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系統識別號 U0002-1312201816565600
中文論文名稱 董事會多樣性與企業經營績效之關聯研究--以策略變動為調節變數
英文論文名稱 The Study of Association between Boardroom Diversity and Operating Performance: Strategic Change as a Moderating Variable
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 管理科學學系博士班
系所名稱(英) Doctoral Program, Department of Management Sciences
學年度 107
學期 1
出版年 108
研究生中文姓名 賴維宏
研究生英文姓名 Wei-Hung Lai
學號 899620438
學位類別 博士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2018-12-11
論文頁數 131頁
口試委員 指導教授-顏信輝
指導教授-徐志順
委員-劉啟群
委員-李建然
委員-王偉權
委員-謝宜樺
中文關鍵字 董事會多樣性  經營績效  策略變動 
英文關鍵字 Diversity of boards  strategic change  Firm performance 
學科別分類
中文摘要 本研究從公司治理的角度出發,探討董事會多樣性對企業經營績效之影響,並進一步考慮策略變動對董事會多樣性與經營績效之關係的調節效果。本研究將董事會多樣性區分為代表相對距離之「差距」,以呈現離散同業平均標準之董事會結構多樣性及代表「多種類」屬性之董事會成員多樣性;在董事會結構上,包括董事規模,董事持股比,獨立董事比及董事長是否兼任總經理。在董事會成員屬性上,包括性別,年齡,任期及專業背景多樣性。
本研究以中國大陸上海及深圳證券交易所掛牌之A股高度裁量權產業上市公司為研究樣本,樣本期間為2014年,從初步取得之樣本3, 013家中扣除H股、B股、金融保險業、董事會變數、策略變動變數、經營績效、行業別資料缺漏及極端值,並排除中、低度裁決性行業之公司資料後,最後取得A股高度裁量權產業之公司1,131家(董事會結構多樣性)及666家(董事會成員多樣性)樣本進行分析,分別以多元迴歸模型,深入分析中國上市公司董事會多樣性與經營績效的關聯性。
研究結果顯示,董事會結構多樣性與其企業經營績效呈現負向關係;即董事會結構多樣性(離散數)愈接近該產業的平均水準時,其經營績效表現愈佳,但若是董事會結構多樣性(離散數)遠離該產業平均數之極大或極小之企業,與其經營績效則呈現負向關係。但如果將策略變動因素加入考量後,策略變動差異較小之企業,其董事會結構多樣性與其經營績效為正向關係,而策略變動差異較大之企業,其董事會結構多樣性與其經營績效則為負向關係。另外,依據符合資源依賴理論,董事會成員多樣性與其企業經營績效呈現正向的關係。如果將策略變動因素加入考量後,策略變動差異較小之企業,其董事會成員多樣性與其經營績效為正向關係。
本研究實證發現董事會多樣性確實會影響其經營績效,且策略變動確實會調節董事會結構多樣性與其經營績效之間的關係,並受策略變動幅度大小所影響,除在理論貢獻上可強化現有董事會與其經營績效關聯研究之發現,並可為公司治理的實踐提供了適當的理論解釋和進一步的參考。
英文摘要 This study, from the aspect of the integrated multi-dimensional board member’s structural and demography, attempts to explore the effect of board diversity on the firm’s operating performance of Chinese listed companies. It also examines whether the relationship between board diversity and operating performance is moderated by strategic change. We divide the diversity of the board into a structural diversity of boards (Disparity, that represents the relative distance) and a demographic diversity in boards (Variety, demographic diversity). In the structure of the board of directors, including the size of the directors, the shareholding ratio of the directors, the ratio of independent directors and whether the chairman is also the general manager. On the board member's attributes, including gender, age, tenure and educational background diversity.
This study is based on the A-share high-discretionary industrial listed companies listed on the Shanghai and Shenzhen stock exchanges in mainland China. The sample period is 2014, and the H shares, B shares, and financials are deducted from the preliminary sample of 3,013. After the insurance industry, board of director’s variables, strategic changes, business performance, industry data gaps and extreme values, and excluding medium and low-discretionary corporation data, the company finally obtained 1,131 A-share high-discretionary corporations (board of diversity) A sample of 666 (diversity on board members) was analyzed, and multiple regression models were used to analyze the correlation between board diversity and operating performance of Chinese listed companies.
