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系統識別號 U0002-1009201008521600
中文論文名稱 重拾赤子之心:自然導向文學的啟發
英文論文名稱 Reaching for the Infant inside us: Inspirations from Nature-Oriented Literature
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 英文學系碩士班
系所名稱(英) Department of English
學年度 98
學期 2
出版年 99
研究生中文姓名 莊雅婷
研究生英文姓名 Ya-Ting Chuang
學號 694010264
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
口試日期 2010-08-06
論文頁數 73頁
口試委員 指導教授-楊鎮魁
委員-張鴻彬
委員-黃逸民
委員-楊鎮魁
中文關鍵字 生態危機  法界  自然  荒原  靈性  自然書寫  深層生態學 
英文關鍵字 ecological crisis  Kosmos  Nature  wasteland  spirituality  nature writing  deep ecology 
學科別分類 學科別人文學語言文學
中文摘要 全球性的生態危機無庸置疑已是當今人類所面臨最急待解決的問題之一,透過近幾十年來各方的觀察與研究結果,在在顯示出人類長期以來偏狹的思考與生存方式即為重傷地球生態的罪魁禍首,因此欲解除生態危機,人類除了設法改變其危害地球生態之生活習慣,根本之道還是必須在思想上進行改革,推翻原本對於整體自然、人類自身以及自然與人類關係的偏狹認知,尋求理性與靈性兼具的整合觀點,重新理解自然與自我,重建人類與環境的連結。本論文首章透過介紹當代超個人心理學家肯•威爾伯所提出的整合理論,藉以找出人類與自然間失落的環節:人類與地球疏離的種種原因,以及人類對地球、對自己、對與地球的關係上存在怎樣決定性的誤解,而造成人類與環境的疏離,進而引發生態危機;第二章藉由閱讀三部描寫現代人類生存處境的小說:赫爾曼•梅爾維爾的“巴托比”、瑪麗•雪萊的《科學怪人》與瑪格麗特•愛特伍的《末世男女》,企圖勾勒出現代世界的荒原景象、現代人內心的孤獨、無目的感和與自然關係斷絕後所產生的各種不適症和自毀行為;第三章透過閱讀安妮•迪勒的《現世》和厄尼斯特•柯茲與凱薩琳•凱遜的《誰能寫出玫瑰的味道:不完美•癮•靈性的自我關照》設法提出重新建立與自然的平衡關係的方法以及重回自然懷抱的途徑。
英文摘要 There is no denying that the global ecological crisis is the most serious of all the pressing questions we are facing today. Through the studies for the ecological problems, the fact becomes quite apparent that the ecological problems are caused mainly by human beings’ aggressively persistent and biased ways of thinking and living. Therefore, in order to ease the ecological crisis, we have to overthrow the biased ways of thinking and living, and search for a more holistic viewpoint to understand the Earth, ourselves, and the relationship between human beings and the Earth. In Chapter One of this thesis, I would introduce Ken Wilber’s theory of everything and attempt to find out the missing links between human beings and the Earth. Through studying Wilber’s theory, I would try to demonstrate how human beings gradually become disconnected with Nature and how human beings misunderstand their relationship with Nature, and thus cause the ecological crisis. In Chapter Two, I would study three works of literature—Herman Melville’s “Bartleby, the Scrivener,” Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein, the Modern Prometheus, and Margaret Atwood’s Oryx and Crake—in order to demonstrate how the highly-biased and narrow-sighted worldview of modern world corrupts and twists human mind and soul, and thus jeopardize the life of modern people and of future generations. In Chapter Three, I would like to conclude my thesis with Annie Dillard’s opinions, especially in For the Time Being, about the relationships between men and “God,” which can be regarded as a synonym of spirituality. To deepen our awareness of the relationships between us and spirituality, I would study Earnest Kurtz and Katherine Ketcham’s The Spirituality of Imperfection, to demonstrate why modern people need to reach for spirituality and how they can do it.
論文目次 Table of Contents
Introduction .............................................................................................................1
Chapter One
The Missing Links between Human Beings and the Earth …………… 8
The Archcriminals of the Ecological Disasters .....................................................9
Some Prevailing Values in the Modern World ....................................................10
Dangerous Concepts and Values of the Modern World ......................................13
Wilber’s Theories of Everything .........................................................................18
Dignity and problems of modernity ....................................................................22
Nature inside of Human beings ...........................................................................24
Chapter Two
The Modern World as a Wasteland ……………………………..………….27
Wasteland Scenes in the Modern World .............................................................28
Walking Dead, Ghost, and Wanderer on the Wasteland ......................................36
Journey of Self-Destruction ................................................................................47
Chapter Three
Stay in the Embrace of the Kosmos: inspirations from Annie Dillard ...………………………………………………………………………..…..54
From here we begin ............................................................................................59
An infant .............................................................................................................61
Humanity and Spirituality ...................................................................................64
Conclusion ..............................................................................................................70
Works Cited ...........................................................................................................72
參考文獻 Works Cited
Anderson, Walter Truett. The Future of the Self: Inventing the Postmodern Person.
New York: Putnam, 1997.
Atwood, Margaret. Oryx and Crake. New York: Anchor Books, 2004.
Bookchin, Murray. “What is Social Ecology?” Environmental Philosophy: from
Animal Rights to Radical Ecology (4th ed). Ed. Michael E. Zimmerman. New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 2004. 462-78
Dillard, Annie. For the Time Being. New York: Vintage, 1999.
---. Pilgrim at Tinker Creek. New York: Harper Perennial, 2007.
László , Ervin. The Choice: Evolution or Extinction? A Thinking Person’s Guide for
Global Issues. New York: J. P. Tarcher/ Putnam, 1994.
Leopold, Aldo. “The Land Ethic.” Environmental Pilosophy: from
Animal Rights to Radical Ecology (Fourth Edition). Ed. Michael E. Zimmerman. New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 2004. 102-15
Kaufman, Wallace. No Turning Back: Dismantling the Fantasies of Environmental
Thinking. New York: Basic Books, 1994.
Kurtz, Ernest and Katherine Ketcham. The Spirituality of Imperfection: Storytelling
and the Search of Meaning. New York: Bantam Books, 1994.
Melville, Herman. “Bartleby, the Scrivener.” Billy Budd and Other Tales. New York:
Signet Classic, 1998. 107-43
Roszak, Theodore. The Voice of the Earth. New York: Touchstone, 1992.
Shelley, Mary W. Frankenstein or the Modern Prometheus. London: Oxford UP, 1969.
Wilber, Ken. A Brief History of Everything. Boston: Shambhala, 2007.
---. No Boundary. London: Random House, 2001
---. One Taste. Boston: Shambhala, 2000.
---. The Marriage of Sense and Soul: Integrating Science and Religion. Boston:
Shambhala, 1999.
Winter, Deborah Du Nann and Susan M. Koger. The Psychology of Environmental
Problems. Mahwah: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2004.
Zimmerman, Michael E. Contesting Earth’s Future: Radical Ecology and
Postmodernity. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1994.
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