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系統識別號 U0002-1008201814001700
中文論文名稱 在登盛政府執政下緬甸之發展 (2011 – 2015)
英文論文名稱 EU - Myanmar Relations Development During Thein Sein Presidency (2011-2015)
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 臺灣與亞太研究全英語碩士學位學程
系所名稱(英) Master's Program in Taiwan and Asia-Pacific Studies, College of International Studies (English-Taugh
學年度 106
學期 2
出版年 107
研究生中文姓名 大衛
研究生英文姓名 David Slawinski
學號 605245041
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
口試日期 2018-06-25
論文頁數 112頁
口試委員 指導教授-林若雩
委員-卓忠宏
委員-左正東
中文關鍵字 東南亞  緬甸  民主化  非民主政權  歐盟  聯繫  槓桿 
英文關鍵字 South East Asia  Myanmar  Democratization  Undemocratic regimes  European Union  linkage  leverage 
學科別分類
中文摘要 本篇論文研究論述登盛政府成立後緬甸的發展,這項研究主要著重於分析緬甸在2011 - 2015年間發生的國內變化。理論上,定義非民主政體和民主化進程有關之用語,並將用來說明現任政府的相關作為。
在登盛政府執政期間,該政府進行了許多改革以幫助緬甸重新與國際社會接軌,透過分析進而探討緬甸國內生產總值,通貨膨脹和外國直接投資指數,分析改革和進入國際社會所帶來之影響。
歐盟於二零一二年解除了二十世紀九十年代的經濟制裁後,歐盟及緬甸雙邊關係進入了新階段。緬甸主要著重在體現歐盟與政府和社會的整合。此外,本研究使用了史蒂文˙
萊維莰基的聯繫和槓桿理論進而描述並評估歐盟的社會、經濟間交流與政府間關係。
此外,本篇研究將討論緬甸對歐盟的立場,進一步探討論述。
英文摘要 The diploma thesis deals with the development of Myanmar after the establishment of Thein Sein’s civilian government. The study focuses on the analysis of domestic changes that occurred during the period of 2011-2015. In the theoretical part the terms connected with non-democratic regimes and democratization processes are defined and will be used to describe Sein’s government.
During Sein’s presidency, numerous reforms have been introduced which led
Myanmar to re-connect with the international community. An analysis on the impact of the reforms and entrance to the international community will be made by analysing and discussing Myanmar’s Gross Domestic Product, inflation and foreign direct investment indexes. The European Union entered a new phase of EU – Myanmar bilateral relations when the 1990’s economic sanctions were lifted in 2012. It’s behaviour pivot towards Myanmar its primarily visible in EU’s integration with the government and society. Therefore, EU’s social, economic, communication and intergovernmental ties will be described and evaluated with the Linkage and Leverage model of Levitsky & Way. Moreover, Myanmar’s position towards the EU will be discussed.
論文目次 1. INTRODUCTION 1
1.1 PERSONAL MOTIVATION 3
1.2 RESEARCH QUESTIONS 4
1.3 RESEARCH OBJECTIVES 5
1.4 STRUCTURE OF THE THESIS 6
2.RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 6
2.3 LITERATURE REVIEW 8
2.4 RESEARCH DESIGN FRAMEWORK 10
2.4.1 THE (NEO) CLASSICAL INTEGRATION THEORY 11
2.3.3 DEMOCRACY 18
2.3.4. LINKAGE & LEVERAGE 25
3.HISTORIC BACKGROUND IN THE EUROPE – MYANMAR RELATIONS (1962 – 1988) 27
4. EU – ASEAN (MYANMAR) RELATIONS DEVELOPMENT 29
4.1 DIALOGE STRUCTURE 33
4.2 MYANMAR ACCEPTANCE IN TO ASEAN 35
4.3 EU INFLUENCE ON MYANMARS 2006 ASEAN CHAIRMANSHIP 38
4.4 HUMAN RIGHTS, THE SLOW RESOLUTION OF THE CORE DISPUTE 41
5. MYANMARS PATH TOWARDS DEMOCRACY – SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC BACKGROUND 46
5.1 PARLAMENT ELECTIONS 2010 48
5.2. THEIN SEIN INAUGURATION 51
4.3 MYANMAR'S INTERNAL CHANGES 54
5.4 FREEDOM IN THE WORLD INDEX 56
5.5 CORRUPTION INDEX 58
5.6. ETHNIC CLASHES 60
5.7 ECONOMIC CHANGES 62
5.8. ECONOMIC INDICATORS 64
5.8.1. FDI 64
5.8.2 GDP 69
5.8.3. INFLATION AND UNEMPLOYMENT RATE 70
5.8.4 EXPORT & IMPORT 71
5.8.5 CORRUPTION 72
6. EU’S ROLE IN MYANMAR 74
6.1 BACKGROUND 74
6.2. MYANMAR'S POSITION TOWARDS EU 76
6.3 EU PROJECTS IN MYANMAR 79
6.4. SOCIAL PROJECTS 81
6.4.1. FREEDOM OF NEWS 81
6.4.2. UNIVERSITIES 82
6.4.3. PEACE PROCESS 83
6.4.4. POLICE TRAININGS 85
6.5 EU’S POSITION IN MYANMAR’S ECONOMY 86
6.5.1 EXPORT & IMPORT 88
6.6 EU’s POSITION TO THE ROHINGYA CRISIS 91
7. LEVERAGE AND LINKAGE ANALYSIS 92
7.1 MYANMARS LEVERAGE 92
7.1.1 LEVERAGE SCORE 93
7.2. EU – MYANMAR LINKAGE 93
7.2.1 ECONOMIC LINKAGE 93
7.2.2 SOCIAL LINKAGE 95
7.2.3 COMMUNICATION LINKAGE 96
7.2.4. INTERGOVERMENTAL LINKAGE 97
7.2.5 LINKAGE SCORE 98
8. CONCLUSION 99
Bibliography 103
APPENDIX I 111
APPENDIX II 112


List of Figures

Figure 1 Research Design Framework 10
Figure 2 Economic Integration Stages 13
Figure 3 Chart of Developments in FDI Received 16
Figure 4 EU FDI in ASEAN 46
Figure 5 Figure Freedom in Myanmar 58
Figure 6 Figure Freedom Index 59
Figure 7 Foreign Investment in Myanmar 66
Figure 8 Distribution of Foreign Investment 67
Figure 9 Development of FDI in Myanmar 68
Figure 10 Myanmar GDP Development 69
Figure 11 Inflation and Unemployment Rate 70
Figure 12 Development of Foreign Trade in Burma 2003 – 2014 71
Figure 13 EU Foreign Direct Investment in Myanmar (000) in USD 90
Figure 14 Total Leverage Score between EU and Myanmar 93
Figure 15 EU - Myanmar Export - Import 94
Figure 16 Linkage Score EU 98


List of Table

Table 1 Economic Integration Stages 12
Table 2 Diamonds Democratic State Criteria's 19

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