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中文論文名稱 論姬蘭.德賽《繼承失落的人》中殖民與全球化下的的身份認同
英文論文名稱 Cultural Identity in the Shadow of Colonization and globalization in Kiran Desai's The Inheritance of Loss
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 英文學系碩士班
系所名稱(英) Department of English
學年度 107
學期 1
出版年 108
研究生中文姓名 黃凱蒂
研究生英文姓名 Kai-Di Huang
電子信箱 imkayh@hotmail.com
學號 604114024
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
口試日期 2019-01-10
論文頁數 73頁
口試委員 指導教授-鄧秋蓉
委員-陳佩筠
委員-林宛瑄
中文關鍵字 文化認同  離散  現代性  國族主義  跨越界線 
英文關鍵字 Cultural identity  Diaspora  Modernity  Nationalism  Border-cross 
學科別分類 學科別人文學語言文學
中文摘要 本文主要研究了姬蘭.德賽《繼承失落的人》中不穩定的文化認同和在後殖民時期西方文化對當地居民的衝擊.德賽將小說設定在印度後殖民時期, 同時全球化也在普及的時期.所以, 在第一章, 本文著重在西方文化對當地印度居民以及生活在國外的印度非法移民的衝擊, 研究了兩個有離散經歷的主要人物, 法官和畢久. 這兩個屬於不同時代的人同樣在離散經歷中遭遇了文化衝突和種族歧視. 同樣地, 在追求財富和社會名聲的途中他們失去了對本國文化的認同,轉而擁護西方文化. 在第二章, 本文展現了後殖民時期印度居民對現代化的追求和國族主義. 在葛倫堡, 無論是哪個階級的人都沈浸在西方文化中從而忽略外部社會已經失去秩序. 雖然印度恢復了其政治自由, 但北印度的社會環境依舊混亂因其邊境有太多種族及其引發的混亂的關係.德賽著重描述了由在印度遭遇不平等的尼泊爾人發起的GNLF組織的暴動.在最後一章, 本文討論了一個女性角色, 賽伊. 一個16歲的的年輕女孩受教育於印度文化和西方文化的混合中, 而她不在意階級或者文化上的差異, 使她成為小說中最有可能實現跨越不同階級、國家和文化之間的界線的人物.
英文摘要 This thesis examines unstable cultural identity and how the western culture impacts the local culture in India in the postcolonial era in the novel, The Inheritance of Loss, which is written by Kiran Desai, who sets her novel in India in the postcolonial era when globalization unleash its influence around the world. Thus, in chapter one, this thesis concentrates on the impacts of western culture on the local Indian residents in Kalimpong and the Indians living abroad as illegal immigrants, and investigates the diasporic experiences of two protagonists, the judge and Biju, of two generations both encounter the cultural conflicts and racial discrimination. But their pursuing of wealth and reputation in western countries leads to the loss of their cultural identity. In chapter two, this thesis would like to show the longing for modernity in the postcolonial era and nationalism in India. In Kalimpong, where both the upper class and the lower class immerse in the western culture, neglecting the outside world which has already been in disorder. Although India recovers its political freedom, the social situation in north India is still in the unrest because of the chaotic relations between diverse ethnicities. Desai focuses on the GNLF movement conducted by the Nepalese, who suffer from inequality in India sovereignty. In the last chapter, this thesis explores one female protagonist, Sai. A sixteen-year-old girl, who is a hybridity of both Indian culture and western culture. This young girl does not mind the differences of class and culture, who thus becomes the character with the potential to cross the border between different classes, nations and cultures.
論文目次 Introduction……………………………………………………………........................1
Chapter One
Symptoms of Diaspora: Displacement and Loss of Identity………………………….12
Chapter Two
Aftermath of Colonization: Modernity and Nationalism………………………….….31
Chapter Three
Stepping Over the Borders: Sai’s In-between Identity………………………………..49
Conclusion……………………………………………………………………………65
Works Cited…………………………………………………………………………..71
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Bammer, Angelika. “Introduction.” Displacements: Cultural Identities in Question.
