淡江大學覺生紀念圖書館 (TKU Library)
進階搜尋


下載電子全文限經由淡江IP使用) 
系統識別號 U0002-1407200809571300
中文論文名稱 歐洲聯盟之區域貿易協定的發展與影響 — 以EU與ACP國家間經貿關係為例(1997~2007)
英文論文名稱 Approach of EU Regional Trade Agreements with An Analysis of Its Relationship with ACP Countries for the Last Decade
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 歐洲研究所碩士班
系所名稱(英) Graduate Institute of European Studies
學年度 96
學期 2
出版年 97
研究生中文姓名 邱崇宇
研究生英文姓名 Chung-yu Chiu
學號 694030122
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2008-06-25
論文頁數 138頁
口試委員 指導教授-苑倚曼
委員-梁崇民
委員-王高成
中文關鍵字 區域化  歐洲聯盟  區域貿易協定  非加太國家  經濟夥伴協定 
英文關鍵字 regionalization  EU  RTAs  ACP countries  EPA 
學科別分類 學科別社會科學區域研究
中文摘要 近年來除了對全球化議題進行討論之外,區域化亦逐漸成為國際貿易層面的新趨勢。本研究以「合作與價值、貿易與發展」貫穿全文,並針對歐盟之區域貿易協定的發展以及對世界經貿之影響作一探討。並以制度經濟的觀點針對歐盟與非洲、加勒比與太平洋國家相互進
行單邊優惠措施與貿易援助方面加以探究。

除了羅馬條約之外,歐盟與非加太國家之間已簽署的主要協定以雅溫得公約、洛梅公約、科都努協定及經濟夥伴協定為主。其原則與目的皆在於消除貧窮、促進區域經濟統合與增進和聯繫雙邊關係永續發展的可能性。就現行的市場機制方面,歐盟設置對外貿易政策、優惠制度、歐洲發展基金與歐洲投資銀行等機制以增加開放雙邊市場准入的可行性。若從制度經濟角度及雙邊貿易情況觀之,雙邊互動是逐步由從屬關係到一個穩定的經濟與貿易夥伴關係。

然而國家、市場與產業若能協調相關制度、設置基礎建設與靈活運用外資,亦可促成國家競爭優勢與產業技術能力的創造與提升。國家間的合作無不尋求最適策略以維持國際地位和國家利益。非加太國家除了在歷史背景上與歐盟有著緊密的連結外,利用其在實踐區域貿易統合的經驗、資金與技術的援助及合作和區域組織的政策協調等方式,將有助於對建置共同市場、共同貨幣、融入世界貿易體系並鞏固其第三勢力之地位。
英文摘要 The growth of humanity and its race for economic development bring out the question of a more efficient allocation of limited resources. With the time, political, economical, scientifical, technological or social development has pushed to cross over the boundaries of domestic or neighborhood markets. Therefore, considering to globalization and regionalization and it’s developmental
trend bring new situations and consequences, these effects being possibly positive or negative. Since then international issues cannot anymore be discarded.

Over all the world, governments had developed closer cooperation and maintain healthy competition through multilateral, bilateral and inter-regional exchanges, integrated most of the time in international organizations, for example, the World Trade Organization (WTO), the International Monetary Fund (IMF), World Bank and Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development
(OECD). Then in the recent years, Regionalization has become the new trend of the international trade, Europe do not except. Thus in this thesis, “cooperation and new form of trade and development” are depicted throughout the full text, and this study focus on EU’s regional trade agreements’ (RTAs) development and their effect on the world economy and trade. At the same time are also analyzed unilateral preferential measures between the EU, African, Caribbean and Pacific Countries (ACP countries).

Besides mentioning the connections between the EU and the Overseas Countries and Territories (OCTs) in the Roma Treaty, EU has also signed three main agreements in the last 50 years between the EU and ACP countries. From “ Yaoundé Convention”, “Lomé Convention” to the present “ Cotonou Agreement” and “Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) ”. Their Common principles and objectives are to reduce poverty in ACP countries, promote the integration of regional economy and ensure sustainable development of the bilateral relations. These agreements help to set up the trade policies and create a European Development Fund (EDF) and guaranty the market stability under the bilateral trade situations. Tentative approach to the view of Institutional
Economics, trade trends, and bilateral interaction shows from the hypotactic relations, an stable economy and trade partnership evidence.

