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系統識別號 U0002-1206200918352800
中文論文名稱 第四代行動通訊鏈接估算之效能分析
英文論文名稱 The effect of certain system parameters Attributes on the system performance by the utilization Link Budget
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 電機工程學系碩士班
系所名稱(英) Department of Electrical Engineering
學年度 97
學期 2
出版年 98
研究生中文姓名 曾智祥
研究生英文姓名 Chih-Hsiang Tseng
電子信箱 9023asd@gmail.com
學號 696440063
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2009-06-06
論文頁數 42頁
口試委員 指導教授-李揚漢
委員-曹恆偉
委員-李揚漢
委員-詹益光
委員-許獻聰
委員-李永定
中文關鍵字 LTE 容量  IEEE 802.16m 容量  流量模型  衰減 
英文關鍵字 LTE Capacity  IEEE 802.16m Capacity  Traffic model  Fading 
學科別分類 學科別應用科學電機及電子
中文摘要 IEEE 802.16m和LTE技術都擁有高傳輸速度與高頻寬優點,在下一代無線行動通訊系統中扮演著重要的角色。在基地台與行動台之間傳輸過程中產生路徑損失、建築物或障礙物所產生的遮蔽效應以及基地台對於行動台高速移動產生相對的都卜勒效應(Doppler effect)都會影響訊號傳輸衰減,維持好的服務品質及服務效率,因此在傳輸時選擇適當的調變是很重要。
本論文將著重研究Traffic model參數設定問題著手,由於整個傳輸流量及服務情況都是建立在Traffic model上,故此Traffic model之分析為一重點,並將針對常用的幾種網路服務VoIP(Voice over Internet Protocol),串流影音(Video Streaming),HTTP的流量模型做分析,並建立流量模擬的系統。
每種服務有不同的服務品質(Quality of Service, QoS)需求。本論文根據IEEE 802.16m和LTE系統規範下改變相關參數如:頻寬、手機或基地台傳輸功率、天線高度、OFDMA等參數,對系統的負載的影響,並且分析傳輸路徑衰減(Path loss)與雜訊干擾導致的位元錯誤率以及區塊錯誤率(Block Error Rate, BER)推算系統經過傳輸後的實際效能,模擬出在不同服務比率下使用者人數的上限,最後將以GUI(Graphical User Interfaces, GUI)開發出圖形介面,在未來可協助系統營運商更有效率建置基地台。
英文摘要 Both IEEE 802.16m and LTE technologies posses the advantages of high transmission speed and high bandwidth quality, they play an important role in the next-generation wireless mobile communication. The signal transmission fading is effected by the path loss between the base station and the mobile station, the shadowing effect arising from buildings or obstructions as well as the Doppler effect generating from the relative high speed moving between the base station and the mobile station. It is an important measure to select proper modulation and coding rate mechanisms so as maintain good and effective services.
Since the evaluation of system transmission capacity and service quality is totally based on the Traffic model, the main consideration in this study is then to find and select the relevant parameters for the Traffic model. It will be emphasized on the analysis of traffic model, specifically to study the traffic flow model and to set up the traffic simulation model of certain Internet services such as VoIP, Video Stream and HTTP.
Every service has its own Quality of Service (QoS) requirement. In this study we will investigate the effects of certain parameters, such as transmission bandwidth, transmitting powers of the mobile station and the base station, antenna height, OFDM parameters etc., on the overall system load. We will also study the resulting system bit error rate and system block error rate due to the effects of path loss and noise interference and to evaluate the system performance. We will also through simulation to find the upper limit of allowable maximum users when different percentages of mixing services are considered. Finally we will develop the graphic interface through the Graphical User Interface (GUI) to assist the system providers effectively installing base stations.
論文目次 第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究動機與目的 1
1.2 章節介紹 3
第二章 無線通訊系統介紹與模擬 4
2.1 Frame structure for IEEE 802.16m 4
2.2 Frame structure for LTE(Long Term Evolution) 6
2.3 模擬系統參數設定 8
2.4 適應性調變與編碼 10
第三章 通道分析與模擬 11
3.1 無線通訊系統通道模型 11
3.1.1 COST-231模型 12
3.1.2 快速衰減模型 14
3.2 雜訊比與距離分析 15
第四章 流量模型分析與模擬 17
4.1 流量模型 17
4.1.1 VoIP模型 17
4.1.2 串流影音模型 22
4.1.3 網頁模型 25
4.1.4 FTP模型 27
4.2 建立流量模型模擬環境 29
第五章 模擬軟體之實現 30
5.1 模擬軟體界面說明 30
5.1.1 基地台系統參數類別選擇 32
5.2 模擬流程 34
第六章 結論與未來展望 37
參考文獻 38

圖目錄
圖2.1 IEEE 802.16m訊框結構 5
圖2.2 TDD模式下的訊框結構(CP=1/8) 5
圖2.3 TDD模式下的訊框結構(CP=1/16) 6
圖2.4 LTE訊框結構 7
圖2.5 Short CP結構 7
圖2.6 long CP結構 7
圖3.1 訊號衰減與距離的關係圖 13
圖3.2 雷利衰減號強度示意圖 14
圖3.3 基地台下行之SNR與距離關係圖 16
圖3.4 移動台上行之SNR與距離關係圖 16
圖4. 1 VoIP動作示意 18
圖4. 2 2個聲音狀態的馬爾可夫模型 19
圖4. 3 狀態持續時間機率分佈圖 20
圖4. 4 延遲抖動機率分佈圖 20
圖4. 5 VoIP的流量模型 21
圖4. 6 串流影音動作圖 22
圖4. 7 Packet size機率分佈圖 23
圖4. 8 Arrival time機率分佈圖 24
圖4. 9 串流影音的流量模型 24
圖4. 10 HTTP動作示意圖 25
圖4. 11 HTTP的流量模型 27
圖4. 13 檔案大小機率分佈圖 28
圖4. 14 讀取時間機率分佈圖 29
圖5.1 主要介面介紹 32
圖5.2 模擬流程 34
圖5.3 輸出檔案 35
圖5.4 位置示意圖 36

表目錄
表2. 1 IEEE 802.16m系統參數 9
表2. 2 LTE系統參數 9
表4. 1 聲音編碼資訊 18
表4. 2 VoIP的流量模型 20
表4. 3 G.729封包預估大小 21
表4. 4 串流影音的流量模型 23
表4. 5 HTTP流量模型 26
表4. 6 流量混合機率 29
表5.1 模擬參數 35
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[2] Ron Murias, Editor, “IEEE 802.16m Amendment Working Document,” IEEE 802.16 Broadband Wireless Access Working Group, 80216m-09_0010, Jan. 2009.
[3] 3GPP TS 36.211: "Physical channels and modulation".
[4] 3GPP TS 36.212: "Multiplexing and channel coding".
[5] 3GPP TS 36.213: "Physical layer procedures".
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[10] Jeff Zhuang, Louay Jalloul, Robert Nobak, and Jeongho Park, “Project 802.16m Evaluation Methodology Document (EMD),” IEEE 802.16 Broadband Wireless Access Working Group, C80216m-08_004, March 2001.
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