3.22 凸極齒寬削薄15度的單片並列電感圖 54
圖3.23 轉子扭轉凸極齒寬削薄15度FEA電感圖 54
圖3.24 轉子齒寬削薄15度磁度密度圖 55
圖3.25 凸極齒寬削薄15度的機構圖 56
圖3.26 凸極齒寬船錨形狀的初版設計圖 56
圖3.27 錨型凸極轉子磁通密度圖 57
圖3.28凸極齒寬船錨形狀的二版設計圖 58
圖3.29 改良後錨型凸極轉子磁通密度圖 58
圖4.1 基本的三相SRM驅動電路 61
圖4.2 基本的SRM開關切換模式 61
圖4.3 電流控制驅動時系統的方塊圖 63
圖4.4 磁滯型電流控制驅動方塊圖 63
圖4.5 磁滯型電流控制上下限 64
圖4.6 Maxwell EM2D控制電路圖 65
圖4.7 6/4極磁阻馬達電流波型圖 66
圖4.8 6/4極磁阻馬達輸出轉矩圖 66
圖4.9 6/4極磁阻馬達電流波型圖 67
圖4.10 轉子扭轉、轉子凸極為錨型設計之動態轉矩圖 68
圖5.1 實作轉子機構 70
圖5.2 隔離環葉片 70
圖5.3 馬達定子機構 71
圖5.4 TMS320F240 DSP控制器 72
圖5.5 磁阻馬達驅動器 73
圖5.6 程式流程圖 73
圖5.7 實際測量之電感值 74
圖5.8 馬達轉矩量測示意圖 76
圖5.9 馬達轉矩量測電路圖 76
圖5.10 1000rpm無載運轉速度及電流波型 78
圖5.11 2000rpm無載運轉速度及電流波型 79
圖5.12 3000rpm無載運轉速度及電流波型 80
圖5.13 抽水設備圖 81
圖5.14 流量圖 82
圖5.15 揚程圖 82
圖5.16 1000rpm抽水運轉電流波型 83
圖5.17 2000rpm抽水運轉電流波型 83
圖5.18 3000rpm抽水運轉電流波型 84

表目錄

表1.1 泵之分類…………………………….……………………………2
表3.1 軸流式泵輸出性能表…………………………………………...29
表3.2 馬達性能參數表………………………………………………...29
表3.3馬達結構參數表……………………………………………....…31
表3.4馬達設計參數表……………………………………..….…….....35
表5.1 馬達三相電阻………...………………………………………....75




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