淡江大學覺生紀念圖書館 (TKU Library)
進階搜尋


下載電子全文限經由淡江IP使用) 
系統識別號 U0002-1206200503431300
中文論文名稱 歐洲環境聯盟對歐盟環保決策的行動與影響成效(2000~2004)
英文論文名稱 European Environmental Bureau's Action and It's Effect on EU's Decision Making (2000~2004)
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 歐洲研究所碩士班
系所名稱(英) Graduate Institute of European Studies
學年度 93
學期 2
出版年 94
研究生中文姓名 魏子廸
研究生英文姓名 Tzu-Ti Wei
學號 691030042
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2005-06-04
論文頁數 164頁
口試委員 指導教授-蔡政文
委員-包宗和
委員-郭秋慶
中文關鍵字 歐盟決策  國際非政府組織  國際壓力團體  環保政策  國際干預力 
英文關鍵字 EU decision-making  INGO  International Pressure Group  Environmental Policy  International Invention Capacity 
學科別分類 學科別社會科學區域研究
中文摘要 隨著冷戰結束,以及全球化進程的影響,非國家行為者的相關研究,已經逐漸引起,國際關係學門廣大的回應。而本文主要在於探討國際非政府組織對國際政府間組織的行動與影響成效,並藉由梅諾教授的『國際壓力團體理論』,來分析歐洲最大的環境公民組織:歐洲環境聯盟在1974年成立後,其如何透過正式,或非正式的管道向歐盟相關決策機制,包括歐盟執委會(European Commission)、歐盟部長理事會(the Council of the European Union)、歐洲議會(European Parliament,EP) 等,及其會員國個別之環保機構,採取干預行動,進而產生的直接或間接的影響成效。

另外,本文乃以歐洲環境聯盟歐盟環保決策的行動,為本文的研究個案,期望藉此理解出國際非政府組織與歐盟,此兩者之間的互動模式,也希冀藉此提供後續研究者,針對國際非政府組織,如何以國際壓力團體的姿態,對於國際政府間組織及個別國家施展其『國際干預力』,有進一步認識。

最後,根據以上的分析,提出結論,認為歐洲環境聯盟,雖然有部分預算來自於歐盟執委會的補助,但是依舊能確保其中立性,對歐盟相關環保決策進行干預,也因此,吸引許多國際大型的非政府組織,如地球之友、綠色和平組織等,與其合作對歐盟進行干預,間接提升歐洲環境聯盟,在全球環境事務中,所扮演的角色,尤其當歐盟,亟欲成為全球環境事務的領導者時,以歐盟為干預導向的歐洲環境聯盟,其國際干預力,也勢必隨之提高且有影響力。

英文摘要 With the end of the cold war, and the ongoing globalization process, the study of non-state actors has gradually given rise to much response in the study field of
international relations.
This study is mainly about the activities and impacts outcomes of INGOs towards Inter-Governmental Organizations, and is using Prof. Jean Meynaud’s “International Pressure Group theory”to analyze the Europe’s largest civil environmental organization: European Environmental Bureau (EEB), after it was established on 1974,the EEB how to intervene and
influence on EU’s decision-making machine, including European Commission, the Council of the European Union, European Parliament, etc., and the other environmental institutions of its’ member state,and effect several decision-making.
Furthermore, this study through the activities of the EEB on EU Environment Policy as this paper’s research case study, expecting to comprehend the interaction between NGOs and the EU, and also to provide further research
information about how NGOs , as international pressure groups, perform international interference with NGOs and nation states.
