淡江大學覺生紀念圖書館 (TKU Library)
進階搜尋


下載電子全文限經由淡江IP使用) 
系統識別號 U0002-1407201017160000
中文論文名稱 人臉特徵更換與形態轉換系統
英文論文名稱 Facial feature replacement and morphing systems
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 資訊工程學系碩士班
系所名稱(英) Department of Computer Science and Information Engineering
學年度 98
學期 2
出版年 99
研究生中文姓名 陳忠勇
研究生英文姓名 Chung-Yung Chen
學號 697411725
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
第二語文別 英文
口試日期 2010-06-29
論文頁數 52頁
口試委員 指導教授-林慧珍
委員-顏淑惠
委員-許秋婷
委員-徐道義
委員-林慧珍
中文關鍵字 主動式外觀模型  三角剖分演算法  人臉特徵裁貼  形態轉換 
英文關鍵字 active appearance model(AAM)  triangulation algorithm  facial feature pasting  morphing 
學科別分類 學科別應用科學資訊工程
中文摘要 主動式外觀模型(active appearance model, AAM)是近年來受到關注的一個以模型為基礎的方法,由於它能很成功地用來建立可變形樣板模型(deformable template model),對具多變性物件的影像有良好的闡釋功能,因而廣泛地被用來解析人臉影像。AAM 除了本身有很好的應用之外,其處理過程使用的模組也非常好用。
本篇論文中提出一個人臉特徵更換系統及一個人臉影像形態轉換系統,兩系統均利用控制點與AAM在變形過程採用到的三角剖分演算法(triangulation algorithm)做人臉特徵裁貼(facial feature pasting)。
實驗結果顯示,本文所提的人臉特徵更換法與人臉影像形態轉換法均能得到頗為自然的結果,對影像中的人臉形狀、大小或旋轉角度之差異完全沒有限制,而且可根據使用者的喜好完成不同的結果,具高度的彈性。
英文摘要 An AAM (Active Appearance Model) is a model-based approach for the interpretation of face images has received a great deal of attention in recent years. Due to its capability of ‘interpreting’ the images containing objects with large variability in terms of a compact set of model parameters, this method has been widely adopted to ‘explaining’ the appearance of human faces. AAM and its auxiliary modules as well are very applicable in many tasks.
In this thesis, we proposed a facial feature replacement system and a facial morphing system both using the triangulation algorithm to perform facial feature replacement or blending associated with control points.
The experimental results show that both systems are flexible to use and provide quite natural composite images. In addition, the systems have no limit to the shape, size, and plane rotation of the faces.
論文目次 第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究背景、動機與目的 1
1.2 論文架構 2
第二章 相關論文回顧 3
2.1 主動式外觀模型 3
2.2 人臉特徵更換 5
2.3 人臉影像形態轉換 9
第三章 主動式外觀模型簡介 11
第四章 人臉特徵更換系統 16
4.1 控制點選取 16
4.2 影像物件變形與裁貼 17
4.3 膚色調整 20
4.4 無縫處理(Seamless process) 23
第五章 人臉影像形態轉換系統 24
5.1 線性內插法之臉部形態轉換 24
5.2 基於特徵點對應與線性內插法之形態轉換 26
第六章 實驗結果與討論 30
6.1 人臉影像特徵更換系統之特色 30
6.2 形態轉換系統之比較 36
第七章 結論 39
參考文獻 41
附錄-英文論文 45


