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系統識別號 U0002-1006201302383000
中文論文名稱 一個人的幸福-單身熟女的人格特質、社會支持與主觀幸福感之研究
英文論文名稱 The Happiness of Being Single: A Study on the Relationship among Personality, Social Support and Subjective Well-being of Single Mature Women
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 企業管理學系碩士在職專班
系所名稱(英) Department of Business Administration
學年度 101
學期 2
出版年 102
研究生中文姓名 柯雨君
研究生英文姓名 Yu-Chun Ko
學號 700610131
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2013-05-24
論文頁數 87頁
口試委員 指導教授-吳坤山
委員-翁振益
委員-張敬珣
中文關鍵字 單身熟女  主觀幸福感  人格特質  社會支持 
英文關鍵字 Single Mature Woman  Subject Well-being  Personality  Social Support 
學科別分類
中文摘要 台灣現今社會中的晚婚、不婚和離婚人口越來越多,使得年滿30歲以上的單身女性人數與日俱增,然而,由於女性平均壽命遠高於男性,因此,不論女人的將來有沒有步入婚姻,大多數的女性到了暮年都將可能是一個人,單身熟女的一個人生活,幸福快樂嗎?
本論文主要研究目的在探討單身熟女的人格特質、社會支持和主觀幸福感三者間之關係,本論文依據相關文獻之理論基礎建立本研究之架構與各項假設,經抽取年滿30歲以上之單身熟女進行問卷調查之實證研究,採取判斷抽樣法進行抽樣,有效問卷共300份。透過敘述性統計、信度分析、效度分析、及結構方程模型(Structural Equation Modeling, SEM)中之偏最小平方估計法(Partial Leat Square, PLS)進行分析,其主要研究結果如下:
1. 單身熟女的神經質之人格特質顯著負向影響主觀幸福感。
2. 單身熟女的開放性、謹慎性、外向性之人格特質顯著正向影響主觀幸福感。
3. 單身熟女的社會支持顯著正向影響主觀幸福感。
4. 單身熟女的謹慎性、外向性、親和性之人格特質顯著正向影響社會支持。
英文摘要 Today in Taiwan, the population of late married, never-married and divorced people is increasing, and there are now more and more single women aged over 30. However, women tend to have a longer life expectancy than men, so most women will be more likely to be alone or lonely in their old age, whether they have been married or not. During a life of living alone for a single mature woman, can she still achieve happiness and joy?
The aim of this thesis was to explore the relationships among the personality traits, social support and subjective well-being of single mature women. The research framework and hypotheses used in this study have been developed according to various relevant theories and article reviews. There were 300 valid questionnaires surveying opinions obtained from single women aged over 30. Descriptive statistics, reliability analysis, validity analysis, and the partial least square method have been applied in order to examine the proposed research framework. After the empirical research, the major findings were as follows:
1. Neuroticism has a negative influence on subject well-being of single women.
2. Openness, Conscientiousness and Extraversion have positive affect on subject well-being of single women.
3. Social support has positive influence on subject well-being of single women.
4. Conscientiousness, Extraversion and Agreeableness have positive affect on subject well-being of single women.
論文目次 目錄 I
表目錄 II
圖目錄 III
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景與動機 1
第二節 研究目的 4
第三節 研究流程 4
第二章 文獻探討 6
第一節 主觀幸福感 6
第二節 人格特質 12
第三節 社會支持 18
第四節 研究變項間之關聯 25
第三章 研究方法 28
第一節 研究架構 28
第二節 研究假設 29
第三節 研究變項操作型定義與衡量 29
第四節 研究對象與範圍 34
第五節 統計分析 35
第四章 實證分析結果 38
第一節 樣本結構分析 38
第二節 研究變項之因果關係 41
第三節 差異性分析 49
第五章 結論與建議 54
第一節 研究結論與發現 54
第二節 研究建議 58
第三節 對未來相關研究的建議 60
第四節 研究限制 61
參考文獻 62
中文部分: 62
英文部分: 64
附錄一:正式問卷 84

表目錄
表1-1台灣地區三十歲以上女性未婚率(%) 2
表1-2台灣地區2012年三十歲以上女性有偶率(%) 3
表2-1主觀幸福感定義之彙整 7
表2-2主觀幸福感衡量構面說明 9
表2-3人格特質定義之彙整 13
表2-4人格特質類型之彙整 15
表2-5社會支持定義之彙整 19
表2-6社會支持形式之彙整表 22
表2-7社會支持衡量構面說明 24
表3-1主觀幸福感之衡量題項 30
表3-2人格特質之衡量題項 31
表3-3社會支持之衡量題項 33
表4-1年齡統計 38
表4-2 教育程度統計 39
表4-3年收入統計 39
表4-4職務層級統計 40
表4-5現在是否有固定交往對象統計 40
表4-6研究構面之信效度表 44
表4-7負荷量-跨負荷量矩陣 46
表4-8相關係數矩陣 47
表4-9研究模型路徑結果表 49
表4-10是否有固定交往對象在主觀幸福感及社會支持變項之差異性分析 50
表4-11年齡在主觀幸福感及社會支持之差異分析 50
表4-12教育程度在主觀幸福感及社會支持之差異分析 51
表4-13年收入在主觀幸福感及社會支持之差異分析 52
表4-14職務層級在主觀幸福感及社會支持之差異分析 52
表5-1研究假說彙整表 54

圖目錄
圖1-1研究流程圖 5
圖3-1本研究架構 28
圖4-1本研究相關變數之因果關係路徑 48
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