論文目次 緒論
第一節 研究動機與目的………………………………………………………..1
第二節 研究途徑與方法………………………………………………………..4
第三節 研究範圍與論文架構…………………………………………………..7
第四節 資料來源與研究限制..............................................................................9
第一章 歐洲環境聯盟的成立要素、組織架構及發展
第一節 歐洲環境聯盟的成立要素與目標........................................................12
第二節 歐洲環境聯盟的組織架構……………………………………………17
第三節 歐洲環境聯盟的發展與限制…………………………………………22
第二章 歐洲環境聯盟的干預力
第一節 正式干預力............................................................................................32
第二節 非正式干預力…………………………………………………………52
第三節 歐洲環境聯盟的干預層次……………………………………………56
第四節 歐洲環境聯盟的戰略與戰術…………………………………………62
第三章 歐洲環境聯盟對歐盟環保政策的行動
第一節 歐洲環境聯盟對水政策的行動………………………………………70
第二節 歐洲環境聯盟對空污政策的行動……………………………………76
第三節 歐洲環境聯盟對化學政策的行動……………………………………82
第四節 歐洲環境聯盟對氣候變化的行動……………………………………88
第五節 歐洲環境聯盟對歐盟擴大後的環保行動……………………………94
第四章 歐洲環境聯盟對歐盟環保政策的影響力
第一節 影響歐洲環境聯盟對歐盟決策成效的因素………………………..102
第二節 歐洲環境聯盟對歐盟決策的影響成效……………………………..112
第五章 評估與展望
第一節 評估…………………………………………………………………..127
第二節 展望 …………………………………………………………………140
結論………………………………………………………………………………...147
參考文獻 ……………………………………………………………………….153
附錄(一)……………………………………………………………………….163

圖表目次
緒論
圖《0-1》 論文研究架構圖……………………………………………………….8
第一章 歐洲環境聯盟的成立要素、組織架構及發展
圖《1-1》 國際非政府組織運作流程圖………………………………………...16
圖《1-2》 歐洲環境聯盟組織架構圖…………………………………………...19
表《1-1》 綠色八集團(Green Group of Eight)…………………………………29
第二章 歐洲環境聯盟的干預力
圖《2-1》 歐盟環境決策的地位………………………………………………...34
圖《2-2》 歐洲環保決策過程圖………………………………………………...36
圖《2-3》 歐盟各行為者參與決策之過程圖…………………………………...45
圖《2-4》 複雜的政策制定過程與歐盟理事會的角色………………………...49
圖《2-5》 歐洲環境聯盟的干預行動路徑……………………………………...55
圖《2-6》 具有全球意涵的國家政策制定之歐洲化…………………………...60
第四章 歐洲環境聯盟對歐盟環保政策的影響力
表《4-1》 歐洲環境聯盟在各政策領域中採取干預行動後的影響力綜合分析表……………………………………………………...…………...123
第五章 評估與展望
圖《5-1》 國際壓力團體與歐盟決策機制的供需模型…………………….....138
表《5-1》 歐洲環境聯盟的『ACCESS』量表…………………………………139







參考文獻 中文部分
吳定,組織發展理論與技術,(台北:天一圖書,民國73年)
彭文賢,組織原理,(台北:三民,民國72年)
李茂興等(譯),Robbins, S. P.,組織行為(台北:揚智文化,民國83年)
胡自強等,我國與國際非政府組織發展關係之研究(台北:行政院研考會,民國84年5月)
董安琪(譯),Mancur Olson, 集體行動的邏輯,(台北:遠流,民國87年)
蔡守秋,歐盟環境政策法律研究,(武漢:武漢大學,2002年6月)
蔡政文,「國際壓力團體的概念建構-國際非政府組織的研究取向」,政治學叢書:中華學術與現代文化叢書,(台北:華岡出版社,民國67年),頁547-567。
蔡政文,「國際民間組織的理論」,政治學刊,第20期,(台北:民國66年8月),頁12-18。
蔡政文,「國際非政府組織的定義、分類與結構」,民間外交研討會報告,(台北:外交部,民國68年)
郭秋慶,歐洲聯盟概論,(台北:五南圖書,民國88年)
陳浩(譯), Basso, J. A.,壓力團體(台北:遠流出版社,民國79年)
陳穎峰(譯),Doyle, T. And McEachern, D.,環境與政治(台北:韋伯出版社,民國90年)
黃偉峰,「剖析歐洲聯盟正在成型的治理體系」,歐美研究,第33卷第2期(民國92年6月),291-344
黃琛瑜,歐洲聯盟:跨世紀政治工程,(台北:五南圖書,民國88年)
英文部分
Andersen, S. S. and Eliassen, K. A., Making Policy in Europe,( UK: Sage Publications May, 2001)
Andersen, S.S. and Eliassen, K.A., “Eu Lobbying- Toward Political Segmentation in the European Union?”, in Claeys, P.-H et al.(eds), Lobbying, Pluralism and European Integration, (Brussels: European University Press, 1998), pp.167-182.