Developing countries status is evolving and will tend to become totally developed, economically speaking. Nations, markets and industries are more and more able to promote, create and observe a raise of their national competitive advantage and industry technological advantages, in this
study the path of their progress and institutional targets; the establishment of infrastructures and the flexibility of foreign capital (Foreign Direct Investment, FDI) are detailed. The future world trading system and present Doha round perspectives will give purpose to analysis of freer trade facing to economical cooperation considerations.
論文目次 目次

第一章、緒論 1
第一節、研究動機 1
第二節、研究目的 3
第三節、研究途徑與方法 5
第四節、研究範圍 8
第五節、文獻探討 9

第二章、單一歐洲市場與區域貿易 11
第一節、區域貿易協定 11
第一款、定義 11
第二款、歐盟專責機構 15
第三款、對國際經貿關係的影響 24
第二節、區域經貿合作與發展 27
第一款、市場間區際合作之發展 27
第二款、歐盟與ACP國家之貿易發展合作策略 29
第三款、ACP國家與單一歐洲市場之貿易願景 34
第三節、小結 38

第三章、歐盟與ACP國家間的經貿互動背景 41
第一節、啟蒙時期 41
第二節、簽署公約時期 47
第一款、羅馬條約(The Treaty of Rome)與歐洲共同體條約(The Treaty Establishing the European Community) 47
第二款、雅溫得公約(The Yaoundé Convention)與洛梅公約(The Lomé Convention) 51
第三款、科都努協定(The Cotonou Agreement) 61
一、總體目標與主要訴求 61
二、未來之貿易合作 67

第四章、歐盟與ACP國家間的市場交流機制 69
第一節、歐盟與ACP國家雙邊貿易體系下的運作 69
第一款、兩造市場主要合作發展之產業類型 69
第二款、歐盟對ACP國家重點干預項目 74
第二節、歐盟對ACP國家之市場交流政策 80
第一款、歐盟對外貿易政策 80
第二款、歐盟發展政策 82
一、官方援助預算與歐洲發展基金(European Development Fund, EDF) 82
二、歐洲投資銀行(European Investment Bank, EIB)與普遍優惠制度(Generalized System of Preferences, GSP) 85
第三款、歐盟市場准入政策(Market Access Policy) 90
第三節、ACP國家對歐盟之市場交流 94
第一款、ACP國家組織架構與總體目標 94
第二款、其他區域組織 99
第四節、經濟夥伴協定(Economic Partnership Agreements, EPAs) 101
第一款、主要內容 101
第二款、未來取向與影響 104

第五章、實務評估與未來展望 105
第一節、實務評估 105
第一款、ACP國家對歐貿易之實務分析 105
一、非洲國家對歐貿易實務 105
二、加勒比與太平洋國家對歐貿易實務 107
第二款、對歐盟而言 109
第三款、建立ACP國家的競爭優勢 109
第二節、未來展望 111
第一款、區域市場進一步統合 111
第二款、自由貿易與持續的經濟合作 111
第三款、杜哈宣言與多邊貿易體系的融入 111
第三節、後續研究與挑戰 112

