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系統識別號 U0002-1208200811335500
中文論文名稱 都市潛意識—對應地間都市意識流的相互滲透與蔓延
英文論文名稱 Urban Subconscious: The Infiltration and Sprawl of Urban Flows of Consciousness between “Counter-places”.
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 建築學系碩士班
系所名稱(英) Department of Architecture
學年度 96
學期 2
出版年 97
研究生中文姓名 陳鏞宇
研究生英文姓名 Yung-Yu Chen
學號 695360429
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2008-06-20
論文頁數 93頁
口試委員 指導教授-康旻杰
委員-王俊雄
委員-梁銘剛
中文關鍵字 都市潛意識  對應地  異質地方  鏡像 
英文關鍵字 Urban subconscious  counter-place  heterotopias  mirror image 
學科別分類 學科別應用科學土木工程及建築
中文摘要 「都市潛意識」一觀點乃由相對於理性都市地景的「異質地方」出發,透過各種地域現象的對應與聯想關係,反思現代化與都市擴張過程在意識上所隱匿的種種不堪與警醒,進而提出在現代美學價值與都市更新策略下對於異質地方、老聚落所抱持的慣性眼光與態度的再檢討;因而本論文藉由都市群體「意識」、「潛意識」間可能彼此影響與滲透的微妙關係,延伸至各「對應地」不斷相互「鏡像」顯影的過程,試圖建立差異地方間現象可能的討論與對話平台,重新自省環境規劃專業者的社會角色及對於設計干預的價值所在。

論文操作以一位於北市地理位置邊緣,在地景構成上充斥著尷尬與限制的異質地方,「臥龍街」出發。從撰文者曾身為「在地人」到今日因位處理性城市而成為「旁觀者」、「外來者」的曖昧雙重身分,對於「異質地方」相對「現代都市」種種差異的地景元素以及奇觀,重新來回思考辯證並進行設計想像干預,因而本文的撰寫可分為以下四個階段:

一、「場景」的建立:透過影像書搭配田野與訪談資訊的蒐集呈現,對於地景元素的構成,及可能蟄伏在地方故事與場景背後種種的線索展開對話與提問,以此初步閱讀異質地方隱匿的地景意識與涵構脈絡。
二、以「對應」為思考基礎的環境分析:從各種可能的對應與比較關係,建立不同地方間,甚或是地景內在差異的書寫分析,對於各種資訊、議題間可被跨越或重新省視的觀點進行討論。
三、由「都市潛意識」到「對應地」的思考邏輯建構:透過文獻的理解與再組織詮釋,試圖翻轉常態眼光,建立從「異質地方」出發的方法論論述。
四、設計操作:操作過程中,一嘗試以「對應地」為概念基礎的設計實驗,透過地域特質相互對話式的環境干預在聚落發聲,反視鏡像外我們所熟悉與慣常的都市意識;另一則為利用滲透的方式,以較微觀與「過程式」的階段性設計,試圖脈絡化那些隱匿、消失或被壓抑的潛在意識,同時成為「原生地景」中記憶、情緒與生活直覺等等內在意義價值的再現界面;並做為一種實驗性環境調查的可能工具。
英文摘要 The stance of “urban subconscious” arises from “heterotopias”, an urban landscape concept opposed to its rational counterpart. Via the corresponding and associative relationships between uneven counter-sites, it reflects on all kinds of conundrum and vigilance that are hidden subconsciously during the process of modernization and urban expansion. And then, this thesis proposes a critical review of the usual judgments and attitudes that people hold towards heterotopias and old (relatively run-down) settlements under the modern aesthetic value and the urban renewal strategy. Thereby, the thesis extends the discussions of the subtle relationship between urban “consciousness” and “subconscious” that might influence and permeate mutually to the development of incessant ‘mirror image’ visualization between different urban counter-places. My attempt is to establish a platform of possible discourses and dialogues between recognized places and ‘other places,’ so as to self-examine the value foundation and position of the environmental planning professional with regard to the self-righteous design intervention.