Anheier, H. K., “The Third Sector in Europe: Five theses”, Civil Society Working Paper, Vol. 12, (2003), http://www.lse.ac.uk/collections/CCS/pdf/CSWP12.pdf.
Arts, B. and Verschuren, P., “Assessing Political Influence in Complex Decision-making: An Instrument Based on Triangulation”, International Political Science Review, Vol. 20, No. 4, (1999), pp.411–442.
Arts, B., “GREEN ALLIANCES’ OF BUSINESS AND NGOs New styles of self-regulation or ‘dead-end roads’?”, Corporate Social Responsibility and Environmental Management, (Vol. 9, Nr. 1,March 2002), pp. 26-36.
Arts, B., The Political Influence of Global Ngos: Case Studies on the Climate and Biodiversity Conventions, (Utrecht, the Netherlands: International Books, 1998)
Barnes, P. M. and Barnes, I. G., Environmental policy in the European Union, (UK: Northampton, 1999)
Bennett, A. L. and Oliver, J. K., International Organizations: Principles and Issues (NJ: Prentice Hall, 2002)
Berry, J. M., Lobbying for the People: The Political Behavior of Public Interest Group (New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1977)
Betsill, M. M. and Corell, E., “NGO Influence in International Environmental Negotiation: A Framework for Analysis”, Global Environmental Politics, Vol.1, No.4, (Nov. 2001)
Beyers, J. and Kerremans, B., “Bureaucrats, Politicians, and Societal Interests: How Is European Policy Making Politicized?”, Comparative Political Studies, Vol. 37, No. 10, (2004), pp.1119-1150.
Beyers, J., “Voice and Access: Political Practices of European Interest Associations”, European Union Politics, Vol. 5, No. 2, (2004), pp.211-240.
Boléat, M., “The Changing Environment for Trade Associations and Strategies for Adaptation”, in Greenwood, J. (eds), The Effectiveness of EU Business Associations, (Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2002), pp.85-98.
Bouwen, P., “Corporate Lobbying in the European Union: The Logic of Access”, Journal of European Public Policy, 9, 3. June, pp.365-390.
Bouwen, P., A comparative Study of Business Lobbying in the Parliament, the European Commission and the Council of Minister, (Köln: Max-Planck-Institut für Gesellschaftsforschung, 2002)
Bouwen, P., The Democratic Legitimacy of Business Interest Representation in the European Union: Normative Implications on the Logic of Access, (Bonn: Max Planck Insritute for Research on Collective Goods, 2003)
Bretherton C. and Vogler, J., The European Union as a Global Actor(London: Routledge, 2003)
Broscheid, A. and Coen D., “Insider and Outsider Lobbying of the European Commission: An Informational Model of Forum Politics”, European Union Politics, Vol. 4, No. 2, (2003), pp.165-189.
Carmin, J. and Van Deveer, S. D., Analysis: Central and Eastern Countries Join a Greener Europe, (Massachusetts: ENS, April 30, 2004), http://ens-newswire.com/ens/apr2004/2004-04-30-04.asp
Carmin, J. and Van Deveer,S.D., Analysis: Central and Eastern Countries Join a Greener Europe,(April 2004), http://ens-newswire.com/ens/apr2004/2004-04-30-04.asp
Cini, M. (eds), European Union Politics, (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003)
Crombez, C., “Information, Lobbying and the Legislative Process in the EU”, European Union Politics, Vol. 3, No. 1, (2002), pp. 7-32.
Dahl, A., Næss, T. and Tangen, K., “Europeanisation in Denmark: Participation in EU Energy and Environmental Policy Processes”, FNI-rapport 3/2001., FNI, (Lysaker: The Fridtjof Nansen Institute, 2001), http://www.fni.no/pdf/01-03-kt.pdf.