第六章、結論 113

附件 115
附件一 115
附件二 117
附件三 119

參考文獻 131

圖目次

圖1-1 ACP國家分布圖 3
圖1-2 合作與建制(Cooperation and Regimes) 6
圖2-1 RTAs的數量統計圖(1948~2007) 14
圖2-2 歐盟三大支柱 16
圖2-3 單一歐洲市場與專責機構之架構圖 23
圖2-4 世界低度開發國家分布圖 28
圖2-5 2005年歐盟與ACP國家間進出口主要之貿易項目 33
圖2-6 2005年ACP國家世界主要進出口之貿易夥伴比例 40
圖3-1 歐盟在2000年貿易中ACP國家所佔之比例 52
圖4-1 2000年非洲、開發中與已開發國家擁有安全水源與健康衛生之人口比例 74
圖4-2 世界愛滋病(HIV/AIDS)人口分佈情形 76
圖4-3 世界瘧疾分佈圖 77
圖4-4 EDF之決策循環過程 83
圖4-5 2007年EIB各成員國捐贈資金配置圖 87
圖4-6 歐盟對ACP國家開放市場准入之基礎關係示意圖 91
圖4-7 歐盟接受開發中國家產品進口之示意圖(2000~2006) 92
圖4-8 世界各小型區域性國際組織之位置分布圖 99
圖5-1 國家競爭力發展過程 110

