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系統識別號 U0002-1206200621013100
中文論文名稱 互補碼在QPSK通訊系統中之應用
英文論文名稱 Applications of Complementary Codes in QPSK Communication Systems
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 電機工程學系碩士班
系所名稱(英) Department of Electrical Engineering
學年度 94
學期 2
出版年 95
研究生中文姓名 張啟慧
研究生英文姓名 Chi-Hui Chang
電子信箱 che_hew@yahoo.com.tw
學號 693351016
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2006-06-06
論文頁數 38頁
口試委員 指導教授-詹益光
委員-許獻聰
委員-余繁
中文關鍵字 平均峰值比  互補鍵碼  正交分頻多工 
英文關鍵字 CCK  PAPR  OFDM 
學科別分類 學科別應用科學電機及電子
中文摘要 在多載波傳收系統例如正交分頻多工系統Orthogonal Frequency Division System (OFDM)中,當子載波的持續累加下可能產生一個非常大的峰均值功率比Peak-to-Average Power Ratio (PAPR)。一個非常大的峰均值功率比(PAPR)將產生出幾個確切的問題,例如在傳收系統的設計中類比數位(A/D)、數位類比(D/A)轉換器複雜度的增加與RF功率發大器效率的降低。在本篇論文中,我們提出利用互補碼鍵鏈Complementary Code Keying (CCK)的方法產生出一個碼而且使用這個碼做QPSK數位波形調變使得系統的平均功率峰值比將被限制在一個明確的標準之下。在本文中討論了互補式序列與Walsh-Hadamard碼兩種互補碼。解碼的方法也是結合這兩種編碼所得出。為了研究我們得到的編碼與解碼效率,我們使用模擬來估計在當一個被傳送的QPSK資訊序列經過一個加性白色高斯雜訊環境系統的位元錯誤率。由模擬結果得知當這兩種碼應用於QPSK的系統時,其系統的效能與理想的QPSK系統沒有明顯的差異。
英文摘要 In multi-carrier transmission system such as the Orthogonal Frequency Division System (OFDM) it may generate a large peak-to-average power (PAP) ratio when the consisting sub-carriers add up coherently. A large PAP ratio will generate certain problems in the design of the transmission system such as the increase of the complexity of the analog-to-digital (A/D) and digital-to-analog (D/A) converters and the reduction of the efficiency of the RF power amplifier. In this paper we study and employ the complementary code keying (CCK) scheme to generate a code set and use this code set to modulate the QPSK digital waveform so that the system’s PAP ratio will be limited below certain level. Two code sets, namely the complementary sequences and the Walsh-Hadamard code, are considered. The decoding scheme associated with each encoding set is also derived. In order to study the effectiveness of our derived encoding and decoding schemes we use simulation technique to evaluate the system bit error rate performance when a sequence of QPSK data are transmitted through an additive white Gaussian noise environment. From the simulation result it reveals that the system is working in the way as the system is designed by using either code set.
論文目次 目錄
第一章 緒論 ……………………………….….……..1
1.1 研究動機和背景 ……………………………..……….1
1.2 各章節提要 ……...………………..………..…………3

第二章 OFDM系統介紹 ..………………….……....4
2.1 OFDM系統介紹 ………………………………….…...4
2.2 OFDM之發生峰均值功率比 …………………….…...7

第三章 峰均值功率比介紹 …………………………8
3.1 峰均值功率比對系統的嚴重性 ..……….……………8
3.2 峰均值功率比的產生……………………………….....9

第四章 解決峰均值功率比問題的方法 …………..11
4.1 第一種削減法…..……………...…………….……….12
4.2 第二種削減法……..…………...…………….……….15
第五章 Complementary Code Keying ……………18
5.1 CCK的信號序列條件 18
5.2 CCK的演算法則 21
5.3 WALSH CODE解調編解碼 25
5.4 QPSK-CCK的編解碼 29
第六章 模擬結果與分析 ………………..…………31
6.1 BER模擬結果的參數設定以及如何模擬 31
6.2 Fast Walsh 解調 33
6.3 CCK之相位解調 34
第七章 結論 ……………………………..…………36

參考目錄………………………………………………37

圖目錄

圖2-1 FDM與OFDM表示圖.…………………………………... 5
圖2-2 整數週期波….…………….……………………... ……..6
圖3-1 QPSK調變訊號受noise干擾後之星狀圖..………..…… ..8
圖4-1 第一種具有削減器的IEEE 802.11a傳送機架構圖…… .14
圖4-2 提出之新削減法架構………………..……………… 15
圖4-3 第二種具有削減器的IEEE 802.11a 傳送機架構圖…… 17
圖5-1 2BIT WALSH CODE 27
圖5-2 4BIT WALSH CODE編碼 27
圖 5-3 CCK相關性解調的結構 29
圖5-4 判斷產生CCK的判斷區間 30
圖6-1 Fast Walsh 模擬結果 34
圖6-2 相位解調模擬結果..………………………………….. 35
表目錄

表5.1相關性序列 19
表5.2信號位移的相關性特性 20
表5.3 8BIT蝴蝶圖CCK編碼 27
參考文獻 參考目錄

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