Earnshaw, D., Wood J., and Warleigh, A., “The European Parliament as Entrepreneur: New Trends, New Challenges” in Warleigh, A. and Fairbrass, J. (eds), Influence and Interests in the European Union: The New Politics of Persuasion and Advocacy, (London: Europa Publications, 2002), pp.75-77.
ECOLOGIC, Participation of Non-Governmental Organizations in International Environmental Governance: Legal Basis and Practical Experience, (Berlin: German Federal Environmental Agency, June 2002), http://www.pacinst.org/inni/NGOParticipation/NGOParticipationStudy.pdf
Eisig, R., “Interest Groups and the European Union”, in Cini, M. (eds), European Union Politics, (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003), pp.192-207.
Fairbass, J. and Jordan, A., “The Europeanization of Interest Representation: The Case of United Kingdom Environmental Policy”, in Warleigh, A. and Fairbrass, J. (eds), Influence and Interests in the European Union: The New Politics of Persuasion and Advocacy, (London: Europa Publications, 2002), pp.138-159.
Fulton, A., “Environment and EU enlargement” Environment Business Magazine (April 04), pp18, http://www.edie.net/library/view_article.asp?id=617&channel=0
Gemmill, B. and Bamidele-Izu, A., “The Role of NGOs and Civil Society in Global Environmental Governance”, http://www.yale.edu/environment/publications/geg/gemmill.pdf
Greenwald, C. S., Group Power: Lobbying and Public Policy (New York: Praeger Publisher, 1977)
Greenwood, J. (eds), The Effectiveness of EU Business Associations, (Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2002)
Greenwood, J. and Westgeest, A., “Introduction: Conference Issues and Themes”, in Greenwood, J., The Challenge of Change in the EU Business Associations, (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2003), pp.3-32.
Greenwood, J., Interest Representation in the European Union, (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2003)
Greenwood, J., The Challenge of Change in the EU Business Associations, (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2003)
Guéguen, D., “David against Goliath: Are Big Lobbying Organizations More Efficient than Smaller Ones”, in Greenwood, J., The Challenge of Change in the EU Business Associations, (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2003), pp.139-149.
Hard,P., Environmental Protection in East-Central Europe: A Market-Oriented Approach, (International Institute for Sustainable Development, 1994)
Held,D., McGrew, A., Goldblatt, D. and Perraton, J., Global transformations: politics, economics and culture (Oxford: Polity, 1999)
Hildebrand, P. M., “The European Community’s Environmental Policy, 1957 to‘1992’: From Incidental Measures to an International Regime”in Jordan, A. (eds), Environmental Policy in the European Union: Actors、Institutions and Policy Processes, (London: Earthscan Publications Ltd., 2002)
John, S., The Persuaders: When Lobbyist Matter, (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2003)
John, S., The persuaders: when lobbyists matter, (Houndmills: Palgrave, 2002)
Jordan, A., “Introduction:European Union Environmental Policy – Actors、Institutions and Policy Processes” in Jordan, A. (eds), Environmental Policy in the European Union – Actors、Institutions and Policy Processes, (London: Earthscan Publications Ltd., 2002)
Kendall, J. and Anheier, H. K., “The Third Sector and The European Union Policy Process: An Initial Evaluation”, Journal of European Public Policy, Vol.6, No.2 (1999), pp283-307.
Keohane, R. O. and Nye, J.S., “Transnational Relations and World Politics: An Introduction,” International Organization, Vol.25, (1971), pp.326-350.
Keohane, R.O. and Nye, J.S., Power and Interdependence (Boston: Little, Brown and Co., 2001)
Kirchner, E., and Schwaiger, K. The Role of Interest Group in the European Community, (Aldershot: Gower, 1981)
Kreppel, A. and Tsebelis, G., “Coalition Formation in te European Parliament”, in Comparative Political Studies, 32, pp.933-966
Mareseau M. (ed.), Enlarging the European Union: Relations between the European Union and Central and Eastern Europe, (London and New York: Longman, 1997)
Mazey, S. and Richardson, J., “Environmental Groups and the EC: Challenges and Opportunities” in Jordan, A. (eds), Environmental Policy in the European Union – Actors、Institutions and Policy Processes, (London: Earthscan Publications Ltd., 2002)
Mazey, S. and Richardson, J., “The Logic of Organization: Interest Group”, in Richardson, J. (eds), European Union Power and Policy-making, (London: Routlegde, 1999), pp.200-215.
