淡江大學覺生紀念圖書館 (TKU Library)
進階搜尋


下載電子全文限經由淡江IP使用) 
系統識別號 U0002-1202200914183800
中文論文名稱 論及不可論述者: 霍華.菲利浦.洛夫卡夫特的短篇故事中之恐怖與不滿
英文論文名稱 Speaking the Unspeakable: The Tantalizing Horror and Dissatisfaction in Howard Phillips Lovecraft’s Short Stories
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 英文學系碩士班
系所名稱(英) Department of English
學年度 97
學期 1
出版年 98
研究生中文姓名 呂陶然
研究生英文姓名 Tao-Jan Lu
學號 695110022
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
口試日期 2009-01-14
論文頁數 82頁
口試委員 指導教授-黃涵榆
委員-蔡振興
委員-蔡佳瑾
中文關鍵字 洛夫卡夫特  拉崗  凝視  真實  恐怖  不滿  欲望 
英文關鍵字 H.P.Lovecraft  Jacques Lacan  horror  dissatisfaction  desire  the real  the gaze 
學科別分類 學科別人文學語言文學
中文摘要 本文旨在探究洛夫卡夫特的短篇故事中之恐怖與未知這兩元素如何在驅使主角踏上前途乖舛的旅程的同時,否定了旅程本身所能允諾的滿足與成長。論述的內容與順序將依據旅程的結構劃分為三個部份:起始、過程與結尾,每一個部份將由單一章節各別闡述。第一章討論洛夫卡夫特具代表性的短篇故事The Call of Cthulhu中怪物的形象如何在多次地複製與重建的過程中產生了既恐怖又吸引人的特質,並藉由拉崗「凝視」的理論來解析故事中的主角在觀察與被觀察者的主客體關係錯置中迷失了自我,進而從事一場註定失敗的追尋。第二章首先檢視多部短篇故事中主角在追求真相的過程中刻板的成長/墮落以及故事結構的重複與循環,接著試圖推斷公式化的角色描述與相仿的敘事結構並非創作風格的缺陷,而是彰顯作者所關切的主題之手法。第三章利用拉崗「真實」的理論來分析洛夫卡夫特自創神話中的外星神祇如何在被創造、顯現與其對主角的影響中賦予整篇故事截然不同的意義,洛夫卡夫特的短篇作品在此詮釋下也將從科幻恐怖故事轉變成個體對內在精神的探索。
英文摘要 My thesis aims at exploring how the unknown and the horrible—the two underlying elements of H. P. Lovecraft’s fiction—work together in an enigmatic way that lures the hero into action and at the same time promises no gratification in the end. The discussion is based on the structure of a quest-journey that Lovecraft’s hero is bound to undertake, and divided into three parts in accordance with each chapter: the beginning, the middle, and the end. The discussion of each chapter is to be related to a more specific topic pertinent to the overarching argument in general. The first chapter deals with how Lovecraft’s monstrous beings can be horrifying and attractive at the same time, pushing the protagonist to make the first move. This topic is discussed with reference to the concept of the gaze in Jacques Lacan’s The Four Fundamental Concepts of Psycho-Analysis. The following chapter deals with the quest-journey as a whole, covering the development of the hero in his quest and the motif of cycle influential to plot arrangement. I argue that the formulaic characterization and structural repetition common in Lovecraft’s fiction are less a stylistic defect than an intended way to demonstrate author’s genuine interest in the fantastic phenomena of transgression. The last chapter focuses entirely on Lovecraft’s unknown entities with which characters confront at the end of their quest. I study their nature in light of how they are conceived, approached, and interpreted with regard to the concept of the real, and in the process propose an interpretation that Lovecraft’s story is actually a story about human psyche.
論文目次 Table of Contents
Introduction …………………………………………………………………...1
Chapter One: The Image of the Monstrous ………………………………...7
Anamorphosis of the Feared Object ………………………………………...9
The Horror that Gazes back ………………………………………………..19
Chapter Two: Formulaic Characterization and Structural Repetition ….28
Heroes Doomed to go down ……………………………………………….30
The Past that Refuses to Die ……………………………………………….40
Chapter Three: The Origin of Horror ……………………………………..48
Dreams of Wonder and Horror …………………………………………….49
Approach to the Unknown …………………………………………………56
Horror of the Real ………………………………………………………….63
Conclusion …………………………………………………………………...75
Works Cited…………………………………………………………………………80
參考文獻 Works Cited
Airaksinen, Timo. The Philosophy of H. P. Lovecraft: The Route to Horror. New York: Peter Lang, 1999.
Asenath, Manson. Necronomicon Gnosis. Minneapolis, MN: Magus Books, 2007.
Berruti, Massimo. “H. P. Lovecraft and the anatomy of the nothingness: The Cthulhu Mythos.” Semiotica 150 (2004): 363-418.
Bonnefoy, Yves, and Wendy Doniger. “Imagination and Mythology in Contemporary Literature and Science Fiction.” Roman and European Mythologies. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1992. 300-03.
