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系統識別號 U0002-1407200900302300
中文論文名稱 歐盟和東協之安全與警政合作
英文論文名稱 The Security and Police Cooperation of the EU-ASEAN Relations
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 歐洲研究所碩士班
系所名稱(英) Graduate Institute of European Studies
學年度 97
學期 2
出版年 98
研究生中文姓名 黃筠凱
研究生英文姓名 Yun-Kai Huang
電子信箱 695290212@s95.tku.edu.tw
學號 695290212
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2009-06-24
論文頁數 194頁
口試委員 指導教授-鄒忠科
委員-汪毓瑋
委員-張福昌
中文關鍵字 歐盟  東協  非傳統安全  亞歐會議  東協區域論壇  反恐  警政合作  歐洲警政署  亞齊監督特派團 
英文關鍵字 EU  ASEAN  ASEM  ARF  non-traditional security  counter-terrorism  Police cooperation  Europol  AMM 
學科別分類 學科別社會科學區域研究
中文摘要 隨著歐洲聯盟(European Union, EU,簡稱歐盟)政經力量逐漸擴大,歐盟儼然已成為一個全球性角色。歐盟歷經了5次的擴大,是當今整合程度最全面的區域組織;而亞洲的東南亞國家協會(Association of the Southeast Asian Nations, ASEAN,簡稱東協)自1967年成立以來也展現了區域整合的另一風貌。自1978年以來歐盟就是東協最老的政治對話夥伴,而自歐盟執委會自1994年發布《邁向亞洲的新戰略》到2003年《與東南亞的新伙伴關係》以來顯示其對東南亞區域的重視,且1996年亞歐會議(Asia-Europe Meeting,簡稱ASEM)舉行,代表歐盟拓展與亞洲國家之關係其範圍也擴大到亞太區域。歐盟希望能與東協以平等的夥伴關係展開對話,共同在國際事務上扮演具建設性和穩定性的角色。

全球化和區域化交互影響之背景下,使得「安全」的意義不在侷限於傳統安全的軍事面向,911事件後新型態的安全議題重要性浮現,特別在「非傳統安全」上極需區域間之合作,例如:毒品交易、恐怖主義、跨國犯罪等問題皆無法以單一國家之力量解決,因此,歐盟與東協之安全合作將產生正面影響。本文探討歐盟對外關係中,歐盟對亞洲和東南亞政策的演變過程,作為探討歐盟與東協建立安全合作的基礎;再由目前歐盟東協關係中現存的合作架構(以亞歐會議、東協區域論壇為例),針對兩組織安全合作的對話機制,或是未來可能發展的走向,作進一步的探討。

本文研究架構聚焦於歐盟和東協在「非傳統安全」議題上的合作與作為,並特別強調歐盟的歐洲警政署(European Police Office, Europol)、和東協警察組織(ASEAN Chiefs of National Police, ASEANPOL)在有關反恐怖主義上兩大區域組織警政合作之情形,並根據歐盟歐洲安全暨防衛政策(European Security and Defence Policy, ESDP)發展至今的執行任務中,距離歐洲本土最遙遠的亞齊監督特派團(Aceh Monitoring Mission, AMM)為例,分析歐盟和東協在安全合作上之成效。最後由此研究總結安全與警政合作應係台灣突破外交困境之機會,我國當更重視非傳統安全之國際合作。
英文摘要 From strengthening political and economic influence, the European Union (EU) constantly deepens and broadens its integration since established. The EU experienced 5th enlargement, its comprehensive integration absolutely has become a globe actor. Meanwhile, since 1967 the Association of the Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) also demonstrates different way of integration in Asia. Since 1978 the EU became the oldest political dialogue partner with the ASEAN, and European Commission adopted “Toward a New Asia Strategy” in 1994, “A new partnership for South East Asia” in 2003, that represent the EU has emphasized its relation with the region South East Asia. In addition, the Asia-Europe Meeting (ASEM) held in 1996, the EU has enhanced its influence in Asia-Pacific region. EU also want to enhance mutual understanding and partner relationship toward ASEAN, and through dialogue among equals, together playing a constructive and stable role about international affairs.