McCormick, J., Understanding the European Union: A Concise Introduction (New York: St. Martin’s, 1999)
Michaelowa, A., “Impact of interest groups on EU climate policy”, European Environment, Vol.8, No.5, (1998), p. 152-160
Michalowitz, I., “Beyond Corporatism and Pluralism: Towards a New Theoretical Framework”, in Warleigh, A. and Fairbrass, J. (eds), Influence and Interests in the European Union: The New Politics of Persuasion and Advocacy, (London: Europa Publications, 2002), pp.35-53.
Miller, C., Lobbying: Understanding and Influencing the Corridor of Power, (Oxford: Basil Blackwill, 1990)
Moussis, N., Guide to European Policies, 9th rev., (European Study Service, 2003)
Müller-Graff P.C., “Legal Framework for Relations between the European Union and Central and Eastern Europe: General Aspects”, in Mareseau M. (ed.), Enlarging the European Union: Relations between the European Union and Central and Eastern Europe, (London and New York: Longman, 1997), pp 27-31
Nugent, N., The European Commission, (Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2001)
Nugent, N., The Government and Politics of the European Community, (London: Macmillan Education LTD., 1989)
Paulet, M., “How the European Union works and how to influence its’ policies”, The APC European Internet Rights Project, http://www.apc.org/english/rights/europe/eu/eurolob.html
Pedler, R., “Clean Air and Car Emissions: What Industries and Issue Groups Can and Can’t Achieve”, in Pedler, R., European Union Lobbying Changes in the Arena, (Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2002), pp.104-122.
Pedler, R., European Union Lobbying Changes in the Arena, (Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2002)
Peters, G., “Agenda-setting in the European Union”, in Richardson, J. (eds), European Union: Power and Policy-making, (London: Routlegde, 1999), pp.61-76.
Peterson, J. and Bomgerg, E., Decision-making in the European Union, (London: Macmillan Education LTD., 1999)
Philip, A.B. and Gray, O., Directory of Pressure Groups in the EU, 2nd edn, (London: Catermill International)
Reguly, E., EU's Kyoto trading setup makes sense, (The Globe and Mail, April 10, 2004)
Richardson, J. (eds), European Union: Power and Policy-making, (London: Routlegde, 1999)
Salomon, L. M. (eds), Global Civil Society: Dimensions of the Nonprofit Sector, (Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins Comparative Nonprofit Sector Project, 1999)
Stoppard, A., “The Jo'burg World Summit: NGOs split on ways to fight poverty”, (August 2002), http://www.indiatogether.org/environment/articles/wssdngos.htm.
Tamiotti, L. and Finger, M., “Environmental Organizations: Changes Roles and Functions in Global Politics”, Global Environmental Politics, 1: 1, (February 2001)
Thomas G. Weiss & Leon Gordenker, NGOs, The UN & Global Governance, (Boulder: Lynne Riener, 1996)
Van Schendlen, R., Machiavelli in Brussels: The Art of Lobbying the EU, (Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, 2002)
Wallace, H. and Wallace, W., Policy –Making in the European Union, (Oxford University Press, 2000)
Wapner, P., “Politics Beyond the State: Environmental Activism and World Civic Politics”, World Politics, No.47, April 1995.