Ed. Angelika Bammer. Bloomington: Indiana UP. 1994, xi-xx. Print.
Brah, Avtar. Cartographies of Diaspora: Contesting Identities. London: Routledge,
2005. Print.
Bhabha, Homi. The Location of Culture. London: Routledge, 1994. Print.
Chatterjee, Parthe. Nationalist Thought and the Colonial World: A Derivative
Discourse. Delhi: Oxford UP, 1986. Print.
Cohen, Robin. Global Diaspora: An Introduction. London: Routledge, 2008. Print.
Concilio, Carmen. “From West Bengal to New York: The Global Novel of Jhumpa
Lahiri and Kiran Desai.” Urban Cultures of/in the United States: Interdisciplinary Perspectives. Ed. Andrea Carosso. Switzerland: Peter Lang. 2010, 87-119. Print.
Dennihy, Melissa. “Globalization’s Discontents: Reading ‘Modernity’ from the
Shadows.” Critical Responses to Kiran Desai. Ed. Sunita Sinha and Bryan Reynolds. Delhi: Atlantic, 2013, 1-20. Print.
Desai, Kiran. The Inheritance of Loss. London: Penguin, 2006. Print.
Fanon, Frantz. “On National Culture.” The Wretched of the Earth. New York: Grove
Press, 1963, 2004. 145-170. Print.
Hall, Stuart. “Cultural Identity and Diaspora.” Colonial Discourse and Post-colonial
Theory: A Reader. London: Harvester Wheatsheaf, 1994, 222-237. Print.
Haque, Jackie. “Aspects of Globalization in The Inheritance of Loss.” Critical
Responses to Kiran Desai. Ed. Sunita Sinha and Bryan Reynolds. Delhi: Atlantic, 2013, 176-188. Print.
Held, David and Anthony McGrew. “The Great Globalization Debate: An
Introduction.” The Global Transformations Reader: An Introduction to the Globalization Debate. Ed. David Held and Anthony McGrew. Cambridge: Polity Press, 2003, 1-50. Print.
Iyer, Sharada. “Kiran Desai’s The Inheritance of Loss: A Study in Insurgency.”
Critical Responses to Kiran Desai. Ed. Sunita Sinha and Bryan Reynolds. Delhi: Atlantic, 2013, 176-188. Print.
Joshi, Rama and Joanna Liddle. Daughters of Independence: Gender, Caste and Class
in India. New Jersey: Rutgers UP, 1986. Print.
Radhakrishnan, Rajagopalan. “Ethnicity in an Age of Diaspora.” Theorizing Diaspora:
A Reader. Ed. Jana Evans Braziel and Anita Mannur. Oxford: Blackwell, 2003, 119-131. Print.
Scott-James, R. A. The Making of Literature: Some Principles of Criticism Examined
in the Light of Ancient and Modern Theory. Delhi: Allied, 1963, 2009. Print.
Sen, Sanghita. “The Inheritance of Loss: Individuals in Search of the Lost Identity.”
Critical Responses to Kiran Desai. Ed. Sunita Sinha and Bryan Reynolds. Delhi: Atlantic, 2013, 99-110. Print.
Singh, Krishna. “Representation of India in Kiran Desai’s The Inheritance of Loss.”
Critical Responses to Kiran Desai. Ed. Sunita Sinha and Bryan Reynolds. Delhi: Atlantic, 2013, 51-64. Print.
Singh, Shaleen Kumar. “Reflective Moods in The Inheritance of Loss.” Critical
Responses to Kiran Desai. Ed. Sunita Sinha and Bryan Reynolds. Delhi: Atlantic, 2013, 267-273. Print.
United Nations Development Porgramme. Patterns of Global Inequality: UNDP
Report 1999. Print.
Whale, Veronica Marie. “Expressions of Identity from Colonization to Globalization:
Tracing Connection in the Process of Identification.” eSharp, (14) 2009: 111-132. Print.
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