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系統識別號 U0002-1407200823560800
中文論文名稱 適用於RFID之被動式電子標籤的鑑別技術
英文論文名稱 The authentication technology for the passive tag in RFID
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 資訊工程學系碩士在職專班
系所名稱(英) Department of Computer Science and Information Engineering
學年度 96
學期 2
出版年 97
研究生中文姓名 李俊慶
研究生英文姓名 Chun-Ching Li
學號 795410066
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
第二語文別 英文
口試日期 2008-06-16
論文頁數 62頁
口試委員 指導教授-黃仁俊
委員-林開榮
委員-黃心嘉
委員-賴義鵬
中文關鍵字 RFID  安全防護  雙向鑑別  用戶隱私 
英文關鍵字 RFID  security protection  mutual authentication  user privacy 
學科別分類 學科別應用科學資訊工程
中文摘要 本論文研究並提出一個適用於無線射頻辨識系統(RFID)應用環境中安全且有效率的鑑別技術,此方法適用於計算能力弱、記憶體容量小且不需附加電池之RFID被動式電子標籤,我們提出之安全鑑別技術運用Hash函數與互斥或運算並具備安全防護及雙向鑑別的功能,可以有效的防止電子標籤遭到分析追蹤與複製,可確實提供一個具安全功能的RFID應用模式,這項鑑別技術不但可以運用在RFID行動付費機制中,也同時具備防止偽造、雙重消費及追蹤等功能,以確保行動交易過程中的安全性與隱私性。
英文摘要 This paper we propose a security and efficient authentication technology that is suitable for Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) application environment. This technology is proper when the passive tag has weak computing ability, memory limitation and no on-board battery. Based on Hash function and exclusive-or operation, this technology not only offers data protection and mutual authentication, but also can protect the tag from analysis, tracing, or cloning. In the application to RFID mobile payment, this technology can prevent masquerade, double spending and tracing, ensuring the security during the transaction process.
論文目次 目錄 I
圖目錄 IV
表目錄 V
第一章 前言 1
第二章 RFID簡介及運作原理 4
2-1 RFID簡介 4
2-2 讀取器(Reader) 4
2-3 電子標籤(Tag) 5
2-4 資料庫電腦系統 7
第三章 RFID安全問題 8
3-1 擷取或竊聽攻擊 8
3-2 位置追蹤攻擊 9
3-3 複製攻擊 10
第四章 相關研究 11
4-1 Kill標籤法 11
4-2 Dimitriou法 11
4-3 Zhai法 13
4-4 Kang法 15
第五章 我們的安全鑑別技術 17
5-1 符號定義 17
5-2 身分鑑別方法 17
第六章 安全分析 21
6-1 電子標籤鑑別合法讀取器功能 21
6-2 讀取器鑑別合法電子標籤的功能 21
6-3 防止讀取器及電子標籤的非同步攻擊 21
6-4分析對密鑰k與Si的防護 22
6-5 防止電子標籤位置追蹤的攻擊 22
6-6 防止擷取傳送資料後進行電子標籤複製 23
6-7 防止因一個電子標籤遭破解對整個系統威脅 23
第七章 效能分析 24
7-1 整體系統的運算過程有效率 24
7-2 適用於低成本的電子標籤 24
第八章 結合我們安全鑑別技術之交通票務機制 25
8-1 符號定義 26
8-2 登註儲值階段 27
8-3 進站登載階段 32
8-4 離站扣款階段 37
第九章 功能分析 40
9-1 對外部攻擊者或偽造的讀取器具有匿名性 40
9-2 防止偽造進站記錄 40
9-3 防止偽造儲值金額 40
9-4 防止重送攻擊 41
9-5 優惠票 42
9-6 遺失補發 43
第十章 效能分析 44
第十一章 結論與未來研究方向 45
參考文獻: 46
附錄-英文論文 51

圖 1:RFID系統架構示意圖 4
圖 2:被動式RFID標籤(左)與主動式RFID標籤(右) 7
圖 3:Dimitriou的方法 12
圖 4:Zhai的方法 14
圖 5:Kang的方法 16
圖 6:我們的身份鑑別方法 20
圖 7:登註儲值階段 31
圖 8:進站登載階段 36
圖 9:離站扣款階段 39

表一:電子標籤IDi與Si 及Zi對照表 18
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