Warleigh, A. and Fairbrass, J. (eds), Influence and Interests in the European Union: The New Politics of Persuasion and Advocacy, (London: Europa Publications, 2002)
Warleigh, A., “Introduction: Institution, Institutionalism and Decision Making in the EU”, in Warleigh, A., Understanding the European Union Institutions, (London: Routledge, 2002)
Webster, R., “What drives interest group collaboration at the EU level? Evidence from the European environmental interest groups”, European Integration online Papers (EIoP), Vol. 4, No. 17, (December 21, 2000)
Wendler, F., Legitimation though Interest Groups, (Zeitschrift für Internationale Beziehungen, 2/2002)
Westlake, M., The Council of the European Union, (London: Catermill International)
White, L. C., International Non -governmental Organizations: Their Purpose,Methods,and Accomplishments (New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1951)
Wilson, S. and Alhadeff, G., European Civil Society coming of age, (Brussels: Platform of Social NGOs, 2002)
Willetts, P., Pressure Groups in the Global System (London: France Pinter, 1982)
歐盟&歐洲環境聯盟官方暨網路新聞資料部分
Dyekjaer, S. and Boye, M., Chemicals under the spotlight: From Awareness to Action, (Copenhagen: Danish Ecological Council, EEB, 2000)
EEB and WWF, 'Tips and Tricks' for Water Framework Directive implementation, (March 2004)
EEB, "How green is the Prodi Commission?" The Green 8 Environmental Mid-Term Review, (Brussels: EEB, July 2002).
EEB, “EUROPEAN ENVIRONMENTAL BUREAU RESPONSE TO, Consultation document: towards a reinforced culture of consultation and dialogue - proposal for general principles and minimum standards for consultation of interested parties by the commission”, Communication from the Commission, Brussels, com (2002) 277 final.
EEB, A First Response from the European Environmental Bureau To THE WHITE PAPER ON GOVERNANCE, (Brussels: EEB, 3 December 2001)
EEB, A new Sustainable Development Strategy for the EU, (Brussels: EEB's Annual Conference, September 20th, 2004)
EEB, Air pollution from ships - background document, (Brussels: EEB, February 2003)
EEB, An Assessment of Actions taken by the EU to implement the Water Framework Directive, (May 2003)
EEB, COPENHAGEN CHEMICALS CHARTER, (CHEMICALS UNDER THE SPOTLIGHT INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE COPENHAGEN, 27-28 OCTOBER 2000)
EEB, EEB and the EU Enlargement, (Brussels: EEB, October 2001)
EEB, EEB and WWF’s briefing: “European action on flood risk management” Environment Council, (Luxembourg: EEB, October 2004)
EEB, EEB Annual Conference Report, (Brussels: EEB, October 2002)
EEB, EEB Annual Report 2001, (Brussels: EEB, 2002)
EEB, EEB Annual Report 2002 and Plans for 2003, (Brussels: EEB, 2003)
EEB, EEB Annual Report 2003 and Plans for 2004, (Brussels: EEB, 2004)
EEB, EEB Clean Air Seminar report, (Brussels: EEB, June 7-8th, 2002)
EEB, EEB Comments on the list of priority substances and identification of priority hazardous substances under the WFD, (Brussels: EEB, 2000)
EEB, EEB Handbook on EU Water Policy under the Water Framework Directive, (Brussels: EEB, 01/2001)
EEB, EEB RESPONSE TO GLOBAL ASSESSMENT OF 5th ACTION PROGRAMME, (Brussels: EEB, 2000)
EEB, Environmental Fiscal Reform: Perspectives for Progress in the European Union, (Brussels: EEB, June 2003)
EEB, EU Water Policy - The quality of National Transposition and Implementation - A Snapshot, (May 2004)
EEB, European Chemicals policy reform - from emotions to facts, (Brussels: EEB Conference, March 24th, 2004)
EEB, European Chemicals Policy Reform-from paralysis to action, (Copenhagen: EEB Conference, September 2002)
EEB, European Parliament caves in to the chemical industry, (Brussels: EEB, 2001)
EEB, European Water management between environmental and econominc expectations - best practices anf new challenges, (Rendsburg/ Germany: EEB, International seminar on WFD, June 4th, 2004)
EEB, Five-year delay for Assessment of Pesticides shows need for new chemicals and pesticides policy, (Brussels: EEB, 2001)
