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系統識別號 U0002-1207201811423300
中文論文名稱 拉丁美洲的反美情緒與中國在拉美的影響力
英文論文名稱 ANTI-AMERICANISM AND THE INCREASING CHINESE PRESENCE IN LATIN AMERICA
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 國際事務與戰略研究所碩士班
系所名稱(英) Graduate Institute of International Affairs and Strategic Studies
學年度 106
學期 2
出版年 107
研究生中文姓名 方剛夏
研究生英文姓名 Gonzalo Mauricio Vasquez Orozco
電子信箱 gonzalovas77@gmail.com
學號 605335057
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
口試日期 2018-06-15
論文頁數 100頁
口試委員 指導教授-何思因
共同指導教授-李大中
委員-邱稔壤
委員-陳一新
中文關鍵字 反美情緒  門羅主義  美洲學派  華盛頓共識  拉美經濟危機  美國干涉主義  中國對外投資  美拉關係  中拉關係 
英文關鍵字 Anti-Americanism  Monroe Doctrine  School of the Americas  Washington Consensus  Latin American economic crises  U.S. interventionism  Chinese foreign investment  U.S.-Latin American relations  Sino-Latin American relations 
學科別分類 學科別社會科學政治學
學科別社會科學區域研究
中文摘要 自二十一世紀初以來,中華人民共和國和拉丁美洲的經濟關係蓬勃發展,使中國在西半球的商業和投資從2000年的100億美元提升到驚人的2580億美元。這是一個有趣的發展,因為拉丁美洲歷來被稱為美國的後院。自門羅主義時代以來,拉丁美洲一直與華盛頓糾纏在一起,而另一方面,華盛頓不斷干涉拉美內政。在低谷時期,美國在拉丁美洲實施了軍事,政治和經濟干預措施。然而,所有這些干預措施最終都產生了反美情緒感和該地區左翼政黨的崛起。另一方面,中國則以不同的言詞接近拉美國家。中國的和平共處五項原則包括不干涉原則,拉美國家可能會對這種與經濟強國處理對外關係的新選擇感到有吸引力,以創造發展。本研究目標在於分析拉美國家歡迎中國進入其家園的可能原因,並分析中國對拉丁美洲表現出興趣的原因。
英文摘要 Since the beginning of the twenty-first century, the People’s Republic of China and Latin America have experienced a boom in their economic relations that lifted Chinese commerce and investment in the western hemisphere from a mere US$10 billion from the year 2000 to an astounding US$258 billion by 2016. This is an interesting development as Latin America has historically been labeled as the United States’ backyard. Since the era of the Monroe Doctrine, Latin America saw itself entangled with Washington, which on the other hand never doubted to intervene in Latin American internal affairs. Over time, the United States has implemented military, political, and economic interventions in Latin America. However, all those interventions ultimately created a sense of anti-Americanism and a rise of left wing parties in the region. The PRC, on the other hand, is approaching Latin American countries with a different rhetoric. China’s five principles of peaceful coexistence includes the non-interventionist principle, and Latin American countries might feel attracted to this new option of handling foreign relations with an economically strong country in order to create development. The present study aims to analyze the possible reasons of Latin American countries welcoming the PRC into their homes, as well as to analyze the reasons why China is showing interest in Latin America.
論文目次 Contents
List of Figures vi
List of Tables vii
Prologue viii
CHAPTER I 1
Introduction 1
Section I: Background 1
Section II: Research Motives 3
Section III: Research Objectives 4
Section IV: Methodology 4
Section V: Literature Review 5
Section VI: Expected Contributions 13
CHAPTER II 15
The Monroe Doctrine 15
Section I: The Monroe Doctrine 15
Section II: Imperialism and Interventionist Policies 20
Section III: What is the Impact of the Monroe Doctrine in Latin America? 28
Section IV: Conclusion 32
Chapter III 33
The United States in Latin America Since World War II 33
Section I: School of the Americas 33
Section II: United States Military Interventions in Latin America 37
Section III: Organization of American States and the United Nations 46
Section IV: The Washington Consensus and the International Monetary Fund 49
Section V: Investment and Foreign Aid 57
Section VI: Conclusion 61
CHAPTER IV 62
China’s Increasing Presence in Latin America 62
Section I: The Rise of China 62
Section II: China in Latin America 64
Section III: China’s Other Ulterior Motives in Latin America 74
Section IV: Conclusion 78
Chapter V 80
Latin American View of the United States and China 80
Section I: Anti-Americanism Sentiment in Latin America 80
Section II: The Rise of Left-Wing Parties in Latin America 87
Section III: China’s Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence 90
Section IV: Challenges to Latin America of the Increasing Chinese Presence in the region 92
Section VI: Conclusion 95
Conclusion 96
Bibliography 98

List of Figures

Chinese government loans to Latin American Governments……………………………….11
U.S. Investment to Latin America…………………………………………………………..12
Foreign Direct Investment in Latin America………………………………………………..58
U.S. Assistance to Latin America and the Caribbean……………………………………….59
Stock of Chinese direct investment in Latin America and the Caribbean…………………..65

List of Tables

LATIN AMERICAN COUNTRIE’S GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT……………………29
UNITED STATES FINANCIAL AID TO LATIN AMERICA……………………………..60
CHINA’S INVESTMENT IN LATIN AMERICA…………………………………………..67

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