The results show that the structural diversity of the board is negatively related to the performance of the enterprise; that is to say the closer the level of structural diversity of the board (which is a discrete level) is to the average level of the industry, the higher the level of operational performance.
However, if the discrete level diversity of the board structure deviates far from the industry's average, these enterprises tend to have a negative operational performance. However, when taking into consideration the strategic change, the results shows those firms with larger strategic change tend to have a negative correlation, whereas firms with smaller changes in terms of strategy tend to have a positive correlation; and similar results have been observed in state-owned enterprises. The results show that the demography board diversity is positively related to the firm’s operating performance. Furthermore, when taking strategic change into consideration, we find that the firms with smaller strategic change tend to have a significant and positive association between board diversity and operating performance, while no evidence is found for the board-diversity-performance association exists in firms with larger strategic change.
This study empirically finds that board diversity does affect its operating performance, and that strategic changes do regulate the relationship between board structure diversity and its operating performance, and are affected by the extent of the strategic changes, in addition to the theoretical contribution can strengthen the existing board of directors This study not only better identifies to what extent the diversity in the Chinese boardrooms affects the firm’s operating performance, but also provides appropriate theoretical explanations and further reference for the corporate governance practice.
論文目次 目錄
誌謝 I
中文論文提要 II
英文論文提要 III
目錄 V
表目錄 VII
圖目錄 VIII
第壹章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景 1
第二節 研究動機 4
第三節 研究目的 8
第四節 章節架構 9
第五節 研究流程 10
第貳章 文獻探討 11
第一節 董事會模式 11
第二節 中國公司之董事會 18
第三節 董事會相關理論觀點 22
第四節 董事會結構與經營績效 28
第五節 董事會成員與經營績效 35
第六節 董事會多樣性 43
第七節 策略變動 47
第八節 經營績效 52
第參章 研究方法 55
第一節 研究架構 55
第二節 假說建立 56
第三節 實證模型 63
第四節 研究變數之衡量 64
第五節 樣本選取與資料來源 68
第肆章 董事會結構多樣性與經營績效實證結果 71
第一節 敘述性統計 71
第二節 相關分析 73
第三節 董事會結構多樣性、策略變動與經營績效迴歸分析 75
第四節 進一步分析 78
第伍章 董事會成員多樣性與經營績效實證結果 82
第一節 敘述性統計 82
第二節 相關分析 84
第三節 董事會成員多樣性、策略變動與經營績效迴歸分析 86
第四節 進一步分析 89
第陸章 結論與建議 94
第一節 研究結論 94
第二節 研究貢獻 97
第三節 研究限制與建議 100
參考文獻 101
中文文獻 101
英文文獻 105
附錄 1 董事會結構多樣性指標計算 128
附錄 2 策略變動計算 130


表目錄
表1 各種治理制度比較表 17
表2 不同觀點下的董事會職能 27
表3 董事會結構多樣性樣本篩選狀況表 69
表4 董事會成員多樣性樣本篩選狀況表 70
表5董事會結構多樣性敘述性統計表 72
表6董事會結構多樣性相關係數矩陣表 74
表7董事會結構多樣性、策略變動與經營績效之迴歸結果 77
表8董事會結構多樣性與經營績效之迴歸結果:以策略變動為分群樣本 77
表9董事會個別變數、策略變動與經營績效之迴歸結果 79
表10中及低度裁量權產業之公司董事會結構多樣性、策略變動與經營績效之迴歸結果 81
表11 董事會成員多樣性敘述性統計表 83
表12 董事會成員多樣性相關係數矩陣表 85
表13 董事會成員多樣性、策略變動與經營績效之迴歸結果 88
表14 董事會成員多樣性與經營績效之迴歸結果:以策略變動為分群樣本 88
表15 董事會個別變數、策略變動與經營績效之迴歸結果 90
表16 中及低度裁量權產業董事會之公司成員多樣性、策略變動與經營績效之迴歸結果 93

圖目錄
圖 1-1 研究流程圖 10
圖 3-1 觀念架構圖 55
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