EEB, Green NGOs applaud European Parliament for improving bathing water protection, (Brussels: EEB, 22 October 2003)
EEB, Handbook on EU Water Policy under the Water Framework Directive, (January 2001)
EEB, Making the WFD Work – Ten actions for implementing a better European water policy, (July 2001)
EEB, NGO proposed amendments as regards the sulphur content in marine fuels, (Brussels: EEB, February 2003)
EEB, Nine actions for improving Europe’s Water Policy, (Brussels: EEB, 2000)
EEB, Preliminary EEB comments on the 4th Daughter Directive relating to Arsenic, Cadmium, Nickel, Mercury and PAHs in ambient air, (Brussels: EEB, October 2003)
EEB, Proposal of 4th Daughter Directive: answers and opinion of the EEB to the questions submitted by the Commission to the Air Quality Steering Group, (Brussels: EEB, May 2001)
EEB, TEN ACTIONS FOR IMPLEMENTING A BETTER EUROPEAN WATER POLICY, (Brussels: EEB, 2001)
EEB, The environmental results of the Accession process - observations from environmental organisations in the New Member States, (Brussels: EEB SPECIALREPORT, APRIL 2004)
EEB, The European Environmental Bureau campaign on Environmental Fiscal Reform, (Brussels: EEB, 2003)
EEB, 'Tips and Tricks' for Water Framework Directive implementation (Brussels: EEB, March 2004)
EEB, Towards an EEB review of the EU Sustainable Development Strategy, (Brussels: EEB, July 2004)
EEB, What is wrong with Eu’s Chemicals Policy, (Brussels: EEB, 09/99)
EEB, Work programme and Budget 2003, (Brussels: EEB, 2002)
EEB/WWF, A new chemicals policy in Europe - new opportunities for industry, (Brussels: EEB, 2003)
EESC, The EESC: a bridge between Europe and organised civil society, (Luxembourg: EUR-OP 2003)
EU, 5th Environmental Action Programme(1993-2000), OJ C138 17/05/93.
EU, 6th Environmental Action Programme(2001-2010), COM(2001)31, 24/01/2001.
EU, Council Directive 96/62/EC of 27 September 1996 on ambient air quality assessment and management, OJ L 296, (21/11/1996)
EU, European climate change programme, (June 2001), Communication from the Commission (COM (2001)580)
EU, Glossary: Institution, Policies and Enlargement of the European Union, Office for Official Publications of European Community, (2001)
EU, Multi-level Governance: Linking and Networking the various Regional and Local Levels, Report by “Governance”-Working Group 4a, European Commission, (2001)
EU, Pesticides Authorisation Directive, 91/414/EEC, (SANCO 822/2001)
EU, Second ECCP Progress Report - Can we meet our Kyoto targets, (European Union 2003)
EU, Strategic document: Common Strategy on the Implementation of the Water Framework Directive (Brussels, 2 May 2001)
EU, The Commission proposal for the Fourth Daughter Directive on Ambient Air Quality, (COM (2003) 423)
EU, Water Framework Directive, L 327/69 Official Journal of the European Communities, (Brussels, December 2000)
EU, WHITE PAPER Strategy for a future Chemicals Policy, COM (2001) 88 final
European Commission, “The Commission and Non-Governmental Organizations: Building a Stronger Partnership”, Commission of the European Communities (2000)
European Parliament, “Lobbying in the European Union: Current Rules and Practices”, Working Paper of the European Parliament, (2003)
Hallo, R., EEB Statement on "Access to documents of EU Institutions", (Brussels: EEB, 18 September 2000)
Harremoës, P., Gee D., MacGarvin M., Andy Stirling, Keys J., Wynne B., and Vaz S.G., Late lessons from early warnings: the precautionary principle 1996-2000, (EU: EEA report, 2002)
Jørgensen, C.E., Environmental Fiscal Reform: Perspectives for Progress in the European Union, (Brussels: EEB, June 2003).
Reguly, E., EU's Kyoto trading setup makes sense, (The Globe and Mail, April 10, 2004)
主要訪談對象(Main Interviews)
Laurent Van De Poele, (former EU commissioner, Special Adviser of KUL)
Regina Schneider, (Head of Information and Communication Unit of EEB)
Miller Jacqueline, (Treasurer of EEB)

論文使用權限
  • 同意紙本無償授權給館內讀者為學術之目的重製使用,於2010-06-16公開。
  • 同意授權瀏覽/列印電子全文服務,於2005-06-16起公開。


  • 若您有任何疑問,請與我們聯絡!
    圖書館: 請來電 (02)2621-5656 轉 2281 或 來信