The study object is “Wo Long Road”, an existent heterotopias located at the edge of Taipei City and imbued with awkward conditions and restrictions in terms of landscape constitution. From the ambiguous dual identity of the writer, who was ever the “local” and becomes “the onlooker” and “the outsider” today because of moving to the rational city, the thesis re-envisions the “spectacles” and landscape ingredients of heterotopias as a counterpart of the modern city, and engages in deliberative dialectics and imaginative design intervention. It is further divided into the following four phases:



1. The establishment of “scenes”: Edited in a format of a landscape book, the presentation of field study and interviews becomes detectable scenes and unfolds many levels of landscape narratives and questioning often hidden behind the clues of local stories and landscape elements. This is also the first-step reading of the invisible landscape subconscious and context of Wo Long Road as site of heterotopias.

2. An environmental analysis based on the concept of “counter-”: The corresponding relationship between Wo Long Road and the city or the broader social context, and even the internal landscape differences of the hill-side squatter settlement of Wo Long Road are deliberately analyzed in respect of the “mirror image” reference. It is a grammatological analysis of trans-disciplinary and introspective intent.

3. The logic and methodological construction from “urban subconscious” to “counter-place”: Following Foucault’s conception and argument of heterotopias, the third phase further explores the psychoanalytical dimension of “urban subconscious” and the geographic imagination of “counter-place.” The re-interpretation of the site via a deeper understanding of the philosophical deliberation elicits an unorthodox and dialectical approach to spatial and landscape design

4. Design operations: The first set of design operations attempts to regard “counter-place” as the conceptual basis to carry out design experiment. This set of operations plays with the “spectacle” nature of local landscape and manipulates the interfaces between the visible landscapes and their mirrored undertones to accentuate the urban consciousness which is usually taken for granted or de-contextualized. The other set of operations adopts the approach of permeation to contextualize those invisible, disappeared, or suppressed urban subconscious by way of microscopic and “procedural/chronotopic” design intervention. Intended to be a sensitive tool for experimental environmental investigation, the permeation approach can also represent the internal meaning system of memory, emotion, intuition, and the lifeworld of the “genetic landscape.”
論文目次 【目錄表】

Chapter 0 一尾,台北「臥龍」...............................................................................1

Chapter 1 地方|影像建構;場景與對話.......................................................2
場景一 曖昧領域與邊界交織的生活場域...........................................................3
場景二 祭祀場域............................................................................................8
場景三 生死交織的聚落社區場景.................................................................11
場景四 大我新舍與高齡老人社區..........................................................12
場景五 軍事地景..............................................................................................13
場景六 極端差異的尺度與速度......................................................................14
場景七 邊緣產業與基礎設施......................................................................17
場景八 交錯的文化主體群像.................................................................19

Chapter 2 關於,臥龍街|資訊建構;分析..........................................20
2-1 「想像」/「真實」的對應;超真實的城市...........................................21
2-1.1 記憶地景,我記憶中的臥龍街..........................................................21
2-1.2 連結,情境的放大與投射...................................................................................22
2-2 「都市」/「邊陲」對應空間描述;「臥龍」都市版圖位址間的辯證............24
2-2.1 都市活龍...............................................................................24
2-2.2 捷運辛亥站........................................................................................27
2-2.3 臥龍街作為都市的放大模型,異質與都市能量的對抗.............................28
2-3 「危險」/「偏差」思惟對應;邊坡山城聚落.......................................31
2-3.1 「危險」山坡地聚落................................................................31
2-3.2 辯證「危險」,危險的聚落?城市的危險?.........................................34
2-4 地區環境微觀對應的空間思惟;聚落型社區.......................................36
2-4.1 區域軍事地景沿革............................................................................36
2-4.2 機構化,「大我新社」榮民之家..................................................38
交織的社區活動............................................................................39
2-4.3 自發 / 控制,空間權力機制的解構................................................41

