淡江大學覺生紀念圖書館 (TKU Library)
進階搜尋


下載電子全文限經由淡江IP使用) 
系統識別號 U0002-1108200900393100
中文論文名稱 延遲的烏托邦:王爾德童話的精神分析倫理閱讀
英文論文名稱 Utopia in Sufferance: A Psychoanalytic-Ethic Reading of Oscar Wilde’s Fairyland
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 英文學系碩士班
系所名稱(英) Department of English
學年度 97
學期 2
出版年 98
研究生中文姓名 黃谷光
研究生英文姓名 Ku-kuang Huang
學號 694010017
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
口試日期 2009-07-12
論文頁數 110頁
口試委員 指導教授-黃涵榆
委員-黃逸民
委員-蔡振興
中文關鍵字 烏托邦  童話  幻界  鏡像  凝視  昇華  慾望  (死亡)欲力  欲物  症狀 
英文關鍵字 utopia  the literary fairy tale  fantasy  the mirror stage  gaze  sublimation  desire  (death) drive  the Thing  symptom 
學科別分類 學科別人文學語言文學
中文摘要 王爾德兩本童話故事集的價值在學術研究裡經常被貶低而忽視,評論家一方面出於解讀的困難而無法將其與其他作品或王爾德的美學思想作連結;另一方面,由於大部分的讀者(包含評論家)對於童話故事的了解有根本上的誤解和迷思,導致王爾德童話故事的誤讀、誤解和錯誤評價。因此,本論文試圖連結王爾德的美學思想和其童話故事之間的關系,同時嘗試以精神分析的角度對其美學與倫裡作新的閱讀。在緒論中,首先闡述英國童話故事在意識形態與烏托邦的碰撞下,如何在維多利亞時代的歷史背景中形成獨立的文類,同時指出一般讀者對童話故事的謬誤,並加以區分口述民間故事和文字記錄的民間故事,以及童話故事的差別,破除讀者對童話故事的迷思。第一章透過重新閱讀王爾德的《意向集》和《社會主義下人的靈魂》等論文,以布洛赫的理論說明王爾德美學中經常被忽略的烏托邦精神,並在本章後半以佛洛伊德的理論來陳述王爾德美學作為「希望的美學」所遭遇的困難。第二章以拉岡和佛洛依德的精神分析理論為主,對王爾德的美學和倫理做全面的討論,說明其所追求的「完美(人格)」為何,並指出其背後隱而不現的「幻界」問題。第三章對王爾德在兩本童話故事集裡的九個故事作詳細的精神分析式閱讀,說明王爾德如何以童話故事建構自己的「反面烏托邦」,以及背後所隱藏的希望和幻界,並分析王爾德的童話作品如何做為他自身純粹美學的「徵候」。藉由重讀王爾德本身關於美學與倫理的論文和拉岡精神分析理論的幫助,重新認識王爾德也重新評價他的兩本童話故事集的價值和重要性。
英文摘要 In the study circle of Wilde, his two collections of literary fairy tales have been undervalued and marginalized. On the one hand, it is because some critics bother with their disconnection with Wilde’s other works or his Aesthetics and have difficulties to comprehend and interpret them. On the other, Wilde’s tales are misread, misinterpret and evaluated wrongly because most readers, including the critic, possess an essential misunderstanding and fallacy towards the literary fairy tale. Hence this thesis intends to bridge the gap between Wilde’s Aesthetics and fairy tales and attempts to discuss his Aesthetics and Ethics in a new vision of psychoanalytic perspective. In my Introduction, I first explicate how the literary fairy tale, under the historical background of Victorian Age, becomes an independent genre during the dialect of ideology and utopia in England. And by distinguishing the literary fairy tale from the oral folk tale and the transcribed oral tale, I attempt to break the common fallacy and myth towards the fairy tale. In Chapter One, by rereading Wilde’s essay The Soul of Man Under Socialism and others in Intentions with Ernst Bloch’s principle of hope, I try to highlight the hidden spirit of utopia in his Aesthetics. Moreover, in the latter part of this chapter, I point out the difficulties that Wilde encounters in pursuit of his Aesthetics of hope with Freud’s theory of man’s inclination towards aggression. Based on Freud and Lacan’s theories, Chapter Two aims to discuss the Wildean Aesthetics and Ethics fully in a psychoanalytic way and attempts to point out the veiled fantasy behind Wilde’s pursuit of man’s “perfect personality.” Following the discussion of Chapter Two, Chapter Three aims to analyze Wilde’s nine tales in a Lacanian way and explicates how Wilde’s dystopian fairyland reflects his own fantasy and symptoms while he struggles between the reality and his aesthetic beauty. To reread Wilde’s essays about his Aesthetics and Ethics with the help of Lacanian psychoanalysis, we could know Wilde in a new respect and reconsider the significance and value of his two collections of fairy tales.
