|| This thesis is written based on Shiming the book, composed by Liu Xi in the East Han dynasty, with the viewpoints form linguistic culture study and in terms of the tight relationship between the language and the culture in order to reconstruct the literature world that Liu Xi had documented in Shiming. The full text is composed of six sections as: section I, the introduction; section II, the nature world; section III, life and interpersonal interaction; section IV, the basic needs of people’s livelihood; section V, the instruments and civilization; and section VI, the conclusion.
The first section, as the introduction, consists of two chapters. The first chapter is titled the background and deals with the motivation and goal of this study, a brief overview of the Shiming and previous studies, as well as the approaches adopted in this study. The author here elucidates the reason why to discuss the text in terms of linguistic culture study, previous research and publications, and the narrating procedures of this study. The second chapter is titled as the epitome of linguistic culture of the Shiming- Shiyanyu (釋言語), a vocabulary system of language interpretation. The author deals with this chapter as the basic vocabulary database used at that time and therefore this chapter serves as the epitome of the text of the Shiming. In the introduction section, the author divides the Shiming into four categories: the nature world, life and interpersonal interaction, the basic needs of people’s livelihood, as well as the instruments and civilization; these four categories are discussed in the following sections.
The second chapter, the nature world, consists of two chapters, astronomy and geography. The chapter of astronomy coincides with Shitian (釋天)while the chapter of geography is related to Shidi (釋地), Shichoukuo (釋州國), Shishan (釋地), Shishui (釋水), and Shicho (釋丘). From these two chapters, which represent the heaven (astronomy) and the earth (geography), we can observe the literature interpretations toward the nature world made by the past people.
The third section, life and interpersonal interaction, is addressed in two chapters: figure and interpersonal interaction. The chapter of figure is associated with Shishinti (釋形體), Shijiron (釋姿容), and Shijibin (釋疾病), discussing the knowledge of human bodies and facial looks. The chapter of interpersonal interaction is related to Shichinshu (釋親屬), Shizhanyo (釋長幼), and Shisanzhi (釋喪制), dealing with relationships between relatives and the way people interact with others.
The fourth section, the basic needs of people’s livelihood, is divided into four sub-subjects: food, clothes, lodging, and transportation. The food chapter is related to Shiyinsh (釋飲食); the chapter of clothes is associated with Shitsaibor (釋綵帛), Shishoshi (釋首飾), and Shiyiphu (釋衣服); the chapter of lodging is associated with Shigonshi (釋宮室) and Shichunzhan (釋床帳); the chapter of transportation is discussing Shicher (釋車), Shichan (釋船), and Shidao (釋道). This section extensively discusses the issues from the food people eat, the clothes people wear, the house people reside to the transportation, which are all the basic needs of people’s livelihood.
The fifth section, instruments and civilization, emphasizes in topics of music, articles, and the scriptures. The chapter of music is based on Shiyuechi (釋樂器); the chapter of articles is associated with Shiyuechi (釋樂器) and Shibin (釋兵); the chapter of the scriptures is related to Shidenyi (釋典藝) and Shishuchi (釋書契). These represent the articles and civilization as the society being nationalized.
The sixth section, conclusion, elucidates the important stand and value of Shiming in the linguistic culture study and also concludes the fore-mentioned sections. The author suggests that Shiming the book can help us to realize the contemporary literature viewpoints toward the nature world, to understand the diversity of lifestyles in the society, to generalize the basic needs of people’s livelihood, and also to demonstrate the civilization of articles and education. Most important of all, Shiming, the scriptures narrated by Liu Xi, has established a complete framework of the East Han dynasty.