In the context of globalization and regionalization, the security issue has not limited in the area of traditional military level, and importance of non-traditional security issues that need interregional cooperation also emerge after the 911 event. Many problems can not be tackled by single nation capability, for example: drugs trafficking, transnational organized crimes, and terrorism. As a result, security cooperation of the EU and ASEAN relations will have positive effect. This paper discuss the process of EU policies toward Asia and South East Asia within the EU external relations, and discuss how the EU set up this process to be the basis of security cooperation with ASEAN. Moreover the author would like to analyze the future development of security cooperation between the EU and ASEAN by the ongoing cooperative framework (for instance: ASEM, ARF).

This paper argues that security cooperation between the EU and ASEAN, and focus on the field of non-traditional security. Especially underscores the cooperation and situation between European Police Office (Europol) and ASEAN Chiefs of National Police (ASEANPOL), in the affairs of counter-terrorism. In the end, the author would like to analyze the implement of security cooperation between the EU and ASEAN due to the most far away European Security and Defence Policy (ESDP) mission (Aceh Monitoring Mission, AMM). To sum up, this paper conclude that Taiwan could use the opportunities about these issues of international security and police cooperation to be a nice break for Taiwanese diplomatic dilemma.
論文目次 目次
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究動機 1
第二節 研究目的 7
第三節 研究方法 8
第四節 研究課題 14
第五節 研究範圍與限制 15
第六節 章節架構與文獻回顧 17
第二章 歐盟之亞洲暨東南亞政策 25
第一節 歐盟之對外政策與歐盟的全球角色 25
一、歐盟對外關係之法律基礎 25
二、歐盟之共同外交暨安全政策 25
三、歐盟的全球角色 32
第二節 歐盟之亞洲政策 35
第三節 歐盟之東南亞政策 40
第四節 歐盟與東協之政經關係 42
第三章 歐盟和東協之安全合作機制 59
第一節 亞歐會議(ASEM) 59
一、亞歐會議的召開及基本原則 59
二、亞歐會議之架構 62
三、亞歐會議之功能 78
四、亞歐會議之意涵 83
第二節 東協區域論壇(ARF) 87
一、 東協區域論壇之成立 87
二、 東協區域論壇之功能 89
三、 歐盟參與東協區域論壇之意涵 98
第三節 歐盟與東協安全合作機制之評估 101
第四章 歐盟和東協安全合作之發展(反恐) 107
第一節 歐盟與東協安全議題之討論 107
第二節 歐盟與東協反恐合作 111
一、 恐怖主義之定義 111
二、 東南亞恐怖主義發展現況 115
第三節 歐盟─東協部長會議之反恐決議 122
第四節 亞歐會議之反恐議程 128
第五節 東協區域論壇舉辦反恐會議 132
第六節 東南亞恐怖主義研究中心 133
第五章 歐盟和東協警政合作之發展 137
第一節 歐洲警政署 137
一、歐盟警政合作之法律基礎 137
二、歐洲警政署之組織及功能 140
三、歐洲警政署在歐盟反恐架構之角色 148
四、歐洲警政署與第三國或國際組織間的反恐合作 152
第二節 東協與歐盟之警政合作 155
第三節 歐盟之亞齊監督特派團 159
一、亞齊監督特派團之法源與目標 159
二、亞齊監督特派團之預算與組織 163
三、亞齊監督特派團之成效 170
四、亞齊監督特派團之貢獻 174
第六章 結論 177
第一節 研究發現 177
第二節 研究建議 181
參考文獻 185


圖目次

(圖1-1) 全球化所影響的國家安全運作 4
(圖1-2) 研究架構圖 18
(圖2-1) 歐盟共同外交政策決策流程圖 29
(圖2-2) 2000-2006年歐盟與東協國家進出口貿易走勢圖 47
(圖2-3) 歐盟與東協之貿易關係圖 47
(圖2-4) 歐盟和東協進出口貿易狀況(2003-2007) 48
(圖2-5) 歐盟對東協直接投資流量(FDI) 57
(圖3-1) 亞歐會議組織架構圖 63
(圖3-2) 亞歐會議主要經濟議題結構 74
(圖3-4) 亞歐會議之區域背景 87
(圖3-5) 全球和區域性組織第二軌外交網絡 103
(圖4-1) 歐盟反恐戰略意涵 124
(圖4-2) 東南亞區域反恐中心組織圖 134
(圖5-1) 歐洲警政署組織架構圖 144
(圖5-2) Interpol分布全球於各區域之辦事處 158
(圖5-3) 「亞齊監督任務」轄區辦公室位置圖 169
(圖5-4) 歐盟2003年後ESDP任務時間表 176


