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系統識別號 U0002-1207200721090500
中文論文名稱 含有不良品、允許欠撥且可延遲付款的整合零售商與製造商之最適生產與訂購策略
英文論文名稱 Optimal Production and Ordering Policies for Integrated Retailers and Manufacturers Involve Defective Items with Allowable Shortage under Permissible Delay in Payments
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 管理科學研究所碩士班
系所名稱(英) Graduate Institute of Management Science
學年度 95
學期 2
出版年 96
研究生中文姓名 黃炳豪
研究生英文姓名 Ping-Hao Huang
學號 694560334
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2007-06-08
論文頁數 104頁
口試委員 指導教授-歐陽良裕
委員-和家慧
委員-時序時
中文關鍵字 整合存貨模式  不良品  缺貨  延遲付款 
英文關鍵字 Integrated Inventory Model  Defective Items  Shortage  Permissible Delay in Payments 
學科別分類 學科別社會科學管理學
中文摘要 全球化的時代來臨,供應鏈上的廠商透過合作以增加本身的競爭力。供應鏈系統管理最重要的是整合買賣雙方,有效降低成本與增加利潤,以達到雙贏的成果。由於生產製程的不完備、人為的疏忽或搬運過程的缺失,導致零售商收到的貨品中含有不良品。若將不良品販賣給消費者,則消費者會抱怨而要求退貨或補償,對企業的信譽影響甚鉅。另一方面,零售商為了減少存貨成本,而訂購較少的貨品,導致缺貨的情形發生,使得部分消費者可能轉向其他廠商購買貨品,因此,適當的存貨量對於企業的經營更顯重要。再者,製造商為了提高銷售量或減少庫存的數量,會提供零售商一段延遲付款的期限,且此付款期限時間長度與零售商的訂購量有關,即訂購量越多,可享受越長的付款期限之優惠,以吸引零售商訂購較多的貨品。
  本文主要推廣和家慧 (2005)的整合型存貨模式,考慮在可延遲付款的情形下,建立整合零售商與製造商的存貨模式。本文包含四個章節,第一章說明本文研究動機與目的、文獻探討及研究架構。第二章探討在零售商收到的貨品中含有不良品,允許缺貨且部分欠撥,而製造商提供給零售商一段延遲付款的期限下,建立整合零售商與製造商的存貨模型。第三章延續第二章的研究,在允許欠撥,不良率為隨機變數,且延遲付款期限的長度和零售商訂購數量有關的情況下,建立整合零售商與製造商的存貨模式。對於本研究所建立的存貨模式,我們均利用數學分析的方法得到最適解存在的充要條件,並分別舉例說明求解的過程和做敏感度分析,以瞭解參數值變動對於最適解所造成的影響。最後,第四章提出本文的結論以及未來研究的方向。
英文摘要 Under the tendency of globalization, the businesses of supply chain cooperate to promote competitiveness. The most important things for management in supply chain are integrating manufacturers and retailers, reducing costs and increasing revenues efficiently. Due to the imperfection of supplier’s production processes, artificial negligence and the fault of carried process, the retailer receives items which included defective items. If the retailer sells the defective items to consumers, it would cause the consumers to complain and to request to return or indemnify, which is all-important to enterprise’s business. In addition, in order to decrease the inventory cost, the retailer will order fewer items. It will result in shortage and the partial consumers will probably buy what they need from other retailers. Therefore, it is important to decide the inventory quantity for enterprise’s business. Furthermore, the manufacturer often offers the retailer a trade credit to improve sales and reduce stocks. If the retailer orders with more quantity, the manufacturer will offer longer due date of delay payment.
This thesis extends the integrated inventory models of Ho (2005) and establishes integrated retailer and manufacturer inventory models under permissible delay in payments. Chapter 1 involves the motivation and objective of this thesis. In this chapter, literature review about relative research papers is also included. Chapter 2 considers the defective items in retailer’s arrival order lot with partial backlogging. We establish an integrated retailer and manufacturer inventory model under permissible delay in payments. In Chapter 3, we extend model for Chapter 2, in which shortage is allowable and defective rate is considered as a random variable. We set up an integrated retailers and manufacturers inventory model under the effect of an order-size dependent trade credit. The necessary and sufficient conditions of the existence and uniqueness of the optimal solutions for the two models are shown. Numerical examples are provided to show the solution procedure and the sensitivity analyses of the optimal solution with respect to parameters of the systems are also carried out for understanding how parameter changes influence the optimal solution. Finally, Chapter 4 provides the conclusion of this thesis and future research directions are proposed.
論文目次 表目錄 III
圖目錄 IV
使用符號一覽表 V
基本假設 VII

第一章 緒論 1
1.1研究動機與目的 1
1.2文獻探討 3
1.2.1 產品品質 3
1.2.2 缺貨數量欠撥 4
1.2.3 數量折扣 5
1.2.4 信用交易 6
1.2.5 整合型存貨模式 7
1.3研究架構 8

