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系統識別號 U0002-1402201201050100
中文論文名稱 從眾因素、產品因素與從眾行為對衝動性購買行為之影響-以女性面膜購買行為為例
英文論文名稱 The Impact of Conformity Factors、Product Factors and Conformity on Impulsive Buying Behavior-An Empirical Study of Female Customers Purchasing Facial Masks.
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 國際企業學系碩士在職專班
系所名稱(英) Executive Master's Program Of Business Administration (EMBA) In International Busines
學年度 100
學期 1
出版年 101
研究生中文姓名 陳韻如
研究生英文姓名 Yun-Ju Chen
學號 798550306
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2012-01-04
論文頁數 96頁
口試委員 指導教授-曾義明
委員-何怡芳
委員-何志峰
中文關鍵字 衝動性購買  從眾  產品因素  面膜 
英文關鍵字 Impulsive Buying Behavior  Conformity  Product Factors  Facial Masks 
學科別分類
中文摘要 衝動性購買一直是消費者行為領域的重要課題,但歷年來學者的探討層面多著重在個人因素或外在環境因素,著墨於人際互動、團體影響方面的研究明顯不足,而本研究在這樣的背景下,透過問卷發放的方式,探討多數職場女性日常的「面膜」購買行為,以實證研究來了解職場女性是否會因從眾特性進而引發衝動性購買行為,並納入產品因素(產品能見度及產品品質)作為干擾變數,觀察其中的影響程度,檢視從眾行為與衝動性購買行為之間是否存在顯著的影響,並提供業者未來的行銷組合建議與資料參考。

首先,本研究以平日有面膜購買習慣的職場女性為研究調查對象,以大台北地區為主要調查區域,請其以書面或e-mail方式協助填答問卷,調查日期自100年7月起至100年8月止,總共發出400份問卷,有效回收354份。調查研究發現,職場女性在工作群體當中,確實會因為彼此的互動接觸而產生從眾行為進而引發衝動性購買,團體的影響力及無形壓力在女性的購買行為上不容小覷,女性容易聽從團體所給予的訊息或建議而降低對商品應有的評估,衝動作出購買決定。此外,女性消費者追求流行及自信的程度,也對於從眾行為的產生顯著性的影響。

由本研究結果得知,建議業者可善用女性消費者的從眾特性來拓展商機,策略上可透過持續開發流行性商品來滿足女性對於潮流的跟隨;此外,利用口碑行銷來強化團體對女性購買行為的影響;再者,有效經營網路社群,讓企業從中獲得實質效益。
表單編號:ATRX-Q03-001-FM030-01
英文摘要 Impulsive buying behavior has been an important issue in consumer behavior area; however, this study focuses on the majority of career women’s daily "mask" purchases, analyzing whether the conformity characteristics would lead to the working women’s impulsive buying behavior, followed by the product factors for the disturbance variables to detect the degree of influence and further understands the significant connection and mutual impact between the conformity and impulsive buying behavior, in the hope of providing future marketing mix recommendations and information for reference.

First, we chose working females who make it a rule to make purchases of facial masks and focused on the great Taipei area for the main survey region to complete the questionnaires by either e-mailing or filling them out in person. Investigation lasted from July, 2011 to August, 2011. A total of 400 questionnaires were issued, 354 of which were effective. It suggested that working females among working groups do exert influence on one another because of conformity, which contributes to impulsive buying behavior. The influence and pressure from the peer groups on the buying behavior of women should never be underestimated, for women are inclined to follow information or recommendations from groups, which will reduce the assessment of products when making purchase decisions. In addition, the degree of women’s confidence and the ever-lasting pursuit of fashion have a significant impact as well.

