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系統識別號 U0002-1206200823065200
中文論文名稱 IEEE 802.16無線都會網路下以優先權為主之可適性排程機制
英文論文名稱 An Adaptive Priority-based Scheduling Scheme for IEEE 802.16 Networks
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 資訊工程學系資訊網路與通訊碩士班
系所名稱(英) Master's Program in Networking and Communications, Department of Computer Science and Information En
學年度 96
學期 2
出版年 97
研究生中文姓名 黃詩宜
研究生英文姓名 Shih-Yi Huang
電子信箱 shiyi1122@gmail.com
學號 695420025
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
第二語文別 英文
口試日期 2008-06-05
論文頁數 151頁
口試委員 指導教授-王英宏
委員-簡榮宏
委員-陳振炎
委員-張志勇
中文關鍵字 全球互通微波存取  IEEE 802.16  排程演算法  服務品質 
英文關鍵字 WiMAX  IEEE 802.16  Scheduling Algorithm  QoS 
學科別分類 學科別應用科學資訊工程
中文摘要 近年來,以IEEE 802.16標準為基礎的寬頻無線存取技術,儼然成為目前無線都會網路發展的主要趨勢。綜觀IEEE 802.16的系統,提供並滿足使用者不同層級的QoS是標準制訂最主要的目標。一般來說,為達到系統資源的最有效利用、服務最多用戶個數以及提供有等級差別的服務品質保證,嚴謹且有效的無線資源管理是非常重要的。在無線資源管理的議題當中,又以排程機制的設計為最主要的部分,有鑑於此,因此本論文針對IEEE 802.16網路,提出一個可適性排程演算法,稱為APS (Adaptive Priority-based Scheduling)。主要概念係針對網路中不同類型的Connection,依據服務品質的需求,動態調整連線之間享有頻寬使用權的優先順序。以達到服務品質的保證、動態分配Downlink和Uplink的頻寬, 及避免較低服務等級的Connection出現starvation的情況。
除此之外,於模擬結果中發現,將ASP與具代表性的文獻相比較後,發現ASP的確能在Average Throughput和Average Delay中獲得較佳的Performance。
英文摘要 Supporting QoS guarantees for diverse multimedia services is the main concern in IEEE 802.16 networks. The scheduling scheme to satisfy QoS requirements become more important issues in IEEE 802.16 networks. Therefore we propose a scheduling scheme in the thesis, called Adaptive Priority-based Scheduling (APS) scheme for provision of QoS guarantee in IEEE 802.16 networks.
APS comprises two major components, including priority assignment and resource allocation. Basically, five service types in APS are reasonably classified into the Delay-Constrained Service (UGS, ertPS, and rtPS) and the Throughput-Guaranteed Service (nrtPS and BE) categories, primarily depending on their QoS requirements. In priority assignment, each connection in the individual category is assigned a suitable priority by using a well-designed rule, based on the connection’s QoS parameters. Additionally, in order for starvation prevention, the priority of the connection with low priority in each category will be dynamically promoted. In resource allocation, the maximal and the minimal bandwidth requirements are first calculated. After comparing such bandwidth requirements and the total available bandwidth of BS, we consider the priority of a connection, and then make use of the weight-based proportional fairness scheme to achieve resource allocation of each connection.
Overall, APS is not only completely compatible with DFPQ scheme and SCSA scheme, but also achieve QoS satisfaction as well as starvation prevention. Simulation results show that APS outperforms the representative scheduling approaches in both average throughput and average delay.
論文目次 第一章 緒論 - 1 -
1.1 導論 - 1 -
1.2 研究動機與目標 - 1 -
1.3 研究方法簡介 - 3 -
1.4 論文架構 - 3 -
第二章 相關技術與研究 - 5 -
2.1 IEEE 802.16 技術介紹 - 5 -
2.1.1 前言 - 5 -
2.1.2 IEEE 802.16標準的特性 - 6 -
2.1.3 實體層(PHY layer)介紹 - 8 -
2.1.4 媒體存取控制層(MAC layer)介紹 - 10 -
2.1.5 IEEE 802.16 QoS架構 - 12 -
2.2 相關研究 - 16 -
2.2.1 服務類型為主(Service-based) - 17 -
2.2.2 連線為主(Connection-based) - 23 -
2.2.3 小結 - 25 -
第三章 優先權為主之可適性排程機制 - 27 -
3.1 前言 - 27 -
3.2 系統架構 - 27 -
3.3 網路環境以及基本概念簡介 - 29 -
3.3.1 網路環境與假設 - 29 -
3.3.2 APS基本概念 - 30 -
3.3.3 符號定義 - 32 -
3.4 優先權的分派(PRIORITY ASSIGNMENT) - 33 -
3.4.1 前言 - 33 -
3.4.2 連線的排序(Connection Ranking) - 34 -
3.4.3 優先權的上升(Priority Elevation) - 50 -
3.4.4 小結 - 56 -
3.5 資源的分配(RESOURCE ALLOCATION) - 57 -
3.5.1 前言 - 57 -
3.5.2 頻寬需求的量化 - 58 -
3.5.3 頻寬需求的分配 - 72 -
3.5.4 小結 - 80 -
第四章 模擬結果探討 - 82 -
4.1 前言 - 82 -
4.2 模擬參數與場景介紹 - 82 -
4.3 模擬結果與比較分析 - 86 -
第五章 結論與未來研究方向 - 98 -
5.1 結論 - 98 -
5.2 未來研究方向 - 98 -
參考文獻 - 99 -
附錄一 可適性排程機制之各級演算法 - 105 -
附錄二 PUBLICATIONS LIST - 121 -
附錄三 論文發表-WASN 2007 - 122 -
附錄四 論文發表-APWCS 2008 - 133 -
附錄五 論文發表-TAIA 2008 - 136 -
附錄六 英文稿 - 146 -