論文目次 Introduction --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1
Chapter One The Wildean Aesthetics and Ethics ----------------------------------------- 12
Chapter Two Freudian Thing, Lacanian Desire and the Wildean Individualism --- 31
Chapter Three Wilde’s Fairy Tales as Symptoms -------------------------------------------- 66
Conclusion -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 101
Works Cited ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 106
參考文獻 Benjamin, Walter. Illuminations. Trans. Harry Zohn. Ed. Hannah Arendt. New York: Harcourt, Brace & World, 1968.
Blanchot, Maurice. “Encountering the Imaginary.” The Book to Come. Trans. Charlotte Mandell. Stanford: Stanford UP, 2003.
Bloch, Ernst. “Entfremdung, Verfremdung: Alienation, Estrangement,” The Drama Review 15.1 (1970): 120-125.
---. Heritage of Our Times. Trans. Neville and Stephen Plaice. Camgridge: Polity P, 1991.
---. “Nonsynchronism and the Obligation to Its Dialectics.” New German Critique 11 (1977): 22-38.
---. The Principle of Hope. 3 Vols. Trans. Neveille Plaice, Stephen Plaice and Paul Knight. Cambridge, MA: The MIT P, 1986.
---. The Utopian Function of Art and Literature: Selected Essays. Trans. Jack Zipes and Frank Mecklenburg. Cambridge, MA: The MIT P, 1988.
Chapman, Raymond. The Victorian Debate: English Literature and Society 1832-1901. New York: Basic Books, 1968.
Claeys, Gregory. Introduction. Modern British Utopias 1700-1850. Ed. Gregory Claeys. London: Pickering & Chatto, 1997. xiii-xxxix.
Derrida, Jacques. “The Purveyor of Truth.” Trans. Willis Domingo, James Hulbert, Moshe Ron and M.-R. L. Yale French Studies 52 (1975): 31-113.
Fink, Bruce. Lacan to the Letter: Reading Ecrits Closely. Minneapolis: U of Minnesota P, 2004.
Fodaski, Martha. “Oscar Wilde's Swallow in The Waste Land.” American Notes and Queries 14 (1976): 146-48.
Freeman, Joel. “Ernst Bloch and Hugo Ball: Toward An Ontology of the Avant-Garde.” Dada Culture: Critical Texts on the Avant-garde. Ed. Dafydd Jones. New York: Rodopi, 2006. 200-53.
Freud, Anna. The Ego and the Mechanisms of Defence. Trans. Cecil Baines. Bew York: International UP, 1946.
Freud, Sigmund. Beyond the Pleasure Principle. The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud, Vol. XVIII (in 24 Vols.). Trans. James Strachey. London: Hogarth, 1961. 3-64.
---. Civilization and Its Discontents. The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud, Vol. XXI (in 24 Vols.). Trans. James Strachey. London: Hogarth, 1961. 57-145.
---. “The Dissection of the Psychical Personality.” The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud, Vol. XXII (in 24 Vols.). Trans. James Strachey. London: Hogarth, 1961. 57-80.
---. The Ego and the Id. The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud, Vol. XIX (in 24 Vols.). Trans. James Strachey. London: Hogarth, 1961. 3-66.
---. “Family Romances.” The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud, Vol. IX (in 24 Vols.). Trans. James Strachey. London: Hogarth, 1961. 235-41.
---. The Future of an Illusion. The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud, Vol. XXI (in 24 Vols.). Trans. James Strachey. London: Hogarth, 1961. 2-56.
---. “On Narcissism: An Introduction.” The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud, Vol. XIV (in 24 Vols.). Trans. James Strachey. London: Hogarth, 1961. 67-102.
Fulginiti, Rebecca. Rev. of The Happy Prince. The English Journal 64.9 (1975): 82-3.
Habermas, Jurgen. “The New Obscurity: The Crisis of the Welfare State and the Exhaustion of Utopian Energies.” The New Conservatism: Cultural Criticism and the Historian’s Debate. Ed. and Trans. Shierry Weber Nicholsen. Cambridge, MA: The MIT P, 1989. 48-70.
Harries, Elizabeth Wanning. Twice Upon A Time: Women Writers and the History of the Fairy Tale. Princeton: Princeton UP, 2003.
Hamilton, Edith. Mythology. New York: Warner Book, 1942.
Huang, Han-yu. Horror and Evil in the Name of Enjoyment: A Psychoanalytic Critique of Ideology. Bern: Peter Lang, 2007.
Hudson, Wayne. The Marxist Philosophy of Ernst Bloch. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1982.
Jameson, Fredric. Archaeologies of the Future: The Desire Called Utopia and Other Science Fictions. New York: Verso, 2005.
---. Marxism and Form: Twentieth-century Dialectical Theories of Literature. Princeton, Princeton UP, 1971.
