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系統識別號 U0002-1008200911583300
中文論文名稱 高折射率UV膠製造與性質
英文論文名稱 Fabrication and property analysis of high refractive index UV resins
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 機械與機電工程學系碩士班
系所名稱(英) Department of Mechanical and Electro-Mechanical Engineering
學年度 97
學期 2
出版年 98
研究生中文姓名 鍾禮帆
研究生英文姓名 Li-Fan Chung
學號 696370393
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2009-06-12
論文頁數 75頁
口試委員 指導教授-林清彬
委員-張子欽
委員-蔡有仁
中文關鍵字 溶膠-凝膠法  紫外光固化  氧化鋅  折射率 
英文關鍵字 Sol-Gel  UV curing  Zinc Oxide  Refractive index 
學科別分類 學科別應用科學機械工程
中文摘要 本研究係以溶膠-凝膠法於低折射的壓克力系UV膠中加入不同含量(30wt%、40wt%及50wt%)ZnO前趨體溶膠,接著在乾淨玻璃基板上旋鍍成濕膜,經由紫外光固化及不同乾燥溫度(250℃、275℃及300℃)醇解,得到透明之ZnO/UV膠薄膜。奈米ZnO顆粒均勻分散在UV膠基材中且平均顆粒大小約在40nm-80nm。另外,使用商用奈米ZnO顆粒以機械分散法加入壓克力系UV膠中,作為溶膠-凝膠法之對照組,實驗結果顯示機械分散法之ZnO顆粒在UV膠中團聚嚴重。本研究同時探討ZnO/UV膠薄膜在不同ZnO顆粒含量及乾燥溫度對薄膜之光學性質影響。實驗結果在300℃乾燥溫度及50wt%ZnO的含量,折射率從UV膠的1.63增加至1.72,且可見光透光率均高於50%。另外,從FTIR分析得知奈米ZnO顆粒和UV膠沒有化學式的鍵結存在。
英文摘要 A UV curing acrylic resin /nano scaled meter zinc oxide hybrid films with tunable optical properties were prepared by means of the sol-gel synthesis method. The ZnO precursor solution which includes different weight ratios(30wt%、40wt%及50wt%) mixed with the UV curing acrylic resin through the way of sol-gel,and then this synthesis generates transparent hybrid films via the process of make a wet thin film by deposition on spotless glass substrate,ultraviolet curing and desorption treatment at different drying temperatures (250℃、275℃and 300℃). The approximately 40nm-80nm zinc oxide uniformly distributes over a matrix and FTIR analysis show no existence of chemical bodings between zinc oxide and UV curing acrylic resin。The refractive indices of these molecular hybrid films are much higher than that of UV curing acrylic resin e.g., at a ZnO loading of 30 wt % under at 300℃desorption treatment, the resulting molecular hybrid film exhibits a measured refractive index of 1.72 compared to that of 1.63.Additional, the cut-off wavelength of transmittance at ultraviolet wavelength range in the hybrid films shifted to the long wavelength side.
論文目次 中文摘要 I
英文摘要 II
總目錄 III
表目錄 VI
圖目錄 VII
壹、導論 1
1-1前言 1
1-2文獻回顧 3
1-2.2溶膠-凝膠法 4
1-2.3氧化鋅特性介紹 7
1-2.4 溶膠-凝膠法製備奈米氧化鋅 9
1-2.5奈米高分子複合材料特性分類 10
1-2.6溶膠-凝膠法製作有機-無機混成材料之發展歷史 13
1-2.7有機-無機混成材料之溶膠凝膠製備方法 16
1-2.8紫外光硬化技術 17
1-3研究範疇 18
貳、實驗方法與設備 27
2-1 實驗藥品器材與實驗設備 27
2-1.1 實驗藥品與器材 27
2-1.2 實驗設備 28
2-1.3 分析儀器 28
2-2 實驗步驟 29
2-2.1實驗流程概要 29
2-2.2 基材清潔程序 30
2-2.3 ZnO溶膠之製備 30
2-2.4 ZnO前軀體溶膠混合UV膠之製作程序 31
2-2.5 ZnO/UV膠薄膜以溶膠凝膠法之製作程序 32
2-3 分析儀器 33
2-3.1 場發射槍掃描式電子顯微鏡(FEG-SEM) 33
2-3.2 X-ray繞射儀(X-ray Diffractometer, XRD) 33
2-3.3 熱重分析儀(Thermo gravimetric analysis, TGA) 33
2-3.4雙光束分光光譜儀(UV-VIS /NIR spectrophotometer) 34
2-3.5薄膜折射率及厚度量測儀(n & k analyzer ) 34
2-3.6傅利葉轉換紅外線光譜儀(FTIR ) 35
參、結果與討論 38
3-1熱重分析 38
3-2 X光繞射分析 38
3-3奈米ZNO/UV膠薄膜之顯微組織 40
3-3.1 奈米ZnO顆粒導入UV膠所製備ZnO/UV膠薄膜之剖面形態 40
3-3. 以溶膠凝膠法製備ZnO/UV膠薄膜之剖面形態 40
3-4 ZNO/UV膠薄膜之光譜分析 43
3-4.1紫外光-可見光光譜分析 43
3-4.2 紅外光光譜分析 46
3-5 ZnO/UV膠薄膜之折射率與反射率分析 46
3-5.1奈米ZnO/UV膠薄膜之折射率 46
3-5.2 奈米ZnO/UV膠薄膜之反射率 47
肆、結論 65
伍、參考文獻 67