Chapter 3 都市,潛意識|理論與思考視野..........................................43
3-1 「主流」文化與價值影響下對於文化地景的重新省思............................44
「壓抑」?「逃避」所致…...............................................................................44
態度..............................................................................................45
3-2 潛藏於集體意識下的「潛意識」...............................................................47
「都市潛意識」與「集體無意識」........................................................................47
3-3 「異質地方」的出發,隱匿於現代都市中的潛意識區..................................50
3-3.1 台北的「都市潛意識」區......................................................................50
3-3.2 「異質地方」與都市的潛意識區..........................................................51
3-3.3 最大限制下的「自由」........................................................................53
3-3.4 交錯的文化溼地生態群落................................................................54
3-3.5 層疊的「異質」時間與秩序....................................................................55
3-4 閱讀與探索「都市潛意識」....................................................................57
3-4.1 解碼..............................................................................................57
3-4.2 「都市潛意識」於文學作品上的討論..........................................................58
《古都》,建立開放的潛意識文本..................................................................58
3-4.3 藝術行動........................................................................................................59
3-4.31「閣樓之光」............................................................................................60
3-4.32「潮喑」......................................................................................................61
3-5「對應地」,另類的都市觀察態度.............................................................62
3-5.1 「對應地」的定義與延伸...........................................................................62
3-5.2 都市觀察視野與策略................................................................................64

Chapter 4 設計操作...............................................................................................65
4-1 「對應地」的設計操作.................................................................................66
4-1.1 無速公路的廢棄車公園.........................................................................66
「地上之地」........................................................................................................68
廢棄車體的藝術再造........................................................................................69
失落空間的再造.......................................................................................................71
4-1.2 木柵捷運,臥龍街站設計..........................................................................77
4-2 聚落與深層意識的顯影介面設計...................................................................85
4-2.1 空間的干預計畫..............................................................................................86
4-2.2 外來者的植入計畫................................................................................88
4-2.3 信箱裝置空間與行動..................................................................................90

結論與建議.....................................................................................................91

參考書目..................................................................................................92













【圖目錄】

(圖 0.1)臥龍生活圈鳥瞰圖...............................................................................1
(圖 1.1)臥龍街牌影像...........................................................................................2
(圖 1.2)聚落臨時門牌.............................................................................................3
(圖 1.3)聚落菜園..................................................................................................4
(圖 1.4)聚落生活調性影像...............................................................................5
(圖 1.5)聚落生活調性影像.................................................................................5
(圖 1.6)聚落生活調性影像...............................................................................5
(圖 1.7)聚落生活調性影像..................................................................................5
(圖 1.8)聚落水管.....................................................................................................5
(圖 1.9)聚落水管................................................................................................5
(圖 1.10)聚落入口.............................................................................................6
(圖 1.11)巷道生活情形..................................................................................6
(圖 1.12)巷道生活情形.................................................................................6
(圖 1.13)宣示性的標語.......................................................................................7
(圖 1.14)小巷情形.................................................................................................7
(圖 1.15)標語內容................................................................................................7
(圖 1.16)標語內容..............................................................................................7
(圖 1.17)受天宮的光明燈............................................................................8
(圖 1.18)臥龍街周遭廟宇分佈地圖.........................................................9
(圖 1.19)臥龍街周遭廟宇群像圖......................................................................10
(圖 1.20)生活路徑............................................................................................11
(圖 1.21)聚落上方的墳墓..............................................................................11
(圖 1.22)地方情境簡易說明圖.........................................................................11
(圖 1.23)死亡地景.............................................................................................11
(圖 1.24)大我新舍無機量體建築群...............................................................11
(圖 1.25)大我新舍及周遭聚落.........................................................................11
(圖 1.26)大我新舍周遭聚落生活情境.....................................................11
(圖 1.27)軍事與聚落生活情景影像群組............................................................11
(圖 1.28)交通設施與聚落生活情景影像群組..............................................11
(圖 1.29)周遭交通關係圖..........................................................................14
(圖 1.30)高架橋與聚落場景..........................................................................14
(圖 1.31)捷運高架橋與聚落場景.............................................................15
(圖1.32)捷運陸橋關係場景剖透拼貼.........................................................15
(圖 1.33)地區老太太影像.................................................................................16
(圖 1.34)訪談情境模擬................................................................................16
(圖 1.35)高架橋的廢棄蒐集站...................................................................17
(圖 1.36)基礎設施、傳統產業,地區非典型都市地景元素影像群組.........18
(圖 1.37)文化群組群像拼貼..............................................................................19