表格目次

表2-1 RTA之形態與說明 12
表2-2 競爭總署之政策、部門與相關內容 18
表2-3 歐盟對外貿易與發展政策之策略方針 31
表2-4 歐盟27國與ACP國家間貿易之發展(2000-2006) 33
表2-5 歐洲援助(EuropeAid, 2001~2005)之發展 36
表3-1 雅溫得公約之主要內容與要點 54
表3-2 洛梅公約之主要內容與要點 58
表3-3 科都努協定之主要內容與要點 63
表4-1 歐盟25國對ACP國家農產品之貿易消長狀況(1999~2005) 70
表4-2 歐盟對ACP國家於交通運輸貿易佔總出口之比例(2001~2005) 71
表4-3 造訪非洲之觀光人數統計(2003~2005) 73
表4-4 歐盟27國對ACP國家前十名之貿易關係(2000~2006) 81
表4-5 歐盟27國與ACP國家之貿易量表(2000~2006) 88
表4-6 受惠於EBA之低度開發國家名單 90
表4-7 簽署諮詢會議規則與憲章之ACP國家(至2007年11月16日止) 97
表4-8 ACP組織架構與基本職責 98
表4-9 ACP地區主要區域組織 100
表4-10 EPA:初步國家集團名單(至2006年8月26日止之統計資料) 103
表5-1 歐盟27國由安哥拉(Angola)進口原油之統計表(2000~2007) 105
表5-2 歐盟27國與ACP非洲成員國間農產品貿易與所佔比例(2000~2007) 106
表5-3 歐盟對加勒比ACP國家進出口貿易表(2000~2007) 107
表5-4 歐盟對太平洋ACP國家進出口貿易表(2000~2007) 108
參考文獻 1. 中文資料:
(1) Eirik G.Furubotn, Rudolf Richter 著,顏愛靜主譯。制度與經濟理論:新制度經濟學之貢獻。臺北市:五南圖書出版公司,初版,2001年9月。
(2) Thomas L. Friedman 著,楊振富、潘勛譯。世界是平的。臺北市:雅言文化,2005年。
(3) Robert Gilpin 著,陳怡仲、張晉閣、許孝慈譯。全球政治經濟—掌握國際經濟秩序。臺北縣:桂冠圖書股份有限公司,初版,2004年。
(4) Michael E. Porter 著,李明軒、邱如美譯。國家競爭優勢(上)、(下)。臺北縣:天下文化,初版,1996年。
(5) Kehnneth Pomeranz & Steven Topik 著,黃中憲 譯。貿易打造的世界:社會、文化、世界經濟,從1400年到現在。臺北市:大雁文化出版,初版,2007年11月。
(6) Adam Smith 著,謝宗林、李華夏譯。國富論。臺北市:先覺,初版,2000年。
(7) 王泰銓主編。歐洲聯盟條約與歐洲共同體條約譯文及重要參考文件。臺北:翰蘆出版有限公司,初版,2006年9月。
(8) 王文娟。區域貿易協定之發展趨勢及最新動態。中華經濟研究院。
(9) 張福昌著。邁向「歐洲聯盟」之路。臺北:三民書局,2002年1月。
(10) 陳麗娟著。歐洲共同體法導論。臺北:五南圖書出版公司,二版,2005年。
(11) 陳麗娟著。歐洲共同體經濟法。臺北:五南圖書出版公司,增訂二版,2005年6月。
(12) 陳麗娟著。歐洲共同體貿易法。臺北: 五南圖書出版公司,增訂二版,2005年7月。
(13) 陳彥煌著。歐洲聯盟擴張之展望—新經濟地理觀。《歐美研究》第32卷第2期。台北:中央研究院歐美研究所,2002年6月,頁317-340。
(14) 葉盛德。歐洲共同體與開發中國家。淡江文理學院,歐洲研究所。民國66年12月。
2. 英文資料:
(1) 英文書籍:
1) Alonso, Irma T. ed. . Caribbean Economies in The Twenty-first Century. USA: University Press of Florida, 2002.
2) Babarinde, Olufemi & Faber, Gerrit ed. . The European Union and the Developing Countries: The Cotonou Agreement. Leiden: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 2005.
3) Cox, Aidan & Healey, John ed. . European Development Cooperation and the Poor. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 2000.
4) Cosgrove-Stacks, Carol ed. . The European Union and Developing Countries-The Challenges of Globalization. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1999.
5) Cini, Michelle & McGowan, Lee. Competition Policy in the European Union. USA: St. Martin’s Press, INC., 1998.
131
6) Keohane, Robert O.. After Hegemony. New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1984.
7) OJO, Oladeji O. ed. . Africa and Europe. UK and USA: Zed Books Ltd., 1996.
8) Peterson, John &, Young, Alasdair R.. The European Union and the New Trade Politics. New York: Routledge, 2007.
9) Stevens, Christopher & McQueen, Matthew & Kennan, Jane. After Lome Ⅳ: A Strategy for ACP-EU Relations in 21st Century. London: Commonwealth Secretariat, 12. 1999.
(2) 官方文獻:
1) “ACP Guidelines for the Negotiations of Economic Partnership Agreements”. Sustainable Economic Development Department, Brussels, 05. 07. 2002.
2) Commission of the European Communities. “Global Europe: Competing in the World”. COM(2006) 567 final, 04. 10. 2006.
3) Caribbean Community Secretariat. “The CARICOM Environment in Figures 2002”. Georgetown, 2003.
4) Caribbean Community Secretariat. “CARICOM’S TRADE: A Quick Reference to Some Summary: Data 1996 - 2001”, 12. 2005.
5) Cotonou Working Group. “EU-ACP relations: Will the EU deliver on its promises?” , 03. 2006.
6) European Commission. The European Development Fund in A Few Words. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, 02. 2002.
7) European Commission. External and Intra-European Union Trade — Statistical Yearbook — 1958-2005. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European
Communities, 2006.
8) European Commission. Partnership agreement ACP-EC: signed in Cotonou on 23 June 2000, revised in Luxembourg on 25 June 2005. Luxembourg, Office for Official Publications
of the European Communities, 2006.