Boothby, Richard. “Figurations of the Objet a.” Jacques Lacan: Critical Evaluations in Cultural Theory. Ed. Slavoj Zizek. Vol. 1. New York: Routledge, 2003. 159-91.
Borges, Jorge Luis. “There are More Things.” The Book of Sand and Shakespeare’s Memory. London: Penguin, 2001. 36-43.
Burleson, Donald R. Lovecraft: Disturbing the Universe. Kentucky: UP of Kentucky, 1990.
Carroll, Noël. The Philosophy of Horror, or, Paradoxes of the Heart. New York: Routledge, 1990.
Deleuze, Gilles, and Félix Guattari. A Thousand Plateaus: Capitalism and Schizophrenia. London: Athlone, 1988.
Felluga, Dino. “Modules on Lacan: On the Structure of the Psyche.” Introductory Guide to Critical Theory. Nov. 23, 2003. Purdue U. 10 Nov. 2008.
Hader, Suzanne. “The Bildungsroman Genre: Great Expectation, Aurora Leigh, and Waterland.” The Victorian Web. Feb. 21, 2005. Brown U. 14 Oct. 2008.
Halpern, Mark. Language and Human Nature. Edison, NJ: Transaction Publishers, 2008.
Houellebecq, Michel. H. P. Lovecraft: Against the World, Against Life. Trans. Dorna Khazeni. San Francisco: Believer Books, 2005.
Jackson, Rosemary. Fantasy: The Literature of Subversion. London: Routledge, 1981.
Joshi, S. T.. Primal Sources. New York: Hippocampus, 2003.
---. The Weird Tale: Arthur Machen, Lord Dunsany, Algernon Blackwood, Mr. James, Ambrose Bierce, H. P. Lovecraft. Austin, TX: U of Texas P, 1990.
Kneale, James. “From Beyond: H. P. Lovecraft and the Place of Horror.” Cultural Geographies 13 (2006): 106-26.
Lacan, Jacques. Ecrits: A Selection. Trans. Alan Sheridan. New York: W. W. Norton & Co., 1977.
---. The Four Fundamental Concepts of Psycho-Analysis. Trans. Alan Sheridan. Ed. Jacques-Alain Miller. New York: Norton, 1977.
---. The Seminar of Jacques Lacan: Book II: The Ego in Freud’s Theory and in the Technique of Psychoanalysis 1954-1955. Trans. Sylvana Tomaselli. Ed. Jacques-Alain Miller. New York: W. W. Norton & Co., 1991.
Lee, Jonathan Scott. Jacques Lacan. Amherst: U of Massachusetts P, 1991.
Levy, Maurice. Lovecraft: A Study in the Fantastic. Trans. S. T. Joshi. Detroit: Wayne State U P, 1988.
Lovecraft, Howard Phillips. The Best of H. P. Lovecraft: Bloodcurdling Tales of Horror and the Macabre. New York: Del Rey, 1996.
---. Dagon and other Macabre Tales. Sauk City, WI: Arkham House, 1986.
---. Miscellaneous Writings. Ed. S.T. Joshi. Sauk City, WI.: Arkham House, 1995.
---. At the Mountains of Madness and Other Novels. Sauk City, WI: Arkham House, 1985.
---. Selected Letters 1991 – 1937. 5 vols. Ed. August Derleth et al. Sauk City, Wis.: Arkham House, 1965 – 1967.
---. Supernatural Horror in Literature. New York: Dover, 1973.
---. The Transition of H. P. Lovecraft: The Road to Madness. New York: Del Rey, 1996.
Mosig, Dirk W. Mosig at Last: A Psychologist Looks at H. P. Lovecraft. West Warwick, RI: Necronomicon Press, 1997.
Nelson, Victoria. "H. P. Lovecraft and the Great Heresies." The Secret Life of Puppets. Cambridge: Harvard UP, 2003. 101-38.
Quinet, Antonio. “The Gaze as an Object.” Reading Seminars XI: Lacan’s Four Fundamental Concepts of Psychoanalysis. Ed. Richard Feldstein et al. New York: Suny Press, 1995. 139-48.
Ragland, Ellie. “An Overview of the Real.” Reading Seminars I and II: Lacan’s Return to Freud. Ed. Richard Feldstein et al. New York: Suny Press, 1996. 192-212.
Sartre, Jean-Paul. Being and Nothingness. Trans. Hazel E. Barnes. New York: Routledge, 1969.
Sarup, Madan. Jacques Lacan. Toronto: U of Toronto P, 1992.
Smith, Don G.. H. P. Lovecraft in Popular Culture: The Works and Their Adaptations in Film, Television, Comics, Music and Games. Jefferson, NC: McFarland, 2006.
Wilson, Colin. Strength to Dream: Literature and the Imagination. n.p.: ReinventingYourself.com, 1962. 30 Nov. 2008.

Zupančič, Alenka. Ethics of the Real. London: Verso, 2000.
論文使用權限
  • 同意紙本無償授權給館內讀者為學術之目的重製使用,於2009-02-13公開。
  • 同意授權瀏覽/列印電子全文服務,於2009-02-13起公開。


  • 若您有任何疑問,請與我們聯絡!
    圖書館: 請來電 (02)2621-5656 轉 2281 或 來信