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系統識別號 U0002-1407201421531400
中文論文名稱 會計師事務所組織型態與審計品質:中國之實證
英文論文名稱 Auditors’ Organizational Form and Audit Quality: Evidence from China
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 會計學系碩士班
系所名稱(英) Department of Accounting
學年度 102
學期 2
出版年 103
研究生中文姓名 張能治
研究生英文姓名 Neng-Chih Chang
學號 601600223
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2014-06-20
論文頁數 83頁
口試委員 指導教授-王貞靜
委員-戚務君
委員-廖益興
中文關鍵字 合夥會計師事務所  異常應計數  懲戒  審計公費  非標準意見 
英文關鍵字 Partner of Accounting Firm  Abnormal Accruals  Punish  Audit Fee  Modified Audit Opinions 
學科別分類
中文摘要 法律責任與審計品質長久以來一直受到主管機關、會計師產業與專家學者的關切。法律制度環境與執法強度直接影響資本市場與市場參與者的行為;近年來大量的企業醜聞反映了企業財務報表盈餘品質的重要性,在資本市場中扮演提高財務報告品質之資訊角色的會計師(Dye, 1993),其審計品質受到哪些因素與誘因所影響,更是產官學界所關注的議題。在2002年後,中國監管機關出台投資人可對上市公司及其簽證會計師事務所提出訴訟的規範,使得會計師事務所面臨的訴訟風險大幅提高。在中國近年來會計師事務所家數增加速度高於資本市場上市公司家數的成長速度,在中國審計市場競爭激烈的情況下,會計師事務所之組織型態是否會影響到審計品質,值得投資者與決策制定者關注。因此,本研究以2001年至2011年中國A股上市公司及中國會計師事務所之數據,以裁決性應計數、懲戒、審計公費和非標準意見作為審計品質之代理變數,探討中國會計師事務所組織型態對審計品質之影響。
實證結果顯示,合夥會計師事務所組織型態與異常應計數和懲戒之間呈負向顯著水準。合夥會計師事務所組織型態與審計公費和非標準意見之間皆未達顯著水準。研究結果能補充審計品質文獻的不足,並提供往後研究者研究此類之參考與比較,亦能提供中國監管機關制定決策時參考之方向。
英文摘要 Legal liability and audit quality has long been subject to the competent authorities, the accounting industry and the concerns of experts and scholars. Legal environment and law enforcement strength directly affect the behavior of financial markets and market participants. After 2002, Chinese regulators issued visas for listed companies and their investors can specification for public accounting firm sued, makes the accounting firm facing litigation risk significantly. In China in recent years accounting firms number increases faster than the capital market listing Corporation number growth , in Chinese audit market competition intense situation, whether the auditors’ organizational form will affect audit quality, worth investors and policymakers concerned. Therefore, this study is from 2001 to 2011 China A shares of listing Corporation and China CPA firm data, to the abnormal accruals, punish, audit fees and modified audit opinion as a proxy for audit quality, explore the Chinese organization forms of audit firms impact on audit quality. Furthermore, the resultsalso show negative relationships partner of accounting firm with abnormal accruals and punish. The finding from this study will contribute to the extant literature and provide a basis of reference for government institutes in future formulation of policy.
論文目次 目錄 IV
表目錄 V
第壹章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景與動機 1
第二節 研究目的 5
第三節 研究流程 6
第貳章 文獻回顧 7
第一節 中國審計市場的發展制度與背景 7
第二節 會計師事務所組織型態與法律責任 14
第三節 審計品質 18
第四節 會計師事務所組織型態與審計品質 24
第參章 研究方法 29
第一節 變數衡量 29
第二節 實證模型 33
第三節 資料來源與樣本選取 36
第肆章 實證結果 37
第一節 敘述性統計與相關係數分析 37
第二節 迴歸結果分析 45
第伍章 結論與建議 53
第一節 研究結論 53
第二節 研究限制與建議 54
參考文獻 55
【中文部分】 55
【英文部分】 56
附錄1 中國註冊會計師協會會員執業違規行為懲戒辦法 63
附錄2 中註協懲戒會計師事務所 68
附錄3 中國證券監督管理委員會懲戒會計師名單幣別:人民幣 73

表目錄
表1 非標準審計報告之類型 23
表2 變數定義 35
表3 樣本篩選過程 36
表4 變數之敘述性統計 39
表5 相關係數表 42
表6 懲戒於各年度分配情形 47
表7 迴歸模式─合夥會計師事務所對異常應計數之影響 48
表8 迴歸模式─合夥會計師事務所對懲戒之影響 49
表9 迴歸模式─合夥會計師事務所對審計公費之影響 51
表10 迴歸模式─合夥會計師事務所對非標準意見之影響 52

圖目錄
圖1研究流程圖 6
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