9) European Commission. Panorama of European Union Trade: Data 1999-2006. Eurostat Statistical Books, 2007.
10) European Commission. “Trade and Competitiveness Issues Paper”. Brussels, 2004.
11) European Commission. “European Economy”. Brussels: European Commission Directorate - General for Economic and Affairs Publications, No. 214(Sep., 2004).
12) European Commission. “Financing Proposal: 9th EDF”. Brussels, 04. 2004.
13) European Commission. “A World Player: The European Union’s External Relations”. DG for Press and Communication, European Commission, 07. 2004.
14) European Commission. “Preferential Trade in the EU - Making Trade Policy Work for Development: Report on EU Market Access for Developing Countries and the Potential
for Preference Erosion 2003-2005”. Report from DG Trade of the European Commission to the European Parliament, 05. 2006.
15) European Commission. “Opening the Door to Development Developing Country Access to EU Markets 1999-2003”. DG for Trade, European Commission.
16) European Commission. “ACP-EC Energy Facility Call for Proposals - Final Results: Some Preliminary Details and Statistics from the Fourth and Final Step of the Evaluation”, 09. 2007.
17) European Commission. “Putting Trade Policy At the Service of Development. EU Trade Policy and Market Access for Developing Countries 2006-2007”. Report from DG Trade
of the European Commission to the European Parliament. DG for Trade, European Commission, 22. 04. 2008.
18) European Investment Bank. “The task of the EIB in the ACP countries and OCT”, 08. 2005.
19) European Investment Bank. The EIB Group’s 2006 Annual Report: Financial Report, Vol. 2.
20) European Investment Bank. The EIB Group’s 2006 Annual Report: Statistical Report, Vol. 3.
21) Eurostep secretariat. “New ACP-EU Trade Arrangements: New Barriers to Eradicating Poverty? ”. Belgium: Brussels, 03. 2004.
22) Foltete, Anne. “EU Foreign Direct Investment in 2005”. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, 2007.
23) Gambini, Gilberto. “EU-27 Trade with ACP Countries 2006”. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, 2007.
24) Grimm, Sven. “International Development and Foreign Policy”, European Development Cooperation to 2010. Overseas Development Institute, 01. 2004.
25) Gillson, Ian & Grimm, Sven. “EU Trade Partnerships with Developing Countries”, European Development Cooperation to 2010. Overseas Development Institute, 04. 2004.
26) Kotsopoulos, John & Sidiropoulos, Elizabeth. “Continental shift? Redefining EU-Africa relations”. European Policy Centre, 11. 2007.
27) Knotterus, Roeline. “EPA Negotiations Do Not Promote the Right Investment Policies in Africa”. SOMO Briefing Paper, 09. 2006.
28) Michalopoulos, Constantine. “Trade Policy and Market Access Issues for Developing Counities”. World Bank.
29) OECD Development Centre. “Aid for Trade and Agro-based Private Sector Development in Africa: Lessons from Tanzania and Zambia”, 11. 09. 2006.
30) Overseas Development Institute. “The Potential Effects of Economic Partnership Agreements: What Quantitative Models Say”, Briefing Paper, 06. 2006.
31) Overseas Development Institute. “Economic Partnership Agreement (EPAs): Where We Are”, Briefing Paper, 06. 2006.
32) Overseas Development Institute. “Economic Partnership Agreements: What Happens in 2008? ”, Briefing Paper, 06. 2007.
33) Overseas Development Institute. “Annual Report 1997”.
34) Overseas Development Institute. “Annual Report 1998”.
35) Overseas Development Institute. “Annual Report 1999”.
36) Overseas Development Institute. “Annual Report 2000”.
37) Overseas Development Institute. “Annual Report 2001”.
38) Overseas Development Institute. “Annual Report 2002”.
39) Overseas Development Institute. “Annual Report 2003/2004”.
40) Overseas Development Institute. “Annual Report 2005”.
41) Overseas Development Institute. “Annual Report 2006”.
42) Overseas Development Institute. “Annual Report 2007”.
