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系統識別號 U0002-1302201321375400
中文論文名稱 由1992年洛杉磯大暴動看美國黑人族裔問題的演進
英文論文名稱 A Study of the progress of African American in the United States: The Case of the 1992 Los Angeles Riots
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 美洲研究所碩士班
系所名稱(英) Master's Program, Graduate Institute of the Americas
學年度 101
學期 1
出版年 102
研究生中文姓名 張翔
研究生英文姓名 Hsing Chang
學號 699250055
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2013-01-09
論文頁數 117頁
口試委員 指導教授-李本京
指導教授-黃介正
委員-郭壽旺
委員-劉曉鵬
中文關鍵字 暴動  非裔美國人  種族隔離  仇恨犯罪  多元文化教育 
英文關鍵字 riots  African American  segregation  hate crime  multi-culture education 
學科別分類
中文摘要 本論文主旨在於闡述黑人族裔從20世紀以來,在美國多元文化社會的各類型問題演進,並以一九九二年洛杉磯大暴動為背景,分析與探討事件的前因,以及相關問題與發展。在研究方法上以歷史研究法與文獻分析法為主,來分析與討論黑人族裔在美國的各項社會問題。

1992年洛杉磯大暴動,此事件導火線為四名洛杉磯白人警察涉嫌「使用過當武力」,毆打違規超速的肇事者非裔美籍的嫌犯羅德尼金。事後四名警察無罪釋放,導致上千名對此判決不滿的非裔與弱勢族群上街抗議,引發一連串暴動。整起內亂造成超過10億美元的財產損失,並有約53人於暴動中死亡,數千人受輕重傷,堪稱美國歷年來最嚴重的暴動之一。造成洛杉磯暴動的原因涉及層面極廣,包括長期將不同移民文化置於美國社會,在各族群文化、語言以及生活風俗習慣之差異下,各類型的社會問題自然層出不窮地發生。

本論文的研究架構分為五章,首章為緒論,解釋撰寫此論文的動機與研究目的。第二章為評述洛杉磯大暴動過程與發此暴動的原因。第三章則聚焦於黑人族裔在20世紀的社會參與,探討在一連串事件後的20世紀,黑人族裔在美國社會的各種影響。第四章為探討黑人族裔在21世紀中,所面臨的困境與全新挑戰。包括仇恨犯罪、用毒問題、社會福利與多元文化教育,以及放眼未來的的全新展望。第五章則是結論,把各章的重點大略再概述一遍,並且綜合以上各章的分析討論,提出論文的研究發現作為總結。
英文摘要 The main purpose of this thesis is to describe, analyze and critically examine the process of the rights of African American under the multicultural America. The thesis uses "The 1992 Los Angeles Riots" as background to analyze and discuss the problems, reasons and related issues and development. The research method is mainly based on historical analysis approach and literature review in order to analyze and discuss the African American social problems.

The 1992 Los Angeles Riots was ignited after a trial jury acquitted four Los Angeles Police Department officers of assault and use of excessive force. The officers were videotaped beating an African-American motorist Rodney King following a high-speed police pursuit. Thousands of people throughout the metropolitan area in Los Angeles rioted over four days following the announcement of the verdict. Unfortunately, the riots caused property loss over one billion dollars in Los Angeles. In total, 53 people were killed during the riots and over two thousand people were injured. The causes of 1992 Los Angeles riots is very wide, inclusive of settle many immigrants from different culture in America. Under the differences of cultures, languages, habits and social problems, the riots would be occurred in many ways.

The structure of the thesis is divided into five chapters. The introduction chapter is describes the motive and purpose of the whole thesis. The second chapter introduces and analyses the process of 1992 Los Angeles Riots. The third chapter focused on the African American in the 20th century described the impact on African American after a series of riots. The fourth chapter explores the predicament faced in the new century. Including hate crime, drug problems, social welfare, multi-culture education and look to the future of the new outlook. The fifth and concluding chapter summarizes each chapter, concludes and organizes the chapters above, and brings out the finding of the research as ending.
論文目次 第一章 緒論
第一節 研究動機與目的 1
第二節 研究方法限制與架構 11
第二章 洛杉磯大暴動之前因、過程與後續影響15
第一節 洛杉磯大暴動的前身問題 15
第二節 羅德尼金事件 21
第三節 洛杉磯大暴動 26
第四節 1995華盛頓大遊行 31
第三章 黑人族裔在20世紀的社會參與 39
第一節 政治參與 39
第二節 經濟環境 45
第三節 教育機會 58
第四節 社會地位 66
第四章 黑人族裔在21世紀 75
第一節 犯罪率與用毒問題 75
第二節 社會福利與教育制度 83
第三節 多元文化教育與未來展望 92
第五章 結論 99

參考文獻 107
參考文獻 參考書目

壹、中文部份

王玉民。民國83年。<社會科學研究方法原理> 。台北市: 紅葉。
余炳輝。<社會科學研究的方法>。杭州: 浙江人民
林立樹。民國90年。<美國通史>。台北市: 五南圖書。
。民國94年。<美國文化史>。台北市: 五南圖書。
。民國94年。<種族歧視>。台北市: 遠流圖書。
珍.雅各 (Jane Jacobs),吳鄭重譯。民國96年。<偉大城市的誕生與衰亡:美國都市街道生活的啟發> (The Death and Life of Great American Cities)。台北市: 聯經出版
阿瑟.史勒辛格(Arthur M. Schlesinger Jr.),馬曉宏譯。民國83年。<美國的分裂> (The disuniting of America-Reflections on a Multiculturalism Society)。台北: 正中書局。
南方朔。民國69年。<憤怒之愛: 60年代美國學生運動史>。台北市: 四季出版公司。
陳福成。民國95年。<歷史上的三把利刃: 部落主義.種族主義與民族主義>。
台北市: 時英。

(二) 論文集

林郁方。<美國黑人政治參與 1960至1980>。碩士論文。淡江大學美國研究所,1980年

林江玫。<美國黑人女性於60年代婦女運動扮演之角色: 疏離、消極與被動>。碩士論文。淡江大學美國研究所。1998年

詹于穎。<非裔與韓裔美國人衝突之研究: 以一九九二年洛杉磯大暴動為例>。碩士論文。淡江大學美國研究所。1996年。

蔡志強。<美國黑人民權運動與實踐: 以麥爾坎X為例>。碩士論文。淡江大學美國研究所。1999年。

蔡靜怡。<美國金恩博士之黑人民權運動 運用非暴力之抗爭理論之分析>。碩士論文。淡江大學美國研究所,2000年。

顏郁惠。<民權運動與黑人權力 以60年代黑豹黨為例>。碩士論文。淡江大學美國研究所,2000年。


貳、英文部分
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(二) 期刊

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