Killeen, Jarlath. The Fairy Tales of Oscar Wilde. Burlington: Ashgate, 2007.
Kohl, Norbert. Oscar Wilde: The Works of a Conformist Rebel. Trans. David Henry Wilson. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1989.
Kotzin, Michael C. “‘The Selfish Giant’ as Literary Fairy Tale.” Studies in Short Fiction 16 (1979): 301-09.
Lacan, Jacques. Ecrits: The First Complete Edition in English. Trans. Bruce Fink. New York: Norton, 2006.
---. The Seminar of Jacques Lacan, Book VII: The Ethics of Psychoanalysis 1959-1960. Trans. Dennis Potter. Ed. Jacques-Alain Miller. London: Routledge, 1992.
---. The Seminar of Jacques Lacan, Book XI: The Four Fundamental Concepts of Psycho-analysis. Trans. Alan Sheridan. Ed. Jacques-Alain Miller. New York: Norton, 1977.
---. “Jacques Lacan, Seminar on ‘The Purloined Letter’.” Trans. Jeffrey Mehlman. The Purloined Poe: Lacan, Derrida, and Psychoanalytic Reading. Ed. John P. Muller and William J. Richardson. Baltimore: John Hopkins UP, 1988. 28-54.
Lawler, Donald. Rev. of Oscar Wilde: The Works of a Conformist Rebel, by Norbert Kohl. Nineteenth-Century Literature 46.2 (Sep., 1991): 285-89.
Logan, Kelly L. “The Song of the Nightingale: Form and Function in Oscar Wilde’s Fairy Tales.” Diss. Florida State U, 1998.
Mannheim, Karl. Ideology and Utopia: An Introduction to the Sociology of Knowledge. Trans. Louis Wirth and Edward Shils. San Diego: Harcourt Brace & Co., 1985.
Martin, K. Robert. “Oscar Wilde and the Fairy Tale: ‘The Happy Prince’ as Self-dramatization.” Studies in Short Fiction 16 (1979): 74-77.
Nassaar, Christopher S. “Wilde’s The Happy Prince And Other Tales and A House of Pomeganates.” Explicator 60.3 (Spring 2002): 142-45.
Ragland-Sullivan, Ellie. Jacques Lacan and the Philosophy of Psychoanalysis. Urbana: U of Illinois P, 1987.
Ruggaber, Michelle. “Wilde’s The Happy Prince and A House of Promegranates: Bedtime Stories for Grown-Ups.” English Literature in Transition 1880-1920 46.2 (2003): 140-53.
Shillinglaw, Ann. “Wilde’s The Remarkable Rocket.” Explicator 63.4 (Summer 2005): 222-25.
Tolkien, J. R. R. “On Fairy-Stories.” The Tolkien Reader. New York: Ballantine Books, 1966. 31-99.
Weber, Samuel. Mass Mediauras: Form, Technics, Media. Stanford: Stanford UP, 1996.
Wilde, Oscar. The Complete Works of Oscar Wilde: Stories, Plays, Poems and Essays. New York: Harper, 1966.
Willoughby, Guy. Art and Christhood: The Aesthetics of Oscar Wilde. London: Fairleigh Dickinson UP, 1993.
Woolf, Virginia. A Room of One's Own, and Three Guineas. London: Oxford P, 1992.
Zipes, Jack. Breaking the Magic Spell: Radical Theories of Folk and Fairy Tales. Rev. and expanded ed. Lexington: UP of Kentucky, 2002.
---. “Introduction: Toward a Realization of Anticipatory Illumination.” Introduction. The Utopian Function of Art and Literature: Selected Essays. Trans. Jack Zipes and Frank Mecklenburg. Cambridge, MA: The MIT P, 1988. xi-xliii.
---, ed. The Oxford Companion to Fairy Tales. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2000.
---, ed. Victorian Fairy Tales: The Revolt of the Fairies and Elves. New York: Methuen, 1987.
---. When Dreams Came True: Classical Fairy Tales and Their Tradition. 2nd ed. New York: Routledge, 2007.
Žižek, Slavoj. “Two Ways to Avoid the Real of Desire.” Looking Awry: An Introduction to Jacques Lacan through Popular Culture. Cambridge, MA: The MIT P, 1992. 48-66.
---. “The Supposed Subjects of Ideology.” Critical Quarterly Reviews 39.2 (1997): 39-59.
Zupančič, Alenka. Ethics of the Real: Kant, Lacan. London: Verso, 2000.
論文使用權限
  • 同意紙本無償授權給館內讀者為學術之目的重製使用,於2010-08-13公開。
  • 同意授權瀏覽/列印電子全文服務,於2010-08-13起公開。


  • 若您有任何疑問,請與我們聯絡!
    圖書館: 請來電 (02)2621-5656 轉 2281 或 來信