43) Quaker Council for European Affairs (QCEA). “The EU and the ACP Countries”, EU and International Trade-Briefing Paper 3. Brussels.
44) “Report shows EU import from Developing Countries growing”. IP/08/622. Belgium: Brussels, 22. 04. 2008.
45) Reynolds, Elise. “The Risks and Dangers of Liberalisation of Services in Africa Under EPAs”, SOMO Briefing Paper, 09. 2006.
46) Rodríguez, Javier & Santiso, Javier. “Banking on Development: Private Banks and Aid Donors in Developing Countries”. OECD Development Centre: Working Paper No.
263(Nov. 2007).
47) Soper, Tom. “A Note on European Trade with Africa”. Overseas Development Institute. London.
48) Trade & Development Studies Centre (TRADES CENTRE), Friedrich Ebert Stiftung (FES) and SADC. “ACP-EU Cotonou Agreement – What Are the Options and Challenges
for SADC? ”. TRADES CENTRE & FES (21-22 Sep. 2000).
49) WTO. “World Tariff Profiles 2006”. WTO Secretariat, Switzerland, 2007.
50) WTO. “International Trade Statistics 2007”. WTO Secretariat, Switzerland, 2007.
51) WTO. “Market Access for Products and Servies of Export Interst to Least-Developed Countries”. Sub-Committee on Least-Developed Countries, WTO, 16. 10. 2007.
(3) 期刊資料:
1) ACP-EC Council of Ministers. “Decision No 6/2005 of the ACP-EC Council of Ministers”.
Official Journal of the European Union (18 Feb., 2006).
2) Bagwell, Kyle & Mavroidis, Petros C. & Staiger, Robert W.. “It’s A Question of Market Access”. The American Journal of International Law, Vol. 96, No. 1. (Jan., 2002), pp. 56 - 76.
3) Council of the European Union. “Council Regulation (EC) No. 980/2005 of 27 June 2005”. Official Journal of the European Union (30 June, 2005).
4) Council of the European Union. “Concil Decision of 27 November 2001 on the Association of the Overseas Countries and Territories with the European Community”. Official
Journal of the European Union (30 Nov., 2001).
5) Council of the European Union. “Concil Decision of 19 March 2007 Amending Decision 2001/822/EC on the Association of the Overseas Countries and Territories with the European
Community”. Official Journal of the European Union (26 April, 2007).
6) Chris, Allen & Michael, Gasiorek & Alasdair, Smith & Harry, Flam & Peter, Birch Sørensen ed. . “The Competition Effects of the Single Market in Europe”. Economic Policy. Vol. 13, No. 27(Oct., 1998), pp.439-486.
7) Economic Department Standard Bank. Ltd.. “Commonwealth Africa and the Enlarged European Community: Notes on the Possible Effects of Britain's Entry”. African Affairs,
Vol. 71, No. 285(Oct. 1972), pp. 427-436.
8) “EPAs: Vision, Faith or Blindness?” , Trade Negotiations Insight. Vol. 6, No. 6(Oct. 2007).
9) McQueen, Matthew. “ACP-EU Trade Cooperation After 2000”, An Assessment of Reciprocal Trade Preferences. The Journal of Modern African Studies, Vol. 36, No. 4(Dec.
1998), pp. 669-692.
10) OECD & WTO. “Aid for Trade at a Glance 2007: 1st Global Review”, 2007.
(4) 其它英文資料:
1) Allen, Tim. “EU Trade with ACP Coutries”. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, 2002.
2) APRODEV. “Table summarising some aspects of the ACP Country Support Strategies”, 07. 08. 2002.
3) Christiane, Krieger-Boden. “Globalization, Integration and Regional Specialization”. Germany: Kiel Institute of World Economics, 10. 2000.
4) Crawford, Jo-Ann & Laird, Sam. “Regional Trade Agreements and the WTO”. Centre for Research in Economic Development and International Trade, University of Nottingham, March, 2000.
5) Deardorff, Alan V. . “Market Access for Developing Countries”. University of Michigan, 14. 08. 2000.
6) ECDPM. “Regional approaches to conflict prevention in Africa European support to African processes”, No.4, InBrief, 10. 2003.
7) ECDPM. “The 10th European Development Fund: Development Funding for EPAs”. Beligum.
8) ECDPM. “How to Make EPAs WTO Compatible? Reforming the Rules on Regional Trade Agreements”, Discussion Paper No. 40, 07. 2003.
