||Research on The Doctrine of Jing-Qi in the Four Chapters of Guan-tzu
I mainly discuss the thoughts of Guan-tzu（《管子》）in this thesis. Firstly, I anatomize the core concepts of “Jing-Qi” and secondly, reveal further its theoretical structures. At last, establish firmly its thinking worth as well as academic status. It’s divided into 8 chapters. The outline is as follows:
Chapter 1, Introduction: To describe the motives, methods, approaches and problematic consciousnesses of this thesis. I hereby summarize the diachronic relative research achievements.
Chapter 2, Academic Background and Thinking Source: To discuss Ji-hsia School’s （稷下學派）academic background and then investigate Guan-tzu’s authors, era and characteristics from the textual criticism of Guan-tzu. Finally, to explore the thinking source of ‘The Doctrine of Jing-Qi’（精氣論）from the development of the concept of Qi（氣）.
Chapter 3,The Source of the Worth of ‘The Doctrine of Jing-Qi’: Above all, to dissect the meanings of Tao（道） and De（德） and then discuss the source of worth of ‘The Doctrine of Jing-Qi’.
Chapter 4,The Philosophic Structure of ‘The Doctrine of Jing-Qi’: To analyze separately the precise meanings of Jing（精）, Qi（氣）and Shen（神）. After that, to clarify the confusion in Jing and Qi and the connection between Jing and Shen. Eventually, to display the philosophic structures of ‘The Doctrine of Jing-Qi’.
Chapter 5, The Practice and Application of ‘The Doctrine of Jing-Qi’: The gist in this chapter is to discuss how did ‘The Doctrine of Jing-Qi’ put into effect by politics and human life. Its work of Self-cultivation is to equally stress on both Cultivating Mind（養心）and Cultivating Body（養形）. As to the political ideal is to be in possession of both Emperor’s morality（君德）and Emperor’s skills as well as methods（君術）. As deduced from here, we learn that Guan-tzu took Tao as center, constructed its ‘The Doctrine of Jing-Qi’, and then showed its pragmatic concerns.
Chapter 6, The Development and Comparison of ‘The Doctrine of Xin-Qi’（心氣論）in the Warring States Periods: Through the comparison among Mencius’ Cultivating Qi’ （養氣）, Chuang-tzu’s ‘The Fasting of the Mind’（心齋）and Guan-tzu’s The Doctrine of Jing-Qi’, I emerge the general situation of‘ The Doctrine of Xin-Qi’ and the philosophic dialogues between Confucianism and Taoism.
Chapter 7, the historical reverberation and thinking position of ‘The Doctrine of Jing-Qi’: Compared with Hsun-tzu（《荀子》）, Huainan-tzu（《淮南子》） and Guan-tzu, I probe the latter’s contribution to academy. Finally, to establish firmly the suitable value and status of ‘The Doctrine of Jing-Qi’ through the developmental context of Qi.
Chapter 8, Conclusion: To sum up and review the results.
Not only know well entirely through the analysis of the concepts as well as the theoretical construction of Guan-tzu’s ‘The Doctrine of Jing-Qi’ in the upper 8 chapters but lead to the following research achievements: Firstly, ‘The Doctrine of Jing-Qi’ is the hinge between Taoism’s Qi and ‘The Vitality Theory’（元氣論）in the Han Dynasty. Secondly, regarding the development of Huang-Lao School（黃老學派）, to follow the political thoughts of Wu-Wei（無為）had built the philosophic scope.