圖1. 主動式外觀模型之人臉偵測 4
圖2. 人臉輪廓偵測 6
圖3. 利用PDF加權比重,調整膚色 7
圖4. 以GA為基礎之人臉合成系統 8
圖5. Karungaru之控制點及三角分割範例 10
圖6. 以控制點做三角剖分範例 11
圖7. 從標記特徵點影像與正規化形狀點集合之形狀正規化裁圖 13
圖8. 人臉特徵更換系統流程圖 16
圖9. 控制點對應範例 17
圖10. 三角形剖分對應範例 18
圖11. 兩個三角型之間的點對應關係 19
圖12. 圖形變形與裁貼範例 20
圖13. 邊界線段鄰近矩形區域選取 22
圖14. 膚色調整 22
圖15. 無縫處理 23
圖16. 影像混合過程 25
圖17. 臉部形態轉換過程 27
圖18. 以控制點對應之形態轉換過程圖 28
圖19. 人臉形態轉換過程 29
圖20. 單純剪貼方法 31
圖21. 本方法對圖20的來源影像之裁貼結果 31
圖22. 平面旋轉角度相異之影像裁貼 32
圖23. 全臉或部分臉裁貼 32
圖24. 多張來源影像之部分臉裁貼至一張目標影像 33
圖25. 來源影像裁貼至不同目標影像 34
圖26. 多個來源影像全臉裁貼至單一目標影像 35
圖27. 形態轉換測試圖 36
圖28. S. Karungaru et al. [18] 提出的形態轉換過程 37
圖29. 本篇論文提出的形態轉換過程 38
參考文獻 [1] T. F. Cootes, C. J. Taylor, D. Cooper, and G. J. Edwards, “Active Shape Model – Their Training and Application,” Computer Vision and Image Understanding, Vol. 61, No. 1, pp. 38-59, Jan. 1995.
[2] T. F. Cootes, G. J. Edwards, and C. J. Taylor, “Active Appearance Models,” IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, Vol. 23, No. 6, pp. 681-685, June 2001.
[3] J.G. Bosch, S.C. Mitchell, B.P.F. Lelieveldt, F. Nijland, O. Kamp, M. Sonka, and J.H.C Reiber, “Automatic segmentation of echocardiographic sequences by active appearance motion models,” IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging, Vol. 21, No. 11, pp. 1374-1383, Nov. 2002.
[4] G. Xinbo, S. Ya, L. Xuelong, and T. Dacheng, “A Review of Active Appearance Models,” IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics - Part C: Applications and Reviews, Vol. 40, No. 2, pp. 145-158, March 2010.
[5] J. Hays and A. A. Efros, “Scene Completion Using Millions of Photographs,” ACM Transactions on Graphics, Vo1. 51, Issue 10, pp. 87-94, 2007.
[6] A. Agrawala, M. Dontcheva, S. Drucker, A. Colburn, B. Curless, D. Salesin, and M. Cohen, “Interactive Digital Photomontage,” in Proceedings of ACM SIGGRAPH, Los Angeles, California, pp. 294-302, Aug. 2004.
[7] S. A. Rabi and P. Aarabi, “Face Fusion: An Automatic Method for Virtual Plastic Surgery,” in Proceedings the 9th International Conference on Information Fusion, pp. 1-7, July 2006.
[8] M. J. Jones and J. M. Rehg, “Statistical Color Models With Application to Skin Detection,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, pp. 274-280, 1999.
[9] Hong-Xia Wang, Chunhong Pan, Haifeng Gong, and Huai-Yu Wu, “Facial Image Composition Based on Active Appearance Model,” in Proceedings of the International Conference of Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing (ICASSP 2008), pp. 893-896, 2008.
[10] P. Perez, M. Gangnet, and A. Blake, “Poisson Image Editing,” in Proceedings of ACM SIGGRAPH 2003, Vo1. 22, Issue 3, pp. 313-318, June 13-15, 2003.
[11] A. Levin, D. Lischinski, and Y. Weiss, “A Closed Form Solution to Natural Image Matting,” IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, pp. 1-15, Feb. 2008.
[12] Dmitri Bitouk, Neeraj Kumar, Samreen Dhillon, Peter Belhumeur, and Shree K. Nayar, “Face Swapping: Automatically Replacing Faces in Photographs,” ACM Transactions on Graphics, Vol. 27, No. 3, Article 39, August 2008.
[13] Mayada F. Abdul Halim, and Hussein Hamdi Al-Fiadh, “Facial Composite System Using Genetic Algorithm,” in Proceedings of International Conference on Computer Graphics, Imaging and Visualisation (CGIV'06), pp. 262-266, 2006.
[14] A. Z. Kouzani, S. Nahavandi, N. Kouzani, L. X. Kong, and F. H. She, “A Morphing Technique for Facial Image Representation,” in Proceedings of 2000 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, Vol. 2, pp. 1378-1383, 2000.
[15] G. Wolberg, “Digital Image Warping,” IEEE Computer Society Press, Los Alamitos, CA, 1990.
[16] T. D. Bui, M. Poel, D. Heylen and A. Nijholt, “Automatic Face Morphing for Transferring Facial Animation,” in Proceedings of the 6th IASTED International Conference on Computers, Graphics and Imaging, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA, pp. 19-23, August 2003.
[17] J. Y. Noh and U. Neumann, “Expression Cloning,” in Proceedings of ACM SIGGRAPH Computer Graphics 2001, Los Angeles CA, pp. 277-288, August 2001.
[18] S. Karungaru, M. Fukumi and N. Akamatsu, “Automatic Human Faces Morphing Using Genetic Algorithms Based Control Points Selection ,” International Journal of Innovative Computing, Information and Control, Vol. 3, No. 2, pp. 247-256, April 2007.
[19] http://www2.imm.dtu.dk/~aam/.
論文使用權限
  • 同意紙本無償授權給館內讀者為學術之目的重製使用,於2010-07-19公開。
  • 同意授權瀏覽/列印電子全文服務,於2010-07-19起公開。


  • 若您有任何疑問,請與我們聯絡!
    圖書館: 請來電 (02)2621-5656 轉 2281 或 來信