淡江大學覺生紀念圖書館 (TKU Library)

系統識別號 U0002-1308201215110700
中文論文名稱 瑪格麗特.愛特伍《使女的故事》與《末世男女》對人類理性主義畸形發展之諷刺
英文論文名稱 The Satire of the Maldevelopment of Human Rationalism in Margaret Atwood’s The Handmaid’s Tale and Oryx and Crake
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 英文學系博士班
系所名稱(英) Department of English
學年度 100
學期 2
出版年 101
研究生中文姓名 蔡曉晴
研究生英文姓名 Sincere Hsiao-Ching Tsai
學號 895110152
學位類別 博士
語文別 英文
口試日期 2012-07-03
論文頁數 218頁
口試委員 指導教授-黃逸民
中文關鍵字 畸形發展  理性主義  生態女性主義  不可預測性  諷刺 
英文關鍵字 satire  maldevelopment  rationalism  ecofeminism  randomness 
中文摘要 本論文旨在探討瑪格麗特.愛特伍小說《使女的故事》與《末世男女》對人類理性主義畸形發展之諷刺與批判。透過諷刺筆法,作者呈現出畸形發展的人性導致畸形發展的人類理性主義,並因此造成人類對自然環境、生態系統、和人類社會的畸形發展,導致地球環境和人文社會的破壞。本論文使用生態女性觀點,分析比較這兩本小說所呈現的諷刺批判意涵,顯示人類濫用理性主義所引起的生態危機。
英文摘要 The focus of this dissertation is an analysis of Margaret Atwood’s criticism of rationalism through the use of satire, showing that the maldevelopment of human nature results in the maldevelopment of natural environments, ecosystems, and human societies leading to the degradation of the earth and causing many social problems in the world. In this dissertation, I use an eco-feminist perspective to analyze and compare the satiric messages and meanings in the two novels of Atwood, The Handmaid’s Tale and Oryx and Crake. Using such a critique, it becomes clear that Atwood’s novels satirically reveal how ecological problems derive mainly from the excesses of human nature manifested in the very institutions human beings have developed in the exercise of their excessive rationalism.
I explain my motivation and concerns of this dissertation in the Introduction. Chapter One is an introduction of my focuses, including satire, human rationalism, ecofeminism, and theoretical background. Firstly, I would like to analyze how Atwood uses a satirical approach to ridicule modern phenomena and important issues, thereby revealing the maldevelopment of human rationalism. Secondly, I would like to analyze the two novels using an eco-feminist perspective, which provides insight into socio-political, economical, scientific, and technological problems, as well as indicates a way to restore a harmonious relationship between human beings and nature. The third point of analysis is the power of randomness and its subversive power in the deconstruction and reconstruction of the world and human society. With the open endings of the two novels, Atwood suggests hope for people in random possibilities instead of in rationalism.
Chapter Two provides an analysis of the maldevelopment of human rationalism in Margaret Atwood’s The Handmaid’s Tale. The novel portrays the failed efforts of the Commanders, the ruling class, to set up a theocratic military government in order to fix the problems of infertility in women and nature, as well as to reverse the social ecological degradations of the world. In this part, I would like to analyze the maldevelopment of the religion of the Commanders first, and then discuss how they pervert politics and laws to suspend human rights and objectify the female body. Atwood shows how the maldevelopment of human rationalism can lead to a function-oriented dystopia and bring further destruction.
Chapter Three is an analysis of the maldevelopment of human rationalism in Oryx and Crake. In this part, I analyze how the maldevelopment of science and capitalism (human rationalism) brings forth an unbalanced profit-oriented society and eventually leads to the extreme catastrophe of the Red Death. As a modern satire of biblical stories, Atwood’s novel parodies the stories of Genesis and provides prophetic warnings to its readers.
In my conclusion, I criticize the maldevelopments that ensue from human rationalism in the two novels, and highlight the power of randomness. Furthermore, I suggest some ways that the eco-feminist perspective can help human beings forge a more harmonious relationship between themselves and nature in order to deal with the social ecological degradations of the world in modern societies. With moral pluralism and limited human desires, people can set up a more well-rounded society.
論文目次 Table of Contents
Introduction 1
Chapter One
Satire, Human Rationalism, and Ecofeminism 8
Chapter Two
The Maldevelopment of Human Rationalism in Margaret
Atwood’s The Handmaid’s Tale 34
The Suspension of Human Rights 48
The Objectification of the Female Body 78
The Subversive Power of Randomness 92
Chapter Three
The Maldevelopment of Human Rationalism in Margaret Atwood’s Oryx and Crake 120
The Dominant Power of the Science/Technology Compounds 131
The Manipulation of Nature 156
Problems of New Commodities: Human Desire and Maldevelopment 172
The Power of Randomness 189
Conclusion 202
Works Cited 209
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