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中文論文名稱 基本工資對廠商聯合行為的誘發效果
英文論文名稱 The Effects of Minimum Wage on Collusion
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 經濟學系碩士班
系所名稱(英) Department of Economics
學年度 99
學期 2
出版年 100
研究生中文姓名 蔡尚典
研究生英文姓名 Shang-Tien Tsai
學號 698570214
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2011-06-16
論文頁數 56頁
口試委員 指導教授-林彥伶
委員-江莉莉
委員-魯慧中
中文關鍵字 基本工資  聯合行為  本價比  產業集中度 
英文關鍵字 Minimum Wage  Collusion  Price-Cost Margin  Industrial Centralization 
學科別分類 學科別社會科學經濟學
中文摘要 本論文探討政府調整基本工資對於廠商行為的影響。
由於過去文獻對於廠商聯合行為形成原因探討不足,
本文承續過去文獻在研究需求面波動所導致的聯合行為架構下,
再加入供給面的影響因素,從政府政策面的干擾,分析實施基本工資所引發的供給面成本增加是否將誘發廠商出現聯合行為。

本論文利用台灣地區工商普查1986、1991、1996、與2001年的資料,
將產業分為製造業與服務業進行實證迴歸分析,實證結果發現,基本工資的調漲確實有可能會引發廠商出現聯合行為,但是當產業之間具有上下游關係時會出現彼此相反的結果。

同時,本文也發現以國內生產毛額作為探討景氣循環的變數時,其對廠商聯合行為的影響事實上十分渺小,這顯示廠商在決定彼此之間是否要進行聯合行為之時,當下景氣的好壞並不是一個絕對重要的條件。此外,在低集中度的競爭產業中,本文發現廠商有可能會因為供給面因素而出現聯合行為。

英文摘要 This thesis studies the possibilities of collusion
by considering both of the market's demand and supply side fluctuating.

Most previous literature ignore the effects of supply factors on collusion such as cost increased since the implementation of minimum wage, while the minimun wage may cause a stronger incentive for firms to collude.

With using the firm-level data in manufacturing and service industries in Taiwan,we find that firms collude significantly when the minimum wage is increased,
and we also find that business cycle has weaker effects on collusion.

In addition,even if the market concentration is lower, the firms still have stronger opossibility to collude due to the increased minimum wage.
論文目次 1 前言 1
2 文獻回顧 6
3 台灣基本工資的發展概況 11
4 聯合行為與價格追隨 14
5 實證方法與資料 16
5.1 資料說明 16
5.2 實證變數說明 18
5.3 實證模型 20
6 實證結果 23
7 結論 27

表目錄
台灣地區歷年基本工資調整過程 32
製造業基本變數統計表 33
廠商聯合行為的迴歸結果(製造業一階段估計)---全部樣本 34
產業別迴歸結果(製造業一階段估計)I 35
產業別迴歸結果(製造業一階段估計)II 36
產業別迴歸結果(製造業一階段估計)III 37
產業別迴歸結果(製造業一階段估計)IV 38
依產業集中度分組的迴歸結果(製造業一階段估計) 39
廠商聯合行為的迴歸結果(製造業兩階段估計)---全部樣本 40
產業別迴歸結果(製造業兩階段估計)I 41
產業別迴歸結果(製造業兩階段估計)II 42
產業別迴歸結果(製造業兩階段估計)III 43
產業別迴歸結果(製造業兩階段估計)IV 44
依產業集中度分組的迴歸結果(製造業兩階段估計) 45
服務業基本變數統計表 46
廠商聯合行為的迴歸結果(一階段估計)---服務業全部樣本 47
產業別迴歸結果(服務業一階段估計)I 48
產業別迴歸結果(服務業一階段估計)II 49
產業別迴歸結果(服務業一階段估計)III 50
依產業集中度分組的迴歸結果(服務業一階段估計) 51
廠商聯合行為的迴歸結果(兩階段估計)---服務業全部樣本 52
產業別迴歸結果(服務業兩階段估計)I 53
產業別迴歸結果(服務業兩階段估計)II 54
產業別迴歸結果(服務業兩階段估計)III 55
依產業集中度分組的迴歸結果(服務業兩階段估計) 56
參考文獻 王敬堯(2006)
「從經濟上證據探討寡占市場廠商之價格追隨行為」, 國立中央大學產業經濟研究所碩士論文。

王連常福,許績天(1996)
「八十四年基本工資調整後之經濟效果評估」,國科會研究報告。

林忠正,陳淑美(1991)
「基本工資之調整評估及近年來薪資與生產力互動關係之研究」,中華民國行政院勞工委員會委託台灣經濟研究院研究報告。

陳鎮洲(1993)
「景氣波動與廠商聯合行為」, 國立台灣大學經濟學研究所碩士論文。

劉邦典、梁發進、孫金蘭(1993)
「基本工資調整後之影響、評估及台灣地區基本工資與外籍勞工互動關係之研究」,行政院勞工委員會委託台灣經濟研究院研究報告。

Bils, Mark(1987)
``The Cyclical Behavior of Marginal Cost and Price,"The American Economic Review, Vol.77, No.5, pp.838-835

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``Using Regional Variation in Wages to Measure the Effects of the Federal Minimum Wage," Industrial and Labor Relations Review, ILR Review, ILR School, Cornell University, Vol. 46, No.1, pp 22-37

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American Economic Review, Vol. 85,No.2, pp. 238-243

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Economica, New Series,Vol. 43,No.171, pp. 267-274

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Economica, New Series,vol.49, No.193, pp.39-42.

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