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系統識別號 U0002-1008202009501900
中文論文名稱 天然災害災後韌性研究-以莫拉克風災為例
英文論文名稱 The Study of Resilience-A Case Study Of Typhoon Morakot in Taiwan
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 土木工程學系碩士班
系所名稱(英) Department of Civil Engineering
學年度 108
學期 2
出版年 109
研究生中文姓名 何嵩雯
研究生英文姓名 Song-Wen He
學號 602380148
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2020-07-10
論文頁數 90頁
口試委員 指導教授-范素玲
共同指導教授-葉怡成
委員-陳振川
委員-曾惠斌
中文關鍵字 韌性;莫拉克風災;台灣;評估指標 
英文關鍵字 resilience;morakot typhoon;Taiwan;evaluation index 
學科別分類 學科別應用科學土木工程及建築
中文摘要 在生態系統領域中韌性是指「系統遭受暫時性的擾動後,吸收擾動使系統恢復到平衡狀態的能力。」近年來,面對全球急遽變化的氣候,天災越來越頻繁,環境的韌性也越來越重要。本研究從文獻統整韌性評估指標,並以莫拉克風災為例,探討韌性評估指標與救災成效的關係。結論如下:(1) 目前台灣的環境數據十分有限,尚不足以建構完整的韌性評估系統。(2) 以莫拉克風災為例的調查發現,資料的空間範圍必須到鄉的層級才足以評估韌性。
英文摘要 In the field of ecosystems, resilience refers to "the ability of the system to absorb the disturbance to restore the system to a balanced state after a temporary disturbance." In recent years, in the face of the rapidly changing global climate, natural disasters have become more frequent, and the environmental resilience has also more and more important. This study integrates resilience assessment indicators from the literature, and takes Morakot as an example to explore the relationship between resilience assessment indicators and disaster relief effectiveness. The conclusions are as follows: (1) The current environmental data in Taiwan is very limited, and it is not yet sufficient to construct a complete resilience assessment system. (2) The survey using the Morakot typhoon as an example found that the spatial scope of the data must reach the township level to be sufficient to assess resilience.
論文目次 目錄
目錄 I
圖目錄 III
本研究整理表目錄 V
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究動機與目的 1
1.2研究方法 1
1.3 研究範圍 2
1.4 研究內容與流程 2
第二章 文獻回顧 4
2.1 莫拉克風災 4
2.2 韌性 4
2.2.1 韌性定義 5
2.2.2 韌性評估指標 9
第三章 研究方法 28
3-1 研究方法 28
3-2評估體系之建立 28
3-3評估面向說明 29
3-4評估指標說明 30
3-5評估面向與評估指標 43
3-6評估指標定義說明 45
3-7評估指標資料來源 47
3-8評估指標資料計算方法 51
3-9評估指標參考文獻 54
第四章 資料彙整與分析 60
4.1 結果分析 60
一、面向環境 60
二、面向人口概況 63
三、面向人力資源 74
四、面向社會救助 76
五、面向農林漁牧業產值 78
六、面向公共建設 80
七、面向車輛概況 83
八、面向家庭收支 84
第五章結論與建議 86
5.1 結論 86
5.2建議 86
參考文獻 87

圖目錄
圖 1研究流程 2
圖2 災區的山坡地區占土地面積比率(%) 61
圖 3非災區的山坡地區占土地面積比率(%) 61
圖 4災區的平原地區占土地面積比率(%) 62
圖 5非災區的平原地區占土地面積比率(%) 62
圖 6災區的高山地區占土地面積比率(%) 63
圖 7非災區的高山地區占土地面積比率(%) 63
圖 8災區的幼年人口比率(0-14歲) (%) 66
圖 9非災區的幼年人口比率(0-14歲) (%) 66
圖 10災區的青壯年人口比率(15-64歲) 67
圖 11非災區的青壯年人口比率(15-64歲) 67
圖 12災區的老年人口比率(65歲以上) (%) 68
圖 13非災區的老年人口比率(65歲以上) (%) 68
圖 14災區的粗出生率 (‰) 69
圖 15非災區的粗出生率 (‰) 69
圖 16災區的粗死亡率 (‰) 70
圖 17非災區的粗死亡率(‰) 70
圖 18災區的人口密度 (人/平方公里) 71
圖 19非災區的人口密度(人 平方公里) 71
圖 20災區的粗結婚率 (‰) 72
圖 21非災區的粗結婚率(‰) 72
圖 22災區的粗離婚率 (‰) 73
圖 23非災區的粗離婚率(‰) 73
圖 24災區的勞動力參與率 (%) 74
圖 25非災區的勞動力參與率 (%) 75
圖 26災區的失業率 (%) 75
圖 27非災區的失業率 (%) 76
圖 28災區的低收入戶人口數占總人口比率 (%) 77
圖 29非災區的低收入戶人口數占總人口比率 (%) 77
圖 30災區的農產產值占農林漁牧業產值比率 (%) 78
圖 31非災區的農產產值占農林漁牧業產值比率 (%) 79
圖 32災區的漁產產值占農林漁牧業產值比率(%) 79
圖 33非災區的漁產產值占農林漁牧業產值比率 (%) 80
圖 34災區的道路里程密度(公里/平方公里) 81
圖 35非災區的道路里程密度(公里/平方公里) 81
圖 36災區的每千人電話用戶數(戶) 82
圖 37非災區的每千人電話用戶數(戶) 82
圖 38災區的每千人持有車輛數 (年底) -小客車 (輛/千人) 83
圖 39非災區的每千人持有車輛數 (年底) -小客車 (輛/千人) 84
圖 40災區的每戶可支配所得中位數 (元) 85
圖 41非災區的每戶可支配所得中位數 (元) 85

本研究整理表目錄
表1 韌性的定義 7
表2 文獻回顧韌性指標統整 18
表3 評估面向 29
表4 評估指標 30
表5 評估面向與評估指標 44
表6 評估指標定義說明 45
表7 評估指標資料來源 50
表8 評估指標資料計算方法 53
表9 評估指標參考文獻 57

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