|| After 1949, the cross-strait relations have been through a lot of obstructions and changes. People of Taiwan recognized that cross-strait hostility and tension would only lead to damage, so creating a peace, stability and prosperity of long-term interests for both sides were the real concerns of Taiwanese. The Seventeenth National People's Congress in 2007, Hu Jintao firstly recommended the concept of “signing a Cross-strait Peace Agreement” which was the significant turning point of the Chinese Communist Party's Taiwan policy after 17th National People's Congress. Since President Ma Ying-Jeou took office, the development of cross-strait relations had been significantly revealed a chance because the policy of “no unification, no independence and no use of force” was proposed as the supreme guiding principles towards mainland China. On the essence of relations between two sides, Mr. Ma advocates the opinion of “Open and Restrictions to strengthen and promote cross-strait economy, culture, and civil communication. In this way, Mr. Ma hoped that two sides can build a solid foundation to reach the perspective of long-term peaceful future for the Cross-strait. In October of 2008, when foreign media interviewed President Ma, he said that he would like to do his best to reach the goal of signing Peace Agreement with CPC during his term of office.
Above description has shown a good intention of both sides which also inspire people to picture vision for the Peace Agreement in the future. Now, analyzing the relation of Cross-strait, the concept of “Peace Agreement” offered by Mr. Hu and Mr. Ma is still a long-term goal and perspective. Currently, the Cross-straits relations are having the similar consensus of peace, but have not touched for the topic of unification. For instance, Taiwan and Mainland have some common views due to the 1992 Consensus; however, both sides differ on the definition of ‘One China’. The both sides also recognized that the split was mainly due to the Chinese Civil War; however, whether using the ‘civil war thinking’ to resolve the current chasm of political practice were still no common ideas yet. Therefore, how to pursuit the differences and maintain the conformity under their own principles and benefits are extremely significant.
Hence, it is very important to know how to create the positive interactions and seek the balance between ‘one China’ issue and ‘the 1992 Consensus’. Peaceful progress will be the main policy of the Cross-strait relation development in next few years. Furthermore, after the two leaders signed the peace accord, people not only can witness the crucial moment but also have the chance to observe closely how the two leaders endeavor to build cross-strait peace, pursue a win-win solution, and create a mutually beneficial situation.