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系統識別號 U0002-1106200820313100
中文論文名稱 團體諮商專家與新手因應僵局之自我調整研究--以人際互動僵局為例
英文論文名稱 The group leader's self-regulation in the interpersonal impasses— The comparison between the expert and novice
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 教育心理與諮商研究所碩士班
系所名稱(英) Graduate Institute of Educational Psychology and Counseling
學年度 96
學期 2
出版年 97
研究生中文姓名 周鼎文
研究生英文姓名 Ting-Wen Chou
學號 694130013
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2008-06-06
論文頁數 164頁
口試委員 指導教授-柯志恩
委員-鍾思嘉
委員-施如齡
中文關鍵字 團體諮商  團體治療  自我調整  僵局  專家  新手 
英文關鍵字 group counseling  group psychotherapy  self-regulation  impasses  expert counselor  novice counselor 
學科別分類 學科別社會科學教育學
中文摘要 團體諮商在台灣廣為應用,而團體「僵局」的處理對諮商效能更具關鍵性影響。從過去研究發現,「僵局的因應」與「自我調整」間有著緊密的關係。因此,本研究旨在探討團體諮商專家與新手於團體僵局中之自我調整情況與其差異,透過質性研究之深度訪談法,以半結構訪談大綱,對兩位團體諮商專家與兩位新手進行訪談,並參考自我調整內涵分類表進行分析,期能瞭解團體諮商專家與新手因應僵局之自我調整與其差異,以提供團體諮商專業效能發展之參考。研究結果統整出團體諮商專家與新手之自我調整構圖及如下「九大向度」:
一、角度:專家較關注團體發展,新手較關注自我表現是兩者最大差異之一。
二、順暢度:自我調整歷程能否順暢連結是專家與新手最大的差異之二。
三、連結度:能否將僵局與團體主題連結是專家與新手最大的差異之三。
四、深度:表徵問題的深層程度影響自我調整的覺察、判斷與反思。
五、準確度:對僵局問題的解構、辨識與建構上,專家較新手準確而迅速,但也各有不同的假設偏誤。
六、速度:專家與新手自我調整的歷程以及目標設定、行動與修正的速度受到程序性知識的影響。
七、力度:專家的意志力與執行力有助於目標的達成,新手會因目標不具體而影響其執行。
八、彈性度:專家自我調整的彈性與創意優於新手,兩者的學習皆有助於專業成長,但重點有所不同。
九、情緒溫度:專家受僵局的情緒衝擊比新手小,新手較熱切地尋求自我的改變。
最後研究者根據研究結果提出數點建議,提供團體諮商專家與新手在專業發展與訓練以及未來研究的參考。
英文摘要 Group counseling is fairly common in Taiwan. The ways of dealing with interpersonal impasses in group are especially influential to the effect of group counseling. Based on past research, reaction to interpersonal impasses is strongly connected to self-regulation. Therefore, the purpose of this research is to explore the differences between an experts and novices when coping with self-regulation among interpersonal impasses. Through quality research based on in-depth interviewing, this research uses semi-structured as guideline to interview two experts and two novices group counselors; analyze based on the self-regulation chart and furthermore discover and comprehend the differences between experts’ and novices’ when coping with interpersonal compasses, which can further provide professional recommendations to the development of group counseling. The research result consists of nine points:
I. Angle: experts concentrate more on group development whereas novices focus more on self performance.
II. Continuance: whether or not self-regulation process can be coherent is one of the main differences between the experts and novices.
III. Coherence: whether or not interpersonal compasses can be connected to the topic of the group is also another difference.
IV. Depth: the depth of the presentation of the dilemma affects the awareness, judgment and introspection.
V. Accuracy: In terms of structure, identification, and construction of impasses, experts are more accurate and quick than novices while mistakes can also be made because of stereotypes.
VI. Speed: The procedure knowledge has a different degree of impact on the experts and novices especially on the speed of self-regulation process, goal establishment, action control and revise.
VII. Strength: Experts’ endurance and motivation help them with reaching the goal whereas the novices are affected by the lack of their objective.
VIII. Flexibility: While both experts’ and novices’ learning help their professional growth, their focuses are different. The experts are generally more flexible and creative than the novices.
IX. Emotions: The experts are emotionally influenced by interpersonal compasses less than novices. Novices are more likely to seek self changes.

The thesis finally provides a few suggestions based on the research results, which assist group expert counselors and novice counselors in professional development and training and guide to future research.
論文目次 目 次
第一章 緒論 1
第一節、研究背景與動機 1
第二節、研究目的 5
第三節、研究問題 5
第四節、名詞釋義 5
第二章 文獻探討 7
第一節、僵局之定義與研究 7
第二節、自我調整之定義、內涵與研究 12
第三節、諮商專家和新手之相關研究 20
第三章 研究方法 25
第一節、研究設計與架構 25
第二節、研究工具 30
第三節、研究對象 34
第四節、研究流程 36
第五節、資料分析 39
第六節、前導性研究 41
第七節、研究嚴謹度 46
第四章 研究結果 49
第一節、團體諮商新手因應僵局時所涉入的自我調整 49
第二節、團體諮商專家因應僵局時所涉入的自我調整 78
第三節、團體諮商專家與新手因應僵局時所涉入的自我調整之比較分析 110
第五章 結論與建議 126
第一節、綜合討論 126
第二節、建議 135
參考書目 145
附錄一 團體諮商專家推薦單 155
附錄二 訪談同意書 156
附錄三 訪談大綱 157
附錄四 自我調整內涵分類表 158
附錄五 訪談逐字稿格式 160
附錄六 資料分析文件代碼意義 161
附錄七 主軸編碼與開放性編碼 162
附錄八 研究期間訪談時間地點相關資料表 164

表 次
表3-1 研究對象的基本資料 35
表4-1 團體諮商專家與新手因應僵局所涉入的自我調整之比較 120
圖 次
圖2-1 Aspinwall和 Taylor因應僵局之自我調整模式 11
圖2-2 Zimmerman自我調整的循環模式 17
圖3-1 研究架構 29
圖3-2 研究流程 38
圖5-1 團體諮商專家因應僵局之自我調整 110
圖5-2 團體諮商新手因應僵局之自我調整 111
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