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系統識別號 U0002-1307200914244300
中文論文名稱 物流成本對供應鏈設計之影響: 以多國籍企業為個案
英文論文名稱 The Impact of Logistics Costs on Supply Chain Design: The Case of Multinational Corporations
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 企業管理學系碩士班
系所名稱(英) Department of Business Administration
學年度 97
學期 2
出版年 98
研究生中文姓名 李麥克
研究生英文姓名 Michael Liagine
學號 696610590
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
口試日期 2009-06-04
論文頁數 76頁
口試委員 指導教授-王居卿
指導教授-楊立人
委員-徐木蘭
委員-羅惠瓊
中文關鍵字 供應鏈設計  運籌成本  石油價格  環境稅  全球化 
英文關鍵字 Oil price  environmental tax  reversed globalization  supply chain design  logistics costs 
學科別分類 學科別社會科學管理學
中文摘要 本研究的主要目的是進行了大規模的文獻回顧並基於Chopra and Meindl(2007)的模式去探討影響有效供應鏈管理的重要因素,並說明在供應鏈設計情境中環境、能源與財務績效間的關係。本研究的研究範圍聚焦於Chopra and Meindl(2007)模式中的運籌成本與供應鏈設計決策各階段間的關係。
經過歸納分析,本研究發現四種運籌成本(包括存貨成本、運輸成本、設施成本與環境趨勢成本)均會影響供應鏈設計決策的各階段,而不是如Chopra and Meindl(2007)的供應鏈設計模式中所指出的只會影響「區位選擇」的階段;亦即,本研究修正了Chopra and Meindl(2007)的決策模式。
本研究不但對供應鏈核心要素進行深入的探討,一個企業應如何去應對目前所面臨的供應鏈設計問題與機會?亦一併加以討論。由於本研究的個案是以北美及歐洲的為主,因此在每一種解答,均有其背後的意涵的觀念下,本研究所建構的修正模式亦有很多待討論的空間。
英文摘要 This study performs a large-scale literature review and uses conceptual framework building to introduce the concept of sustainability to the field of supply chain management and demonstrate the relationships among environmental, energy, and financial performance within a Supply Chain Design (SCD) context.
This study introduces the new framework of SCD and bench mark practices based on energy trends, environmental trends, financial situation, and the business model of the firm. The contribution to the logistics literature is the integration of environmental, energy, and financial criteria that allow an organization to design sustainable supply chain and achieve long-term economic viability. This paper provides a comprehensive review of the sustainability, energy and financial literature, introduces those features to the field of supply chain design, and expands the conceptualization of Supply Chain Design beyond the old practices.
This study looks closely at the supply chain's core components and discusses what changes must be implemented now to avert problems and seize opportunities. Every solution, of course, has industry specific connotations. Each aspect is considered from North American and European perspectives. This work concludes by discussion of managerial implications and future research directions.
論文目次 Table of Contents
Table of Contents.............................................................................I
Table of Figures.............................................................................III
1. Introduction..................................................................................1
1.1 Background and Motive...............................................................................................1
1.2 Objectives....................................................................................................................4
1.3 Research Process.........................................................................................................6
2. Literature Review.........................................................................7
2.1 Evolution of Supply Chain...........................................................................................8
2.1.1 Definition of Supply Chain...................................................................................9
2.1.2 Supply Chains and Multinational Corporations..................................................11
2.2 Framework for Supply Chain Design........................................................................12
2.3 Definition of Logistics Costs.....................................................................................13
2.3.1 Changes in Major Drivers of Logistics Costs....................................................13
2.3.2 Outsourcing: Definition and Impact..................................................................14
2.3.3 Inventory Costs: Definition and Trends............................................................18
2.3.4 Oil Price: Definition and Trends........................................................................21
2.3.5 Environmental Factor: Definition and Trends...................................................27
2.4 Coordination Costs...................... .............................................................................31
2.5 Summary of Literature Review.................................................................................32
3. Research Design........................................................................33
3.1 Conceptual Framework.............................................................................................34
3.2 Construct of Logistics Costs.....................................................................................35
3.3 Classification of Logistics Costs..............................................................................36
3.4 Research Method and Classification........................................................................37
3.5 Data Collection Method and Sample.......................................................................38
4. Data Analysis and Discussion...................................................40
4.1 Chapter Overview.....................................................................................................40
4.2 General Introduction, Energy Aspect.......................................................................40
4.3 General Introduction, Environmental Aspect...........................................................42
4.3.1 Customer Perception.........................................................................................43
4.3.2 Strategic Importance.........................................................................................43
4.4 Correlation between Logistics Costs and Supply Chain Design...............................44
4.4.1 Transportation Costs.........................................................................................44
4.4.2 Inventory and Facility Costs under Financial Factors......................................48
4.4.3 Environment Related Costs..............................................................................49
4.5 The Old New Strategies............................................................................................52
4.5.1 Bigger Inventories............................................................................................53
4.5.2 Manufacturing Strategies..................................................................................53
4.5.3 Changed Shipping Strategies............................................................................55
4.5.4 Push vs. Pull......................................................................................................56
4.6 Winners vs. Losers....................................................................................................56
4.6.1 Winners.............................................................................................................57
4.6.2 Losers................................................................................................................59
4.7 Modified Framework................................................................................................59
4.8 Benchmarking Practices from Different Industries..................................................60
4.9 Summary of Data Analysis and Discussion..............................................................65
5. Conclusions and Suggestions....................................................66
5.1 Practical Conclusions...............................................................................................66
5.2 Implications for Managers.......................................................................................67
5.3 Limitations and Future Research.............................................................................68
Reference.......................................................................................70
Printed Material.............................................................................................................70
Internet Resources.........................................................................................................73
Table of figures
Figure 1 Research Process............................................................................................6
Figure 2 Framework for Network Design Decisions...................................................13
Figure 3 Oil prices for Brent in US$ and Euro 1998 - 2007........................................22
Figure 4 Annual greenhouse gas emissions by sector year 2000.................................31
Figure 5 Conceptual Framework..................................................................................34
Figure 6 Construct of Logistics Costs..........................................................................35
Figure 7 Crude Oil Prices Skyrocket (USD per barrel), U.S. Currency Decline,
Imports from Mexico.....................................................................................46
Figure 8 Modified Framework for Network Design Decisions...................................60
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