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中文論文名稱 由「亞太再平衡」到「印太戰略」:論美國亞太政策的轉變與延續
英文論文名稱 From “Rebalancing Asia” to “Indo-Pacific” Strategy: The Change and Continuity of U.S. Asia-Pacific Policy
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 中國大陸研究所碩士班
系所名稱(英) Master's Program, Graduate Institute of China Studies
學年度 108
學期 2
出版年 109
研究生中文姓名 楊文楓
研究生英文姓名 Man-Fung Yeung
學號 608270053
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
口試日期 2020-06-22
論文頁數 156頁
口試委員 指導教授-李志強
共同指導教授-蔡青蓉
委員-李大中
委員-唐欣偉
中文關鍵字 亞太再平衡  印太戰略  攻勢現實主義  聯盟理論 
英文關鍵字 Rebalancing Asia  Indo-Pacific Strategy  Offensive Realism  Alliance theory 
學科別分類 學科別社會科學區域研究
中文摘要 本文旨在探討歐巴馬時期與川普時期的亞太政策,從而歸納兩屆政府亞太政策的轉變與延續。為了達到本論文的目的,本論文將會採用攻勢現實主義以及聯盟理論探討之。此外,本論文將會結合這兩套理論的內容,建立研究架構與提出若干假設,以討論美國的亞太政策,包括其對華政策、聯盟行為以及歐巴馬時期與川普時期亞太政策的調整之原因。

本文認為亞太地區權力結構的轉變是影響美國執行其亞太政策的主要因素。兩屆政府亞太政策的目標旨在維護美國的現有利益。雖然,歐巴馬的「亞太再平衡」與川普的「印太戰略」所使用的手段有所不同,但是兩者卻有異曲同工之妙。因此,川普的「印太戰略」實際上可視為「再平衡2.0」。
英文摘要 This thesis aims to discuss Obama’s and Trump’s Asia-Pacific policy, and to elaborate the change and continuity of U.S. policy in the Asia-Pacific from the Obama to the Trump Administration. To achieve these goals, this thesis adopts two international relations theories, one is John J. Mearsheimer’s Offensive Realism from, another is Stephen Walt’s Alliance Theory.

Based on the abovementioned theories, this thesis will generate a research framework and several hypotheses to explore the U.S. Asia-Pacific policy from the Obama to the Trump Administration, including its policy toward China, alliance behavior and reasons of the change from “Rebalancing Asia” to “Indo-Pacific” Strategy.

The author believes that the distribute of power in the Asia-Pacific determines the implementation of the U.S. Asia-Pacific policy from the Obama to the Trump Administration. Also, both strategies share the same goal even their tactics are totally different so that Trump’s “Indo-Pacific” Strategy is “Rebalancing 2.0.”
論文目次 Content vi
Content of Figure viii
Content of Table viii
Chapter 1. Introduction 1
1.1. Research Motivation and Purposes 1
1.2. Literature Review 3
1.3. Research Framework and Hypotheses 20
1.4. Research Methods 31
1.5. Scope of This Thesis 33
1.6. Research Limitation 34
1.7. Expected Contributions of this Thesis 34
1.8. Arrangement of this Thesis 35
Chapter 2. Obama’s “Rebalancing Asia” Strategy 38
2.1. Asia-Pacific as both Opportunities and Challenges to the United States 39
2.2. The Formation of “Rebalancing Asia” Strategy 41
2.2.1. The Blueprint of “Rebalancing Asia” Strategy: To Promote the “Liberal International Order” 42
2.2.2. The Implementation of “Rebalancing Asia” Strategy 47
2.2.3. Sino-U.S. Relations under the Obama Administration 61
2.3. Implications for “Rebalancing Asia” Strategy 70
2.4. Summary 74
Chapter 3. Trump’s “Indo-Pacific” Strategy 76
3.1. Why China is a “Revisionist Power”? 77
3.2. The Formation of “Indo-Pacific” Strategy 79
3.2.1. Key Members of Trump’s “Indo-Pacific” Strategy 79
3.2.2. Blueprint of “Indo-Pacific” Strategy 92
3.2.3. Is that a “Trump Doctrine”? 94
3.2.4. The Implementation of “Indo-Pacific” Strategy 96
3.2.5. U.S. Policy Toward China under the Trump Administration 109
3.3. Significance of “Indo-Pacific” Strategy 115
3.4. Summary 118
Chapter 4. Can “Indo-Pacific” Strategy be Regarded as “Rebalancing 2.0”? 120
4.1. What are the things that the U.S. Really Wants? 120
4.2. How the U.S. Operates its Strategy? 121
4.2.1. Tactics between Obama and Trump 122
4.2.2. The Relationship with the U.S. Allies and Partners 123
4.2.3. China Policy under the Obama and the Trump Administration 124
4.2.4. Agenda Setting between Obama and Trump 126
4.3. Role of the U.S. Allies 128
4.4. Reasons for the Change of U.S. Asia-Pacific Policy 129
4.5. Can “Indo-Pacific” Strategy be Regarded as “Rebalancing Asia 2.0”? 133
4.6. Summary 136
Chapter 5. Conclusion 138
5.1. Verification of Hypotheses 138
5.2. Research Finding 146
5.3. Prospect for Future Research 147
Selected Bibliography 149

Content of Figure

Figure 1 Research Framework 28
Figure 2 Landscape of the U.S.-led Liberal International Order 47

Content of Table

Table 1 Hypotheses and Items of Verification 30
Table 2 Freedom of Navigation Programs Conducted by the Obama Administration 57
Table 3 U.S. and China's Perspective on Various Issues 69
Table 4 Key Members of Trump's "Indo-Pacific" Strategy 90
Table 5 Summary of Pro-Taiwan Acts Introduced by the U.S. Congress under the Trump Administration 103
Table 6 Similarities of Obama’s “Rebalancing Asia” Strategy and Trump’s “Indo-Pacific” Strategy 137
Table 7 Comparison between Obama’s “Rebalancing Asia” Strategy and Trump’s “Indo-Pacific” Strategy 137
Table 8 Verification of Hypotheses 144


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