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系統識別號 U0002-1206201413403500
中文論文名稱 寡勝賽局人格與數學能力之影響
英文論文名稱 Minority Game: The Impact of Personality and Mathematical Abilities
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 產業經濟學系碩士班
系所名稱(英) Department of Industrial Economics
學年度 102
學期 2
出版年 103
研究生中文姓名 藍振鳴
研究生英文姓名 Chen-Ming Lan
學號 698540431
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2014-06-09
論文頁數 42頁
口試委員 指導教授-池秉聰
委員-戴中擎
委員-葉佳炫
中文關鍵字 寡勝賽局  真人實驗  數學能力  人格特質 
英文關鍵字 Minority Game  Big Five personality  Mathematical Ability  Human Experiments 
學科別分類
中文摘要 本文利用張翼成(2003)互動式寡勝賽局設定與程式、五大人格測驗及數學能力為架構,建立並進行真人實驗,藉此實驗結果進行分析是當真人面對所有競爭者都是電腦的演算法時,否有影響寡勝賽局的因素存在。本研究將實驗所得到的實驗數據進行迴歸分析。我們發現,當真人受試者面臨有規律性的資源有限環境中,影響真人在寡勝賽局表現的因素有數學能力、開放性人格特質與神經質人格特質,當真人面臨較困難市場環境時,影響真人在寡勝賽局的因素有嚴謹性人格特質與外向性人格特質。
英文摘要 This article uses the Zhang (2003) set and program、the BFI tests and mathematical ability as the framework to build and human experiments, analyze experimental results is to take seriously the face of all competitors who are computer calculations when law, whether the factors affecting the presence of oligonucleotides to win the game. This study will test the experimental data obtained by regression analysis. We found that there are human subjects faced regular resource-limited settings, the factors that affect minority game performance in the wins have mathematical ability, openness to experience and neuroticism personality, human faced difficult market environment, factors affecting the minority game has wins conscientiousness and extraversion personality.
論文目次 目錄
第一章 緒論------------------------------------------------------------------------------------1
1.1 研究動機-------------------------------------------------------------------------2
1.2 研究目的-------------------------------------------------------------------------1
1.3 本文架構-------------------------------------------------------------------------3

第二章 文獻回顧------------------------------------------------------------------------------4
2.1 寡勝賽局-------------------------------------------------------------------------4
2.2 互動式寡勝賽局----------------------------------------------------------------5
2.3 人格特質-------------------------------------------------------------------------7

第三章 實驗介紹-----------------------------------------------------------------------------13
3.1 實驗目的設定------------------------------------------------------------------13
3.2 實驗對象------------------------------------------------------------------------13
3.3 實驗設計流程------------------------------------------------------------------14
3.4 實驗指導語---------------------------------------------------------------------15
3.5 五大人格測驗------------------------------------------------------------------15
3.6 數學能力測驗------------------------------------------------------------------16
3.7 互動式寡勝賽局測驗---------------------------------------------------------17

第四章 實驗結果與分析--------------------------------------------------------------------18
4.1 量表之信度分析---------------------------------------------------------------18
4.2 各項變數之描述性統計------------------------------------------------------19
4.3 實驗數據分析------------------------------------------------------------------21
4.4 實驗假說之驗證---------------------------------------------------------------31
4.5 結論與建議---------------------------------------------------------------------32
附錄一-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------36
附錄二-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------38
參考文獻----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------40
圖表目錄

圖1、五大人格測驗---------------------------------------------------------------------------16
圖2、數學能力測驗---------------------------------------------------------------------------17
圖3、互動式寡勝賽局測驗------------------------------------------------------------------18
圖4、實驗受試者學歷與性別比例---------------------------------------------------------19
圖5、數學能力及五大人格特質測驗標準化----------------------------------------------20
圖6、寡勝賽局表現區間-----------------------------------------------------------------------22
圖7、寡勝賽局表現對應----------------------------------------------------------------------32
表1、市場設定統整-----------------------------------------------------------------------------7
表2、五大人個特質統整---------------------------------------------------------------------12
表3、實驗流程---------------------------------------------------------------------------------14
表4、五大人格特質測驗題型---------------------------------------------------------------15
表5、量表之信度分析------------------------------------------------------------------------19
表6、各項變數之描述統計------------------------------------------------------------------20
表7、皮爾森相關係數------------------------------------------------------------------------22
表8、各變數對寡勝賽局(簡單市場、區塊1)之迴歸分析-------------------------23
表9、各變數對寡勝賽局(簡單市場、區塊2)之迴歸分析-------------------------23
表10、各變數對寡勝賽局(簡單市場、區塊3)之迴歸分析-------------------------23
表11、各變數對寡勝賽局(簡單市場、區塊4)之迴歸分析-------------------------25
表12、各變數對寡勝賽局(困難市場、區塊1)之迴歸分析-------------------------26
表13、各變數對寡勝賽局(困難市場、區塊2)之迴歸分析-------------------------27
表14、各變數對寡勝賽局(困難市場、區塊3)之迴歸分析-------------------------27
表15、各變數對寡勝賽局(困難市場、區塊4)之迴歸分析-------------------------28
表16、影響寡勝賽局自變數統整-----------------------------------------------------------29
表17、各變數對寡勝賽局(簡單市場、成績加權計算)之迴歸分析-------------------30
表18、各變數對寡勝賽局(困難市場、成績加權計算)之迴歸分析-------------------31
表19、影響寡勝賽局自變數統整-----------------------------------------------------------31
表20、實驗假說結果驗證--------------------------------------------------------------------32
表21、實驗反向操作迴歸分析統整--------------------------------------------------------34
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