第二章 含有不良品、允許欠撥且可延遲付款的整合零售商與製造商之最適生產與訂購策略 10
2.1前言 10
2.2符號與假設 11
2.3模式的建立 12
2.4模式的求解 23
2.5數值範例 46

第三章 延遲付款期限與訂購量有關,含有不良品且允許欠撥的整合零售商與製造商之最適生產與訂購策略 49
3.1前言 49
3.2符號與假設 50
3.3模式的建立 51
3.4模式的求解 60
3.5數值範例 85

第四章 結論 89
4.1主要研究成果 89
4.2未來研究方向 91

參考文獻 93
附錄A證明 (第二章) 101
附錄B證明 (第三章) 103

表目錄
表2.1 範例的求解過程 46
表2.2 不同 與 值對最適解的影響 47
表3.1 不同訂購數量下的付款期限 85
表3.2 範例的求解過程 86
表3.3 不同 與 值對最適解的影響 87


圖目錄
圖2.1 當 時,零售商的存貨水準示意圖 14
圖2.2 當 時,零售商的存貨水準示意圖 15
圖2.3 當 時,零售商的存貨水準示意圖 16
圖2.4 製造商存貨數量示意圖 20
圖3.1 最適解的求解程序 81


參考文獻 中文文獻:
[1] 和家慧 (2005)。可控制前置時間之二階整合存貨模型的研究。私立淡江大學管理科學研究所博士學位論文。

[2] 書軒資訊 (2005)。電子商務系列-供應鏈管理策略(初版)。臺北市:文魁資訊股份有限公司。

[3] 葉清江、賴明政 (2005)。物流與供應鏈管理(初版)。臺北市:全華科技圖書股份有限公司。

英文文獻:
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[16] Goyal, S. K. and Nebebe, F. (2000). Determination of economic production-shipment policy for a single-vendor-single-buyer system. European Journal of Operational Research, 121(1), 175-178.

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[18] Hill, R. M. (1997). The single-vendor single-buyer integrated production-inventory model with a generalized policy. European Journal of Operational Research, 97(3), 493-499.

[19] Ho, C. H., Ouyang, L. Y. and Su, C. H. (2007). Optimal pricing, shipment and payment policy for an integrated supplier-buyer inventory model with two-part trade credit. European Journal of Operational Research, In Press.

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[22] Kelle, P., Al-khateeb, F. and Miller, P. A. (2003). Partnership and negotiation support by joint optimal ordering/setup policies for JIT. International Journal of Production Economics, 81-82, 431-441.

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[24] Ouyang, L. Y. and Chuang, K.W. (2004). Economic order quantity with shortage and quantity discounts under permissible delay in payments. Journal of Information and Optimization Sciences, 25(1), 53-61.

[25] Ouyang, L. Y., Chuang, K. W. and Chuang, B. R. (2004). An inventory model with noninstantaneous receipt and permissible delay in payments. Information and Management Sciences, 15(3), 1-11.

[26] Ouyang, L. Y., Ho, C. H. and Su, C. H. (2005). Optimal strategy for the integrated vendor-buyer inventory model with adjustable production rate and trade credit. Information and Management Sciences, 16(4), 19-37.

[27] Padmanabhan, G. and Vrat, P. (1995). EOQ models for perishable items under stock dependent selling rate. European Journal of Operational Research, 86(2), 281-292.

[28] Paknejad, M. J., Nasri, F. and Affisco, J. F. (1995). Defective units in a continuous review (s,Q) system. International Journal of Production Research, 33(10), 2767-2777.

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[31] Sarker, B. R., Jammal, A. M. M. and Wang, S. (2000). Supply chain models for perishable products under inflation and permissible delay in payment. Computers and Operations Research, 27(1), 59-75.

[32] Schwaller, R. L. (1988). EOQ under inspection costs. Production and Inventory Management Journal, 29(3), 22-24.

[33] Shah, V. R., Patel, N. C. and Shah, D. K. (1988). Economic ordering quantity when delay in payments of order and shortages are permitted. Gujarat Statistical Review, 15(2), 52-56.

[34] Teng, J. T. (2002). On the economic order quantity under conditions of permissible delay in payments. Journal of the Operational Research Society, 53(8), 915-918.

[35] Teng, J. T., Chang, H. J., Dye, C. Y. and Hung, C. H. (2002). An optimal replenishment policy for deteriorating items with time-varying demandand partial backlogging. Operations Research Letters, 30(6), 387-393.

[36] Tersine, R. J. and Toelle, R. A. (1985). Lot size determination with quantity discounts. Production and Inventory Management, 26(3), 1-23.

[37] Wee, H.M. (1995). Joint pricing and replenishment policy for deteriorating inventory with declining market. International Journal of Production Economics, 40(2-3), 163-171.

[38] Wee, H. M. (1999). Deteriorating inventory model with quantity discount, pricing and partial backlogging. International Journal of Production Economics, 59(1-3), 511-518.

[39] Wu, K. S. and Ouyang, L. Y. (2000). Defective units in (Q,r,L) inventory model with sub-lot sampling inspection. Production Planning and Control, 11(2), 179-186.

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