表目次

(表1-1) 文獻分析表 20
(表2-1) 比較2000年與2006年歐盟與東協國家之貿易量 48
(表2-2) 10大東協貿易夥伴(2006年) 49
(表2-3) 1994年11月東協與歐盟各國間簽訂避免雙重課稅協定一覽表 55
(表2-4) 1995年7月東協與歐盟各國間簽訂投資協定一覽表 56
(表3-1) ASEF之財政支助(1997~2003) 76
(表3-2) 亞歐會議進程表 80
(表3-3) 安全體制、安全社群、防衛社群的特性 91
(表3-4) 「東協區域論壇」「信心建立措施」實施情形 92
(表3-5) 歐洲安全暨合作組織與東協區域論壇比較 96
(表4-1) 傳統及非傳統安全議題的類型及概念 108
(表4-2) 東南亞主要恐怖組織及其發展 118
(表5-1) 歐盟三柱架構下的反恐合作 149
(表5-2) 「亞齊監督任務」繳械行動成效表 172


參考文獻 一、中文部份

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(二) 期刊
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李隆生 (2006)。〈以東協為軸心的東亞經濟整合: 從區域主義到全球化?〉,《亞太研究論壇》,第三十三期,頁101-124。
李銘義 (2005)。〈亞歐會議反恐議程之研究〉,《亞太研究通訊》,第3期,2005年7月,頁67-80。
柯慶忠 (2005)。〈國際刑警組織與歐盟警察組織〉,《刑事雙月刊》。第五期,頁12-19。
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(三)研討會論文
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張福昌 (2008)。〈歐洲警政署:歐盟反恐政策的基石?〉,《第四屆「恐怖主義與國家安全」學術研討會》。台北:中央警察大學恐怖主義研究中心,2008年12月15日,頁81-104。
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二、外文部份

(一) 官方及法律文件
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1st Asia-Europe Meeting, Chairman's Statement of the Asia-Europe Meeting, Bangkok, 2 March1996.
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20th Asian Regional Conference media release, INTERPOL.
7 March 1980
A Secure Europe in a Better World: European Security Strategy. Brussels: European Council 12 December 2003, drafted under the responsibilities of the EU High Representative Javier Solana.
Administrative Arrangement between Europol and OLAF.
Agreement between Eurojust and Europol.
Agreement between Europol and ECB.
Agreement between Interpol and Europol.
Art. 1, 4-6 Cooperation Agreement between the World Customs Organization(WCO) and the European Police Office (Europol).
ASEAN-EEC Second Joint Declaration, ASEAN Secretariat, Kuala Lumpur
ASEM Ministerial Conference on Cooperation for the Management of Migratory Flows between Europe and Asia, 5 April 2002, Lanzarote.
ASEM Summit in Seoul in 2000, AECF sets out the vision, key principles, objectives, priorities and coordination mechanisms of the ASEM process for the first decade of the 21st century.
Civilian Capabilities Commitment Conference, Ministerial Declaration , 14848/04, 22 November 2004, Brussels.
Civilian Headline Goal 2008, 15863/04, Council of the European Union, Brussels, 7 December 2004.
Civilian Headline Goal 2008, EUROPA, Summaries of legislation.
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(四)會議論文
Lindberg, Lena & Handelshögskolan, Claes G. Alvstam, Universitet, Göteborgs (2008). EU-ASEAN trade facing free trade negotiations, the 10th Annual Conference on European Integration. Swedish: Network for European Studies in Economics and Business (SNEE), Mölle, Sweden
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三、網路資源
Institute for Security Studies-European Union(EUISS-EU), http://www.iss.europa.eu/
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亞歐會議官方網站,http://www.aseminfoboard.org/
東協官方網站,http://www.aseansec.org/
東協區域論壇官方網站,http://www.aseanregionalforum.org/
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德國國際安全研究院之英文網站(SWP),http://www.swp-berlin.org/
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