(圖 2.1)公車站上的老聚落..............................................................................22
(圖 2.2)公車站上的老聚落..............................................................................22
(圖 2.3)公車站上的老聚落............................................................................22
(圖 2.4)土地使用分區圖..................................................................................26
(圖 2.5)辛亥站周邊........................................................................................27
(圖 2.6)辛亥站周邊................................................................................................27
(圖 2.7)辛亥站周邊...........................................................................................27
(圖 2.8)臥龍隘口.............................................................................................29
(圖 2.9)捷運與「臥龍」生活圈的都市張力全地圖........................................30
(圖 2.10)臥龍街的警告標示牌.........................................................................31
(圖 2.11)山城危險聚落圖............................................................................32
(圖2.12)新店溪畔的溪洲部落...........................................................................33
(圖2.13)新店溪畔的溪洲部落..........................................................................33
(圖 2.14)聚落老照片....................................................................................37
(圖 2.15)聚落縫隙................................................................................................37
(圖 2.16)聚落縫隙........................................................................................37
(圖 2.17)聚落縫隙...........................................................................................37
(圖 2.18)老聚落.....................................................................................................37
(圖 2.19)大我新舍榮民生活圈...........................................................................38
(圖 2.20)舍外排隊等待買賣的拾荒客.........................................................39
(圖 2.21)使用新舍開放空間整理撿拾器物的老先生.................................39
(圖 2.22)大我新舍週遭聚落關係剖面圖.........................................................40
(圖 2.23)都市,建築空間的權力象徵...........................................................41

(圖3.1)信義區公民會館,四四南村............................................................46
(圖3.2)信義區公民會館,四四南村...............................................................46
(圖3.3)西寧電子商場外觀.........................................................................52
(圖3.4)西寧電子商場內部......................................................................52
(圖3.5)萬華南機場公寓...............................................................................52
(圖3.6)舊頂好戲院,東區萬象大樓中庭..................................................52
(圖3.7)舊頂好戲院,東區萬象大樓外觀..................................................52
(圖3.8)Marco寶藏巖閣樓之光作品...............................................................60
(圖3.9)Marco寶藏巖閣樓之光作品..........................................................60
(圖3.10)潮喑劇團寶藏巖舞台.......................................................................61

(圖4.1)捷運設計...................................................................................................65
(圖4.2)高架橋公園設計.......................................................................................65
(圖4.3)高架橋與聚落場景........................................................................66
(圖4.4)橋底世界,設計基地資訊.................................................................67
(圖4.5)地上之地......................................................................................69
(圖4.6)阿孔奇車屋...........................................................................................70
(圖4.7)阿孔奇車屋............................................................................................70
(圖4.8)凱迪拉克農場.....................................................................................70
(圖4.9)凱迪拉克農場....................................................................................70
(圖4.10)高速公路公園全區配置圖.............................................................71
(圖4.11)高速公路公園........................................................................................71
(圖4.12)高速公路公園................................................................................71
(圖4.13)進出聚落主要道路出入口,原圖.................................................72
(圖4.14)無速公路廢棄車公園合成情境圖...............................................72
(圖4.15)無速公路廢棄車公園平面配置圖.....................................................73
(圖4.16)無速公路廢棄車公園地形剖面圖.................................................73
(圖4.17)陸橋構成爆炸圖.................................................................................74
(圖4.18)無速公路廢棄車公園剖透合成情境圖........................................74
(圖4.19)基地墓園中白崇熙將軍墓牌坊........................................................75
(圖4.20)混處於地方的西式墓園...............................................................75
(圖4.21)台灣現代宗教的世俗性.......................................................................76
(圖4.22)公園之廟設計想像合成圖..........................................................76
(圖4.23)捷運路線圖.................................................................................77
(圖4.24)捷運臥龍街站.....................................................................................77
(圖4.25)基地位置與現況群組圖..................................................................78
(圖4.26)捷運辛亥站站體形式.....................................................................79
(圖4.27)懸於捷運上的捷運站............................................................................79
(圖4.28)捷運木柵線臥龍街站構築爆炸圖..........................................................80
(圖4.29)臥龍街站站體內外翻轉關係剖透圖 ( 無陸橋 ) ................................81
(圖4.30)多年使用後的想像可能..................................................................82
(圖4.31)站體其他角度..................................................................................82
(圖4.32)站體其他角度.........................................................................................82
(圖4.33)情境合成,臥龍捷運站與聚落..........................................................83
(圖4.34)站體對應圖.........................................................................................83
(圖4.35)臥龍街站站體俯視圖......................................................................84
(圖4.36)車廂內部.................................................................................................84
(圖4.37)章節影像圖............................................................................................85
(圖4.38)基地影像群組......................................................................................86
(圖4.39)想像合成圖........................................................................................87
(圖4.40)材料來源想像........................................................................................87
(圖4.41)基地位置.................................................................................88
(圖4.42)泰雅工作室信箱...........................................................................88
(圖4.43)想像合成...................................................................................88
(圖4.44)工作室剖透圖.............................................................................89
(圖4.45)各種設計干預.....................................................................................89
(圖4.46)各種設計干預........................................................................................89
(圖4.47)各種設計干預...................................................................................89
(圖4.48)基地位置..........................................................................................90
(圖4.49)里辦公室統一設置的信箱...............................................................90
(圖4.50)塵封並被雜物堆積的舊軍事空間.......................................................90
(圖4.51)清理後並植入信箱的防空洞.........................................................90
參考文獻 參考書目