According from the study result, we first strongly suggest that dealers avail themselves of conformity characteristics of female consumers to expand business opportunities by developing trendy products continually to satisfy the needs of women. What’s more, strengthen the effects from groups on women purchasing behavior by word-of -mouth. Last but not least, the effective operation of the Internet social websites is also of substantial help for enterprises.
表單編號:ATRX-Q03-001-FM031-01
論文目次 誌 謝 I
中文摘要 II
英文摘要 III
目 錄 V
表 目 錄 VII
圖 目 錄 IX
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究動機與背景 1
第二節 研究目的 3
第二章 文獻探討 4
第一節 衝動性購買 4
第二節 從眾行為理論 15
第三節 產品因素 24
第三章 研究架構、假說與方法 27
第一節 研究架構與假說 27
第二節 變數操作性定義 31
第三節 問卷設計 37
第四節 抽樣設計 39
第五節 資料統計分析方法 41
第四章 實證分析結果 44
第一節 樣本結構分析 44
第二節 因素分析結果 51
第三節 研究假說修正 61
第四節 信度分析 63
第五節 迴歸分析 66
第六節 假說分析結果 71
第五章 研究結論與建議 72
第一節 研究結論 44
第二節 實務建議 51
第三節 研究限制 61
第四節 後續研究建議 63
參考文獻 80
中文部份 80
英文部份 83
網路部份 92
附錄一:研究問卷 93


表目錄
表2-1 衝動性組合….……………………………………………………………… . 6
表2-2 各學者對於衝動性購買定義及論點之重點彙整……….………………… . 9
表2-3 影響從眾行為四個因素的特性……………………………………………. 19
表3-1 從眾因素、從眾行為、產品因素及衝動購買操作性定義與衡量問項表… 34
表3-2 問卷發放與回收情形……………………………………………………... 40
表3-3 Cronbach’s α 係數之參考指標表................................................................ 41
表3-4 因素負荷量選取標準.................................................................................. 42
表4-1 受訪者之年齡樣本結構分配表………………………………………….. 45
表4-2 受訪者之年資樣本結構分配表………………………………………….. 45
表4-3 受訪者之樣本結構分配表……………………………………………….. 46
表4-4 受訪者之樣本結構分配表……………………………………………….. 47
表4-5 受訪者之樣本結構分配表……………………………………………….. 47
表4-6 受訪者之樣本結構分配表……………………………………………….. 48
表4-7 受訪者之樣本結構分配表……………………………………………….. 49
表4-8 受訪者之樣本結構分配表……………………………………………….. 49
表4-9 受訪者之樣本結構分配表……………………………………………….. 50
表4-10 KMO 之判斷標準表.................................................................................. 52
表4-11 探索性因素分析之因素負荷量的評選準則……………………………. 53
表4-12 從眾因素之因素分析KMO and Bartlett's Test 表.................................... 53
表4-13 第一部份從眾因素之因素分析轉軸後因素矩陣表……………………. 54
表4-14 從眾行為因素分析KMO and Bartlett's Test 表........................................ 55
表4-15 第二部份從眾行為因素分析之轉軸成份矩陣表………………………. 55
表4-16 產品因素之因素分析KMO and Bartlett's Test 表.................................... 56
表4-17 第三部份產品因素之因素分析轉軸後因素矩陣表……………………. 56
表4-18 衝動性購買因素分析KMO and Bartlett's Test 表.................................... 57
表4-19 第四部份衝動性購買因素分析轉軸後因素矩陣表……………………. 57
表4-20 第一部份從眾因素之信度分析表………………………………………... 63
表4-21 第二部份從眾行為之信度分析表………………………………………... 64
表4-22 第三部份產品因素之信度分析表………………………………………... 64
表4-23 第四部份衝動性購買之信度分析表……………………………………... 65
表4-24 產品因素與從眾因素對於從眾行為之相關係數表…………………….. 67
表4-25 在考慮產品因素下,從眾因素對從眾行為之迴歸分析表……………... 68
表4-26 從眾行為對於衝動性購買之相關係數表……………………………….. 69
表4-27 從眾行為對衝動性購買之迴歸分析表…………………………………... 70
表4-28 假說分析結果彙整表……………………………………………………. 71

圖目錄
圖2-1 從眾行為模型………………………………………………………………. 18
圖3-1 本研究之概念性架構………………………………………………………. 27
圖3-2 複迴歸分析圖示……………………………………………………………. 43
圖4-1 本研究修正後之概念性架構………………………………………………. 60

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