9) Godfrey, Claire. “Unequal Partners: How EU-ACP Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs) could Harm the Development Prospects of Many of the World’s Poorest Countries”.
Oxfam Briefing Note, 09. 2006.
10) Kimunguyi, Patrick. “The European Union and Developing Countries: The Challenges of Trade Liberalisation in the Cotonou Process”. University of Melbourne.
11) Laursen, Finn. “The EU in the Global System. Background paper for lecture on “The European Union in the Global System: External Relations and the Common Foreign and
Security Policy (CFSP)” ”. The Graduate Institute of European Studies, Tamkang University, Taipei, 03. 2002.
12) Li, Jinxiang. “Will the Economic Partnership Agreements aid Regional Integration? ”, The European Union Relationship to the Africa, Caribbean and Pacific Countries in Terms of the Cotonou Agreement. South Africa: University of Weatern Cape, 30. 05. 2008.
13) Mak, James. “Pacific island economies”. Center for Pacific Islands Studies School of Hawaiian, Asian & Pacific Studies, University of Hawaii, 01. 2001.
14) Panagariya, Arind. “EU Preferential Trade Policies and Developing Countries”. Center for International Economics, University of Maryland, 27. 08. 2002.
15) William, Zartman I. “The Politics of Trade Negotiations between Africa and the European Economic Community: The Weak Confront the Strong”. New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1971.
3. 網站資料:
(1) 太平洋共同體秘書處
http://www.spc.int/corp/
(2) 世界貿易組織
http://www.wto.org
(3) 世界經濟論壇
http://www.weforum.org/en/index.htm
(4) 加勒比共同體
http://www.caricom.org/
(5) 加勒比國家協會
http://www.acs-aec.org/
(6) 加勒比發展銀行
http://www.caribank.org/
(7) 加勒比共同體統計處
http://www.caricomstats.org/index.htm
(8) 加勒比共同體法律網
http://www.caricomlaw.org/
(9) 非加太國家秘書處
http://www.acp.int/index.htm
(10) 非洲聯盟
http://www.africa-union.org/
(11) 非洲發展銀行
http://www.afdb.org/
(12) 東非共同體
http://www.eac.int/
(13) 東南非共同市場
http://www.comesa.int/index_html/view
(14) 東加勒比國家組織
http://www.oecs.org/
(15) 南非發展共同體
http://www.sadc.int/
(16) 政府間發展管理組織
http://www.igad.org/
(17) 亞太經濟合作會議
http://www.apec.org/
(18) 夏威夷體系大學太平洋島嶼研究中心
http://www.hawaii.edu/cpis/
(19) 經濟部國貿局
http://cwto.trade.gov.tw/
(20) 經濟合作發展組織
http://www.oecd.org
(21) 維基百科
http://en.wikipedia.org/
(22) 歐洲發展政策管理中心
http://www.ecdpm.org
(23) 歐盟官方網站
http://ec.europa.eu/index_en.htm
(24) 薩赫勒撒哈拉國家共同體
http://www.cen-sad.org/
(25) EU ACP
http://www.ue-acp.org/en/index.html
(26) EUROSTAT
http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu
(27) EUR-Lex
http://eur-lex.europa.eu/en/index.htm
(28) “EU and South Africa Continue Trade Talks as Lome Decision Approaches”, European Report,
20. 03. 1997. Available from: http://www.proquest.com/, accessed 05. 05. 2008.
(29) “EU/ACP: Cuba to Join Lome Convention? ”, European Report, 28. 02. 1998. Available from:
http://www.proquest.com/, accessed 05. 05. 2008.
(30) “EU/ACP: Joint Assembly Tackles Lome Future and Regional Concerns”, European Report,
22. 03. 1997. Available from: http://www.proquest.com/, accessed 05. 05. 2008.
(31) “EU/ACP: NGOs Concerned ACPs Cannot Adapt Lome Follow-up Proposals”, European Report,
28. 01. 1998. Available from: http://www.proquest.com/, accessed 05. 05. 2008.
(32) “EU/ACP: What Future for Lome? ”, European Report, 06. 07. 1996. Available from:
http://www.proquest.com/, accessed 05. 05. 2008.
(33) “EU-ACP: Joint Assembly Studies Cotonou Pact”, European Report, 11. 10. 2000. Available
from: http://www.proquest.com/, accessed 05. 05. 2008.
(34) “EU/ACP: New Partnership Agreement to be Signed in Cotonou”, European Report,
21. 06. 2000. Available from: http://www.proquest.com/, accessed 05. 05. 2008.
(35) JSTOR
http://www.jstor.org/
(36) OXFAM
http://www.oxfam.org/
論文使用權限
  • 同意紙本無償授權給館內讀者為學術之目的重製使用,於2008-07-15公開。
  • 同意授權瀏覽/列印電子全文服務,於2008-07-15起公開。


  • 若您有任何疑問,請與我們聯絡!
    圖書館: 請來電 (02)2621-5656 轉 2281 或 來信