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中文論文名稱 超越幻界?:《麥田捕手》中豪頓‧考菲爾德之存在困境
英文論文名稱 "Traversing the Fantasy?": Holden Caulfield's Existential Conundrum in The Catcher in the Rye
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 英文學系碩士班
系所名稱(英) Department of English
學年度 94
學期 1
出版年 95
研究生中文姓名 廖鵬惠
研究生英文姓名 Peng-Huei Liao
學號 691010226
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
口試日期 2006-01-12
論文頁數 75頁
口試委員 指導教授-黃涵榆
委員-蔡振興
委員-曾靜芳
中文關鍵字 異化  幻見  歇斯底里  認同病徵  大對體匱乏  超越幻界 
英文關鍵字 alienation  Che voui?  fantasy  hysteria  identification with the symptom  the lack in the Other  traverse the fantasy 
學科別分類 學科別人文學語言文學
中文摘要 本論文以沙林傑《麥田捕手》這部小說中的主角豪頓‧考菲爾德為例子,採用拉岡及紀傑克精神分析理論探討其存在困境。這位孤單、遠離人群、思想複雜的十七歲豪頓對於所處之社會以及身邊的人感到沮喪與抗拒,經歷無法與社會和諧相處之窘境。伴隨著歇斯底里的人格特質,豪頓不斷維護自己在大對體(the big Other)中所佔有的位置;除此以外,其病態的疏離導致自身陷入虛構想像層面,幻想一個和諧、無紛爭的社會。本論文著重於豪頓在紐約市探險、流浪三天的心境,包括對自我與對社會的抗拒,並且探討其歇斯底里之性格、異化(alienation)、幻見,以及豪頓最終是否超越幻界。
本論文分成三章。第一章闡述豪頓與大對體之間的疏離和其語言跟主體性消失之間的關係,也檢視其歇斯底里之性格。第二章分析其異化和幻見。身處在象徵秩序中,異化是個必要的選擇(forced choice)也是主體建構的根本條件,豪頓必定要經過此過程。本章也提及豪頓幻想一個和諧寧靜的社會,他把社會的敵對歸咎於騙子、偽善者的存在,但是此想像只會讓豪頓更加無法認清社會內部的真實面;因此,第三章按照紀傑克延伸拉崗精神分析的理論架構來探討,唯有豪頓超越幻界,他才能體認社會內部已存在的敵對本質、去除「他人」是導致社會衝突之因的想法、認同自己也是社會的一部分,並且接受大對體的匱乏(the lack in the Other)。
整體而言,豪頓的存在困境不是一個僵局,仍有解決之道,本論文以精神分析理論探討豪頓內在的病態幻想,進而指出超越病態幻想的心理機制是有其存在之必要性。
英文摘要 Applying Lacan’s and Žižek’s Psychoanalysis, this study analyzes Holden Caulfield’s existential conundrum on the basis of the discussion of the novel, J. D. Salinger’s The Catcher in the Rye. Holden—the isolated, sophisticated and the seventeen-year-old narrator who is frequently dissatisfied with, and who feels lonely over the people/society around him—encounters the predicament of resisting the integration with the society. His pathological alienation traps him in his imagination, and results in fantasizing a utopian, complete, and organic society. This essay discusses Holden’s emotional stance in the three-day expedition in New York City, including his self-isolation and resistance with the society, his hysteric character, alienation in the signifiers, fantasy, and finally whether or not he traverses the fantasy.
This thesis is divided into three chapters. Chapter One elaborates Holden’s pathological isolation with the Other (society) and disappearance of subjectivity (his death wish) relating to his language. Also, in light of Lacan’s theoretical frameworks, this chapter elucidates his characters as a hysteric. Chapter Two analyzes Holden’s alienation and fantasy. Struggling in the Symbolic, he must go through the forced choice, Lacan’s conceptualization of alienation, which is a vital constitutive feature of the subject. In addition, he ascribes all the faults to the underclass, such as phonies and crooks, and fantasizes a society without antagonism and conflicts. His fantasy obfuscates the imminent divisions in the society. Therefore, judged from Žižekian psychoanalytic theories, Chapter Three points out that only when Holden traverses the fantasy can he recognize the always-already antagonism in the society, identify with his symptom, and acknowledge the nonexistence of the Other.
In summary, Holden’s existential conundrum is not an impasse; rather, there is a way out for Holden: traversing the fantasy. This study discusses his psychological mechanism and pathological fantasy in the Lacan’s and Žižek’s theoretical frameworks, and provides an essential solution of traversing the fantasy for Holden to confront his existential struggles.
論文目次 Acknowledgements iv
Chinese Abstract vi
English Abstract vii

Introduction 1

Chapter One: Holden's Desire of Avoiding Self-recognition 10
Holden as a Lonely, Isolated, and Existential Alienated Subject 10
Is Holden a Hysteric? 17
Holden's Language and the Loss of Subjectivity 25

Chapter Two Holden's Desire of Escaping from the Symbolic/the Other 36
Holden's Alienation in the Signifiers 36
Holden Questioning the Other Che vuoi? 46
Holden Fantasizing an Organic Society 49

Chapter Three Holden's Spiritual Growth: Traversing the Fantasy? 57

Conclusion 69
Works Cited 72
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