中文書目

古碧玲,1999
《寄情眷村時》,台北市政府新聞局策劃出版
朱天心,2006
《古都》,台北:成陽出版社
台北市政府,
〈台北市土地使用分區管制規則〉
丘昌泰指導,2003
〈臺北市政府公務人員訓練中心個案分組書面報告:老榮民與大陸配偶問題之討論—
以大我社區為例〉
湯熙勇主編,2002
《台北市地名與路街沿革史》,台北:台北市文獻委員會
夏鑄九、王志弘編譯,1993
《空間的文化形式與社會理論讀本》,台北:明文書局出版社
董啟章,1997
《地圖集—一個想像的城市的考古學》,台北:聯合文學出版社
畢恆達,2001
《空間就是權力》,台北:心靈工坊出版社
黃孫權,1997
《綠色推土機—九零年代台北的違建、公園、自然房地產以及制度化地景》,
台灣大學城鄉所碩士論文 
康旻杰,2002
《台北文化地景整體規劃與調查先期研究》,台北市政府文化局
康旻杰,2005/03
〈聚落深層意識的沈默伏流〉,東風通信雜誌,臺灣Faust計畫組織
康旻杰,2005/10
〈寶藏巖聚落保存的都市計畫命題與藝術行動回應〉:市民參與的活力社區與適居城市—
國際社區規劃論壇,台北市都市發展局

外文書目

Calvino, Italo, Le Città invisibili.
《看不見的城市》,1993,王志弘譯;台北:時報文化出版社
Crang, Mike, Cultural Geography.
《文化地理學》,2005,王志弘、余佳玲、方淑惠譯;台北:巨流出版社
Gros, Frédéric, Michel Foucault.
《傅柯考》,2006,何乏筆、楊凱麟、龔卓軍譯;台北:城邦文化出版社
Jung, Carl Gustav, 1991, Psychology of the Unconscious. Princeton: Princeton University Press
Lacy, Suzanne, Mapping the Terrain: New Genre Public Art.
《量繪形貌—新類型公共藝術》,2004,吳瑪悧等編譯;台北:遠流出版社
Parker, Simon, Urban Theory and The Urban Experience: Encountering the City.
《遇見城市:理論與經驗》,2007,王志弘、徐苔玲譯;台北:群學出版社
Sigmund, Freud, 1961[1930], Civilization and its Discontents. New York; W. W. Norton and Company
Sigmund, Freud, 1900[1899], The Interpretation of Dreams/ Die Traumdeutung. Riverside; Athena Rare Books (ABAA)
Smith, Philip, Cultural Theory: An Introduction.
《文化理論的面貌》,2004,林宗德譯;台北:韋伯文化出版社
Soja, Edward William, Third space-Journeys to Los Angeles and Other Real-and-Imagined Places
《第三空間—航向洛杉磯以及其他真實與想像地方的旅程》,2004,王志弘、張華蓀、王玥民譯;台北:桂冠圖書出版社
Storey, John, Cultural Theory and Popular Culture; An Introduction.
《文化理論與通俗文化導論》,2005,李根芳、周素鳳譯;台北:巨流出版社
Tuan, Yi-Fu,Escapism.
《逃避主義》,2006,周尚意、張春梅譯;台北:立緒文化出版社
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