淡江大學覺生紀念圖書館 (TKU Library)

系統識別號 U0002-1503201014452500
中文論文名稱 「新移民背景」究竟為她們帶來了甚麼?-影響越南新娘在台就業分析
英文論文名稱 Effects of New Immigrants Status Upon Their Lives?An Analysis of Employment Status of Employment Status of Vietnamese Brides in Taiwan
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 東南亞研究所碩士班
系所名稱(英) Graduate Institute of Southeast Asian Studies
學年度 98
學期 1
出版年 99
研究生中文姓名 陳怡文
研究生英文姓名 Yi-Wen Chen
學號 695260025
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2010-01-14
論文頁數 90頁
口試委員 指導教授-蔡青龍
中文關鍵字 新移民女性  外籍新娘就業  跨國婚姻  女性勞動參與率 
英文關鍵字 new female immigrant  employment of foreign bridge  transnational marriage  female labor force participation rate 
學科別分類 學科別社會科學區域研究
中文摘要 在台灣東南亞女性外籍配偶以越南人數最多,本研究針對其來台後就業選擇的影響因素,由兩個層面加以探討。首先,從新移民女性來台之後就業所遭遇到的困境,包括對於職業的選擇、限制及所受到的影響;再者,另外,亦探討新移民女性在台灣的就業情況是否和原生國有所關聯。


英文摘要 Among immigrant spouses from Southeast Asia to Taiwan , Vietnamese women from the biggest group. This research, take Taiwan as the geographical background, unveil the aftermath of this evolution. This study particularly focuses on the job employments and opportunities among these new immigrants. It is analyzed in two aspects;(1) It explores the difficulties, limitations, and restrictions of employment when it comes to finding a job. (2) It scrutinizes the relationships between the native country of these immigrants and Taiwan to connect the similarities and differences. Moreover, it talks about other possible reasons that might also take effect in their selections of jobs such as family values, family duties and commitments... etc.

This study has analyzed the restriction placed by the factors of human resource, family condition, social norm, and the labor market on the employment of the immigrants. From the perspective of human resource, the education backgrounds are mostly at high school hence their language ability and un-ability of working after arriving Taiwan in a certain time weaken their competitiveness in the market and put them in a disadvantage situation. As for the family condition, the major influences are the financial status and children raising. Working of female immigrants in families with better financial status can be simply time-killing. While in the families with poor financial status, their working income is crucial for raising the offspring and maintaining the basic family livelihood. Therefore, people who run their own business must consider the source of funds and the trammels of family affairs while the employed ones must give thoughts on the social impression received and the divergence of wage. The study indicates that the immigration indeed has substantial improved for the financial status of new female immigrants. The job vacuum in Taiwan is more than in their home countries. However, their identity of new immigrant needs to be taken into consideration as well.

This study discovers that these new female immigrants; whether they own their business or work as employees, all need to build up self-recognition before starting their new lives in this new environment. Knowing one’s own talent and weakness is half way to success and it applies the same to these newly immigrant women. For example, they can transform their hometown features into new business ideas. Moreover, they provide opportunities in demand for self-employment, self-supply and sufficiently fit-in into the society. Most importantly, how the government and private organizations commit themselves to this new change and create easy access to the job information which best benefit these newly immigrants.
論文目次 目 次

第壹章 緒論 1

第一節 研究動機與目的 1
第二節 文獻回顧 6
第三節 研究設計與研究架構 14

第貳章 新移民女性在台就業情況 20

第一節 新移民女性就業動機與意願 21
第二節 「新移民」背景對他們造成的影響 27
第三節 新移民女性就業困境 34

第叁章 在台就業情況與原生國之關聯性 38

第一節 探究新移民女性在原生國人力資本 39
第二節 遷移行動對新移民女性經濟之改善 45

第肆章 新移民女性本身因素和職業選擇 52

第一節 新移民女性面對婦女勞動參與因素 53
第二節 新移民女性對就業市場的期待 60
第三節 政府及非政府組織對新移民女性就業選擇的幫助 64

第伍章 結論與建議 71




【表1-1】台灣地區女性外籍配偶原屬國籍居留統計 2
【表4-1】台灣2000、2003與2006年15至64歲已婚女性曾因結婚而離職人數 57
【表4-2】台灣2006年15至64歲之已婚女性曾因結婚、生育而變更職務 59

【英文資料】 78

【中文資料】 82

【附錄一】訪談名單 87
【附錄二】訪談大綱 89

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