表目錄
表1 ZnO薄膜製備方式分類 19
表2 化學、物理氣相沉積法、溶膠-凝膠法之比較 20
表3 ZnO的物理特性 23
表4 有機材料與無機材料之物性比較 25
表5 商業上常用之光起始劑與生產公司 26
表7奈米ZnO/UV膠薄膜在不同ZnO含量及乾燥溫度之顆粒尺寸 57
表8 奈米ZnO/UV膠薄膜在不同ZnO含量及乾燥溫度之可見光之平均穿透率 61
表9 奈米ZnO/UV膠薄膜在不同ZnO含量及乾燥溫度之折射率 63
表10 奈米ZnO/UV膠薄膜在不同ZnO含量及乾燥溫度之反射率 64


圖目錄
圖1-2.1 溶膠凝膠法變化示意圖 21
圖1-2.2 氧化鋅之鎢采結構(WURZITE STUCTURE) 22
圖1-2.3 有機-無機三種混成方式【52】:(I)無機材料直接混入有機單體;(II)無機物預先水解後混入有機物;(III)有機物與金屬烷氧化物混合後同時進行熔膠凝膠反應。 24
表4 有機材料與無機材料之物性比較【40】 25
圖2-2.1 ZnO前軀體溶膠調製流程圖 36
圖3-1.1 ZnO前軀體溶膠熱損失分析 48
圖3-2.1 奈米ZnO/UV膠薄膜在不同ZnO含量及250℃乾燥溫度之X光繞射分析圖 49
圖3-2.2 奈米ZnO/UV膠薄膜在不同ZnO含量及275℃乾燥溫度之X光繞射分析圖50
圖3-2.3 奈米ZnO/UV膠薄膜在不同ZnO含量及300℃乾燥溫度之X光繞射分析圖 51
圖3-2.4 奈米ZnO/UV膠薄膜之ZnO顆粒形成示意圖 52
圖3-3.1 商用表面改質奈米ZNO於壓克力系UV膠之剖面形態 (A)5萬倍 (B)10萬倍 53
圖3-3.2 奈米ZnO/UV膠薄膜在不同ZnO含量及250℃乾燥溫度之剖面形態(A)30WT% (B)40WT% (C)50WT% 54
圖3-3.3 奈米ZnO/UV膠薄膜在不同ZnO含量及275℃乾燥溫度之剖面形態(A)30WT% (B)40WT% (C)50WT% 55
圖3-3.4 奈米ZnO/UV膠薄膜在不同ZnO含量及300℃乾燥溫度之剖面形態(A)30WT% (B)40WT% (C)50WT% 56
圖3-3.5 奈米ZnO/UV膠薄膜在不同ZnO含量及乾燥溫度之顆粒尺寸 57
圖3-4.1 奈米ZnO/UV膠薄膜在不同ZnO含量及250℃乾燥溫度之穿透率 58
圖3-4.2 奈米ZnO/UV膠薄膜在不同ZnO含量及275℃乾燥溫度之穿透率 59
圖3-4.3 奈米ZnO/UV膠薄膜在不同ZnO含量及300℃乾燥溫度之穿透率 60
圖3-4.4 奈米ZnO/UV膠薄膜在不同ZnO含量及300℃乾燥溫度之紅外光之傅利葉轉換紅外線光譜儀分析圖圖 62
圖3-4.5 奈米ZnO/UV膠薄膜在不同ZnO含量及300℃乾燥溫度之遠紅外光之傅利葉轉換紅外線光譜儀分析圖 62
圖3-5.1 奈米ZnO/UV膠薄膜在不同ZnO含量及乾燥溫度之折射率U 63

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