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系統識別號 U0002-1108201413523600
中文論文名稱 社會地位與經濟成長及生育率之關聯性
英文論文名稱 Social Status and Economic Growth with Endogenous Fertility
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 產業經濟學系碩士班
系所名稱(英) Department of Industrial Economics
學年度 102
學期 2
出版年 103
研究生中文姓名 黃俊豪
研究生英文姓名 Jun-Hao Huang
電子信箱 louis091541@yahoo.com.tw
學號 601540197
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2014-06-22
論文頁數 21頁
口試委員 指導教授-洪小文
委員-張俊仁
委員-李順發
中文關鍵字 社會地位  內生生育  貨幣政策  財政政策 
英文關鍵字 Social Status  Endogenous Fertility  Fiscal Policy  Monetary Policy 
學科別分類
中文摘要 本文建構勞動決策及生育率內生之成長模型。分別探討社會地位的重視程度、喜好小孩之程度、育兒成本及政府政策-財政與貨幣政策-與經濟成長、勞動工時及生育率關係。本文主要之結論有以下幾點:(1)若民眾對社會地位重視程度愈高,將有利於經濟成長與勞動工時,但生育率會下降;(2) 民眾對喜好小孩的程度愈高,將不利於經濟成長及勞動工時,但生育率會上升;(3) 育兒成本愈高,將有利於勞動工時,但生育率會下降,且對經濟成長之影響則不確定;(4) 貨幣供給變動率的增加,對經濟成長、勞動工時及生育率的影響則不確定;(5) 政府支出的增加,將有利於勞動工時,但生育率會下降,且對經濟成長之影響則不確定。
英文摘要 This paper constructs an endogenous growth model with endogenous labor decisions and fertility. Under this framework, to explore how the degree of preferences for social status and children, cost of child-raising, the fiscal policy and the monetary policy affect labors’ working-hours decision, fertility rate and economic growth rate.The main conclusions of this article are the followings: (i) When people show preference for social status, it is conducive to economic growth and labor hours, but the fertility rate will decline. (ii) When people show preferences for the child. (iii) A higher child-raising cost declines the intent to raise children and hence decreases the fertility rate, but increases working hours. However, it is not necessary to increase economic growth. (iv) The effectiveness of monetary policy on economic growth, working hours, and fertility rate are ambiguous.(v) Anexpansion government expenditures leads higher working hours, but a lower fertility rate. Its impact on economic growth rate is ambiguous.
論文目次 目錄
第一章緒論 1
1.1研究動機與目的 1
1.2研究架構 4
第二章模型架構 5
2.1廠商 5
2.2家計部門 6
2.3政府部門 7
2.4 競爭均衡 8
第三章影響勞動工時、生育率與經濟成長率之因素分析 12
3.1 社會地位重視程度之影響 12
3.2 喜好小孩重視程度之影響 13
3.3 育兒成本之影響 14
第四章政策效果 16
4.1 貨幣政策之影響 16
4.2 財政政策之影響 17
第五章結論 19
參考文獻 20

圖表目錄
圖一 台灣地區1974至2013年的粗出生率與經濟成長率 1
圖二 美國地區1960至2013年的粗出生率與經濟成長率 2



參考文獻 陳智華與謝智源, 2009 . “社會地位追求行為、經濟成長與人口現象”經濟論文37卷第2期, 253-281.
Chen, H., 2010. Social Status, Human Capital Formation and The Long-Run Effects of Money. Mimeo, National Taiwan University.
Chen, H., 2011. Social Status and Long-Run Effects of Monetary Policy in a Two-Sector Monetary Economy of Endogenous Growth. Mathematical Social Sciences 61, 71-79.
Chen, H., 2011. Social Status, Human Capital Formation and Super-Neutrality in a Two-Sector Monetary Economy.Economic Modelling 28, 785-794.
Chang, W.Y., Chen, Y.A., Kao, M.R., 2008. Social Status, Education and Government Spending In A Two-Sector Model of Endogenous Growth.
Chang, W.Y., Hsieh, Y.N., Lai, C.C., 2000. Social Status, Inflation and Endogenous Growth in a Cash-In-Advance Economy. European Journal of Political Economy 16, 535-545.
Chang, W.Y., Chen Y.A., Chang J.J., 2013. Growth and Welfare Effects of Monetary Policy With Endogenous Fertility. Journal of Macroeconomics 35, 117-130.
Gong, L. and Zou, H., 2001.Money, Social Status, and Capital Accumulation in a Cash-in-Advance Model.Journal of Money, Credit, and Banking 33,284-293.
Kurz, M., 1968.Optimal Economic Growth and Wealth Effects.International Economic Review 9,348–357.
Sidrauski, M., 1967.Rational Choice and Patterns of Growth in a Monetary Economy. AmericanEconomic Review Papers and Proceedings 57, 534–544.
Stockman, A.C., 1981. Anticipated Inflation and the Capital Stock in a Cash-In-Advance Economy.Journal of Monetary Economics 8, 387–393.
Tobin, J., 1965. Money and Economic Growth.Econometrica 33, 671–684.
Tournemaine, F., 2008. Social Aspirations and Choice of Fertility:Why Can Status Motive Reduce Per-Capita Growth? Journal of Population Economics 21, 49-66.
Zou, H.F., 1998. The Spirit of Capitalism, Social Status, Money, and Accumulation. Journal of Economics 68, 219-233.
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