||The spirit of the chivalrous figures in the Chuanqi of the Tang Dynasty is deemed to be a standard of the ethic morals to praise the justice by the literati. The literati hope they can rebuild the social norms by practicing these courageous acts in the chaotic period of time. The character Féng Yān in the Féng Yān Biography killed the unrighteous paramour and confessed his offense, which represents the standard of the Confucian ethic morals. In spite of the killing of the woman’s life, Féng Yān Biography is still highly praised and appreciated. Therefore, Féng Yān Biography has become a vital literary motif and has been rewritten time after time. Also, from the plot of story, we can find that the author tried to restore the society to full strength in accordance with three dimensions-- “affection”, “justice”, and “law”. Yet, there are still plenty of paradoxes and disorder in the story, and that’s the reason why Féng Yān Biography has been a topic of heated debate for scholars.
The author chose the Féng Yān Biography as the topic, discussing the three dimensions -- “affection”, “justice”, and “law” from the background of the work and the attitude of the writer. Also, the author tried to check whether Féng Yān fit the image of the spirit of the chivalrous figures. Besides, the formation of the literary motif and the attitude of the literati in different dynasties were dissected to further examine the value passed down through distinct dynasties. Lastly, the issue of genders was also discussed and was used as the core value in the research.
In this thesis, chapter one first introduced the motivation, the aim, and the research method and proposed the frame of the pre-research and thesis. Chapter two first deals with the backgrounds of the story and further examines whether Féng Yān fits into the spirit of the chivalrous figures. As for chapter three, the author elaborates on the characters in the three dimensions-- “affection”, “justice”, and “law”, and connects them with the social order and the paradoxes that are against the ethic morals. In chapter four, an analysis is conducted to compare the different versions of the story with an eye to summarizing these writers’ consciousness and self-awareness. The values adopted to interpret the story in different dynasties and the feminine perspectives are listed in the chapter five; by analyzing women in the Tang Dynasty influenced by the marriage, education, and the structure of gender authority, the author tries to discuss the how women confront their sexuality and further examines the reflection of genders based on the literary motif. In chapter six comes the conclusion, which integrates the analyses of “affection”, “justice”, and “law” in the story. Besides, the author takes the values involved in the Féng Yān Biography into account, trying to point out its significance in the literature.