圖目錄
圖 1 分時多工架構圖 - 7 -
圖 2 IEEE 802.16 通訊協定層架構 - 8 -
圖 3 OFDMA 訊框結構 - 9 -
圖 4 PMP架構 - 11 -
圖 5 Mesh架構 - 11 -
圖 6兩階層式排程架構 - 19 -
圖 7 DFPQ排程架構 - 20 -
圖 8 PDFPQ排程架構 - 21 -
圖 9 IEEE 802.16系統運作示意圖 - 28 -
圖 10 TDD Frame架構圖 - 29 -
圖 11 Dynamic Priority觀念示意圖 - 31 -
圖 12 APS架構圖 - 32 -
圖 13優先權分派的架構圖 - 34 -
圖 14封包的到達時間、等待時間與間隔時間圖例 - 37 -
圖 15需求的提出時間、等待時間與剩餘等待時間圖例 - 42 -
圖 16資源分配架構圖 - 57 -
圖 17順位示意圖 - 78 -
圖 18 資源分配流程圖 - 81 -
圖 19 模擬場景示意圖 - 83 -
圖 20 UGS連線的平均Throughput (DL) - 87 -
圖 21 UGS連線的平均Delay(DL) - 87 -
圖 22 ERT-VR連線的平均Throughput (DL) - 88 -
圖 23 ERT-VR連線的平均Delay(DL) - 89 -
圖 24 RT-VR連線的平均Throughput (DL) - 90 -
圖 25 RT-VR連線的平均Delay(DL) - 90 -
圖 26 RT-VR連線的平均Throughput (UL) - 91 -
圖 27 RT-VR連線的平均Delay(UL) - 91 -
圖 28 NRT-VR連線的平均Throughput (DL) - 93 -
圖 29 NRT-VR連線的平均Delay(DL) - 93 -
圖 30 NRT-VR連線的平均Throughput (UL) - 94 -
圖 31 NRT-VR連線的平均Delay(UL) - 94 -
圖 32 BE連線的平均Throughput (DL) - 95 -
圖 33 BE連線的平均Delay(DL) - 96 -
圖 34 BE連線的平均Throughput (UL) - 97 -
圖 35 BE連線的平均Delay(DL) - 97 -

表目錄
表 1五種排程服務的QoS參數表 - 14 -
表 2 QoS 參數符號定義表 - 32 -
表 3 DCS連線的優先順序表 - 76 -
表 4 模擬連線號碼(a) - 83 -
表 5 模擬連線號碼(b) - 84 -
表 6 QoS參數表 - 85 -

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