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系統識別號 U0002-1307202023471800
中文論文名稱 企業生命週期、關鍵查核事項與財務風險之價值攸關性:兼論投資人屬性之影響
英文論文名稱 The value relevance among the firm life cycle, key audit matter and corporate financial risks:perspective on the impact of investor attributes
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 會計學系碩士班
系所名稱(英) Department of Accounting
學年度 108
學期 2
出版年 109
研究生中文姓名 易煥傑
研究生英文姓名 Huan-Chieh Yi
學號 607600474
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2020-06-22
論文頁數 42頁
口試委員 指導教授-張瑀珊
委員-張謙恆
委員-林芳綺
中文關鍵字 關鍵查核事項  企業生命週期  價值攸關性  財務風險  投資人屬性 
英文關鍵字 Key audit matters  Enterprise life cycle  value relevance  financial risks  investor attributes 
學科別分類
中文摘要 本研究旨在探討在不同企業生命週期下,若公司被報導相同關鍵查核事項時,是否會有不同之價值攸關性,並再進一步觀察財務風險高低和不同投資人屬性之影響。本研究以2016年至2018年為樣本觀察期間,並以金融監督管理委員會公布之前三名關鍵查核事項報導項目(存貨、收入和減損)為主要研究標的。實證結果顯示,高財務風險且機構投資人持股比例高時,關鍵查核事項報導對價值攸關性之影響無顯著關係,顯示機構投資人聚焦於公司有較高之財務風險,而弱化了關鍵查核事項資訊之報導;然而,在低財務風險下且機構投資人持股比例高時,機構投資人對不同項目之關鍵查核事項有不同之價值攸關性判斷。然而,當機構投資人持股比例低時,對於不同企業生命週期、財務風險及不同關鍵查核事項之報導,較無一致之發現,顯示機構投資人持股比例低者,較無法區分投資公司之財務狀況及對於相關資訊解讀之能力也較低。透過本文之實證結果,希冀能提供未來相關研究之參考依據。
英文摘要 The objective of this study was to investigate whether companies possessing different enterprise life cycles but reporting identical key audit matters differ in value relevance. The impact of high and low financial risks and different investor attributes was also observed. The sample observation period of this study ran from 2016 to 2018, and the primary research targets were the three most reported key audit matters (inventory, revenue, and impairment) announced by the Financial Supervisory Commission of Taiwan. The empirical results indicated that in companies where financial risks were high and institutional investors had high shareholding ratios, key audit matters did not have a significant impact on value relevance. This means that institutional investors focus on the higher financial risks, thereby weakening the reports of key audit matter information. In contrast, in companies where financial risks were low and institutional investors had high shareholding ratios, institutional investors judged value relevance depending on the key audit matters that were reported. In companies where institutional investors had low shareholding ratios, the results of different enterprise life cycles, financial risks, and key audit matters were less consistent. This means that institutional investors with low shareholding ratios were less able to distinguish the financial circumstances of the invested company or to interpret relevant information. It is hoped that the empirical results of this study can provide reference for relevant future research.
論文目次 目錄
第壹章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景與動機 1
第二節 研究目的 4
第三節 研究架構 5
第貳章 文獻探討 7
第一節 關鍵查核事項 7
第二節 價值攸關性 9
第三節 企業生命週期 10
第四節 財務風險 12
第五節 投資人屬性 13
第六節 假說發展 14
第參章 研究方法 16
第一節 研究樣本及資料來源 16
第二節 變數定義 16
第三節 實證模型 18
第肆章 實證結果 20
第一節 樣本分布及敘述性統計 20
第二節 相關係數 23
第三節 迴歸結果 26
第伍章 研究結論限制與建議 37
第一節 研究結論 37
第二節 研究建議 38
參考文獻 39

圖目錄
圖1研究架構圖 6

表目錄
表1營業週期現金流量變化表 11
表2觀察值產業樣本分布狀況 21
表3敘述性統計 22
表4相關係數分析表 24
表4-1相關係數分析表 25
表5企業生命週期下之關鍵查核事項之迴歸結果 27
表6財務風險下之關鍵查核事項之迴歸結果 29
表7非財務風險下之關鍵查核事項之迴歸結果 30
表8財務風險及機構投資人之關鍵查核事項迴歸結果 32
表9非財務風險及機構投資人之關鍵查核事項迴歸結果 33
表10財務風險及非機構投資人之關鍵查核事項迴歸結果 35
表11非財務風險及非機構投資人之關鍵查核事項迴歸結果 36
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英文文獻
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